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ricans, did the same. That the established armament 1818. of the Peacock's class was 32-pounders, there cannot be a doubt; any more than that the brig, being new and built of oak, was well able to bear them. But captain Peake probably considered that 24-pounders gave a lighter appearance to his deck, and took up less room. We know not what other reason to assign for the change. We left in the port of Boston the three american or frigates Constitution,” President, and Congress, +...” A fourth, the 36-gun frigate, Chesapeake, captain. Samuel Evans, sailed from Boston on the 17th of December, 1812; ran down past Madeira, the Canaries, and Cape-de-Verds; thence on the equator between longitudes 16° and 25°, where the american frigate cruised six weeks. The Chesapeake afterwards steered for the coast of South America, and, passing within 15 leagues of Surinam, was on the same spot on which the Hornet had, the day previous, sunk the Peacock. The frigate then cruised off Her Barbadoes and Antigua, and, steering homewards, ...” passed between Bermuda and the Capes of Virginia, return Standing to the northward, the Chesapeake passed” within 12 leagues of the Capes of Delaware and 20 of New-York, and on the 18th of April, 1813, reentered Boston by the eastern channel; having, during her 115 days' cruise, recaptured one merchant vessel and captured four, been chased by a british 74 and frigate, and chased on her part, for two days, a british brig-sloop. Among the captains of british 38-gun frigates who gualilonged, ardently longed, for a meeting with one of . the american 44s, was captain Philip Bowes Vere the Broke, of the Shannon. This desire was not founded." on any wish for a display of personal valour, but in order to show to the world, what apparent wonders could be effected, where the ship and the crew were in all respects fitted for battle. It was not since the

* * See p. 199. f See p. 181. o

1813; late american war, that captain Broke had begun to M. put his frigate in fighting order, and to teach his men the art of attack and defence. From the day on which captain Broke had joined her, the 14th of September, 1806, the Shannon began to feel the influence of her captain's proficiency as a gunner and zeal for the Serv ICe. çapt. The laying of a ship's ordnance, so that it may be j" correctly fired inahorizontal direction,isjustly deemed i. a most important operation; as upon it depends, in a ii... great measure, the true aim and destructive effect of * every future shot she may fire. On board the Shannon, at her first outfit, this was attended to by captain Broke in person; and his ingenious mode of laying ships' ordnance has since received the highest com

mendation. By draughts from other ships, and the

usual means to which a british man of war is obliged o, to resort, the Shannon got together a crew; and, in of his ... the course of a year or two, by the paternal care and excellent regulations of captain Broke, an undersized, not very well disposed, and, in point of age, rather motley, ship's company became as pleasant to command, as they would have been dangerous to meet. In August, 1811, the Shannon sailed for the coast of North America; and, had this frigate, in the excellent order in which she was kept, met the Constitution in August, 1812, we verily believe But the Shannon and Constitution did not meet; therefore the thing was not tried. shan. On the 21st of March, 1813, accompanied by the non Tenedos, of the same force, and kept in nearly the +... same order, captain Hyde Parker, the Shannon

Tene

dos. sailed from Halifax on a cruise in Boston bay. On cruise

#" the 2d of April the two frigates reconnoitred the

#. harbour of Boston, and saw the President and ;: Congress, the latter quite, and the former nearly,

o, ready for sea. The Constitution was at this time

aent undergoing a large repair; and her decks were being

and ... lowered, to render her more snug, and give her a

gress. Smaller and more inviting appearance. Captains Broke and Parker having resolved, if in their power, 819. to bring the President and Congress to action, the M.V. Shannon and Tenedos took a station to intercept them. It was in this interval that the Chesapeake escaped into the port in the manner related; and on The the ist of May foggy weather, and a sudden favour-. able shift of wind, enabled the President and Con- to sea. gress to elude the vigilance of the two british frigates and put to sea. Captains Broke and Parker very soon discovered Capt. the chance they had missed, and sadly disappointed . they were. There now remained in Boston only the ap: Constitution and Chesapeake. The first, as has been oned stated, was undergoing a serious repair; but the ChoChesapeake had only to get in new main and mizen” masts, and would be ready for sea in a week or two. Having obtained a furlough to enjoy his share of prize-money, captain Evans was succeeded in the command of the Chesapeake by captain James Lawrence, the late fortunate, highly applauded, and, we readily admit, truly gallant, commander of the Hornet. As two frigates were not required to attack one, Capt. and as the appearance of such a superiority would . naturally prevent the Chesapeake from putting to estesea, captain Broke, on the 25th of May, took a sup-.” ply of water and provisions from the Tenedos, and cruises detached her, with orders to captain Parker not to ." rejoin him before the 14th of June; by which time, Boston. it was hoped, the business would be over. On the 26th the Shannon recaptured the brig Lucy, and on the 29th the brig William, both of Halifax. Aware of the state of incapacity to which some of the british frigates on the station had reduced themselves, by manning and sending in their prizes, captain Broke destroyed all he captured. We believe he had sacrificed not fewer than 25 sail of prizes, to keep the Shannon in a state to meet one or the other of the american frigates. Being resolved to have

a meeting with the Chesapeake, nothing but the

1813.

- May.

Guns mounted by the Shannon.

circumstance of the two recaptures belonging to
Halifax could induce captain Broke to weaken the
Shannon's crew by sending them in. The master
of the Lucy, assisted by five recaptured seamen
belonging to some ship on the station, carried in that
vessel; and a midshipman and four of the Shannon's
men took charge of the William. On the 29th, in
the afternoon, the Shannon boarded the Nova-Scotia
rivateer brig Sir-John-Sherbrooke, and took from
er 22 irish labourers, whom the brig, three days
before, along with 30 more, (then volunteers on
board herself) had recaptured in a prize belonging
to the american privateer Governor-Plumer; bound,
when the latter fell in with her, from Waterford to
Burin, Newfoundland. -
Before we proceed further, let us show what guns
were mounted by the two frigates, whose mutual
animosity was on the eve of being quenched by the
capture of one of them. On her main deck, the
Shannon was armed the same as every other british
frigate of her class, and her established guns on the
quarterdeck and forecastle were 16 carronades, 32-

pounders, and four long 9-pounders, total 48 guns.

Guns mounted by Chesa

But captain Broke had since had mounted a 12-
pounder boat-carronade through a port purposely
made on the starboard side of the quarterdeck, and
a brass long 6-pounder, used generally as an exercise
gun, through a similar port on the larboard side;
besides which there were two 12-pounder carronades,
mounted as standing stern-chasers through the quar-
terdeck stern-ports. For these last four guns, one
32-pounder carronade would have been more than an
equivalent. However, as a 6-pounder counts as well
as a 32-pounder, the Shannon certainly mounted 52
carriage-guns. The ship had also, to be in that
respect upon a par with the american frigates, one
swivel in the fore, and another in the main top.
The armament of the Chesapeake, we have already
on more than one occasion described: she had at

peake, this time, as afterwards found on board of her, 28

long 18-pounders on the main deck, and 20 carron- 1818. ades, 32-pounders, and one long shifting 18-pounder, o on the quarterdeck and forecastle, total 49 guns; exclusively of a 12-pounder boat-carronade, belonging to which #. was a very simple and well-contrived elevating carriage for firing at the tops, but it is doubtful if the gun was used. Five guns, four 32ounder carronades and one long 18-pounder, had, it was understood, been landed at Boston. Some have alleged, that this was done by captain Lawrence, that he might not have a numerical superiority over his antagonists of the british 38-gun class : others say, and we incline to be of that opinion, that the reduction was ordered by the american government, to ease the ship, whose hull had already begun to hog, or to arch in the centre. On the 1st of June, early in the morning, having; received no answer to several verbal messages sent it in, and being doubtful if any of them had even been . delivered, captain Broke addressed to the command-i: ing officer of the Chesapeake a letter of challenge, * which, for candour, manly spirit, and gentlemanly style, stands unparalleled. The letter begins: “As the Chesapeake appears now ready for sea, I request you will do me the favour to meet the Shannon with her, ship to ship, to try the fortune of our respective flags.” The Shannon's force is thus described: “The Shannon mounts 24 guns upon her broadside, and one light boat-gun, 18-pounders upon her main deck, and 32-pound carronades on her quarterdeck and forecastle, and is manned with a complement of 300 men and boys, (a large proportion of the latter,) besides 30 seamen, boys, and passengers, who were taken out of recaptured vessels lately.” After fixing the place of meeting, and F. against all interruption, captain Broke concludes thus: “I entreat you, sir, not to imagine that I am urged by mere personal vanity to the wish of meeting the Chesapeake; or that I depend only upon your personal ambition for your acceding to

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