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amidst the unanimous cry from ceedings for the preservation of all parts of the House, to his the peace and tranquillity of Euseat.

rope. On the 21st of January, the The Prince Regent has comLord Chancellor read the Prince manded us further to acquaint Regent's Speech, the contents of you, that a Treaty has been conwhich were to the following ef- cluded between his Royal Highfect:

ness, and the government of the My Lords and Gentlemen; United States of America, for the We are commanded by his renewal, for a further term of Royal Highness the Prince Re- years, of the Commercial Convengent to express to you the deep tion now subsisting between the regret which he feels in the con- two nations, and for the amicable tinuance of his Majesty'slamented adjustment of several points of indisposition.

mutual importance to the inter• In announcing to you the se- ests of both countries : and, as vere calamity with which it has soon as the ratifications shall pleased Divine Providence to have been exchanged, his Royal visit the Prince Regent, the Highness will give directions that Royal Family, and the nation, a copy of this treaty shall be laid by the death of her Majesty the before you. Queen of the United Kingdom, Gentlemen of the House of his Royal Highness has com- Commons; manded us to direct your atten. The Prince Regent has directed tion to the consideration of such that the estimates for the current measures as this melancholy event year shall be laid before you. has rendered necessary and ex- His Royal Highness feels aspedient with respect to the care sured, that you will learn with of his Majesty's sacred person. satisfaction the extent of reduc

We are directed to inform you tion which the present situation that the negotiations which have of Europe, and the circumstances taken place at Aix-la-Chapelle, of the British empire, have enahave led to the evacuation of the bled his Royal Highness to effect French territory by the allied in the naval and military estaarmies.

blishments of the country. The Prince Regent has given His Royal Highness has also orders, that the convention con- the gratification of announcing to cluded for this purpose, as well you, a considerable and progresas the other documents connected sive improvement of the revenue with this arrangement, shall be in its most important branches. laid before you; and he is per- My Lords and Gentlemen ; suaded that you will view with The Prince Regent has directed peculiar satisfaction the intimate to be laid before you such papers union which so happily subsists as are necessary to show the among the powers who were par origin and result of the war in the ties to these transactions, and the East Indies. unvaried disposition which has His Royal Highness commands been manifested in all their pro- us to inform you, that the operations undertaken by the governor- noble lords, the Earl of Warwick general in council against the and Lord Saltoun, of whose Pindarries, were dictated by the speeches it is unnecessary to strictest principles of self-defence; make any extracts. and that in the extended hostili The Marquis of Lansdowne ties which followed upon those next rose, and after a general deoperations, the Mahratta princes claration of his unwillingness to : were, in every instance, the ag- oppose an address to the crown, gressors. Under the provident he said that he found himself and skilful superintendence of the bound to state a few consideramarquis of Hastings the cam- tions which presented themselves paign was marked, in every point, to his mind, not as objections to by brilliant achievements and the motions now made, but as successes; and his majesty's omitting the notice of other topics. forces, and those of the East He began with touching upon the India Company (native as well state of France, respecting which, as European) rivalled each other he was happy to find that there in sustaining the reputation of the was a general agreement respectBritish arms.

ing the liberal manner in which · The Prince Regent has the she ought to be treated. Among greatest pleasure in being able to the omissions he, however, reinform you, that the trade, com- marked upon that of the slavemerce, and manufactures of the trade, on which he observed, that country are in a most flourishing the manner in which it was passed condition.

over in the speech gave a too The favourable change which plain indication of the want of has so rapidly taken place in the success of its efforts. The state internal circumstances of the of the revenue, in which the United Kingdom, affords the speech had shown a gradual imstrongest proof of the solidity of provement, was, he said, chiefly its resources.

valuable as furnishing an index of To cultivate and improve the the revival of active industry; but advantages of our present situa. whether it had extended to the tion will be the object of your labouring and agricultural classes deliberations; and his Royal was still a matter of doubt. In Highness has commanded us to the meantime he must remind assure you of his disposition to their lordships, that the prospect concur and co-operate in what was by no means such as to relieve ever may be best calculated to them from the necessity of secure to his majesty's subjects increasing their endeavours to rethe full benefits of that state of duce the expenditure of the counpeace which, by the blessing of try to a more economical scale. Providence, has been so happily For this purpose his lordship atre-established throughout Eu- tempted to show, that all the imrope.

provements still left a deficiency The Prince Regent's Address of 14 millions to raise the amount to both Houses was replied to in of the income to a parity with that a strain of compliment by two ofthe expenditure. A subject of far



greater importance remained un mover of the Address, namely, touched, which was, the restric- that courtesy required, that the tion of the Bank from paying in speech should pass unopposed or specie ; respecting which, not unremarked upon, lest it should withstanding the approaching ex- prejudice any future discussion of piration of that period, he would the subjects which it compreask whether any man in the king. hended. On the contrary, he dom would rely upon the resump- thought it was an additional motion of cash payments?

tive for making some observations, Such were the principal topics not on the particular loss to which which were touched upon in the his Royal Highness alluded, but speech of the noble marquis. on the general view which the

The Earl of Liverpool, who Speech took of public affairs. spoke next, found little more And here he was compelled to ground for his address than a re- say, that the extravagant represumption of the subject already sentations of the state of the councontained in the speech of the try which the specch contained, Prince Regent. There was, in- would justify many more obser. deed, one topic upon which, as an vations than those with which it was important minister of the crown, his intention to trouble the House. he ventured to give a free opinion. He rejoiced to find that consi. He had no hesitation in saying derable reductions had taken that, considering the present state place in our military establishof the exchanges, and the pro- ment, and was ready to concede gress of the pecuniary operations to government as much merit on alluded to in the last session, he this subject as they were entitled thought it impossible that cash to; but with respect to civil repayments could with safety be re- trenchment and regulation, it stored on the 5th of July next. If would, in his opinion, have been such should be found to be the much more satisfactory, if the case, it would be prudent to ex- Speech, instead of a vague pro tend the Bank Restriction act till mise of concurrence and co-operathe succeeding session, when the tion in any parliamentary meawhole question might be delibe- sures to secure the full enjoyment rately weighed, and finally de- of the benefits of peace, had cided on.

pointed out such measures. Was After a short reply from the it not notorious that by the supEarl of Lauderdale, the Address pression of some of the superior was unanimously agreed to. offices, not only a great saving

In the House of Commons, the would be effected in the expense correspondent address to the of collection, but a better collecPrince Regent was moved by Mr. tion would be made? ReformaBrownlow, who was seconded by tion of this nature, however, could Mr. William Peel.

scarcely be expected from such Mr. Macdonald then rose, and ministers as the present. . ! said, that he could by no means Then came the congratulatory concur in the opinion of the passage in the Speech-on the

increase increase of the revenue. It was speech, and of the speeches of well to hear that the people had the honourable gentlemen, it been enabled to pay nearly four seemed that they might be spared millions more than they had done the trouble of contemplating any last year; but it would be much such possibility. They were told better to be told that in future they might safely rely on the inthey would have to pay less. violability of treaties, and on our The omission in the Speech of intimate union with foreign all allusion to a reduction of our powers ; the one substantial setaxation was highly inauspicious. curity for permanent peace was, With unmingled satisfaction a wise, economical, and conciwould the people hail any im- liatory administration of public provement of the public reve affairs, and an undeviating system nue, if the past afforded them any of justice and liberality to the , assurance that that improvement people of other countries, whewould be the means of diminish- ther powerful or weak. As to ing the evils under which they any other objects of the alliances laboured; but burthened as the in question, the British public country was, what prospect could regarded them with the utmost the Chancellor of the Exchequer indifference. As to the principal hold out of a removal, or even a result of the congress, it seems considerable diminution of that to be thought that no course galling taxation which it suffered. could be resorted to but that of The fact was, that a realization of deprecating every species of disthe hopes which had been held cussion. There was one subject, out on that subject could be ef- however, to which the people of fected only by such a demand for this country had looked with our productions as would absorb anxious expectation. They exa very large additional portion of pected that at length the detestour population in manufactures able traffic in human creatures an evil of the most serious kind, would be denounced and finally morally and politically. When extinguished, by the high and he contemplated the mass of assembled professors of peace human misery which these cir- and of Christianity. It was, howcumstances occasioned, he could ever, well known, that the power not help being surprised at those which had opposed so desirable mutual felicitations on the state a consummation, was France. of the country which a little France, a member of the holy sober reflection would have alliance! France, under the rechecked. If at a time of peace stored rule of his most Christian we were unable to diminish the majesty! Thus it had appeared public expenditure, how should that all the sacrifices which this we be prepared for a time of war? country had made in favour of the It might happen that we should Bourbon dynasty, had been inbe engaged in a war for the de- sufficient to obtain from the court fence of every thing that was of Louis Dix-huit a measure which valuable to us. Were the House was little more than one of deto listen to the tone of the royal cency.

It seemed to be thought by decision on the topic. In conthe hon. gentlemen who had clusion, he said, that the mover moved and seconded the Ad- of the Address in reply to the dress, that there was nothing so Prince Regent must not be astosimple and natural as to admire nished if he found that a consievery thing that was done byderable portion of the House “ the powers that be," and that could not see in his recipe of no fault was to be found with union and harmony any thing but any of their proceedings. For a general prostration at the himself, it gave him little satis- shrine of ministers. faction to find general discontent Mr. Sinclair, who gave the last in the country, and more espe- speaker the title of his honourcially when that discontent occa- able relation, was strenuous for sionally exhibited itself in an approving the Address, which he intemperate and malignant cha- considered as highly creditable racter. Whence came the ex- to the candour and moderation of treme irritation among the peo- his majesty's ministers. If, said ple, the existing tendency to he, we regard its general scope tumult and violence? How hap and tenour, we shall find that it pened it that towards an adminis contains such sentiments, and is tration under which, notwith- couched in such language, as no standing their egregious blun- friend to his country can readers, the military glory of the sonably object to. Every topic nation had been carried to the has been studiously avoided highest point, so much - apathy which could elicit any material had been shown by most classes difference of opinion, or excite of society, and so much decided any angry discussion. His hodisinclination by the remainder ? nourable relation, however, had It was because they were found not thought proper to follow deficient in those qualities, with this example of forbearance ; out the possession of which no and there is scarcely a single administration could ever enjoy measure, either in retrospect or public confidence. When the in contemplation, upon which he opinion of government was called has not attacked with severity for on questions of the greatest the past. conduct, or the pregeneral interest, it was discovered sumed intentions, of his majesty's that they had no opinion.

advisers. Mr. S. however deThe hon. gentleman then in- clared that it was far from him stanced his proposition in Mr. to expose his own presumption Grenfell's question respecting by entering the lists with one Bank paper ; in the subject of the whom he so much respected. He poor laws; in that of the criminal also added, that he was far from code, introduced by Sir S. Ro- being decidedly hostile to all the milly ; in the discussions on the opinions which he had supported Catholic question, in which go- with so much eloquence; and he vernment pledged itself to remain should think meanly of his own neutral, while the Prince Regent fairness and judgment if he did was to avoid assisting in any not always listen to his arguments

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