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preceded the late meeting at by his conduct, the following reManchester, you must be unac- monstrance, which was read to quainted ; and of those which at- his lordship by a deputation. tended it, you appear to have been incorrectly informed.

- To the Right Hon. the Lord “ If, however, the laws were

Mayor of the City of London. really violated on that occasion, « My Lord,-We, the underby those to whom it immediately signed liverymen of London, re. belonged to assist in the execu- spectfully beg leave to expostution of them, the tribunals of this late with your lordship on your country are open to afford redress; refusal to call a common-hall, to but to institute an extrajudicial take into consideration the late inquiry, under such circumstances violation of the law at Manchester, as the present, would be mani- although a requisition was prefestly inconsistent with the clear- sented to your lordship, signed est principles of public justice." by nearly 100 of the livery of

The example thus given by the London, who were desirous of metropolis was quickly followed giving expression to their senti. by the city of Norwich, where in ments on transactions too moa numerous meeting of the inha. mentous to be passed over in bitants, authorized by the mayor, silence-too mournful to allow of resolutions of the like import those sentiments being suppressed were carried, with the addition of by any authority whatever, and a petition to his royal highness, least of all by that of your lordto dismiss for ever from his coun- ship, who, by virtue of your cils, those ministers by whom the office, are bound to protect and name of his royal highness had give effect to the rights, liberties, been connected with the “ mas- and privileges of the livery of sacre" at Manchester.

London. In the cities of Westminster, “ That the livery of London York, and Bristol, the towns of possess the right, which they Liverpool and Nottingham, and have exercised from time immemany others, meetings were held morial, of expressing their opi. and addresses prepared on the nion on public affairs, in common same subject ; some simply call. hall, it is superfluous to remind ing for inquiry, others passing a your lordship; but should that strong censure on the conduct of right ever become subject to the Manchester authorities, and control from the political opion the ministry by whom the nions or private views of the lord royal sanction had been given to mayor for the time being, it such illegal acts of violence. would cease to exist in any thing The refusal of the lord mayor of but name. London to call a common hall, “ That the subject, for the on the requisition of a great consideration of which the requinumber of the livery, for the pur- sition of the livery was presented . pose of considering the same sub- to your lordship, was suited to ject, drew from the parties who public consideration, is manifest regarded themselves as aggrieved from your lordship's having held

a court

a court of common council for are still pending which arose out its discussion. That your lord of the transactions of that day. ship's refusal cannot have been A very numerous and highly dictated by an anxious and over- respectable meeting of the freescrupulous regard for the pre- holders of the county of York servation of the public peace, is was held at York, in consequence apparent from the knowledge of a requisition to the high your lordship must possess, that sheriff, signed by the duke of where the magistrates have pre- Norfolk, by earl Fitzwilliam, lordsumed to deprive their fellow- lieutenant of the West-riding, citizens of the means of meeting and many other noblemen and in that orderly and convenient gentlemen of the first importway provided by their municipal ance. This assemblage was comconstitutions, they have uniformly puted at not less than 20,000 assembled together under cir- persons. Several bands of recumstances less favourable to the formers, with their usual insignia, maintenance of the public peace. were on the ground; but it is .“ Unwilling as we are, my lord, worthy of remark, that they left to put any unfavourable construc- the whole business of the day to tion on the conduct or motives of be conducted by the noblemen the chief magistrate of the city, and gentlemen who had come we confess ourselves unable to forward to summon the meeting, interpret your lordship's rejec- and by whom several very anition of a requisition for a com- mated speeches were addressed mon-hall, on so important an to the assembled multitudes. The occasion, in any way which shall resolutions passed expressed no. not imply an indifference to, or opinion on the occurrences at contempt of, the wishes and opi- Manchester, but demanded an nions of the livery, by whom you inquiry. In consequence of the were appointed to your high part which he had taken in this office.

public meeting, earl Fitzwilliam .“ Resolved, however, as we immediately received from the are, not to surrender the rights prince regent his dismissal from of the livery of London, we ven- the office of lord-lieutenant of ture respectfully, yet firmly, to the West-riding of Yorkshire ; a request your lordship to recon- circumstance which excited a sider your answer, and to appoint strong sensation, and procured an early day for the holding of for the earl many testimonies of a common hall, in compliance the reverence and attachment of with the requisition presented to his neighbours. The requisitions your lordship on the 1st instant. addressed to the sheriffs of other “ Dated Sept. 16.”

counties, particularly NorthumThe persistance of the lord berland, Cumberland, Westmormayor in his refusal, led to a scene land, Durham, Cornwall, Norfolk, of much turbulence at the com- and Berkshire, for the convening mon hall holden on Michaelmas of meetings to consider of the day for the election of a new Manchester transactions, were lord mayor ; and actions at law not in all instances attended with • Vol. LXI.

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the

public mone

the same success, though consi- length the coroner stated, that derable numbers assembled in for reasons which he did not all these counties under private choose to assign, the inquest auspices to express their senti- should be further adjourned to ments. On the other hand, loyał the beginning of the month of addresses were forwarded from December. Before this period different meetings; and in several arrived, the case being referred towns of the north of England, to the court of King's-bench, the and of Scotland, noblemen and whole proceedings had in this gentlemen attached to govern- inquest were declared null and ment associated for the purpose void by the irregularity of the of raising troops of yeomanry in coroner himself, who had neg. aid of the civil power.

lected to view the body in preMeantime, the progress of a sence of the jury, as by law recoroner's inquest on the body of quired ; and the court in conseone John Lees, who died in con- quence directed that no verdict sequence of sabre cuts and other should be returned. injuries received at the Man. The alarm of government was chester meeting of August 16th, manifested by a notice, dated was viewed with anxious atten- Oct. 29th, on the part of the comtion, as it was believed that its missioners of Chelsea hospital, result would afford an important by which all able-bodied pendecision on the legal character of sioners were directed to attend that day's proceedings. Much at the times and places therein delay occurred in the commence- specified, in order to their being ment of this examination by the formed into a veteran or garrison absence of the coroner from the battalion. By the operation of post of duty and the refusal of this measure, ten or eleven thou. others to act in his stead, and it sand men were added to the efwas afterwards prolonged to an fective military force of the extent quite unexampled, partly country. . by the multitude of witnesses The following remarkable cirbrought forward, and partly by cular also emanated from the the frequent adjournments which home department : the coroner thought proper to

" Whitehall, Nov. 6. interpose. It was the aim of the My Lord,-Having been insolicitor who conducted the exa- formed that there are laying mination in behalf of the next of about throughout the kingdom, kin of the deceased, to prove especially in the maritime parts the peaceful character of the of it, a great number of cannon, meeting, and the unwarrantable which are private property, a nature of the military attack. On considerable part of which were the other side, efforts were made formerly used in merchants' to show that previous acts of ships, I beg leave to call your violence on the part of the mul- lordship's attention to this subtitude, and the reading of the ject; and to request that you will riot act, had justified this attack, direct the magistrates of the and exonerated from legal crimi- county under your lordship's nality those concerned in it. At charge, to make the necessary

inquiries

inquiries within their respective In the agitation of tire public districts, and if any guns of this mind which all these circumdescription should be found stances were calculated to excite, therein, that they will cause im- the meeting of parliament was mediate steps to be taken, with inepatiently anticipated both by the consent of their owners, for the supporters and the opponents rendering them useless, or for of the administration, and it was removing them to a place of se. summoned to assemble for dis. curity. I have the honour to be, patch of business on Tuesday &c. &c.

SIDMOUTH. Nov. 23rd. H. M. Lieutenant of

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CHAPTER VIII.

Prince Regent's Speech.- Amendment to the Address in the House of

Lords.-- Amendment in the House of Commons.- Documents on the - State of the Country.Traverse Bill in the House of Lords.-Net

Legislative Measures proposed in the House of Lords. The same in the Commons.-Motion for Inquiry into the State of the NationHouse of Lords.--The same in the Commons.---Navy Estimates.Training Bill, and Search for Arms Bill House of Lords.-Protest against Search for Arms Bill.

THE session of parliament was “I have given directions that

I opened on November 23rd, the necessary information on this by the Prince Regent in person, subject shall be laid before you; with the following Speech: and I feel it to be my indispens

“ My Lords and Gentlemen; able duty, to press on your im

“ It is with great concern that mediate attention the consideraI am again obliged to announce tion of such measures as may be to you the continuance of his requisite for the counteraction Majesty's lamented indisposition. and suppression of a system

I regret to have been under which, if not effectually checked, the necessity of calling you to- must bring confusion and ruin on gether at this period of the year; the nation. but the seditious practices so long “ Gentlemen of the House of prevalent in some of the manu- Commons ; facturing districts of the country, “The estimates for the ensuing have been continued with in- year will be laid before you. creased activity since you were “ The necessity of affording last assembled in parliament. protection to the lives and pro

“ They have led to proceed- perty of his Majesty's loyal subings incompatible with the public jects has compelled me to make tranquillity, and with the peaceful some addition to our military habits of the industrious classes force ; but I have no doubt you of the community; and a spirit is will be of opinion that the arnow fully manifested, utterly hos- rangements for this purpose have tile to the constitution of this been effected in the manner likely kingdom, and aiming not only at to be the least burthensome to the change of those political in the country. stitutions which have hitherto Although the revenue has constituted the pride and security - undergone some fluctuation since of this country, but at the sub- the close of the last session of version of the rights of property, parliament, I have the satisfaction and of all order in society. of being able to inform you, that

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