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divided and intrenched on the opposite sides of the 1813. river. The fire was promptly returned, and the rear- M. admiral pushed on shore with the marines; but, the instant the american militia observed them fix their British bayonets, they fled to the woods, and were neither o seen nor heard of afterwards. All the houses, i. excepting those whose owners had continued peace- "...” ably in them and taken no part in the attack, were forthwith destroyed; as were four vessels lying in the river, together with some stores of sugar, of lumber, of leather, and other merchandise. On this occasion, five of the British were wounded. One of the Americans, who entreated to have his propert saved, wore military gaiters; and had, no doubt, assisted at the firing upon the British. Agreeably to his request, however, his property was left untouched. On his way down the river, the rear-admiral visited Land a town situated on a branch of it. Here a part of ... the inhabitants actually, pulled off to him; and, o, requesting to shake hands, declared he should ex-oilo perience no opposition whatever. The rear-admiral * accordingly landed, with the officers, and, chiefly out of respect to his rank, a small personal guard. Among those that came to greet him on his landing, were observed two inhabitants of George-town. These men, as well as an inhabitant of the place who had been to George-town to see what was going on, had succeeded in persuading the people to adopt, as their best security, a peaceable demeanour. Having ascertained that there were no warlike stores nor public property, and obtained, upon payment of the full value, such articles as were wanted, the rear-admiral and his party reembarked. Soon afterwards a deputation was sent from Charlestown, on the north-east river, to assure the rearadmiral, that the place was considered as at his mercy; and, similar assurances coming from other places in the upper part of the Chesapeake, the rear
1813, admiral and his light squadron retired from that Jose, quarter. Re- Persons in England may find it difficult to consider, marks as soldiers, men neither embodied nor dressed in on the - indi regimentals. That circumstance has not escaped ... the keen discernment of the american government. di. Hence the British are so often charged, in procla* mations and other state-papers, with attacking the “ inoffensive citizens of the republic.” The fact is, every man in the United States, under 45 years of age, is a militiaman; and, during the war, attended in his turn, to be drilled or trained. He had always in his possession either a musket or a rifledbarrel piece; knew its use from his infancy; and with it, therefore, could do as much execution in a smock frock or plain coat, as if he wore the most splendid uniform. These soldiers in citizens' dresses were the men whom rear-admiral Cockburn so frequently attacked and routed; and who, when they had really acted up to the character of non-combatants, were invariably spared, both in their persons and properties. The rear-admiral wished them, for their own sakes only, to remain neutral; but general Hull, in his famous proclamation, prepared with so much care at Washington, invited the canadian people to become open traitors to their country; and visited, upon the heads of those that refused, all “the horrors and calamities of war.” of . On the 12th of June the boats of the 18-pounder is. 32-gun frigate Narcissus, captain John Richard go." Lumley, containing about 40 men, under the com: veyor. mand of lieutenant John Cririe, first of that ship, and of lieutenant of marines Patrick Savage, were despatched up York river, in the Chesapeake, to cut " out the United States' schooner Surveyor, mounting six 12-pounder carronades. Captain Samuel Travis, the american commander, had furnished each of his men with two muskets; and they held their fire until the British were within pistol-shot. The Americans
then opened; but the boats pushed on, and finally 1813, carried the vessel by boarding, with the loss of three of men killed, and six wounded. Captain Travis had five men wounded. His crew amounted to only 16; and so gallant was their conduct, as well as that of their commander, in the opinion of lieutenant Cririe, that that officer returned captain Travis his sword, accompanied by a letter, not less complimentary to him, than creditable to the writer. Admiral Warren, who had quitted the Chesapeake Return for Bermuda, returned to his command early in June, 3. bringing with him, according to newspaper-account, ..." a detachment of battalion-marines, 1800 strong, 300%. of the 102d regiment, 250 of the Independent. Foreigners, or canadian chasseurs, and 300 of the fier. royal marine-artillery; total 2650 men. On the 18th * of June the Junon frigate anchored in Hampton roads, and captain Sanders despatched his boats to capture or destroy any vessels that might be found at the entrance of James river. Commodore John Cassin, the naval commanding officer at Norfolk, observing this, directed the 15 gun-boats at that station to be manned with an additional number of seamen and marines from the Constellation frigate, then moored at the navy-yard, also with 50 infantry from Craney island, and despatched them under the command of captain Tarbell, to attempt the capture or destruction of the Junon. * It was not till about 4 P. M. on the 20th, that this Ameformidable flotilla, armed with upwards of 30 guns, ..." half of which were long 32 and 24 pounders, and o. manned with, at least, 500 men, commenced its ... attack upon the Junon, then lying becalmed. Cap-otain Sanders warmly returned their fire with his attack long 18-pounders, hoping that they would soon ...” venture to approach within reach of his carronades. Junon This the gun-boats carefully avoided; and, between "* them and the frigate, a distant cannonade, very slightly injurious to either party, was maintained for about three quarters of an hour. A breeze now
Norfolk and Hampton reinforced.
Also Craney island.
sprang ". which enabled the 18-pounder 36-gun
and the 24-gun ship Laurestinus, captain Thomas.
Graham, lying about five miles off, to get under way,
moored in the best position for contributing to the
defence of the post. -
the british ships, a division of 17 or 18 boats, at day- 1813. light on the morning of the 22d, departed with about 7. 800 men, under major-general Beckwith, round the Unsucpoint of Nansemond river, and landed them at a to place called Pig's point, near to the narrow inlet *: separating the main from Craney island. Owing to of some error in the arrangements, unexpected obsta- one cles presented themselves. An attack from that * quarter being therefore considered hopeless, and the position itself not tenable, the troops, in the course of the day, reembarked and returned to the Squadron. ". A second division of boats, 15 in number, containing a detachment of 500 men from the 102d regiment, canadian chasseurs, and battalion-marines, and about 200 seamen, the whole under the comrand of captain Samuel John Pechell, of the SanDomingo, arrived, at about 11 A. M., off the northwest side of the island, directly in front of the battery manned by the Constellation's men. Great difference of opinion prevailed among the officers engaged in the expedition, about the propriety of making the attack at that time of tide, it being then the ebb. Captains John Martifixhanchett, of the Diadem, the honourable James Ashley Maude, of the Nemesis, and Romilly of the engineers, were decidedly against it. Captain Pechell was for it; and he, being the senior officer, carried his point. Captain Hanchett then volunteered to lead the boats to the attack; which he was permitted to do. Captain Hanchett's. boat was the Diadem’s launch, carrying a 24-pounder carronade, the only boat so armed in the division. He had taken his station about 60 yards ahead of the other boats; and was pulling, under a very heavy and long-continued fire from the batteries, directly in front of them, when his boat unfortunately took the ground, at the distance of about 100 yards from the muzzles of the enemy's guns. At that instant one of the seamen, having plunged his boathook over the side, found three or four feet of slimyo WOL. WI, Z