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dible it may appear, before they could fire a 1813, single great gun on board the Detroit, the men were ‘go’ obliged to discharge a pistol at the touch-hole ! By strong adding 80 Canadians, and 240 soldiers from the Newfoundland and 41st regiments, to the 50 british oi seamen, the crew of commodore Barclay's squadron.” is made to amount to 345; whereas commodore of Perry had picked crews to all his vessels, parti-o cularly on board the Lawrence and her sister-brig, and his total of men amounted to at least 580. On the 10th, soon after daylight, commodore Bar- The clay discovered the american squadron at anchor in . Put-in bay, and immediately bore up, with the wind drons from the south-west, to bring the enemyto action. Com-É. modore Perry immediately got under way to meet sight. the British; who, at 10 A.M., by a sudden shift of wind to south-east, were thrown to-leeward of their opponents. Commodore Barclay, who carried his broad pendant on board the Detroit, so stationed his vessels, that those which were the nearest to an equality of force in the two squadrons might be opposed together. The schooner o: commanded a by master's mate J. Campbell, was in the van.o Then came, in succession, the Detroit and Queen-i. Charlotte, the latter commanded by captain Robert." Finnis, brig Hunter, lieutenant George Bignell, *. “schooner Lady-Prevost, lieutenant Edward Buchan; and the sloop Little-Belt, by whom commanded we are not aware, brought up the rear. At about 11 h. 45 m. A. M. the action began; and the Detroit became closely engaged with the Law-com. rence, commodore Perry's brig, supported by the mo: schooners Ariel and Scorpion. Although the matches #, and tubes of the Detroit were so defective, that abanpistols were obliged to be fired at the guns to set them ..." off, the seamen, Canadians, and soldiers plied their . guns so well that, in the course of two hours, they and he knocked the Lawrence almost to pieces, and, after .

driving commodore Perry out of her, compelled her Detroit 1813, to surrender; but, having sailed with only one boat, ‘s. and that being cut to pieces, the Detroit could not but re-take possession of the american brig, and the latter, o, as soon as she had dropped out of gun-shot, rehoisted jo her colours. Queen. In the mean time the Queen-Charlotte, with her §. 24-pounder carronades, had been opposed by the surren- Niagara, supported, as the Lawrence had been, by ** two schooners with heavy long guns. In a few minutes captain Finnis was killed; and his successor in the command, lieutenant John Stokes, was struck senseless by a splinter. The next officer, provincial lieutenant Irvine, was without any experience, and therefore comparatively useless. The Queen-Charlotte soom afterwards struck her colours. From having kept out of the range of the Charlotte's carronades, the Niagara was a fresh vessel, and to her captain Perry proceeded. As soon as he got on board, the american commodore, accompanied by some of his schooners, bore down, and took a raking position Niago athwart the bows of the already disabled Detroit. In ... a short time lieutenant John Garland, first of the o, Detroit was mortally, and captain Barclay himself poit most severely, wounded. The command then de* volved upon lieutenant George Inglis; who fought his her ship in the most determined manner, until, out of ... the 10 experienced british seamen on board, eight der of were killed or wounded, and every hope of success }... or of escape had fled: he then ordered the colours to sur- of the Detroit to be struck. The Hunter and “Lady-Prevost surrendered about the same time; as did the Chippeway and Trippe, as soon as some of the american vessels overtook them on their retreat. Losson The loss on the british side amounted to ... three officers and 38 men killed, and nine officers and 85 men wounded. The officers killed were, lieutenant S. J. Garden, of the Newfoundland regi

ment, and John Garland, the first lieutenant, on board the Detroit; and the captain of the Queen- 1813. Charlotte. The officers wounded were captain Bar- ‘s. clay most dangerously in his left or remaining arm, Mr. John M. Hoffmeister, purser of the Detroit, lieutenant John Stokes, and midshipman James Foster, of the Queen-Charlotte, lieutenants Edward Buchan and Francis Roulette, and master's mate Henry Gateshill, of the Lady-Prevost, and master's mate, J. Campbell, commanding the Chippeway. The loss on the american side, as taken from captain Perry's letter, amounted to 27 killed and 96 wounded, including 22 killed and 61 wounded on board the Lawrence. The fact of this brig having surrendered is Comadmitted by captain Perry himself, in the following . words: “It was with unspeakable pain, that I saw, . soon after I got on board the Niagara, the flag of ion the Lawrence come down, although I was perfectly?. sensible that she had been defended to the last, and rence that to have continued to make a show of resistance, * would have been a wanton sacrifice of her brave crew. But the enemy was not able to take possession of her, and circumstances soon permitted her flag again to be hoisted.” The chief fault to be found with captain Perry's letter is, that it does not contain the slightest allusion to the bravery of captain Barclay, or the inferiority of his means of resistance. As the Americans are by this time pretty well. ashamed of all the bombastic nonsense circulated . by the press of the United States, day after day. during many months of the war, on the subject " of captain Perry's “nelsonic” victory, we shall not rake the trash up again; but we fear that the professional, and therefore presumably correct, dictum of a contemporary, that, “in number and weight of guns, the two squadrons were nearly equal,”* will make the Americans imagine, that they

* Brenton, vol. v. p. 132.

**, really had some ground for their extravagant

Sept.

Court

martial

boasting. However, on referring again to our con-
temporary's account, we feel satisfied that little harm
will arise; for, should the evident partiality that is
shown to sir George Prevost miss |. seen, the
statement, that “ both the Detroit and Queen-
Charlotte struck to the United States' ship St.-Law-
rence, commodore Parry,” will satisfy the american
reader, that captain Brenton knew very little about
the action he was attempting to describe.
On the 16th of September, 1814, captain Barclay,

oncapt, and his surviving officers and men, were tried by a

Barclay.

court-martial on board the Gladiator at Portsmouth,
for the loss of the late Erie flotilla, and the following
was the sentence pronounced: “ That the cap-
ture of his majesty's late squadron was caused
by the very defective means captain Barclay
possessed to equip them on Lake Erie; the want
of a sufficient number of able seamen, whom he
had repeatedly and earnestly requested of sir James
Yeo to be sent to him; the very great superiority of
the enemy to the british squadron; and the unfortu-
nate early fall of the superior officers in the action.
That it appeared, that the greatest exertions had
been made by captain Barclay, in equipping and
getting into order the vessels under his command;
that he was fully justified, under the existing circum-
stances, in bringing the enemy to action; that the
judgment and gallantry of captain Barclay in taking
his squadron into action, and during the contest,
were highly conspicuous, and entitled him to the
highest praise; and that the whole of the other
officers and men of his majesty's late squadron con-
ducted themselves in the most gallant manner; and
did adjudge the said captain Robert Heriot Barclay,
his surviving officers and men, to be most fully and
honourably acquitted.” Rear-admiral Edward James
Foote, president.
Notwithstanding this flattering testimonial, not-
withstanding the severity of his wounds, wounds

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by one of which his right arm had been entirely 1813,
lost, many years before the Lake Erie defeat, and
by two others, received in that action, his remaining on
arm had been rendered permanently motionless, or :
nearly so, and a part of his thigh cut away, captain :
Barclay was not confirmed as a commander until .
the 19th of November, 1813; and he is not, even clay.
yet, any higher in rank,
The first naval event of the late war upon Lake .
Champlain, a lake, all, except about one-twentieth onlake
part, within the boundaries of the United States, ..."
occurred on the 3d of June, 1813. Two american
armed sloops appeared in sight of the british garri-
son at Isle-aux-noix. Three gun-boats immediately
got under way to attack them; and the crews of
two batteaux and of two row-boats were landed,
to annoy the enemy in the rear, the channel
being very narrow. After a contest of three hours
and a half, the two sloops surrendered. They
proved to be the Growler and Eagle, mounting 11
guns, and having a complement of 50 men, each;
both under the command of lieutenant Sidney Smith,
of the United States' navy. The British had three
men wounded; the Americans, one man killed, eight
severely wounded, and, including the latter, 99
risoners. No british naval officer was present.
he feat was performed by detachments of the 100th
regiment, and royal artillery, under the direction of
major Taylor, of the former.
On the 1st of August, some officers and seamen Capt.
having arrived from Quebec, captain Thomas.
Everard, late of the 18-gun brig-sloop Wasp, with attacks
the two prize-sloops, three gun-boats, and several For
batteaux, containing about 1000 troops under the &c.
command of colonel Murray, entered the american
port of Plattsburg. Here the colonel landed with his
men; and, after driving away the american militia at
the post, destroyed all the arsenals, block-houses,
barracks, and stores of every description, together
with the extensive barracks at Saranac. The two

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