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As with the force of winds and waters pent,
CHORUS. O dearly-bought revenge, yet glorious ! 1660 Living or dying thou hast fulfill'd The work for which thou wast foretold To Israel, and now li’est victorious Among thy slain self-kill'd Not willingly, but tangled in the fold
1665 Of dire necessity, whose law in death conjoin'd Thee with thy slaughter'd foes in number more Than all thy life had slain before.
1649. With horrible convulsion) ral passages which we have corIn several editions it is printed rected by the help of the first confusion, but Mr. Thyer, Mr. edition, without taking notice of Sympson, and every body saw them that it should be convulsion, and 1667.
-in number' more so it is in Milton's own edition. Than all thy life had slain beAnd in the next line it should fore.] not be He tugged, he took, as it Judges xvi. 30. So the dead which is absurdly in some editions, but he slew at his death, were more He tugged, he shook, as in the than they which he slew in his first edition: and there are seve-. life. VOL. III.
1675 Who hurt their minds, And urg'd them on with mad desire To call in haste for their destroyer ; They only set on sport and play Unweetingly importun'd
1680 Their own destruction to come speedy upon them. So fond are mortal men Fall’n into wrath divine, As their own ruin on themselves t invite, Insensate left, or to sense reprobate,
1685 And with blindness internal struck.
illuminated, His fiery virtue rous'd
1690 From under ashes into sudden flame, And as an evening dragon came,
1674. In Silv] Where the ta- 1692. And as an evening dragon bernacle and ark were at that came &c.] Mr. Calton says that time.
Milton certainly dictated 1682. So fond are mortal men,
And not as an evening dragon came. &c.] Agreeable to the common maxim, Quos Deus vult perdere Samson did not set upon them dementat prius. Thyer. like an evening dragon; but
Assailant on the perched roosts,
darted ruin on their heads like ticas alites, Plin. lib. xxiii. sect, 17. the thunder-bearing eagle. Mr. Richardson. Sympson to the same purpose 1695. --but as an eagle &c.] proposes to read
In the Ajax of Sophocles it is And not as evening dragon came
said that his enemies, if they saw but as an eagle &c.
him appear, would be terrified Mr. Thyer understands it other. the vulture or eagle, ver. 167.
like birds at the appearance of wise, and explains it without any alteration of the text, to which
Αλλ' ότι γαρ δη &c. rather I incline. It is common
The Greek verses, I think, are enough among the ancient poets faulty, and as I remember, are to meet with several similies corrected not amiss by Dawes in brought in to illustrate one ac
his Miscell. Critic. Jortin. tion, when one cannot be found 1700. -imbost.] Concealed, that will hold in every circum- covered. Spenser, Faery Queen, stance. Milton does the same
b. i. cant. iii. st. 24. here, introducing this of the A knight her met in mighty arms
imbost. dragon merely in allusion to the order in which the Philistians
Richardson. were placed in the amphitheatre, 1702. a holocaust] An enand the subsequent one of the tire burnt-offering. Else geneeagle to express the rapidity of rally only part of the beast was that vengeance which Samson burnt. Richardson. took of his enemies.
1706. -her fame survives 1695. --villatic fowl ;] Villa- A secular bird ages of lives.]
A secular bird ages of lives.
. Come, come, no time for lamentation now; Nor much more cause; Samson hath quit himself Like Samson, and heroically hath finish'd 1710 A life heroic, on his enemies Fully reveng'd, hath left them years of mourning, And lamentation to the sons of Caphtor
The construction and meaning “ dies” but “ her fame survives," of the whole period I conceive i. e. continues to live, “ to be this, Virtue given for lost, " lives.” And a secular bird" like the phenix consumed and may refer to the person implied now teemed from out her ashy in the possessive pronoun “her," womb, revives, reflourishes, and a construction common in Milthough her body die which was ton. If this be so, virtue will the case of Samson, yet her fame have been confused in the course survives phenix many ages: of the passage with the bird to for the comma after survives in which it is compared, a thing all the editions should be omit- not unparalleled in our author. ted, as Mr. Calton has observed E. as well as myself. The phoenix, This soleinn introduction of says he, lived a thousand years the phenix is a gross outrage of according to some, (see Bochart's poetical propriety. It is faulty, Hierozoicon, pars secunda, p. not only as it is incongruous to 817.] and hence it is called here the personage to whom it is a secular bird. Ergo quoniam ascribed, but as it is so evidently sex diebus cuncta Dei opera per contrary to reason and nature, fecta sunt; per secula sex, id est that it ought never to be menannorum sex millia, manere hoc tioned but as a fable in a serious statu mundum necesse est. Lac
Johnson. tantius, Div. Inst. lib. vii. c. 14. 1713. —to the sons of Caphtor] The fame of virtue (the Semi- Caphtor it should be, and not chorus saith) survives, outlives Chaptor, as in several editions ; this secular bird many ages. The and the sons of Caphtor are Phicomma, which is in all the edi- listines, originally of the island tions after survives, breaks the Caphtor or Crete. The people construction.
were called Caphtorim, Chere1706. Had this been the in- thim, Ceretim, and afterwards tended construction, he should Cretians. A colony of them rather have said “ the secular settled in Palestine, and there “bird.” But survives may be went by the name of Philistim. perhaps more naturally con- Meadowcourt. trasted with dies; “ her body
Through all Philistian bounds; to Israel
1725 Soak’d in his enemies' blood, and from the stream With lavers pure and cleansing herbs wash off The clotted gore. I with what speed the while (Gaza is not in plight to say us nay) Will send for all my kindred, all my
1730 To fetch him hence, and solemnly attend With silent obsequy and funeral train Home to his father's house: there will I build him A monument, and plant it round with shade Of laurel ever green, and branching palm,
1735 With all his trophies hung, and acts inrolld In copious legend, or sweet lyric song: Thither shall all the valiant youth resort, And from his memory inflame their breasts
1730. Will send for all my kin- house of his father, came down dred, all my friends, &c.] This and took him, and brought him is founded upon what the Scrip- up, and buried hin between Zorah -ture saith, Judges xvi. 31. which and Eshtaol in the burying-place the poet has finely improved. Manoah his father. Then his brethren, and all the