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There flow'ry hill Hymettus with the sound:-: :
the summer advances, in his drus on the banks and at the fifty-first sonnet; and Milton spring of this pleasant river. himself describes it singing χαριεντα γουν και καθαρά και διαφανη While the jolly hours lead on pro- aquulæ puræ ac pellucidæ ju
τα υδατια φαινεται, Νonne hinc pitious May, in his Sonnet to the Nightingale: Serr. vol. iii. p. 229. The philo
cundo murmure confluunt? Ed. but in various other places the song of the nightingale is one of sophical retreat at the springhis favourite circumstances of
head is beautifully described by description, when he is painting Socrates and Phædrus are repre
Plato in the next page, where a summer's night. Dunster. 247. There Now'ry hill Hymet- shaded with a spreading plantain,
sented sitting on a bank tus &c.] And so Valerius Flaccus calls it Florea juga Hymetti, Ar- of which Cicero hath
said very gonaut. v. 344. and the honey prettily, that it seemeth to have was so much esteemed and cele grown not so much by the water brated by the ancients, that it which is described, as by Plato's was reckoned the best of the eloquence; quæ mihi videtur non Attie honey, as the Attic honey
tam ipsa aquula, quæ describitur, was said to be the best in the quam Platonis oratione crevisse.
De Orat. 1. 7. world. The poets often speak * 253. Lyceum there, and painted of the murmur of the bees as in
Stoa next :] Lyceum was another viting to sleep, Virg. Ecl. i. 56.
gymnasium of the Athenians, and Sæpe levi somnum suadebit inire su- was the school of Aristotle, who
had been tutor to Alexander the but Milton gives a more elegant Great, and was the founder of turn to it, and says that it invites the sect of the Peripatetics, so to studious musing, which was called από του περιπατειν from his more proper indeed for his pur- walking and teaching philosophy. pose, as he is here describing the Stoa was the school of Zeno, Attic learning
whose disciples from the place 249. there Ilissus rolls had the name of Stoics; and His whisp'ring stream:] this Stoa or portico, being aMr. Calton and Mr. Thyer have dorned with variety of paintings, observed with me, that Plato was called in Greek Torxian or hath laid the scene of his Phæ various, and here by Milton very
There thou shalt hear and learn the secret power
properly the painted Stoa. . See painted, principally by Polygno-
Quæque docet sapiens, braccatis illita a place in the suburbs, built by
Medis, Pericles for the exercising of sol- Porticus diers : and I find the scholiast The porch, with trowser'd Persians upon Aristophanes in the Irene pictur'd o’er. (Howes.] speaks of going into the Lyceum, On the origin of the name of the and going out of it again, and Peripatetics see the note below returning back into the city : - on v. 278. Dunster. εις το Λυκειον εισιoντες --- και σαλιν
257. Æolian charms and Doεξιοντες εκ του Λυκείου, και απιοντές Tian lyric odes,] Æolian charms, εις την πολι». .
Æolia carmina, verses such as : 253. That 'the Lyceum stood those of Alcæus and Sappho, who without the walls clearly appears were both of Mitylene in Lesfrom the beginning of Plato's bos, an island belonging to the Lysis ; see also Strabo, 1. ix. p. Æolians. Hor. Od. iii. xxx. 13. 397. Its establishment has been
Princeps folium carmen ad Italos attributed both to Pisistratus and
Od. iv. iii. 12.
Fingent Æolio cai mine nobilem.
Blind Melesigenes thence Homer call’d,
of poetry. Such wise men as thus Milton in his Preface to
παιδι Μελεσιγενεα, απο του Ονομαι τα
reader cannot form a better idea ποταμου την επωνυμιαν λαβουσα, and of it in its highest beauty and because he was blind, thence he perfection than by reading our was called Homer, oun oqwv, SVTEUDEV author's Samson Agonistes. δε και τουνομα “Ομηρος επεκράτησε το
-teachers best Μελησιγενει απο της συμφορης οι γαρ
Of moral prudence, &c.] Κυμαιοι τους τυφλους ομηρους λεγου- This description particularly ap
Whose poem Phoebus chal- plies to Euripides, who, next to lenged for his own, alluding to a Homer, was Milton's favourite Greek epigram in the first book Greek author. See Quinctilian, of the Anthologia,
1. x. c. 1. And Aulus Gellius,
1. xi. c. 4. Aristotle takes almost Hudov pesy sywv, exagasos de Osos Ojengos, all his examples of sentences which Mr. Fenton has enlarged from Euripides. (Rhetoric. ii. c. and applied to Mr. Pope's Eng- 22.) See Bp. Hurd's note on lish Iliad.
Horace's art of Poetry, v. 219. 261. —the lofty grave trage- for an admirable account of the dians,] These are the epithets reasons why the Greek Tragic usually applied to tragedy by poets introduced in their pieces the ancients, as Quintilian, 1. x. so great an abundance of moral c. 1. Claudian, De Mall. Theod. precepts, and why they were Cons. 314. Ovid, Trist. 1. ii. el. with such delight received. Duni. 381. and 553. Horace, in his ster. Ode to Asinius Pollio. And
In brief sententious precepts, while they treat
264. Of fate, and chance, and does Milton's versification in this
change in human life and the following lines concernHigh actions, and high passions ing the Socratic philosophy exbest describing :)
press what he is describing! In The most usual arguments of the first we feel as it were the the Greek tragic writers (and nervous rapid eloquence of Deindeed of their
epic poets also) mosthenes, and the latter have were the accomplishment of some all the gentleness and softness of oracle, or some supposed decree the humble modest character of of fate. But the incidents which Socrates. Thyer. led to the destined event, accord- 268. Those ancient,] For Miling to their system, depended on ton was of the same opinion as chance. Fute and chance then Cicero, who preferred Pericles, furnished the subject and inci- Hyperides, Æschines, Demodents of their dramas, whilst the sthenes, and the orators of their catastrophe produced the peri- times, to Demetrius Phalereus petia, or change of fortune. The and those of the subsequent ages. history of Edipus, one of their See Cicero de claris Oratoribus. principal dramatic subjects, was And in the judgment of Quinhere perhaps in our poet's mind; tilian Demetrius Phalereus was and it affords a striking exem
the first who weakened eloplification of the preceding re- quence, and the last almost of marks. Change in human life the Athenians who can be called however might not only refer to an orator; is primus inclinasse the pathetic catastrophes of the eloquentiam dicitur ultimus est Greek tragedy, since it sometimes fere ex Atticis qui dici possit formed, as in the Edipus Colo- orator. De Instit. Orat. x. i. neus, the entire argument of their 270. -and fulmin'd over pieces. High actions, the xadece Greece,] Alluding (as Mr. Jortin Featus of Aristotle, refer to fate has likewise observed) to what and chance, the arguments and Aristophanes has said of Pericles incidents of tragedy; high pas- in his Acharnenses, act ii. sc. 5. sions to the peripetia, or change of fortune, which included the Εσσραστε», εβροντα, ξυνεχυκα την “Ελ.
λαδα. Telos or affecting part. Dunster. 267. Thence to the famous ora- Since I have mentioned this
pastors repair, &c.] How happily sage, I will add, that Cicero has
To Macedon and Artaxerxes? throne: sisschien Liit
Cinsitribinoni, alluded to it in his, Orator 9... Persian king, so Demosthenes speaking of Pericles. Qui si was the orator particularly, who tenui genere uteretur, 'nunquam fulmined over Greece to Macedon ab Aristophane poeta fulgere, to- against king Philip in his oranare, permiscere Græciam dictus tions, therefore denominated esset. Diodorus Siculus has Philippics. quoted it likewise lib. 12. and 273. From heav'n descended to ascribed it to Eupolis the poet,
the low-roof'd house the same who is mentioned by Of Socrates ;] Horace.
Mr. Calton thinks the author al. Eupolis, atque Cratinus, Aristopba- ludes to Juv. Sat. xi. 27. nesque poetæ.
-e cælo descendit grade CIUDTON, και παλιν εν αλλοις Ευπολις 6
as this famous Delphic precept Περικλεης ολυμπιος Ησραπτ', was the foundation of Socrates's εύροντα, συνεχυκα την Ελλαδα. Ci- philosophy, and so much usel cero had at first fallen into the by him, that it hath passed with same mistake as Diodorus, which some for his own. Or as Mr. is often the case of writers who Warburton and Mr. Thyer conquote by memory; and therefore ceive, the author here probably desires Atticus to correct the alludes to what Cicero says of copies, and for Eupolis to put Socrates, Socrates autem primus in Aristophanes. Cic. ad Att. philosophiam devocavit e cælo, xii. 6.
et in urbibus collocavit, et in 270. See Kuster's note on the domus etiam introduxit. Tusc. passage in Aristophanes for the Disp. v. 4. But he has given a various authors who have alluded very different sense to the words to it; but he has omitted Quinc- either by design or mistake, as tilian, lib. ii. c. 16. and lib. xii. Mr. Warburton observes. It is c. 10. In the eleventh Æn. properly called the low-roofed 383, Virgil makes Turnus say to house ; for I believe, said SoDrances,
crates, that if I could meet with Proinde tona eloquio ; solitum tibi
a good purchaser, I might easily get
my goods and house and Cicero (Ep. ad Attic. xv. 1.) all five pounds. Eyou peso os peces speaks of the fulmina Demosthe- (εφη ο Σωκρατης) ει αγαθου ωνητου nis; and Longinus also (c. xxxii.) NITU Yout, Evgeny av peor our Ty OK! says of Demosthenes, καταφροντα και τα οντα παντα πανω ραδιως πεντε XAI XOTOCQEY&L TOV OT' clavos Pnto. Pevas. Xenophon, Economic, five gas, %. 7. a. Dunster.
minas or Attic pounds were bet271. To Macedon and Arta- . ter than sixteen pounds of our xerxes' throne:] As Pericles and money, a mina, according to others fulmineil over Greece to Barnard, being three pounds Artaxerxes' throne against the eight shillings and nine pence.