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1815, numerous friends, this brave and amiable young man (or what captain Warrington had left him) survived. Capt. Of course, the american captain, who had himself ... escaped unhurt, the moment he was informed of toos the casualties on board his prize, either visited, or '... sent a condoling message to, her dreadfully manhavio gled commander? Reader, he did neither. Captain ‘... Warrington, in the words of the poor sufferer, in * in his memorial to the court of directors, “proved him. ...d. self totally destitute of fellow-feeling and commisefully, ration; for, during the time he retained possession of * the Nautilus,” which was until 2 p.m. on the 1st of * July, “he was not once moved to make a commonplace inquiry after the memorialist, in his then deplorable condition.” No wonder, that, throughout civilized India, the perpetrator of this atrocious act is looked upon as a barbarian: let but the requisite publicity be given to the case of the Nautilus and Peacock, and the name of Warrington will be .o equal detestation throughout the civilized WOIs IOI.

STATE of THE BRITISH NAVY.

The totals, in the two “ordinary” columns of the 1816, present abstract, decisively show the peaceable state of the navy at the beginning of the year 1816;* and the totals, generally, differ but slightly from those of the abstract for the year in which the war had commenced.F. The number of commissioned officer, officers and masters, belonging to the british navy; at the beginning of the present year, was, o: Admirals . . . . . . . . . . 67 Vice-admirals . . . . . . . . . 68

Rear-admirals . • * * * * * 75
35 superannuated 32
Post-captains . . . . . . . . . 851
55 35 36
Commanders or sloop captains . . 812
33 superannuated 80
Lieutenants. . . . . . . . . 4064
Masters . . . . . . . 693

And the number of seamen and marines, voted for the service of the same year, was 33000.f

Having brought to a close the wars of civilized . nations, we have now to record the particulars of a jishort but decisive war carried on against barbarians. . Partly to settle some differences with the regencies” of Algiers, Tunis, and Tripoli, and partly, no doubt, to astonish Europe with the extent of their naval force, the United States, the moment peace with England permitted them, sent forth, in separate divisions, as fast as the ships could be got ready, nearly the whole of their Atlantic or sea navy. On

* See Appendix, Annual Abstract No. 24.

t For the lists of casualties usually introduced in this place, see Appendix Nos. 14, 15, 16, and 17.

# See Appendix, No. 18.

1816, the 17th of June, off Cape de Gatte, the first divi. sion, consisting of three frigates and three smaller vessels, under commodore Decatur, in the new 32pounder 44-gun frigate Guerrière, after a running fight, by one account, of 25 minutes, and by another account, of nearly two hours, captured the algerine 18-pounder 40-gun frigate Mezoura. Mr. Madison, in his speech to congress delivered on the 5th of December, when referring to this “demonstration of american skill and prowess,” says, “ The high character of the american commander was brilliantly sustained on the occasion.” With examples of this sort from the head of the government, no wonder that the people of the United States are such unconscionable braggarts. Amo The american squadron also drove on shore near : St.-Xavier a small frigate or corvette. On the 30th X. commodore Decatur concluded a treaty with the &: dey of Algiers; by which all prisoners made on either side were to be restored, and all property given up, and no more tribute was to be demanded from the United States. The algerine prisoners on board the squadron of commodore Decatur amounted to 500, and the natives of the United States in the hands of the dey did not exceed 10: consequently his highness did not, in that respect, make a bad bargain. The american commodore afterwards sailed for Tunis and Tripoli, and obtained from those regencies payment of the few thousand dollars in dispute between the latter and some american citizens. In the case of Tripoli, 10 danish and neapolitan captives were given up by the bey, in lieu of a portion of the stipulated sum. In his letter to the american secretary of state, commodore Decatur had the modesty to say, that the treaty he had concluded “placed the United States on higher ground than any other nation.” One of the officers of his squadron concludes a letter to a friend with the

* Naval Monument, p. 299.

following piece of pleasantry: “You have no idea 816. of the respect which the american character has jo. gained by our late wars. The Spaniards, especially, think we are devils incarnate: as we beat the English who beat the French, who beat them, whom nobody ever beat before; and the Algerines, whom the devil himself could not beat.”*

On the 23d of May, at Bona, near Algiers, the crews of between 300 and 400 small vessels engaged in the coral-fishery, while on their way to celebrate mass, (it being Ascension day,) were barbarously massacred by a band of 2000 turkish, lewantine, and moorish troops. These atrocities committed on defenceless Christians having at length roused the vengeance of Britain, an expedition, of a . suitable magnitude, was prepared to act against the . . . forts and shipping of Algiers, and the command was Algiers intrusted to a most able officer, admiral lord Exmouth; who had already, a short time before, compelled the dey of Tunis to sign a treaty for the abolition of christian, slavery, and to restore 1792 slaves to freedom.

On the 28th of July, at noon, a fleet, consisting of the following 19 men of war, also a naval transport, a sloop with ordnance stores, and a despatch-vessel, weighed from Plymouth Sound with a fine northerly wind :

gun-ship

100 Queen-Charlotte . . . . {. (b.) lord Exmouth, G. C. B.

captain James Brisbane, C. B.

rear-adm. (b.) David Milne. 98 Impregnable . . . . . . {o o Brace, C. B. Superb . . . . . . . . . . . . ,, Charles Ekins. 74 & Minden. . . . . . . . . . . . ,, William Paterson. Albion . . . . . . . . . . . . ,, John Coode. 50 Leander . . . . . . . . . . , Edward Chetham, C. B. gun-frig. 4O Severn . . . . . . . . . . . . ,, hon, Fred. Wm. Aylmer. Glasgow . . . . . . . . . . ,, hon. Anthony Maitland. 36 Granicus . . . . . . . . . . ,, William Furlong Wise. Hebrus. . . . . . . . . . . . ,, Edmund Palmer, C. B.,

* Naval Monument, p. 295.

1816, gun-b-slp.

‘Too 18 {. - - - - - - - - - - - e. captain George Bentham.
Aug. Mutine. . . . . . . . . . . . , James Mould.
Britomart.......... , Robert Riddell.
10-2 Cordelia . . . . . . . . . . , William Sargent.
Jasper . . . . . . . . . . . . ,, Thomas Carew.
Belzebub . . . . . . . . . . , William Kempthorne.
Bb Fury . . . . . . . . . . . . ,, Constantine R. Moorsom.
) Hecla ............ ,, William Popham.
Infernal . . . . . . . . . . ,, hon. Geo. Jas. Perceval,

;: At 5 P.M., when the fleet was off Falmouth, cap.

sails - so tain Paterson was ordered to hasten on to Gibraltar, ...th to have every thing in readiness against the arrival of

and ... the expedition. On the 9th of August, at 2 P.M., lord ... Exmouth anchored with his fleet in Gibraltar bay, raltar, and found lying there, along with the Minden, which

had arrived only on the preceding night at 11, the

following dutch squadron:

gun-frig.
vice-adm. baron T. Van De Cappellen.
Melampus .... {: Antony-Willem De-Man.
40< Frederica . . . . . . ,, Jakob-Adrian Wan-der-Straaten.
Diana . . . . . . . . ,, Petrus Zievogel.
Amstel . . . . . . . . , Willem-Augustus Vanderhart.
30 Dageraad...... ,, Johannes-Martinus Polders.
gun-corv.
18 Eendragt...... ,, Johan.-Fred.-Chr. Wardenburg.

. . Immediately on being apprized of the object of rol the expedition, vice-admiral Van de Cappellen soli3." cited and obtained leave to cooperate in the attack expedi- with his frigate-squadron. No time was lost by “ lord Exmouth in sending on shore all articles of use. less lumber and in getting on board fresh supplies of provisions and ordnance stores, it being the admiral's intention to sail on the 12th. On the 11th, however, a strong levanter set in; and, continuing over the 12th, kept the fleet from moving. #." Owing to the highly commendable regulations put

Ex- . mouth's in force by lord Exmouth, an unusual proportion of

. ..." powder and shot had been expended by the fleet

teach- ing his since its departure from England. Every Tuesday

...e. and Friday the signal was made for the fleet to pre

* pare for action; when each ship, according to

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