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Octli, see Pulque. Oil, (lintseed) amount imported into Mexico in 1803, IV, 44. -* - - - - - o Oil of olives, amount imported into Vera Cruz, in 1802, IV, 33; in 1803, IV, 44; in 1804, IV, 364. . . . Old California, see California. o. o. " . . . Olives, amount imported into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV, 33; in 1803, IV, 44. Olive tree, the government endeavours to prevent its cultivation, II, 517. - Olmos, (Andres de) author of a manuscript history of the conquest of Mexico, II, 74. (*) * . . . Oltmanns (M. Jabbo) his operations respecting the geography of Mexico, I, xcvii, c, cxxx; I, 272, II, 210. (*) Oñate, (Juan de) his conquest of New Mexico, II, 309. Opeloussas, (County of) province of Louisiana, bounded by Mexico, II, 277. Ordas, (Diego) whether he descended into the Crater of the Popocatepetl, III, 473—He discovered the river of Huasacualco, IV, 18. . . . .” Organos, (los) mountains, II, 28. Orizaba, mountain—Confusion which prevails in the maps of Jefferys and Arrowsmith with respect to this mountain, I, xlvi-It is one of the highest summits of the Cordillera of Mexico, I, 62—Description of that mountain, II, 257. - Orizaba, town, II, 270. Oro, (Real del) mines, II, 226. , - '. Oropeza, a title belonging to the family of the Inca Sayri-Tupac, I, 201. Orta (Don Bernardo de) captain of the port of Vera Cruz—His meteorological observations, I, 84, IV, 195. - - - * * * * Ostimury, province, II, 297, . 1; --vol. iv. r r

Otero, (Pedro Linieno) one of the undertakers of the mine of
Valenciana, III, 194.

Oteysa, (Don Juan Jose) how he fixed the longitude of
Durango, I, lyiii—His plan of that town, I., lxxviii—
His calculation of the surface of Mexico, II, 272; of
the pyramids of Teotihuacan, II, 63—His researches
respecting the environs of the town of Durango, II,

Otomites, a wandering tribe to the north of Mexico, I, 12;
in the intendancy of Walladolid, II, 222.

Ounigigah, see River of Peace.

Ovando, riches sent by him into Europe, III, 425.

Owhyhee, island—Was discovered before Cook, by the
Spaniards, IV, 82.

Pachuca, river, II, 108.
Pachuca, town of the intendancy of Mexico, RI, 188–
Description of its mines, III, 212.
Packthread, amount imported into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV,
36; in 1803, IV, 47. -
Padilla (Christobal de) his project for draining the valley of
Mexico by the natural gulphs of Oculma, II, 135.
Pagaza, (Don Juan de) his maps of New Galicia and New
Biscay, I., lxxx. -
Pages, his journey by land from Louisiana to Acapulco, II,
Palafor, (Don Juan de) bishop of Puebla and viceroy of
Mexico—His instruction respecting the Desague, II.
109. (*)
Pames, Indians, II, 205.
Panama, (Isthmus of) uncertainty which prevails respecting
its form and its breadth, I, 29; IV, 163–Causes of the un-
healthiness of the country, IV, 153.

Panuco, river, II, 250.

Papagallo, tempest, I, 86.

Papaloapan, river, II, 254.

Papahua, Tlemacazque or Teopirqui, Toltec and Aztec priests,
II, 65. -

Papalotla, river, HI, 107.

Papantla, (pyramid of) monument of the Aztecs, II,

Papas, see Potatoe.

Paper, none manufactured in Mexico, III, 466—Amount an-
nually imported into Vera Cruz, IV, 31.

Paper, (white) amount imported into Vera Cruz by individuals

in 1802, IV, 33, 35; in 1803, IV, 45, 46; on account of
the king in 1802, IV, 43; in 1803, IV, 51—Amount im-

ported into Vera Cruz in 1804, IV, 364.

Paper, (foul) amount imported into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV,
33; in 1803, IV, 45.

Parallel of great heights, geological phenomenon, II, 220.

Parallelism of beds, observed in great extents of country, III,
177. ($)

Parras, lake, I, 73; II, 294.

Parras, town, II, 294.

Partido, (Rio) a river whose existence is problematical, I,

Pasco, (mines of) III, 391.

Pascuaro, or Patzquaro, town, II, 224.

Pasquiaro, town, II, 294.

Passage to the north-west of America, a problem which occupied
the Spaniards of the 16th century, II, 359.

Passo (Rio del) may serve to establish a communication be-
tween the two seas, IV, 23.

Passo del Norte, a military post, II, 317—Description of the
country where it is situated, ibid.

Patzcuaro, lake, I, 73 ; II, 208.

Pavon, (M. Don Jose) one of the heads of the botanical expe-
dition of Peru, I, 215. -


Payos, Indians who periodically visit the Huaytecas and Cho-
nos Islands, IV, 286.
Peace, (river of) may facilitate the communication between
the two seas, I, 19.
Pearl fishery, in California, II, 328, III, 79.
Pecos, river, perhaps identical with the Red River of Natchi-
toches, II, 313.
Peña, (Don Thomas de la) the associate of Juan Perez—His
manuscript journal, II, 368. (*)
Peñon de los Baños, a porphyritic rock which contains a spring
of mineral water, II, 101.
Pensions paid by the government—Their amount, IV, 231.
Pepper, amount imported into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV,
Perez (Don Juan) his voyage to the north-west of America,
II, 363—He was in the seas of Nootka before Cook, II,
Pericues, people of California, II, 232.
Perote, town, II, 269.
Perote, (Coffre de) see Coffre.
* Peru, its population, I, 92—Mercury which the kingdom
furnishes, III, 308—Produce of its gold and silver mines,
III, 337—Celebrated mines of this kingdom, III, 338–
division of the kingdom into provinces and intendan-
cies, III, 340–Process of amalgamation followed there,
III, 350–Balance of its commerce, III, 128–Net reve-
nue which the king of Spain derives from it, IV, 240–
Gross revenue of that viceroyalty, IV, 241—Its armed force,
IV, 267. - -
Petallan, village, II, 211.
Philippine Islands, precious metals annually carried there from
Mexico, IV, 74—Supply annually drawn by them from
Mexico, for expence of administration, IV, 236—Their
gross revenue, IV, 241.
Piastres, quantity coined in 1790 at the mint of Potosi,
III, 378.

Pichardo (Father Don Jose Antonio) a learned monk of San
Felipe Neri at Mexico, I, lxxvii; II, 22. (*)
Pilchards, amount annually imported into Vera Cruz in 1802,
IV, 33–See Fish, (salted).
Pimas, a tribe of Indians, II, 298.
Pimento, quantity imported into Mexico in 1803, IV,
Pimento of Tabasco, province which produces it, II, 253–
Amount annually exported from Vera Cruz, IV, 31; in
1802, IV, 37; in 1803, IV, 48—Influence which the
edict of free trade had on its exportation, IV, 100.

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Pimeria, district, II, 298–Divided into Alta and Baxa, II,
299. -

Pimeria Alta, (mountains of) I, 63.

Pinahuizapan, see Perote.

Pinadoro, (Bernal de) his expedition to California, II,

Pines, (Bay of) at present Monterey in New California—
See Monterey.

Pistachios, (earth) See Mani.

Pitch, quantity imported into Mexico in 1803, IV, 47.

Pite, amount exported from Mexico in 1803, IV, 40—See
also Maguey.

Plants, (aromatic) amount imported into Vera Cruz, in 1802,
IV, 33; in 1803, IV, 44.

Plants of New Spain, I-Plants serving for food to the
people: 1st. The banana, II, 414; 2nd, the manioc,
II, 429; 3d, maize, II, 439; 4th, European Cerealia,
II, 451 : 5th, the potatoe, II, 484; 6th, the oca, II,
500; 7th, the igname, ibid.; 8th, batates, II, 503; 9th,
the cacomite, II, 505; 10th, the tomatl, ibid.; 11th,
the earth pistachio, ibid.; 12th, pimento, ibid.; 13th, the
chimalatl, II, 506; 14th, rice, ibid.; 15th, all the kitchen
herbs and fruit trees of Europe, II, 509,-II, Plants

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