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agriculture, cerealia, plants, vegetables—State of the mines, III, 104–454—See mines—State of the manufac- tures, III, 455—489—See manufactures—State of the commerce, III, 489–IV, 203—See commerce—Finances, IV, 205—See revenue—Military State, IV, 247-282– See force (armed.) New Spain proper, its extent, I, 270. Nezahualcojotl, king of Tezcuco, II, 117. Nicaragua, (Lake of) might serve to effectuate a communication between the two seas, I, 23. Night, (melancholy) what period so called in the history of Mexico, IL, 10. Niño, (Andre) affirmed that there was no strait between South and North America, IV, 19. Niparaya, divinity of the Californians, II, 332. Niza, (Marcos de) made astronomical observations on the Rio de Balzas, II, 290–His fabulous accounts of the town of Cibola, II, 323. Niza, (Taddeo de) a baptized Indian, author of a manuscript work on the history of Mexico, II, 74 (*). Noble Indians, see Caciques. Nochistongo, (subterraneous gallery of) history of that work, II, 125, et seq. Nombre de Dios, town, II, 294. Nopaleros, planters who rear the cochineal, III, 77. Nordenflycht, (the Baron de) his geological cabinet, III, 3.11. Norte, (Rio del) may facilitate the commerce between the two seas, I, 22—Description of that river, II, 311–Its loss in 1752, II, 312. Nortes de Hueso colorado, north winds of Mexico, I, 85. Nootka, (Bay of) was visited before Cook by Juan Perez, II, 364; and named port of San Lorenzo, ibid.-Settlements which the Spaniards made there, II, 369-Description of the country, II, 372—Discussion between

Spain and the English respecting this possession, II, 372. et seq. Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, a mineral spring, II, 101. Nuñez (Alvar) Cabeza de Vaca, his voyage to New California, II, 336. Nuts, amount imported into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV, 33; in 1803, IV, 44.

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Oats, their cultivation in Mexico, II, 484.

Oaxaca, bishoprick—Its revenues, I, 231.

Oaxaca, intendancy—Number of ecclesiastics contained in it, I, 230 (*)—Its extent and climate, II, 235–Aztec monuments which it contains, II, 238—Cochineal is cultivated there, II, 241—Its towns and mines, II, 241 ;

III, 127. Oaxaca, valley, forms the marquisate of Cortez, II, 7 (+)

Oaxaca, town, II, 24. Obrajes, great cloth manufactories at Queretaro, III, 462. Obregon, licenciado—his project for preserving Mexico from inundations, II, 123. : Obregon, first Count of Valenciana, III, 193. Obregon (Don Ignacio) information furnished by him to the author, I., lxxxviii. Obsidian, found among the ruins of the Casa Grande, II, 302—Mines of, wrought by the Aztecs, III, 116. oca, (oralis tuberosa) Its cultivation in Mexico, I, 500. Ocaño (Rodriguez) discovers the mines of Chota, III, 343. o, “ . .'; ; ) - L. “. . . Ocelorochitl, see Cacomite. Ocoltan, salt work of the intendancy of Puebla, II, 199.

Octli, see Pulque. Oil, (lintseed) amount imported into Mexico in 1803, IV, 44. - - Oil of olives, amount imported into Vera Cruz, in 1802, IV, 33; in 1803, IV, 44; in 1804, IV, 364. Old California, see California. . . . . . Olives, amount imported into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV, 33; in 1803, IV, 44. Olive tree, the government endeavours to prevent its cultivation, II, 517. Olmos, (Andres de) author of a manuscript history of the conquest of Mexico, II, 74. (*) Oltmanns (M. Jabbo) his operations respecting the geography of Mexico, I, xcvii, c, cxxx; I, 272, II, 210. (*) Oñate, (Juan de) his conquest of New Mexico, II, 309. Opeloussas, (County of) province of Louisiana, bounded by Mexico, II, 277. Ordas, (Diego) whether he descended into the Crater of the Popocatepetl, III, 473—He discovered the river of Huasacualco, IV, 18. Organos, (los) mountains, II, 28. Orizaba, mountain—Confusion which prevails in the maps of Jefferys and Arrowsmith with respect to this mountain, I, xlvi-It is one of the highest summits of the Cordillera of Mexico, I, 62—Description of that mountain, II, 257. - Orizaba, town, II, 270. Oro, (Real del) mines, II, 226. - - Oropeza, a title belonging to the family of the Inca Sayri-Tupac, I, 201. Orta (Don Bernardo de) captain of the port of Vera Cruz—His meteorological observations, I, 84, IV, 195. Ostimury, province, II, 297. , vol. iv. F F

Mompor, a town in the kingdom of Santa Fe, the principal market of the gold of that country, III, 384. Moncado, (Sanchez de) his estimate of the quantity of gold and silver which has flowed into Europe since 1492, III, 403. Monclova, (Count de) viceroy of Mexico, entrusts the superintendancy of the Desague to Father Cabrera, II, 142 Monclava, a military post, II, 283. Monteleone, (Duke of) his wealth, I, 227—Monument erected by him to Cortez, II, 52—His house is situated where the palace of Montezuma stood, II, 70—See Estado, ... (Casa del). Moore, (Hamilton) how he fixed the position of Vera Cruz, I, xxxiii. Montalvo, (Berria de) his memoir on the metallurgical treatment of minerals, III, 254. Montanos, (Francisco) whether he entered the Crater of the Popocatepetl, III, 475. Monterey, (Count de) viceroy of Mexico, sends Oñate to New Mexico, II, 309. Monterey (shell of) III, 83. Monterey, bishoprick—Its revenues, I, 231. Monterey, town of the intendancy of San Luis Potosi, II, 283. Monterey, in New California-Its geographical position, I, lvi —See San Carlos de Monterey. Montesclaros, (Juan de Mendozo y Luna Marquis de) viceroy of Mexico, praised, II, 48. Montesclaros, town, II, 305. Montezuma, see Moteuczoma. Moqui, a territory inhabited by savage Indians, II, 287–Town which Father Garces found there, II, 315. Moquihuix, last king of Tlatelolco, II, 27. Moraleda, (Don Jose) his voyage, I, 42; IV, 285. Moran, description of its mines, III, 212, 224.

Mortmain of the clergy; if it is contrary to the progress of agriculture, III, 102. Moteuczoma, true name of Montezuma, II, 9, (f)—Two princes of that name, ibid.—Limits of their empire, I, ll. Motezuma, (Antonio) author of a manuscript on the history of Mexico, II, 74 (*). Motezuma, (Pedro) son of Montezuma, II—See Tohualicahuatzin. Mothes, (M. Frederic) his memoir on the mines of Potosi, III, 171 (+). Motolina, author of a manuscript history of Mexico, II, 74 (*). Moyotla, one of the quarters of Tenochtitlan, II, 28. Mozino, (Don Francisco) his botanical labours, and his voyage to Nootka, II, 370—His vocabulary of the Nootkian language, II, 346. Muerto, desert, II, 310. Mulattoes, I, 130; II, 344. Mulberries, the government prevents their being cultivated in Mexico, II, 517. Murer of Mexico, II, 83. Murphy, (Don Thomas) his patriotic views, I, 112. Muslin, quantity imported into Mexico in 1803, IV, 45, 46. Mutis, (Jose Celestino) his great botanical labours, I, 215–He discovered the mercury mine of Quindiu, III, 306.

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Nabajoa, mountains, II, 287.
Nacogdoch, the nearest Spanish post to Louisiana, II, 278.

Nadal, (Pedro) makes astronomical observations on the Rio de Balzas, II, 296,

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