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THE

EUROPEAN MAGAZINE,

AND

LONDON REVIE W;

For JANUARY 1797.

CAPT. GEORGE HENRY TOWRY,

OF THE ROYAL NAVY.

I am,

(WITH A PORTRAIT.) We trust we are warranted in taking mit to you, for their Lordhips informa

every occafion to bring into view tion, the inclosed Letter, which I received the belt information we can procure re this evening by the Fox cutter from Cap{pecting the officers, either of the navy tain Towry, of his Majesty's thip the or army, who have distinguished them- Dido, giving an account of a molt galfelves in the prefent important firuggle. lant and spirited action, which took place In execution of this deugn, we have al. on the 24th initant bei ween that trigate, ready produced several characters emi. in company with the Lowestoffe, Captain nently worthy of their country's particu- Middleton, on their way to reconnoitre off lar regard; and for this month we have the Hieres Itlands, and the two French obtained permillion to copy a miniature frigates named in the margin*, the termiof a young officer of whoin we shall lay nation of wbich contest by the capture of nothing more than what comes from this La Minerve, when the great superiority of authority of the London Gazette; altho' the enemy's force is contidered, reflects the we could have wished to have had other highest honour on the Captains, Officers, particulars to communicate.

and crews of the Dido and Loweltoffe. The language of the Commander in

&c. Chief fully authorizes us to place Cap.

WM. HOTHAM. tains Towry and Middleton among those Evan Nepean, F. whom we are desirous to hand down to polterity; and we thall be happy it, at a Dido, Port Mubon, June 27, 1795. future period, we could gain further in

SIR, formation of either.

I THIS day dispatch the Fox cutter They are both now employed under

to communicate to you, that, in the exethat moft vigilant and gallant Comman- cution of your inttructions of the 22d inder Sir John Jervis ; and we have no

Itant, with his Majetty's ship the Lowe. doubt that they will, upon every occa

Itoffe under my orders, being, at day. fion where an opportunity is afforded light of the 24th, in latitude 41 deg. 8 thern, support the character they have min. and longitude s deg. 30 min. E. we already gained.

discovered and chated two French frigates, ADMIRALTY-OFFICE, AUG. 4, 1795. After some manquvring they stood to

A DISPATCH, of which the follow. wards us, and, at a quarter be ore nine ing is a copy, was yesterday received from A. M. the Dido, leading down, comAdmiral Hotham, Commander in Chief menced a close action with the headmoit of his Majesty's ships and vedlels in the of the enemy's ships, which falling i wice Mediterranean.

on board, was at an early, pericd nich Britannia, Myrtillo Bay, June 30, 1795.

disabled from the loss of her bow.piit, SIR,

foremast and main-topmast ; our mizenIT is with peculiar Satisfaction I tranf- mast being shot away, fore and main top

* La Minerve, L'Artemise,
B 2

fails

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DIDO.

fails perfeetly useless, we no longer kept fufficiently strong to plead my excuse for to, at which time the Lowestoffe opened a not fully executing your former orders. I well directed fire. The enemy's second remain, with respect, frigate then palling, and exchanging the

Yours, &c, ppposite broadsides, his Majelly's Thips

GH. TOWRY, were kept on the same tack till she went P. S. We cannot exactly estimate the about, when, fearing the might stand to loss in the French ship, but imagine it the affiftance of the dilmaited thip, the to be about 20. L'Artemise was allo much Loweltoffe was sent in chace. The French hulled. frigate etcaped by fuperior failing, leaving

Admiral Hoibam. her friend to be raked in a very judicious manner, on the return of the Lowestoffe, Lill of the killed and Wounded on board to whose fire the surrendered about noon. bis Majesty's Sbips Dido and LoweThe Dido, having cleared the wreck of poffe. the mizen-maft, and bent new topfails, joined in securing the prize, La Minerve, Mr.Cuthbert Douglas, Boatswain, and a new ship of 42 guns, eighteen pounders s seamen killed. on the main deck, and 330 inen, a re

Mr. Richard Buckol, First Lieu enant; markable fast failer. Her companion we

Richard Willan, Clerk ; John Henley, learnt to be L'Artemile of 36 guns. Quarter Malter ; James Gregory, Bcat

Having given a detail of the action, it twain's Mate ; and 11 seamen wounded. becomes as much my duty as it is my in

LOWESTOFFE: clination to acknowledge the very able

Three seamen wounded. Support of his Majesty's thip Loweltoffe,

G.H. TOWRY. and to testify that by Captain Middleton's Dated on Board bis Majesty's Ship Dido, good conduct, the business of the day was Post Mabon, tbe 26th of June, 1795. in a grtat measure brought to a fortunate issue. I must, at the same time, pay, che As we should be sorry to wound the just tribute of my warmest gratitude to the delicacy of any Gentleman of whom we Officers and ship's company I have the ho. entertain so good an opinion, we shall nour to command ; and it is with deep offer no more at present, except that we regret I add, that Lieutenant Buckol entertain the best founded expectations of (First of the Dido), a most a&tive officer, his continuing to follow the glorious ex. is among the wounded, I fear feverely, amples that have come under his view,and, though he never quitted the deck. Mr. doubt not but that he will, on every occaDouglas, the boatswain, a deserving man, son, give fresh proofs of his zeal and is killed. Captain Middleton's report of abilities in the service of his country. the conduct of the Officers and people of He now commands his Majesty's hip the Lowestoffe, is also highly flattering: Diadem, af 64 guns, under Sir John

I lipve the honour to inclose a list of the Jervis, and we la:ely read of his perkülikte ard wounded. Havir.g received forming a very difficult service, that of information from the prisoners that the conducting the final evacuation of Ajac, French Pieet were actually at lea, the frate cio, in a masterly manner, bringing away of ene ihips obliged ine to run for this all the troops without loss, and with pert, where I propose fitting jorry them almost the whole of the stores that marts in the prize, and proceeding were lodged at the place for the use of to Ajaccio. Circumstances are, I hope, the nayy

and

army: The PROPRIETORS of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, being defirous to transmit 19 poterity PORTRAITS and MEMOIR$ of fucb GALLANT PIEROES as buvi diflina a uished ibenifelues in the present important corteji, will be obliged 10 any of Ibeir Cor. iciponcents who will furnim ibem wiib materials for that purpoje. Suco as bave diftinguished itemselves in former limes will be equally accepiaule.

ACCOUNT OF THE CHRISTMAS FESTIVITIES AT FONTHILL,

(BY A CORRESPONDENT WHO WAS PRESENT.) EVERAL of the firft artists in the noble specimen of Gothic architecture Seem, whole ea ferit , iti their des

now erectirg at Fonthill, being at present ferent branches, have been engaged for there to pass the Christmas holidays, Mr. ihe plans and cşnaments of an abbey, a Beckford chole thiş cacation to give an

entertainment to the numerous body of at the different turns of the game, and daily workmen who have been, and will yet without riot, or any other diforder long be, employed on this edifice, or on than a lively and continual change of the grounds and plantations where it is place. This diversion formed to those fituated.

who beheld it from high ground at some On Friday, Jan.6, being Twelfth Day, distar.ce, taking in the occasional scenery, the feast was given without doors ; but combined with the views of the house, its so far was it from being confined to the surrounding hills,woods and water,a fpecworkmen just mentioned, who amount tacle altogether of singular intereft, and, to upwards of three hundred, that the indeed, of curiosity. The bonfires and all the poor in general of the two Fonthills, of others, which remained burning all night, the town of Hindon, and many other poor with their fames and long-wreathed coperfons of the neighbourhood, all together lumns of differently coloured lioke' rising near one thouland, received tickets to among the lofty firs and unleaved oaks in partake of it ; not to mention that bread the neighbourhood of the tent, Itill and strong beer were provided for ten crouded by a Mouting multitude, diinly thousand of the multitude of strangers, feen dancing round them, displayed to who were admitted into the park as ipeco , fpectators in the house an effect equally tators of the entertaininent. The din- picturesque and uncommon. Many genner, to the persons invited, conlisted of Elemen of the county, the Mayor, the an ox, and ten theep, roasted whole. A very Corporation, and other gentlemen of the large Square tent, or booth, coved in the city of Salisbury, having expressed a deroot, and covered with canvass, having fire to pay their respects to Mr. Beckseven long parallel tables, each receiving ford on this occasion, a luperb dinner, in one hundred persons, was erected on the the old stile of baronial hospitality, was lawn, before the North front of the ferved in the Grecian hall, which, with houte, for the purpose of the dinner. Ata the colouades and paffages leading to it, proper dittance, on one side of this capa was bevi'nully illuminaied. A chosen cious booth, a considerable length of brick band of vic and instrumental music enwall, to support the necessary iron ranges, tertained the coinpany during the whole was reared for the occasion. Eleven great evening, and the greatest good-humour fires which lùpplied them, partly for the and hilarity prevail:1 beyond the earliest purpose of roaiting the meat, and partly hours of the morning. The collection that of warming the air, may be imagined of songs, catches, and glees, prepared to have had a Itriking effect in the coup by Mr. Corse, and printed for the occad'oeil, On the opposite side of the booth, lion, that books might be ditributed to and in front of the house, a portion of the whole company, was judiciously ground was fenced out, within which made, and the execution of them did was pitched a Turkish tent, for the re- equal credit to his talte and that of the ception of Mr. Beckford, and a large Salisbury choir. The effect of some of coinpany of ladies and gentlemen. In the chorufes, particularly that of God the area, between this and the dinner- for the King, accompanied as they tent, two bonhres were lighted, and, at were by the organ, and the full band of due distances from each, were placed two military inftruinents, and these joined by femicircular tables, to receive a number hundreds of voices in the hall, and in the of children at dinner, chiefly belonging apartments contiguous, with those of to the perfons seated in the grand both persons who filled the colonades and Betwixt the bonfires fufficient space was Turrounded the house, was inconceivably left for the exhibition of leveral of the grand, and excited in the minds of inany sural sports with which the company of the company a lively ricollection of were entertained both before and after the first performances of Westininster dinner. Prizes were given to the best Abbey. wrestlers, runners, players at single stick, The subsequent toasts and sentiments, and thule who excelled in various other among many others, were given, and fol. performances. The game of foot-ball, lowed by mutic, or by reptated cheers: en an open part of the lawn betwixt the Cbair, ift. The King. Gert jave scene already described and the lake,

the King afforded admirable diversion. This en.

2d. The Queen and Priigaged not only the two parties concerned

celles. in the match, but put ten thousand specta

3d. The Prince of Wales. tors, chiefly contiiting of the peatantry

4th. The Duke of York and of both lexes, in motion, all in high slee

British army.

sth.

army of heroes.

sth. The Navy of England. cence, which have on several occasions Rule Britannia.

been witnelled at Fonthill. Bayor of 6th. Mr.Beckford--and may The joy, gratitude, and contentment, Salisbury. his noble benevolence expressed by repeated acclamations from

be as generally known such a multitude of the peasantry as af and

imitated in the sembled on the laws, their neat appearworld, as it is cordially ance, and, above all, their orderly confelt by tousands this duét throughout the day, were circum.

day at Fonthill. Itances, in thele times, highly to their Chair. 7th. The Mayor, Corpora. credit, and serve to Thew the valt influence

tion and City of Salis. which gentlemen of fortune and benefi. bury.

cent dispositions, residing on their eltates M4. Sill. sth. The County of Wilts. in the country, can still maintain, in opC2:r. gth. The Archduke, ajal his polition to the effects of nore modern

habits and fashionable life, which, totally joth. The Prince of Brazil, estranging the higher from the lower

and his bundred and ranks of lociety, tend to increase the hardcighty thousand brave hips and discontents of the latter, and, detenders of Portugal in their consequences, to haften that leand of the cominon velling and confusion of all orders, which

cause of the Allies. the higher ranks are so peculiarly inteClair. IIth. The People of England, rested, by their best exertions, to avert.

and may they never We cannot close this account without forget. the value of mentioning. what we have learnt on good order and good go. authority, that the Christmas festivities of vernment.

Fonthill, which appear to have been con. Mr.Weff. 12th. Prosperity to Fonthill ducted with such extraordinary hospita

and the fine arts. lity, were begun by acts of the mont'lube Mr.iVyatt. 13th. May the great wosks Itantial charity; Mr. Beckford having

at Fonthill be success ordered two hundred blankets to be dil. fully accomplished, tributed among the poor families of both and long enjoyed, hy the Fonthills, with a load of fuel to each

the prefent owner. of them, besides considerable sums of mo. Cbair. 14th. Christmas — Twelfth- ney to the indigent of his own and other

day-old times and old neighbouring parishes.
names for ever-and As fome interesting circumstances re-
may the ears of John lative to Fonthill, and the works which
Bull never be insulted have been carrying on there for these last
by the gipscy jargon sixteen years, are little known to the pub-
of France.

lic, much the finest parts of the place beOn the same day, Mr. Beckford's ing never thewn but to Mr. Beckford's tradelimen, tenarts, and several other par. particular friends, and the prinary moties, dined in dirferent apartments of the lives of these great projects being little Louse; and the whole number entertained understood, we hope to be able, in our within doors, including his own family, next, to gratify our readers, through the amounted, at least, to four hurdred per- fame channel by which we have proIns. Tire whole entertainment on cured the above account, with a commu. Twelfth-day (not to notice those which nication of lyme particulars, which will, commenced with Christmas) was charac- perhaps, be thought more valuable, as desired by that good order, picturesque they are of a leis temporary nature than anangement, hospitality, and magnifi- those we have now presented.

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. Sir, IT was with much concern that Ich heavy and unjust to be passed over in fia

served a fevere cenfure upon Arch. lence. A sort of apology, indeed, is Dishop Laud, in your Magazine for last made for the celebrated Prelate on the month, page 401, respecting his con belief of the goodness of his intentions, cern in regulating the government of and yet immediately after he is charged Trinity College, Dublin. The lan- with overlooking both justice and the iri. guage ufid to convey this censure is too serojis of learning, when opposed to his

views of aggrandizing the Crown. I successful was he therein, that in a fow shall request the exercise of your usual years the Protestant Clergy were put impartiality in permitting me to vindi. upon a respectable footing: Archbishop eate the memory of this long persecuted Vlher, knowing the weight of his influa Archbishop.

ence, and the itrength of his zeal, pro. The state of Trinity College, Dub. cured him to be elected Chancellor of the lin, at that time will be found, to University; but that fociety was always him who will give himself the trouble of in a itate of distraction, and was perpemaking the necessary inquiry, very tually giving the Primate cause of vexawretched and contemptible indeed: It tion. The election of a Provost never could scarcely produce a scholar fit to failed setting the College in a fame, and take upon him the charge of a country therefore it was, that Archbishop Uher parish;and hence ArchbishopUsher, and the concurred with our prebate in the other Prelates of that Univerfity, in their then falutary measure of removing the letters to the English Divines, were al- election out of the hands of the fellows. ways importunate with them to ule their Belides there was another reason for this interest in fending Ministers to Ireland. Step, and that was the great and preduWhile the Church was in such a condi- minating fway which the Ronıın Cathotion, it is not to be wondered at, that lics had in Dublin, and the danger which the old fuperftition should generally pre- thence threatened this Protestant seminary, vail. It is a matter that deserves tome Archbishop Laud had no other view's confideration, whether the impoverishing in aggrandizing the monarch than to isof the Church by alienating its poffeflions cure thereby the interests of learning and to the laity, did not throw very powerful religion. Simply to aggrandire his So. ohitacles in the progress of the Reforma- vereign was never his objeét; and in all tion ; and afterwards, when some great the great and trying circumitar.ces of his men endeavoured to regain them, did not public life, no support will be found for prove an advantage to thole who were this injudicious ailertion. A fuller view bent on destroying both Church anel of his life and character, however, will State ? But to return to our immediate foon appear, from which, I trust, it will subject, the Archbishop viewed the con. be seen that his zeal was difinterested, his dition of the Irish Church with deep motives upright, and his principles pure concern, and, therefore, fet about the and conititutional. I am, &c. neceflary work of reformation; and to London, Jan, 6, 1797. J.WATKINS.

ODE FOR THE NEW YEAR, 1797.

BY H. J. PYE, ESQ. POET LAUREAT.
OE'R the vex'd bosom of the deep,

When, rushing wild, with frantic halte,
The winds, with angry pinions, fweep

The surface of the wat'ry walte ;
Tho' the firm velle proudly brave
The inroad of the giant wwe,
Tho' the bold Seaman's firmer foul
View, unappall'd, the mountains roll;
Yet till along the murky tky,

Anxious, he throws th' inquiring eye,
If haply, through the gloom that round him low'rs,
Shoots one refulgent ray, prelude of happier hours.

II.
So ALBION, round her rocky coast

While loud the rage of battle roars,
Derides Invasion's haughty buaft,

Safe in her wave encircl'd Shores ;
Still fafer in her DAUNTLESS BAND,
· LORDS of her SEAS, or GUARDIANS of her Laxd.

Whose patriot zeal, whose bold emprise,
Rife, as the storms of danger rile;

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