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trade has had on its increase, IV, 102—Its annual amount,
IV, 206—Its branches; 1st, Revenue from the produce of
the mines, IV, 209; 2nd, from the manufacture of tobacco,
IV, 210; 3rd, Alcavalas, IV, 211; 4th, Indian capitation,
IV, 212; 5th, Duty on pulque, IV, 213; 6th, Almoxarifazgo,
IV, 214; 7th, sale of cruzada, post, sale of powder, annata,
cards, stamps, duty on cock-fighting, ibid.; 8th, Duty
on snow, IV, 215; Comparison between the years 1746
and 1804, IV, 216; Amount of the tax per head, IV,
217; Expence of collection, IV, 219–Amount of the
net revenue or Liquido remisible, IV, 236 et seq.-See also
Revillagigedo, (Count de) viceroy of Mexico—Enumeration
of the inhabitants of Mexico made by his orders, I, 96–
Police established by him in the streets of Mexico, II,
44—Expedition sent out by him to Nootka, II, 380–
Table of the revenues of the state and expences of col-
lection drawn up by his orders, IV, 221; and of the
public expence, IV, 224—His administration praised, IV,
Ribera, (Enriquez de) archbishop of Mexico, viceroy of Mexi-
co, II, 142. -
Rice—Its cultivation is neglected in Mexico, II, 506—Quan-
tity imported in 1803, IV, 47. -
Rio—All the words compounded with this must be sought for
under the annexed word.
Rio, (Don Andres del) professor of mineralogy in the school of
mines of Mexico, I, lxxxvii, 217; II, 223.
Rivero, (Don Pedro de)—His itineraries, I, lxi.
Riri, (Josse) monk, sowed the first European grain at Quito,
I, 452.
Roads which cross the valley of Mexico, II, 7–Those of
New Spain the most frequented by commerce, IV, 1–
Their division into longitudinal and transversal, ibid.—De-
scription of the road from Mexico to Acapulco, IV, 3;
from Mexico to Vera Cruz, IV, 6; from Perote to Vera

Cruz, IV, 8; from Mexico to Vera Cruz by Orizaba, IV,
Roberedo, (Don Antonio) astronomer at the Havannah—How
he fixed the longitude of Mexico, I, xxx.
Robertson—His estimate of the quantity of gold and
silver which has flowed into Europe since 1492, III,
Robledo, a defile in New Mexico, dangerous for travellers, II,
3.10. -
Rocks; formations; geological constitution of New Spain;
general considerations, I, 55 et seq.; III, 128 et seq.;
IV, 349—I. primitive rocks : granite and gneiss, II, 236;
III, 213, 306, 387 ; micaceous slate, glimmer-schiefer,
II, 130, 134, 148; primitive slate, ur-thonschiefer, III,
131, 134, 176, 226; serpentine, III, 131, 176, (Syenite,
III, 176, 180, 183,210)—II. Transition rocks : transition
slate, àbergangsthonschiefer, III, 205, 210; (transition
green-stone, III, 180); transition porphyry, Übergangs
porphyr, III, 132, 134, 180, 182, 205, 208, 254; grau-
wakke, transition sand-stone, II, 233, III, 132, 205, 208;
transition lime-stone, libergangskalkstein, II, 199; III,
132, 183, 207—III, Secondary rocks : old sand stone, III,
178, 206 (slate clay, schieferthon, coal, III, 301, 321);
primitive lime-stone, alpenkalkstein, III, 133, 210, 213,
226, 311, 315, 344, 349; jura lime-stone, jura-kalkstein,
III, 133, 179, 206, 214; old gyps, alter gyps, III, 214;
(rock salt, III, 321); new sand stone, neuer bunter sand-
stein, III, 214, 31 l ; new gyps, neuer gyps, III, 214; new
or superior lime-stone, III, 31.1—IV. Alluvial rocks, III,
141, 150, 296, 306, 3S2, 385, 393, 422–V. Volcanick rocks,
trap formation, II, 191, 210, 221, 228, 257, 258, II, 213;
trap porphyry, trap-porphyr, I, 61 (*), 74; II, 212, 272;
III, 313, 214; basalt, amygdaloid, mandelstein, I, 76;
II, 39.207, 212, 215; III, 183, 210, 213; obsidian pearl-
stone, II, 302; III, 116, 214.

Rodriguez (Father Diego)—How he fixed the longitude of
Mexico, I, xxvi.
Rodriguez (Don Juan Josef) assisted the author in the con-
struction of geological maps, I, cKix. (*)
Roman (Antonio)—His project for draining the valley of
Mexico, II, 135. -
Romeros, a rich Indian family at Cholula, I, 186.
Rosario, town, II, 305.
Roucou—Amount exported from Mexico in 1802, IV, 37; in
1803, IV, 48.
Rozas (Don Juan)—His experiments on the temperature
of the mineral waters of San Jose de Comangillas, II,
207. -
Rubin de Celis, found an aerolith near Olumpa, II, 293.
Ruis (Don Hippolito)—His voyage to Peru, I, 215.
Rul (Don Diego) one of the proprietors of the mine of Va-
lenciana, III, 171. -
Rumsen, a nation of New California, II, 345.
Rye—Of its cultivation in Mexico, II, 483.

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Sabina, a river which bounds the Spanish establishments to
the north-east, II, 281. - -

Sabino de Santa Maria del Tule, a tree famous for the thick-
ness of its trunk, II, 237.

Sacks—Amount imported into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV, 36; in
1803, IV, 47; exported for other ports of Spanish America
in 1802, IV, 38 ; in 1803, IV, 47.

Saffron—Amount imported into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV, 33;
in 1803, IV, 44; in 1804, IV, 364.

Sahagun, author of a manuscript on the history of Mexico,
II, 74. (*)

Saint Charles of Perote, a fort, II, 269–Its importance, IV,

Saint Domingo—Quantity of sugar exported by that island in
1788 and 1799, III, 14—Assistance which the Spanish part
of that island drew annually from Mexico for expences of ad-
ministration, IV, 235.
Saint-Elie (Mountain)—Its height, I, 62; II, 378.
Saint-George, (Gulf of) one of the points by which a com-
munication has been projected between the two seas, I,
Sainte-Croix (M. Felix Renouard de)—Information fur-
nished by him respecting the commerce of India and
China, and the sum of money annually sent there from
Europe, III, 444, IV, 339.
Salamanca, presidio, II, 244.
Salamanca, town, II, 206.
Salaries of the viceroys and officers; their annual amount,
IV, 231.
Sacedo, (Nemesco) commandant general of the provincias
internas, I, 278.
Salinas (Marquis de)—See Velasco.
Salmeron (Martin) a Mexican giant, I, 152.
Salsen, a nation of New California, II, 345.
Salt—Want of, in New Spain, III, 321—Amount imported
into Vera Cruz in 1802, IV, 36; in 1803, IV, 47; in
1804, IV, 364.
Saltillo, town, II, 294.
Salto de Alvarado, name of a bridge at Mexico, II, 73.
Salto del Rio de Tula, extremity of the Desague de Huehuetoca,
II, 152.
Salvatierra (Father Juan Maria)—His voyage to California,
II, 323, 331–His manuscript map, II, 335. (*)
Samues, a tribe of Indians, II, 205.
San Antonio de Bejar, town, II, 283.
San Antonio de los Cues, town, II, 242.
San Antonio de Padua, village, II, 354.
San Blas, port, II, 311,
San Buenaventura, village, II, 353.

San Carlos de Monterey, capital of New California, II,
354. *
San Christobal, lake, II, 34. -
San Christobal (Marquis de) known in France by the name of
M. Tereros, II, 225.
San Diego, village, II, 353.
San Felipe y Santiago, town, II, 305—See Cinaloa.
San Fernando, village, II, 354.
San Francisco, the most northern settlement of the Spaniards,
II, 335.
San Francisco, village, II, 365.
San Gabriel, village, II, 354.
San Jacinto, now Mount-Edgecombe, discovered by Quadra,
II, 366.
San Jose, village of California—Its geographical position, I,
lii—Details respecting this mission, II, 333.
San Jose de Comangillas, (Hot-springs) II, 207.
San Jose del Parral, town, II, 295.
San Juan Bauptista, village, II, 355.
San Juan Capistrana, village, II, 353.
San Juan del Rio, town of the Intendancy of Durango, II,
San Juan del Rio, town of the Intendancy of Mexico, II,
San Juan de Teotihuacan—Two toltec pyramids there—See
Pyramids. -
San Juan de Ulua, fort, II, 262; IV, 274.
San Lorenzo, name given to the port of Nootka by Juan Perez
before Cook, II, 364.
San Lucas—Its geographical position, I, lvii.
San Luis, province of the intendancy of San Luis Potosi, II,
272. it to
San Luis Obispo, village, II, 354.
San Luis Potosi, intendancy—Its extent, II, 271-Division
of its territory, II, 272—Description of the country, II,
273-Discussion respecting its limits, II, 276; IV, 269-

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