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tion and specification of such limits and boundaries set forth and contained in schedule (M.) to this Act annexed; and all the properties within the boundaries therein specified shall hereafter, for the purposes of this Act, be parts of the said cities, burghs, and towns, and not of the adjoining or of any other county: Provided always, that the following rules shall be observed in the the descriptions construction of the several descriptions of boundaries contained in the said schedule (M.) hereunto annexed; (that is to say,)

Rules for the construction of

contained in schedule (M.).

1.-That the words "northward," "southward," "eastward," "westward," shall respectively be understood to denote only the general direction in which any boundary proceeds from the point last described, and not that such boundary shall continue to proceed throughout in the same direction to the point next described:

2.---That when any road is mentioned merely by the name of the place to which such road leads, the principal road thither from the city, burgh, or town of which the boundary is in course of description shall be understood:

3.—That whenever a line is said to be drawn from, to, through, or in the direction of, or any distance to be measured from or to, an object, such line shall, in the absence of any direction to the contrary, be understood to be drawn from, to, through, or in the direction of, or such distance to be measured from or to, the centre of such object, as nearly as the centre thereof can be ascertained:

4.-That every building through which or through any part whereof any boundary hereby established shall pass shall be considered as within such boundary: Provided always, that if the boundaries of any two or more of the cities, burghs, and towns, whereof the boundaries are hereby described, shall pass through the same building or any part thereof, such building shall be considered as within that one of such two or more of the said cities, burghs, and towns which was before the passing of this Act entitled to return members or a member to serve in Parliament; or if neither or more than one of such two or more of the said cities, burghs, and towns shall have been so entitled, then within that one of them whereof the area as hereby established is the smallest:

5. That whenever any boundary by this Act established is said to pass, or any distance to be measured, along any street, road, lane, or loaning, or up, down, or along any river, stream, canal, or burn, the middle (as nearly as the same can be ascertained) of such street, road, lane, loaning, river, stream, canal, or burn shall be understood:

6. That the middle of any street, road, or lane shall be understood as the middle of the carriageway along the same:

7.-That when any boundary by this Act established is said to proceed, or any distance to be measured, along a street, road, or lane, or up, down, or along a river, from or to an object, such boundary shall be understood to proceed, or such distance to be measured (as the case may be), from or to that point in the middle of such road, lane, or river from which the shortest line would be drawn to the centre of such object, as nearly as the centre thereof can be ascertained:

8.-That the point at which any wall, march, boundary, street, road, lane, loaning, avenue, railway, walk, path, river, stream, canal, or burn is said to meet, join, cross, reach, or leave any march, boundary, street, road, lane, loaning, avenue, railway, walk, river, stream, canal, or burn, shall be understood as that point at which a line passing along the middle of the march, boundary, street, road, lane, loaning, avenue, railway, walk, river, stream, canal, or burn so met, joined, crossed, reached, or left, would be intersected by a line drawn along the middle of the wall, march, boundary, street, road, lane, loaning, avenue, railway, walk, path, river, stream, canal, or burn so meeting, joining, crossing, reaching, or leaving, if such line were prolonged sufficiently far; and that the point at which any burn or river joins any firth or the sea shall be understood as that point at which a line passing along the low-water mark of such firth or the sea would be cut by a line to be drawn along the middle of such burn or river, if such line were prolonged sufficiently far; and that the point at which a burn or feeder joins a loch shall be understood as that point at which a line drawn along the shore of such loch would be cut by a line drawn thereto along the middle of such burn or feeder:

9.—That when a line is said to be drawn to a road, lane, river, stream, or canal, such line shall be considered as prolonged to the middle of such road, lane, river, stream, or canal:

10.-That by the words "sea" and "shore" shall be understood the low-water mark:

tions herein

None hereafter votes, except to acquire by qualificaafter provided; but freeholders or entitled to be enrolled in entitled to vote while they qualification.

now enrolled

shires to be

11.—That if any deficiency shall be found to exist in the line of any boundary described in the said schedule to this Act annexed, by reason of the intervention of any space between any two immediately consecutive points, such deficiency shall be supplied by a straight line to be drawn from the one to the other of such two immediately consecutive points. VI. AND be it enacted, that from and after the passing of this Act no person shall acquire, by succession, purchase, gift, or otherwise, the right of voting for a member of Parliament, either in shires, or in cities, burghs, or towns, except by one or other of the qualifications herein-after prescribed and directed: Provided always, that all persons who at the passing of this Act shall be lawfully on the roll of freeholders of any shire in Scotland, or who shall then be entitled to be put on such roll, or who shall previous to the first day of March one thousand eight hundred and thirty-one have become the owners or superiors of lands affording the qualification for being so enrolled, shall, so long as they retain the necessary qualification on which they are now enrolled or are entitled to be enrolled as aforesaid, be entitled to be registered and to vote as herein-after directed in the election of a member for such shire. VII. AND be it enacted, that from and after the passing of this Act every Qualification of person, not subject to any legal incapacity, shall be entitled to be registered county voters. as herein-after directed, and thereafter to vote at any election for a shire in Scotland, who, when the sheriff proceeds to consider his claim for registration in the present or in any future year, shall have been, for a period of not less than six calendar months next previous to the last day of August in the present or the last day of July in any future year, the owner (whether he has made up his titles, or is infeft, or not,) of any lands, houses, feu duties, or

retain their

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other heritable subjects (except debts heritably secured) within the said shire; provided the subject or subjects on which he so claims shall be of the yearly value of ten pounds, and shall actually yield or be capable of yielding that value to the claimant, after deducting any feu duty, ground annual, or other consideration which he may be bound to pay or to give or account for as a condition of his right; provided he be, by himself, his tenants, vassals, or others, in possession of the said subjects, and be either himself in the actual occupation or in receipt of the profits and issues thereof to the extent above mentioned: Provided always, that where the whole profits and issues of any such subject do not arise annually, but at longer intervals, the worth and amount of such occasional profits shall be taken into computation in estimating the annual value: Provided also, that where any property which would entitle the owner to be registered and to vote as above shall come to any person, within the said period of six months, by inheritance, marriage, marriage settlement, or mortis causa disposition, or by appointment to any place or office, such person shall be entitled to be registered on the first occasion of making up the lists of voters, as herein-after provided, next following such succession or acquisition.

VIII. AND be it enacted, that in elections for shires, where two or more persons are interested in any subject to which a right of voting is for the first time attached by this Act, as life-renter and as fiar, the right of voting shall be in the life-renter, and not in the fiar; and all co-proprietors or joint owners shall be entitled each to vote in respect of their joint property within the shire, provided the share or interest of each joint owner so claiming on such property is of the yearly value of ten pounds, as above specified, but not otherwise Provided also, that husbands shall be entitled to vote in respect of property belonging to their wives, or owned or possessed by such husbands after the death of their wives by the courtesy of Scotland.

IX. AND be it enacted, that tenants in lands, houses, or other heritable subjects shall also be entitled to be registered, and to vote at elections for the shires in which the said heritable subjects are situated, provided each tenant (whether joint or several), when the sheriff proceeds to consider his claim for registration, shall, for a period of not less than twelve months next previous to the last day of August in the present or the last day of July in any future year, have held such subjects or tenements, whether in his personal possession or not, under a lease or leases, missive of lease, or other written title, for a period of not less than fifty-seven years (exclusive of breaks), at the option of the landlord, or for the life-time of the said tenant, where the clear yearly value of such tenant's interest, after paying the rent and any other consideration due by him for his said right, is not less than ten pounds, or for a period of not less than nineteen years where the clear yearly value of such tenant's interest is not less than fifty pounds, or where such tenant shall, for the foresaid period of twelve months, have been in the actual personal occupancy of any such subject, where the yearly rent is not less than fifty pounds, or where the tenant, whatever the rent may be, has truly paid for his interest in such subject a price, grassum, or consideration of not less than three hundred pounds: Provided always, that where, in any of these cases, the rent is payable in whole or in part in grain, the value shall be estimated according to the average fiars of the counties in which the heritable subjects are situated for

the three preceding years, and where payable in any other species of produce, according to the average market prices of the neighbourhood for the same period; and the said values being once so fixed at the time of registering or refusing to register shall be held as settled for the whole period of the lease: Provided also, that where the right to any such lease as would entitle the tenant to be registered and to vote as herein-before provided shall come to any person, within the preceding twelve calendar months above specified, by inheritance, marriage, marriage settlement, or mortis causa disposition, such person shall be entitled to be registered on the first occasion of making up the lists of voters, as herein-after provided, next following such succession or acquisition: Provided also, that no sub-tenant or assignee to any sub-lease for fifty-seven or nineteen years shall be entitled to be registered or to vote in respect of his interest under such lease, unless he shall be in the actual occupation of the premises thereby set.

X. AND be it enacted, that from and after the end of this present Parliament the members who are to be returned to serve in any future Parliament for any single city, town, or burgh, on which the right of returning a member or members is by this Act conferred, shall no longer be elected by the town councils of such cities, burghs, or towns, but directly by the several individuals on whom the right of electing such members to serve in Parliament is by this Act conferred; and where the election is by districts or sets of cities, burghs, or towns conjoined, the right of electing shall no longer be in the town councils or corporations of the said cities, burghs, or towns, or in delegates appointed by them, but in the individual voters on whom the right of election is by this Act conferred; and the member to serve in Parliament for any such district shall be returned according to the majority of individual votes given in the whole district.

Right of voting for burghs and districts of

burghs no longer to be in

town councils

and delegates, vidual voters.

but in indi

and towns.

XI. AND be it enacted, that every person, not subject to any legal incapacity, Qualification shall be entitled to be registered as herein-after directed, and to vote at elec- cities, burghs, tions for any of the cities, burghs, or towns, or districts of cities, burghs, or towns, herein-before mentioned, who, when the sheriff proceeds to consider his claim for registration, shall have been, for a period of not less than twelve calendar months next previous to the last day of August in the present or the last day of July in any future year, in the occupancy, either as proprietor, tenant, or life-renter, of any house, warehouse, counting-house, shop, or other building, within the limits of such city, burgh, or town, which, either separately or jointly with any other house, warehouse, counting-house, shop, or other building within the same limits, or with any land owned and occupied by him, or occupied under the same landlord, and also situate within the same limits, shall be of the yearly value of ten pounds: Provided always, that the claimant shall have paid, on or before the twentieth day of August in the present or the twentieth day of July in any future year, all assessed taxes which shall have become payable by him in respect of such premises previously to the sixth day of April then next preceding: Provided also, that no such person shall be entitled to be registered or to vote in the present or any future year, unless he shall have resided for six calendar months next previous to the last day of August in the present or the last day of July in any future year within such city, burgh, or town, or within seven statute miles of some part thereof Provided also, that persons so resident shall be entitled to be regis

:

Qualification

of husbands in right of their

wives.

Disqualifica

tion by receipt of parochial relief.

Provision as to premises occupied in succession, and as to joint

occupants.

tered and to vote if they are the true owners of such premises as are hereinbefore mentioned, within such city, burgh, or town, of the yearly value of ten pounds or upwards, although they should not occupy any premises within its limits, or although the premises actually occupied by them should be of less yearly value than ten pounds; and that the husbands of such owners shall be entitled to vote, either in the lifetime of their wives, or after their death, if then holding such property by the courtesy of Scotland: Provided also, that no person shall be entitled to be registered or to vote for any city, burgh, or town, who shall have been in the receipt of parochial relief within twelve calendar months next previous to the last day of August in the year one thousand eight hundred and thirty-two, or next previous to the last day of July in any succeeding year.

XII. AND be it enacted, that the premises in respect of which any person shall be deemed entitled to be registered, and to vote in the election for any city, burgh, or town, or district, shall not be required to have been the same premises for the whole twelve months of his occupancy, but may be different premises (but always of the requisite value) occupied in succession by such person; provided always, that such person shall have paid all the assessed taxes legally exigible from him in respect of all such premises; and that where such premises shall be of the yearly value of twenty pounds or upwards, and shall be jointly occupied by more than one person, each of such joint occupiers shall be entitled to be registered and to vote, provided his share and interest in the same shall be of the yearly value of ten pounds or upwards.

Persons claim- XIII. AND be it enacted, that on or before the twentieth day of August in the ing the right present year every person claiming right to vote, under any of the qualifications hereinto vote in before specified, at any election of a member to serve in Parliament for any county in counties to give in claims Scotland, shall give in a claim, subscribed by himself or his agent, to the schoolmaster to the parish of that parish of the county within which the property (or the greater part of it) on schoolmasters. which he claims is situate, or in case of the incapacity of such schoolmaster, or of the office being vacant, to any person actually officiating as such schoolmaster, or to the schoolmaster of the next adjoining parish whose residence is nearest to the vacant school, which claim shall be in the form of the first part of the schedule (F.) to this Act annexed, [Rep., 24 & 25 Vict. c. 83. s. 3.] Provided always,

Proviso as to certain parishes;

and as to Orkney and Shetland.

Sheriffs to hold courts

and decide on claims.

county of Perth, and

that the parishes of Tulliallan, Culross, and Logie in the
the parish of Alva in the county of Stirling, shall, for the purposes of this Act,
be held to form parts of the county of Clackmannan; and the parishes of
Muckhart and Fossoway in the county of Perth shall, for the purposes of this
Act, be held to form parts of the county of Kinross; and all claims and
objections and titles relating to properties situate in any of these parishes shall
be delivered or transmitted to the sheriff clerks of Clackmannan and Kinross
respectively; and that all claims, objections, and titles relating to properties in
the several districts of Orkney and Shetland shall be delivered or transmitted
to the sheriff clerks of Orkney and of Shetland respectively.

XIV. AND be it enacted, that each sheriff shall, between the twelfth day of September and the fifteenth day of October in the present year, examine and decide upon the merits of all claims for registration within his county; and that for this purpose the sheriffs of the counties of Aberdeen, Ayr, Argyle, Fife, Inverness, Lanark, Forfar, Perth, Renfrew, and Ross and Cromarty shall hold open courts during this period at not less than three several towns or places in their said counties, including therein such towns or other places where the sheriffs or their substitutes have been in use to hold their ordinary courts, where there are such places; and the sheriffs in all the other counties shall hold open courts at not less than two several places, which places shall be so selected as to be most convenient for the claimants in the different districts of the

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