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JAN. 24. The rebels seized the U. S. arsenal at Augusta Georgia.

JAN. 26.-Louisiana Legislature passed secession ordinance by vote of 113 to 17.

JAN. 30.-North Carolina Legislature submitted the conven. tion question to the people. This was the first instance of the will of the people being consulted in regard to the question of secession. The revenue cutters Cass, at Mobile, and McLelland, at New Orleans, surrendered to the rebel authorities.


FEB. 1.-Texas Convention passed an ordinance of secession by vote of 166 to 7, to be submitted to the people The Louisi ana authorities seized the Mint and Custom House at New Or leans.

FEB. 4.-Delegates from the seceded States met at Montgome ry, Alabama, to organize a Confederate Government. Peace Congress met at Washington; Ex-President Tyler was chosen President.

FEB. 8.-The U. S. arsenal at Little Rock surrendered to Arkansas.

FEB. 9.-Jefferson Davis and A. H. Stephens elected Provisional President and Vice President of the Southern Confederacy.

FEB. 13.-The electoral vote counted. Abraham Lincoln received 180 votes, Stephen A. Douglas 12, John C. Breckenridge 72, and John Bell 39.

FEB. 19.—Fort Kearney, Kansas, seized by the rebels.

FEB. 23.-General Twiggs surrendered government property in Texas, valued at $1,200,000, to the rebels.

MARCH, 1861.

MARCH 1.-General Twiggs expelled from the army. Peace Congress adjourned.

MARCH 2.-Revenue cutter Dodge surrendered to the rebels at Galveston, Texas.

MARCH 4.-The ordinance of secession passed by the Texas Convention and submitted to the people, having been adopted by a majority of about 40,000, the Convention declared the State out of the Union,

MARCH 5.-General Beauregard took command of the troops at Charleston.

MARCH 6.-Fort Brown, on the Rio Grande, was surrendered by special agreement. The Federal troops evacuated the fort and sailed for Key West and Tortugas.

MARCH 28.-Vote of Louisiana on secession made public. For secession, 20,448; against it, 17,926.

MARCH 30.-Mississippi Convention ratified the Confederate Constitution by a vote of 78 to 70.

APRIL, 1861.

APRIL 3.-South Carolina Convention ratified the Confederate Constitution by a vote of 114 to 16.

APRIL 4.-Virginia Convention, by a vote of 89 to 45, refused to submit an ordinance of secession to the people.

APRIL 7.—All intercourse between Fort Sumter and Charleston stopped by order of Beauregard. The steamer Atlantic sailed from New York with troops and supplies.

APRIL 8.-The Federal Government notified the South Carolina authorities that provisions would be sent to Major Anderson by force, if necessary. The State Department refused to recognize the Confederate States Commissioners.

APRIL 11.-Troops are stationed in Washington, and the oath of fidelity administered to the men. The rebel Commissioners left Washington. General Beauregard demanded the surrender of Fort Sumter. Major Anderson refused.


APRIL 12.-The rebels had constructed batteries on Morris Island, Sullivan Island and Cumming's Point, besides occupying Fort Moultrie; they had alse built a powerful floating battery, all of which were employed in the attack on Sumter. Fort Moultrie opened fire at four o'clock in the morning. Fort Sumter did not reply until seven o'clock. The fire was kept up with vigor by both sides. Major Anderson had under his command 111 men, including officers, musicians and laborers. The Legislature appropriated $500,000 to arm the State. Fort Pickens reinforced.

APRIL 13.-The bombardment of Fort Sumter continued; early in the day the officers' quarters were fired by a shell; by noon most of the wood work was on fire; Sumter's fire was almost silenced when General Wigfall came with a flag of truce, and arrangements were made for evacuating the fort. The terms were that the garrison should take all its individual and company property, that they should march out with their side arms in their own way, at their own time, and that they should salute their flag and take it with them.

APRIL 14.-Major Anderson and his men sailed for New York. Governor Yates, of Illinois, called an extra session of the Legislature, to meet April 22.

APRIL 15.-The President issued a proclamation commanding all persons in arms against the Government to disperse within twenty days; also calling for 75,000 volunteers. The New York Legislature authorized the raising of $3,000,000 for their equipment and support. The President called an extra session of Congress, to meet July 4th.

APRIL 16.-The Governors of Kentucky, Virginia, Tennessee and Missouri, refused to furnish troops under the President's proclamation. The Confederate Government called for 32,000


APRIL 17.-Virginia Convention adopted secession ordinance in secret session by a vote of 60 to 53, to be submitted to the people on the fourth Thursday of May. Forces were sent to seize the U. S. Arsenal at Harper's Ferry, and the Gosport Navy Yard. All the military power of the State was placed under the control of the President of the Southern Confederacy. Jefferson Davis issued a proclamation, offering letters of marque and reprisal to all who wished to engage in privateering.

APRIL 18.-U. S. Arsenal at Harper's Ferry destroyed by Lieutenant Jones, to prevent it falling into the hands of the enemy. Colonel Cake, with 400 men of the 25th Pennsylvania regiment, arrived in Washington. These were the first troops to enter the city for its defense.

APRIL 19.-Steamer Star of the West seized by the rebels at Indianola, Texas. The 6th Masssahusetts regiment, while passing through Baltimore, was attacked by a mob; two soldiers were wounded. The troops fired upon the mob, killing eleven and wounding many. President Lincoln issued a proclamation declaring the ports of South Carolina, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Louisiana and Texas, in a state of blockade. Maryland, Delaware and Pennsylvania, added to the military department of Washington, ard placed under the command of General Pat terson. City Council of Philadelphia appropriated $1,000,000 to equip the volunteers and support their families.

APRIL 20.-The Governor of North Carolina seized the Branch Mint at Charlotte. Several bridges on the Northern Pennsylva nia Railroad destroyed by Maryland rebels, to prevent the passage of troops to Washington. The U. S. Arsenal at Liberty, Mo., seized by the secessionists and the arms distributed among the surrounding counties. The Gosport Navy Yard destroyed by General McCauley, to keep it from the rebels; the war vessels Delaware, Pennsylvania, Columbia, Germantown, Merrimac,

Raritan, Dolphin and United States, were scuttled and set on fire; the Cumberland was towed out. The 4th Massachusetts regiment arrived at Fortress Monroe. A special meeting of the -Pennsylvania Legislature called for the 30th, by proclamation of Governor Curtin.

APRIL 21.-Federal Government took possession of the Philadelphia and Baltimore Railroad. Senator Andrew Johnson, of Tennessee, mobbed at Lynchburg, Va.

APRIL 22.-U. S. Arsenal at Fayetteville, N. C., seized by the rebels. Arkansas seized the Arsenal at Napoleon.

APRIL 24-Fort Smith, Arkansas, seized by the rebels under Senator Boland. Cairo, Illinois, occupied by Union troops.

APRIL 25.-Major Sibly surrendered 450 U. S. troops to the rebel Colonel Van Dorn, at Saluria, Texas. A company of Illinois volunteers, acting under the authority of the Government, removed 22,000 stand of arms from the Arsenal at St. Louis to Springfield, Illinois. Governor Letcher proclaims Virginia a member of the Southern Confederacy.

APRIL 27.-The steamer Aelmick, loaded with powder and munitions of war for the South, seized at Cairo. The blockade extended to the ports of North Carolina and Virginia. All officers of the army were required to take the oath of allegiance.

APRIL 29.-The Indiana Legislature appropriated $500,000 to arm the State. The Maryland House of Delegates voted against secession, 63 to 13. Governor Harris, of Tennessee, seized bonds and money in the Collector's hands at Nashville, belonging to the Federal Government. Three steamships seized at New Orleans by order of Governor Moore, of Louisiana.

MAY, 1861.

MAY 1.-North Carolina Legislature passed a bill calling a State Convention, to meet on the 20th of May. The Legislature of Tennessee passed an act, in secret session, authorizing the Governor to form a league with the Southern Confederacy.

MAY 3.-Governor Letcher called out the militia to defend Virginia. President Lincoln called for 42,000 three years' vol unteers; 22,000 troops for the regular army, and 18,000 seamen. Fourteen companies of Kentucky volunteers offered their services to the Secretary of War, notwithstanding the Governor's refusal. Connecticut Legislature appropriated $2,000,000 for military purposes.

MAY 4.-General McClellan placed in command of the Department of Ohio, comprising the States of Ohio, Indiana and

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Illinois. Union meetings were held in Preston county, Va., and at Wheeling, Va.

MAY 5.-General Butler took possession of the Kelay House, Maryland.

MAY 6.-Arkansas Convention passed an ordinance of secession, by vote of 69 to 1. Tennessee Legislature adopted secession ordinance in secret session, to be submitted to a vote of the people on the 8th of June.

MAY 10.-A mob attacked the Home Guard at St. Louis; the Guard fired on the rioters, killing seven. A rebel force of 800 men, under Gen. Frost, surrendered to Captain (afterwards Gen eral) Lyon, at St. Louis.

MAY 11.-The mob made another attack on the Home Guard in St. Louis. Blockade of Charleston, S. C., established by the steamer Niagara.

MAY 13.-A Convention composed of delegates from 35 counties, met at Wheeling, Virginia, to consider the policy of forming a new State.

MAY 14.-A schooner loaded with arms for the rebels, also a large number of guns in Baltimore, seized by the forces under General Butler. The ship Argo, with a cargo of tobacco valued "at $150,000, captured by the U. S. gunboat Quaker City.

MAY 16.-A bridge on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad destroyed. General Scott ordered the fortification of Arlington Hights.

MAY 17.-Secession spies arrested in Washington by order of General Scott. Adams Express Company prohibited from carrying packages or letters south of Washington. Rebels commence fortifying Harper's Ferry,

MAY 18.-Military Department of Virginia created, comprising Eastern Virginia, North and South Carolina; headquarters at Fortress Monroe, commander General Butler.

MAY 19.-Rebel batteries at Sewell's Point attacked by U. S. steamers. Two schooners with rebel troops on board captured by the U. S. steamer Freeborn.

MAY 20.-Telegraphic dispatches throughout the North seized by order of the Government. North Carolina secession ordinance adopted. Governor Magoffin proclaimed the neutrality of Kentucky.

MAY 22.-Fortifications of Ship Island destroyed to keep them from the enemy.

MAY 24.-Thirteen thousand troops crossed the Potomac inte

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