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SELECT COMMITTEE ON INDIAN AFFAIRS

WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine, Chairman
BARRY GOLDWATER, Arizona

JOHN MELCHER, Montana
MARK ANDREWS, North Dakota

DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii SLADE GORTON, Washington

DENNIS DECONCINI, Arizona TIMOTHY C. WOODCOCK, Staj Director

BR

(II)

o'

ANG H1/23

CONTENTS

Page

3

65

68

33

37

WITNESSES

Abourezk, James G., former U.S. Senator from the State of South Dakota

and counsel to the St. Regis Mohawk Tribe---

Prepared statement.-

Ayers, Foxx, member, Catawba Tribe executive board..

Blue, Gilbert, chief, Catawba Tribe of South Carolina.

Prepared statement.-

Bonamie, Frank, member, Cayuga Indian Nation---

Byrd, Mitchell K., counsel, Tri-County (South Carolina) Landowners

Assn

Carpenter, Clint, executive vice president, Rock Hill Area Chamber of

Commerce

Prepared statement.-

Coldiron, William H., Solicitor, Department of the Interior.-

Prepared statement -

Coulter, Robert T., counsel, Indian Law Resources Center, Six Nation

Iroquois Confederacy-

Prepared statement-

D'Amato, Alfonse, U.S. Senator from the State of New York-----
Dinkins, Carol E., Assistant Attorney General, Land and Natural Re-

sources Division, Department of Justice-----

Ewen, Alexander, member, Rights for American Indians Now, New York

City chapter--

Feldman, Glen M., counsel, Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma-

Freeman, Palmer, Jr., member, South Carolina Indian Claims Com.

mission

Prepared statement-

Gajarsa, Arthur J., counsel, Cayuga Indian Nation.-

Garrow, Leonard, chief, St. Regis Mohawk Tribe..

Griffin, Phillip, vice president, New York Farm Bureau---

Harris, David A., chairman, Catawba Pro-Cash Committee, prepared

statement

Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy) prepared statement submitted by

Oren Lyons, Onondaga Nation ---

Hayes, John C., III, representative of the South Carolina State Legis-

lature ---

Prepared statement..

Jensen, Catherine, resident, Fayette, N.Y.

Kinne, Wisner P., resident, Ovid, N.Y...

Lee, Gary A., a Representative in Congress from the State of New York---

Lee, William F., counsel, Seneca County, N.Y.-

Prepared statement.--

Locklear, Arlinda, attorney, Native American Rights Fund.---

Lyons, Oren, on behalf of Chief Corbett Sundown, spokesman, Grand

Council of Chiefs, Six Nation Iroquois Confederacy -

Prepared statement.---

McLeod, Daniel R., attorney general of South Carolina, prepared state-

ment

McLester, Gordon, tribal secretary, Wisconsin Oneida Tribe..

Miller, Don, counsel, Native American Rights Fund.

Morse, Bert, master, New York State Grange_-.

Prepared statement -

75

Page

99 101 216 217 21

74

54 30 154 244 244

Pinsky, Roy, counsel, Aurelius Gas Co----

Prepared statement.-
Rhea, Betty Jo, Rock Hill (S.C.) City Council.

Prepared statement.-
Riford, Steve, assemblyman, State of New York, prepared statement.
Smith, William T., deputy majority leader, New York State Senate..
Snyder, Barry E., president, Seneca Nation of Indians.--
Thurmond, Strom, a U.S. Senator from the State of South Carolina_
Toal, Jean Hoefer, counsel, Catawba Tribe---
Todd, J. D., Jr., attorney, Greenville, S.C.----

Prepared statement.-
Van Gestel, Allan, counsel for Madison, Oneida, and Cayuga Counties,

N.Y
Venables, Dr. Robert W., curator of American Indian History, Museum of

the American Indian, prepared statement--
Whitecrow, Sid, member, Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma, prepared

statement
Woodington, Kenneth P., senior assistant attorney general of South
Carolina

Prepared statement--
Zajac, Raymond, spokesman, Seneca County Board of Supervisors..

Prepared statement.--

81

144

143

170 172 84 86

MATERIAL SUBMITTED FOR THE RECORD

32

36

58

68

Letter and resolution from D. Lindsay Pettus, councilman, Lancaster

County Council, State of South Carolina ; submitted by Senator Strom

Thurmond
Letter from Edward I. Koch, mayor, city of New York; submitted by Sena-

tor Alfonse D'Amato.-.
Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy), prepared statement and position

paper, submitted by Oren Lyons, Onondaga Nation.--
Indian Law Resource Center, prepared statement submitted by Robert T.

Coulter, executive director---
Joint memorandum of understanding concerning settlement of the land

claims of the Cayuga Indian Nation; submitted by Raymond Zajac,

Seneca County Board of Supervisors.-
Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin, position paper; submitted by Gordon

McLester
Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma : Assorted material submitted by Glen

M. Feldman, legal counsel.--
Native American Rights Fund, an analysis of the “Ancient Indian Land

Claims Settlement Act of 1982".
Rock Hill (S.C.) Area Chamber of Commerce, prepared statement; sub-

mitted by Clint Carpenter, executive vice president.-
City of Rock Hill (S.C.), prepared statement; submitted by Betty Jo

Rhea, mayor pro tem.-

95

108

114

159

183

217

252

264

272

273

APPENDIX Letters and statements :

Questions submitted to Secretary Watt, Department of the Interior,

by Senator Cohen.--Questions submitted to Attorney General William French Smith, De

partment of Justice, by Senator Cohen... Letter from John C. Datt, secretary and director, Washington office,

American Farm Bureau Federation ; to Senator Cohen---Prepared statement of Steven Unger, executive director, Association

on American Indian Affairs, Inc.---
Memorandum to Association on American Indian Affairs, from Arthur

Lazarus, Jr., re H.R. 5494 and S. 2084.
Letter from Sr. Blaise Lupo, co-director, Clergy and Laity Concerned ;

to Senator Cohen.
Memorandum from Martha Roberge of the Indian Law Project, Con-

necticut Legal Services, Inc., with attached statement of the Con-
necticut Indian Affairs Council; to Timothy Woodcock, staff Direc-

tor, Senate Select Committee on Indian Affairs----
Letter from William A. O'Neill, Governor, State of Connecticut; to

Senator Thurmond.-

277

287

288

294

Letters and statements-Continued

Letter from William A. O'Neill, Governor, State of Connecticut; to Page Senator D'Amato.com

295 Letter from Steve Linscheid, Friends Committee on National Legis

lation, with enclosed statement and letter; to Senator Cohen.-- 296 Prepared statement of the General Board of Global Ministries, United

Methodist Church; submitted by Joyce V. Hamlin, secretary for
legislative affairs..

305 Letter from John C. Hayes III, representative, State of South Caro

lina, with excerpt from the Catawba Indians' Litigation Request;
to Senator Cohen --

313 Letter from the Grand Council of the Haudenosaunee, The Six Na

tions Iroquois Confederacy, Onondaga Nation, with enclosed letter
to the President of the United States and position paper.

330 Letter from John H. Love, attorney at law, to Members of Congress.

335 Letter from Harold A. Penner, Mennonite Central Committee U.S.; to Senator Cohen.

343 Prepared statement of Darrell “Chip” Wadena, president, Minnesota Chippewa Tribe----

344 Prepared statement of the National Congress of American Indians.-- 347 Letter from Joseph B. De La Cruz, chairman, Quinault Indian Nation; to Senator Cohen.

352 Prepared statement of the Seneca County Chamber of Commerce, submitted by Richard J. Compo, president---

353 Prepared statement of Barry E. Snyder, president, Seneca Nation of Indians

356 Letter from Pat McLaughlin, chairman, Standing Rock Sioux Tribe; to Senator Cohen---

360 Prepared statement of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota--

361 Letter from Albert Vann, chairman, The New York State Black and

Puerto Rican Legislative Caucus, Inc.; to Senator D'Amato----- 364 Court Decisions and Rulings:

Tee-Hit-Ton Indians v. United States. Certiorari to the United States

Court of Claims. No. 43. Argued November 12, 1954.–Decided Feb-
ruary 7, 1955..

366 The Chitimacha Tribe of Louisiana et al. v. Harry L. Laws Company, Inc., et al, Civ. A. No. 770772_.

390 United States v. Boylan et al. (Circuit Court of Appeals, Second Circuit. March 3, 1920)

397 United States v. Boylan et al. (District Court, N.D. New York. March 3, 1919).

409 United States District Court for the Northern District of New York.

Oneida Indian Nation of New York, et al. v. State of New York,
et al. No. 78-CV-104 (N.D.N.Y., July 23, 1981) Oneida Indian Nation
of Wisconsin, et al., v. State of New York, et al. No. 79-CV-798
N.D.N.Y., July 23, 1981) ---

438 United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit. Nos. 683, 815,

816–18. August Term 1981. Argued: April 28, 1982. Decided : Octo-
ber 4, 1982. Docket Nos. 81-7616, 81-7618, 81-7626, 81-7628, 81-7638,
81–7646. Oneida Indian Nation of Wisconsin and Oneida of the
Thames Band v. State of New York et al. Oneida Indian Nation of
New York, et al. v. State of New York, et al.------

447 Oneida Indian Nation of New York et al. v. County of Oneida, New

York, et al, certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the
Second Circuit. No. 72–851. Argued November 6–7, 1973.—Decided
January 21, 1974.

504 In the United States Court of Claims, No. 596–77, Decided June 2, 1982.

Inupiat Community of the Arctic Slope v. The United States --- 528 Mitchell et al. v. The United States--

544 Mohegan Tribe, plaintiff-appellee v. State of Connecticut, defendant

appellant, No. 73, Docket 80_7348, United States Court of Appeals,
Second Circuit..

564 Joint Tribal Council of the Passamaquoddy Tribe et al., plaintiffs

appellees, v. Rogers C. B. Morton, Secretary, Department of the
Interior, et al, defendants-appellees, State of Maine, Intervenor-
appellant

580 684

Court Decisions and Rulings—Continued

Catawba Indian Tribe of South Carolina, also known as the Catawba

Nation of South Carolina, plaintiff v. State of South Carolina, et al, defendants Civil Action No. 80–2050 in the United States District Page Court for the District of South Carolina, Columbia Division-

591 Relevant Statutes :

United States codified version of the Trade and Intercourse Act, Deri

vation Act June 30, 1834, Codified in 1976. 25 U.S.C. Sec. 177
(1976)

610 Ordinance of July 13, 1787, by the Confederation Government, more

commonly known as the last of three Northwest Ordinances, 69th
Congress, 1st Session-House Document No. 398.--

612 Ordinance for the regulation and management of Indian Affairs, August 7, 1786...

621 Excerpt from The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of

America, Vol. I, Chapter XXXIII.-An act to regulate trade and
intercourse with the Indian tribes..

625 Chapter XIX.

628 Chapter XXX.

631 Chapter XLVI..

636 Excerpt from The Public Statutes at Large of the United States

of America, Vol. II, Chapter XIII, An act to regulate trade and in-
tercourse with the Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the
frontiers

643 Excerpt from The Public Statutes at Large of the United of America,

Vol. IV, Chapter CLXI.-An act to regulate trade and intercourse

with the Indian tribes, and to preserve peace on the frontiers--- 652 Relevant treaties : Cayuga Indian Nation -

660 St. Regis Mohawk Tribe

667 Shinnecock Indian Tribe.

670 Catawba Indian Tribe --The Treaty of Augusta signed between Great Britain and the Chiefs

of the Creeks, the Choctaws, Cherokees, Chickasaws and Catawbas. 699 Proclamation bis King George III of Great Britain, regarding the

need for royal approval in land transactions with the Indians,
of October 7, 1763_-

704 Proclamation by the U.S. Congress stating that all land transactions

lacking U.S. approval would be null and void, September 22, 1783-- 708 Act of December 15, 1808, passed by the South Carolina State Legis

lature authorizing leasing of Catawba lands while securing Indians'
rights of occupancy

709 Act of December 18, 1812, passed by the South Carolina State Legislature

711 Act of December 15, 1815, passed by the South Carolina State Legislature

712 Treaty of Nation Ford of March 13, 1840, between the State of South Carolina and the Catawba Nation...

717 Memorandum to the Commissioner of Indian Affairs from Adminis

trative Assistant D'Arcy McNickle, undated but apparently early
1937

723 Report of the special committee appointed by the New York Assembly of 1888 to investigate the Indian problem of the State-

733 Treaties with the Iroquois of New York.---

927 Legal Memoranda :

Response to Indian counsel memorandum regarding the alleged con

stitutional infirmities of the Ancient Indian Land Claims Settle-
ment Act of 1982.-

955 The Ancient Indian Land Claims Act of 1982: Constitutional Infirmities

1032 Letter from Steven M. Tullberg, staff attorney, Indian Law Resource Center, with enclosures...

1088 Letter from Robert A. McConnell, Assistant Attorney General, Office

of Legislative Affairs, to David A. Stockman, Director, OMB - 1070 Report by Richard Ehlke, legislative attorney, Congressional Research

Service: Retroactive Validation of Indian Land Conveyances Made
in Violation of the Nonintercourse Act---

1087

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