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X. 86 LIGHT SQUADRONS AND SINGLE SHIPS. ! - 1

1812, there was a large rock under the ship's bottom, of “To three fathoms in height: in fact the ground was o *We

covered with rocks, and the ship in the midst of
them, with the wind at W.S.W. blowing a gale, so
with small rain and a heavy sea. In this state we "
remained, with people stationed with axes to the **
sheet and spare anchors, till daylight, when the man **
at the deep-sea lead declared the ship to be driving. **
The spare anchor was directly cut away, and the to
range taken out; when the ship brought up again, oi
and when the ebb tide made, she took the whole o-
cable service, and rode with the best and small son
bowers a-head, and the spare anchor broad on the elow

starboard bow. The gale appeared to increase; it lie the sea was high; and, as it broke sometimes out- and side the ship, it proved she was in the midst of rocks, rol: if and that the cables could not remain long without out being cut. The wind at this period was west, and A lot.

St.-Marie church bore east, and the distancé where o-mas the ship would have gone to pieces, about one cable's sons. length; the shoalest part of the reef about two ins; cables, lying in a S.S.E. and N.N.W. direction. solo, The wind now came to W. b. N.; but, to counteract sity this favourable change, it was a lee tide, and a heavy so,

sea setting right on to the reef, and neither officers The nor men thought it possible, in any way, to cast her ol clear of the reef, and to make sail, more particularly ... d as the yards and topmasts were down. The cap- o tain, however, gave orders to sway the fore-yard o

two-thirds up ; and, while that was doing, to get a s

hawser for a spring to cast the ship by from the to S
starboard quarter to the spare cable; while this was
doing, the spare cable parted, and we had only the o

sheet anchor at the bows; but, as she did not drive, th
that was not let go. The main yard was now swayed &
outside the topmast, two-thirds up the same; as o
the fore-yard and the spring brought on the small Soot
bower cable, people were sent on the yards to stop

each yard-arm of the top-sails and courses with four o or five spun-yarn stops, tied in a single bow, and to o o: cast off and make up all the gaskets: the people 1812; were then called down, except one man to each stop, \-ywho received very particular orders to be quick in obeying the commands given them, and to be extremely cautious not to let a sail fall, unless that sail was particularly named: if particular attention were not paid to this order, the ship would be lost. The yards were all braced sharp up for casting from the reef, and making sail on the starboard tack. The tacks and sheets, topsail sheets, and main and mizen-stay-sail hal-yards were manned, and the spring brought to the capstan and hove in. The captain now told the people, that they were going to work for life or death; if they were attentive to his orders, and executed them properly, the ship would be saved; if not, the whole of them would be drowned in five minutes. Things being in this state of preparation, a little more of the spring was hove in; the quarter-masters at the wheel and bow received their instructions. The cables were ordered to be cut, which was instantly done; but the heavy sea on the larboard bow would not let her cast that way. The probability of this had happily been foreseen. The spring broke, and her head paid round in towards the reef. The oldest seamen in the ship at that moment thought all lost. The captain, however, gave his orders very distinctly, to put the helm hard a-starboard, to sheet home the fore-topsail,” and haul on board the fore tack, and aft fore-sheet, keep all the other sails fast, square the main and mizen topsail yards, and cross jack-yard, keep the main-yard as it was. The moment the wind came abaft the beam, he ordered the mizen-top-sail to be sheeted home, and then the helm to be put hard a-port—when the wind came nearly aft—haul on board the main-tack, aft main-sheet, sheet home the main-topsail, and brace

* “The yards were all braced up for the starboard tack: consequently, when she cast the other way, the foresail and foretopsail were set as flat a-back as they could be; and they were not altered in bringing her to her course ; the way she was managed it was not necessary.”

1812, the cross jack-yard sharp up. When this was r. done, (the whole of which took only two minutes to goes, perform,) the ship absolutely flew round from the is P. reef, like a thing scared at the frightful spectacle. 12 Wa The quarter-master was ordered to keep her south; o and the captain declared aloud, “The ship is safe.' o The gaff was down, to prevent its holding wind, and ove the try-sail was bent ready for hoisting, had it been *rab wanted. The main and mizen staysails were also isos d ready, but were not wanted. The fore-top-mast stay- #10 t. sail was hoisted before the cables were cut: thus *ia: was the ship got round in less than her own length; isse but, in that short distance, she altered the soundings o: five fathoms. And now, for the first time, I believe, ski, was seen a ship at sea under reefed courses, and stroy , close reefed top-sails, with yards and topmasts *Was struck. The sails all stood remarkably well; and tle by this novel method, was saved a beautiful ship of of a b the line, and 550 souls. I cannot find any man or * T. officer who ever saw a ship in the state before ; yet Wał all seemed surprized that they should never before o

have thought of it indeed it has ever been the ol. prevailing opinion, (perhaps for want of giving the

subject proper consideration,) that a ship with yards o and topmasts struck was completely disabled from !. making sail, except with staysails.” o The british squadron, stationed off the north coast o ... of Spain, to cooperate with the loyal Spaniards and olo lunder - - - - out ir guerillas in expelling the French from their country, o #;" was commanded by captain sir Home Popham o ham, of the 74-gun ship Venerable; who had under his o orders, among some other vessels whose names do o not appear, the 38-gun frigates Surveillante and * of Rhin, captains sir George Ralph Collier and Charles ** Malcolm, 18-pounder 32-gun frigate Medusa, captain §will the honourable Duncombe Pleydell Bouverie, and * of 10-gun brig-sloop Lyra, captain Robert Bloye. o In the middle of the month of June a small body o, of french troops held possession of a hill-fort at o ors,

* See Naval Chronicle, vol. xxix. p. 21. o

Lequertio, mounting three 18-pounders, and calcu- 1812, lated to resist infantry, and another body, of about ‘. 200, was posted in a fortified convent within the preratown, the walls of which were impervious to anything soon. less than an 18-pounder. The convent might have live been , destroyed by the ships; but, as the town. would have materially suffered, and as the guns off. the Venerable made no visible impression on the * fort, it was determined to erect a battery on a hill opposite to the latter, which the enemy considered as quite inaccessible to cannon and in that confidence rested his security. Accordingly, on the forenoon of the 20th, a guns. was landed, chiefly by the exertions of lieutenant.” James Groves of the Venerable, notwithstanding . the sea was breaking with such violence against the amited rocks at the foot of the hill, that it was doubtful ... whether a boat could get near enough for that it. purpose. The gun was then hove up a short distance by a movable capstan; but this operation was so tedious, that it was at length dragged to the summit of the hill by 36 pair of bullocks, 400 guerillas, and 100 seamen headed by captain Bouverie. The gun was immediately mounted; and at 4 P. M. fired its first shot. It was afterwards, so admirably served, that at sunset a practicable breach was made in the wall of the fort, and the guerillas volunteered to storm it. The first party was repulsed, but the second party gained possession without any considerable loss: several of the french troops escaped on the opposite side and got into the convent. In the course of the evening, the sea abating a little, a landing was made on the island of San-Nicolas, although with some difficulty, by lieutenant Dowell O'Reilly of the Surveillante; a detachment of marines from that frigate, the Medusa, and Rhin also landed, with a carronade from each ship. Captain Malcolm now took command of the island, and captain sir George Collier of the Venerable's battery on the hill. On the 21st, at daybreak, a 24-pounder

1812, was brought to the east side of the town within 200
J. yards of the convent, and another was in the act of
French being landed on San-Nicolas to bombard it in that
... direction, when the french commandant beat a parley
do." and surrendered, with the remainder of his troops,
amounting to 290.
British The squadron afterwards proceeded along the
... coast to the westward, and destroyed the batteries at
Ber- Bermeo, Plencia, Algorta, Bagona, el Campillo las
.” Queras, and Xebiles. On the 6th of July the
Venerable arrived off Castro; and on the 7th the
French were driven out of the town by the fire of
the squadron. On the 8th a party landed and took
possession of the castle of Castro. On the 10th
the squadron proceeded off Puerta Galletta, to
cooperate in an attack upon it with the spanish
troops under general Longa; but, the enemy being
Çapt. found stronger than the Spaniards had expected,
#: the attack was abandoned. During the morning,
*** captain Bloye landed with a party of marines, and
i.e. knocked the trunnions off the guns in the Bagona
. o : he also destroyed one gun mounted on a
height.
Attack §. the 18th, early in the morning, one 24-pounder
* under lieutenant Groves, and a howitzer under lieu-
tenant Thomas Lewis Lawrence, of the marine
artillery, were landed from the Venerable near
Guetaria, and mounted on a hill to the westward of
the town, under the directions of captain Malcolm ;
while captain Bouverie landed a medium 24-pounder
and a 12-pounder carronade from the Medusa, and,
after many difficulties, mounted these two guns on
the top of a hill to the eastward. At noon the
Venerable opened her fire and continued it until
sunset; when the guns of the enemy opposed to
those of the Venerable were silenced, and the
Medusa's two guns were got in readiness to open
; the next morning. During the night, however,
..:” intelligence was received of the approach of be-
treat tween 2000 and 3000 french troops. In conse-

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