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only so much and no more, by this cuí. “ From whence the custom of be: toin he should not die for it.

heading criminals with an engine ori. He was first brought before the * Bai. ginally came is not easy to say. It has liff of Halifax, who presently summoned been thought that the people of Hallifax the Frith-borgers within the several took the hint from the Scottish Maiden towns of the forest; and being found at Edinburgh, which is well known to guilty within a week, was brought to have resembled their own; but so far the scaffold ; [l* axe was drawn up by a from that, different writers have told pulley, and faiteed with a pin to the us that this Maiden was borrowed from lide of the scaffold ; if it was a horse, an the Hallifax Gibbet."-" It seems that ox, or any other creature that was lio. Earl Morton, the regent of Scotland, len, it was brought along with him to carried a model of it from Hallifax to the place of execution, and fastened to his own country, where it remained so the cord by a pin that itayed the block, long unused that it acquired the name so that when the time of execution of the Maiden. The Scots have a tra. came, which was known by the jururs dition that the first inventor of this holding up one of their hands, the bai. machine was the firft who suffered by liff or his servant whipping the beast, the it. So fas is certain, that Earl Morton, pin was plucked out and execution done; who was executed June 2, 1581, ha! but if it was not done by a beast, then his head taken off by such an instru. the bailiff or his servant cut the rope." ment as this ; for in the continuation of

If you think this intelligence worth Holingshead's Chronicle of Scotland we a place in your useful Magazine, you read, “ that having laid his necke unuer will oblige your constant reader.

the axe, he cried“ Lord Jesus receive my

S. T. fpirit," which words he fpake even Our readers may see the figure of the while ibe axe full on bis necke.This machine in the late editions of the Hal- continuator, indeed, has made no relifax Law; in the 2d Volume of Holing. marks on the fingularity of this act, as thead's Chronicle printed in 1577, p. might have been expected from him, if 654; and in Watson's History of Halli- the Earl had been known to have fax, p. 41. The last author observes, brought this contrivance with him from that this mode of punithinent was not England, and to have been the first who confined to Hallifax. He adds, that in suffered by it; but historians too often Fox's Book of Martyrs, vol. i. p. 37.

think it l'ufficient to record matters of edition 1634,

is a plate of this sort, ex fact, without the addition of such ob. cept that a man is pulling up the axe to` fervations as would be of service to a proper height by means of a cord antiquarians." The last perfons exewhich runs through an hole in the cured in this manner at Hallitax were transverse piece of wood at the top, two in number, April 30, 1650. and when he lies go the cord, the axe descends. A Handsome MONUMENT, which was raised by SUBSCRIPTION, has been lately

put up in the PORTICO of ALL-SAINTS CHURCH in NORTHAMPTON ; and as The calamitous Circunstance which it is intended to commemorate, is ftill freth in the Meinories of many people, the INSCRIPTION will probably be accept

able to our Readers. THIS Marble was ercel.ed to perpen in a few monients, his whole family,

tuate the memory of the trilowing consisting of a beloved wife, five chilo awful dispensation of Providence:-Ai dren, and two lodgers, perished in the one o'clock in the morning of the 27th flames. of February 1792, the lower part of the

READER, house of H. M:RSIOTT, on the Market. If the Almighty has hitherto preserved hill, was discovered to be on fire; and, thee from scenes of deep distret , lèt riy the flames alcending with dreadful ra heart glow friti: gratitude ; anil, at the pidity, he was obliged to leave his af. fame rime, let sliy bosom expand with frighted little ones hovering round their benevolence towards thy suffering feldistracted mother; and by an extraordi dow-creatures. nary effort.go.ied the root of an adjoin. The fad remains of this unfertunate ing hours, calling aloud for that help, family were carefully collected, and which, alas! could not be procured; for, decently interred in this church-yard. Bailiff: trieu them before the Conquest; Judges after tile Conquest, 1066.


To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, LOOKING over some old papers, which have long been in my possession, I found the

Narative which I now transmit, and which, from the spelling and other circumitances, you will observe is as old as the last century. I Mail only add, thai Hunt, wio is menticned in it, and at that time a king's officer, lived 64 years after, clying so late as the month of July 1752. &c.

G. H.

I am,


and ac.



Quæq; ipfe miferrima vidi. ON Tuesday, Dec, 11th, 1688, were spare ym, because of ye. Irish, wm, it was

taken Sr. Tho. Jener, Mr. Graham, reported yt. my Ld. Tenem had joyned & Mr. Burton, in a Coach at Faversham. with several Horse. Abi. 20. of ye. At ye. fame time severall coaches design. Souldiers (wore yey. would goe, ing for France were stopt at Ospringe. cordingly went. “ Amongst these was Obadiah Walker, " I must not here forget to mention ye. “ Mr. of University College in Oxford, “ extraordinary diligence of a neighbour“ who was taken at Sittinybourn by the “ ing Parson, by name Bernard, who " 2. Mr. Napletons & Mr. Edwards, & “ (whether inforined by an emiffary of “ fome of ye. Rabble, & brought to

“ Edwards's or being rogue enough was " ye. Queen's Arms at Faversham. “ privy to ye. damnd design him.) 'Twas

in a 4t. of an Hour spread abt. « mounted his steed, & cho' a very heavy ye Town yt. Mr. Waiker had privately

“ horseman at another time, nimbly gal. sent his man to Rochetter to desire ye. loped over his Parish, and with a pul. Colonel of ye. Irish Regiment yhere, to pireering Tone, pronounced destruc. march his Soldiers yt. night to Faversham, “ tion to man, woman, & child, if yey. in order to rescue hiin and ye. reft yt.

“ 'tinued half an Hour longer in their were taken. Upon this ye. Rabble threat “ bedis; for ye. bloody Irish Papifts were ened to cut all their throais, and had done come to Sittingbourn, & had destroyed it, if some good men had not over pr. “ all as yey, came along: ye. poor Coun. fuadea ym.

men being well acquainted with ye. “ The eldest of ye. Napletons, who “ voice, took it for granted yt. it was 6 had thewn his valour agt. unarmed “ certainly true, & imediately all fro 16. “ Priests this day, could by no means

“ to 60. years feised wt. Arms every one " endure ye. very apprehension of resiting " could lay hold on, & thus, after their

ye. Irish Red.coats, who were expected “church-militant leader, narcht into yt. night to bayle his prisoners; but

« Town.'' “ like a wise man (who resolved to sleep The K. & Sr. Edw. Hales taken by “ in a whole skin) mounts his horse, Hunt, &c. Hunt gives ye. first notice, " declaring yt, he would go to Canter- upon wch. Edwards begins his Health. “ bury imediately to ye. Gent. there, & Amis gives an acct. of ye. takeing of yo. " raise ye. Country Troops for our aflift. Vessel, brought with him Sr. Edw. " ance here, & yt. he would be back Kales's sword. Harry Moon, being one " again hy Twelve at night, it being abt. of ym. who were in ye. meantime left to “ Six when he set forth, where we will guard ye. veffel, was very rude, especially " leave him for a while & return to his to ye. K. not knowing him; “ but was " Fellow Poelt-catcher, Edwards, in reprimanded several times by John Jef. “ whose face one might pr.ceive all ye. fiy, ye. Pipe-maker, who shewed more " marks yt. a cowardly fear could im “ civility to ye. K. tho' unknown, yn. prini," &c.

“ could be expected indeed by such a sort Eduards wrote Letters to several Gent. " of man, & at such a time; for ye. K. to raise ye. country. One Mr. Amis & “ titting where ye. Rain beat down upon John Hunt moved Captain Southouse to “ him, this Jeffery offered him his place, send ym. fome of his men to take a Vellel 6 wch. was free fro ye. weather, & ye. with ye. King's Jack, wch. was fien off “ K. readily accepted of it: after yt. ye. Shernesse. The Capt. faid he could not “ K. aked him his Name, & he told VOL. XXV.


« him :


~ When yey.

“ him: says ye. K. Thou art a civil When Amis was told by ye. Cape. yt. ye. « fellow; but let me ask you one Q:1. K. was one of those whom he had taken, & “ Do you believe yt. Papilts go to Hea yt: ye. Capt. was lent to bring him to his “ ven? Says Jeffery, God forbid, but Maj.ry.he" seemed extreamly furprised at

yey, thd. but they go a great way abt. “ this, wch. his pale looks & violent Trem“ Sr. How fo? laid ye. K.

Why, said

" blings gave Tufficient Testimony of : « Jeffery; suppose, yt. you was to go to “ Alloun as he came before ye. K. he fell Canterbury from this Piace, ye. nearest « down on his knees, & told ye. K. yt. if

way is by Faveríhain; bui if you go “ Sr. Edw. Hales or any one had but dis" to Sheernelle, & then thin' Milton & " covered to him, when he boarded

ye. “ Sittingbourn, you'l come to Canterbury " Veffel, who he was, he would certainly “ at lait, but you go a long way abt.

« liave landed him in France, or where he “ wch, laying of Pipe-inaker's won. “ yd. go, before yt.time. The K. said to " derfully pleased ye. K. so yt. he re " him, Will you ferve me now, & carry 1:8 " peated it several times, when he was at “ to France? Amis reply'd, yt. he would " Faversham."

“ wth. all his heart : lo ye. K. pitched The ferryman curryed Sr. Edw. Hales “ upon him to be ye. man to carry him out of ye. Boat, but ye. K. was forced to off, & every thing for a while seemed walk through ye. Water.

“ obcdient to his Maj.tie's wishes. But á alighted fro ye. Coach at ye. Queen's “ soon after ye. K. was pr.suaded fro " Arms, one Murli a Brewer of ye. “ trusting Amis, by one Mr. Sherman, " Town reported yi, one of ym. was ye. " who was collector of his Maj.ties' cul. • K. (wch. was no little surprise to ye. “ toms, who propoled one Rich. Maid. " People) Imediately ye. Capt. of ye. “ stone ye. chief Boatman of ye. Custom" Company (who was allo Mayor) was « house here, who indeed was a man yt. " lene for by Sr. Edw. Hales to come to " equal'd, if not exceeded Amis in skill &

ym. who (assoon as he entred ye. room) courage, & had a 1000 times more &

law ye. K. walking & immediately “ better Principles of lovelty in him: • kuew him, norwithtanding ye. disguise “ The place was imediately aftixi, where in he was in, & fell down on his knees to " he ad. take water, & ye. Mayor told his “ him; but ye. Ķ. in passion, being un “ Maj.ty yt. if he pleased to go to his " willing as it was supposed to be known, “ house, he could convey him at Midnight

' cryed, Stand up, wt. do you mean? " out of his Back Gate to ye. WaterThe Mayor role, & went to Sr. Edw. " lide; & ye. Town know nothing of it.

Hales & said, Surely this is ye. K.! “ The K. approved of it very well, & “ Sr. Edw. turns abt. & wtb. a low voice “ bid ye. Mayor get all things ready to « antwers, 'Tis too true, wch. brought a go to France wth. him, & provide 12, do flood of Tears fro. his eyes. The Rable " Itout, fefolute men, yt. would be true to * (who stood all this while at ye. door) « him, if any thing ind. happen in his “ seeing ye. Mayor kneel to him, & re “ getting off. The Mayor went presently

membring Marshe's report, cryed out, « abt. it, & upon his Return met wth, an “ Ye. K. ye. K. When his Maj. found “ old Townfinan, who told hiin, he would “ he was discovered, he admitted ye. “ be ready at 12. a clock at his Back Gate " Mayor to have ye. Honr. of killing his to guard ye. K. The Mayor was very “ hand. And foon after yt. ye. K. cal. “ much furprited to hear, yt. he knew ye.

led ye. Mayor afide, & told him yt, he “ design, & pretended altogether ignorant " was fully refolved to go for France, & " of it: hut ye. old man told him, yt, his “ he wd. have him to allilt in getting him “ Maj.ty had trusted him with it,' & he off, & yt. he did believe, yt. Ainis who " would serve him as faithfully as any : 4. took him, wd. be ye.


proper man ye. Mayor went to his Maj.ty, & asked “ to undertake ye. matter : for added


“ him, if he had trusted yt. old man? “ K. I see he is a bold fellow by wt. lie “ His Maj.ty antwered, yes; why, is he « has done already. The Mayor told his not honett? The Mayor replyed, he " Majty. yt. he was afraid Amis wil. 1100 “ doubted not, for he was turned out of be true io him: because he had declared " comission in K. Ch, 2d.'s time, & was ye. Pr. of O. along, & was also ye.

" under confinement in Monmouth's Re“ active Ilead of ye. Mob. The K. “ bellion, as ditaffected to yr. Maj.ties' « reply'd,'Tis no matter for yt. I am sure, « Govni. 'The K. made Answer, yt, he “ he will do any thing for mony, wch. he "i was forry, he knew it not before ; & in " thall not want, if he pr.foring this : “ lels yn. a quarter of an Hour there was therefore go iinediately & bring him to 1000 mob was gott abt. ye. House, yt.

w His Maj.tie's voyage was quite ai ay end."


er for

at me."

AN ACCOUNT OP AN ELEPHANT. every respect the noblest quadruped wanted to go into the Roomee, not to let

in nature is the Elephant, not less re her, that I might be prelent myself when inukable for its size, than its docility and she was taken out of the Kbeddub; and underftanding.

for this purpose, I went, on the 13th inWith a very aukward appearance, he stant, when there only reinained in the pofselles all the sentes in great perfection, Kbeddab, Juggut pecarice, another large and is capable of applying them to more female, and eight young ones belonging io useful purposes than any other animal.- them both. After fending in the Koome All historians concur in giving it the cha- keys, and securing the large fen aie, I told racter of the most fagacious creature next the Mabotes to call Jusu pecarree. She to man; and naturalists have given us in immediately came to the lide of the ditch common instances of its ingenuity. For within the enclosure. I then tent two or the following instance of its memory and three Maboles in to her with a plantain tree : docility, we are indebted to Ralph Lecke, she came to the Mabotis, and not only tock Efq. Collector of Tifperah, in the district the plantain leaf out of their hands with of Chittagong; and we hope our readers her irunk, but opened her mouth for them, will derive much amusement from an to put the plantain leaf into it, which they account as authentic as it is curious. did, stroking and caressing her, and calling JUGGUTFEEARREE, a female Ele- her by her name.

The Malotes wanted, phant, was taken in a Kheddub, with many at first, to tie her legs, by means of the. others, at Tipperah, in the year 172, B. S. Koomkeys, thinking, as the had been fo by the preient Rajah, Kisbun Maunick, long in the jungles, and had then four and given by him lix months afterwards, young ones about her, that he was not to to dbdcor Rézob, the Dewan of Shumthur be truited; however, I infitted, as I saw Gauzee, who had poffession of the province the aniinal io very tame and harmless, that by a Sunrud from Jafer Ally Cawn. A they should not attempt to tie her, and told force was, in the year 1174, B. S. fent a Mahote to take one of the Koonkry's up againit Abdoor Rezah by the Rajah, when to her, and take hier by the ear and tell her he turned this Elephant, which he had used to lie down. She did not like the Koonkry's as a Swarry Elephant for near three years,

coming near her, and went at a distance loose into the jungles.

seemingly angry; but when the Muhures " In the year 1177, B. S. in the month called her she came to them impediately of Mauz, ihe Rajah took this Elephant and allowed them to froke and carefs her again in a Kheddah; and in the month of as before, and a few mirutes afterwards B; luz, the following year, she broke loose admitted the K0972kr 3's to famiiarity with true her pe gering in a violent storm of her, when a Mabote from one of the wind and rain in the night, and made her Kocmk is faftened a small rope round her fecond escape into the hills. On the 25th body, and immediately from the Koomkey of December lait, she was drove, with te. jumped upon her back, which, at the inDenty other Elephants, by my people into stant of the man's jumping upon her, no a Kheddab. On the 26th, I went to see did not seem to like; however, was almost the Elephants that were ensnared, when immediately reconciled to it: another small

cgut peraire was pointed out to me by rope was then fastened about her neck, for the Mabotes who recollected her, and par

the Mabote to fix his feet in, he went upon ticularly by one who had charge of her for her neck, and drove her about the Kbcdeale a year or iwo. The Mabotes frequently in the same manner as the other tamo called out to her by the name of Yuzgat. Elephants; he then told her to lie down, pecurree, to which she seemed to pay fome which the intantly did, nor did the rise till attention by impediately looking towards The was told; the Mabote fed her froin bis them when she heard it, but did not answer feat, and gave her his trick, which he took to the name in the manner the was known from lim with her trunk and put it into to do when the above-mentioned Mabote her mouth, and held it for him ; in short, had charge of her. She appeared not like had there been more wild Elephants in the the other Elephants, who were constantly Kbedduh to tie, Me would have been ute. running about the Kbeddab in a rage, but ful for securing them. As soon as Ilse perfectly reconciled to her confinement; came out of the Kbeddah I went up to her, nor did the, no doubt from a recollection took her by the ear, and told her to lie of what she had iwice before suffered, froin down, a command which the instantly that time to the 13th instant, ever come obeyed. She was brought to Commilla, was the Roomee. I had ordered, if he' the next day, which is about twelve miles


C 2

from the Kbeddah, and half an hour ago, I had her brought to me and fed her, and without touching her, told her to lie down, which ihe did immediately ; she had four young ones (of her own) with her in the Kbuutub, and is now very big with young.

“ I have not exaggerated in the least in this account, which three other Gentleinen can vouch for, having been witoefles to every material circumstance I have mentioned. “ Commilla, Jan. 15, 1783.

« R. L.''

Kbeddah. A strong inclosure about five

hundred yards in circunference, into which the Elephants are driven ; within it is a ditch froin fix to eight cubits deep,

and froin ien to twelve cubiis wide. Rcomel. A strong arro:v passage with

out the Kbed tab, into which the Ele. phants are enticed singly by food, and there fecured: in this close confinement they exert the utmost of their strength, till they bı uile, and almost exhaust them

felves, Kvomkey. A tame female Elephant made

ute of to tie ind fécure the wild ones. Mapote. An Elephant driver, who gene

sally rides upon the neck of the aniinal, and guides him with a pointed iron like

a large sith-hook. B. S. Bengal style,

N. B. Juggurpeearree. The name of the

Elephant, given to her when she was firit taken.



THE disc very of the longitude is of saint Beffard's, of Auge in Normandy,

such importance to the art of navi- who published it in 1574. gation, that many nations have thought In 1623 Benedetto Scotto published a proper to offer rewards to the artist or man tract « On the Use and Practice of the of science whole genius should enable him Longitude;" L'Usage et Pratique des to find it. In Portugal, in Spain *, in Longitudes. It was presented to the CounHolland +, in France, and in England I, cil of Lewis XIII. but rejected. confiderable remunerations have been heid In 1634 John Baptist Morin announced out as incitements to the relearch. Thus that he had discovered the secret of the lon. many, in various parts of Europe, were gitude ; and, in confequerce, claimed a prompted to attenpt a discovery which, right to the rewards promileú by Spain and for its inportance, would fufticiently ho Holland. But he conceived it his duty to nour any one that should achieve i; and, allure the glory of this dilcovery to France, indeert, to attempt a matter of so much his native country, before he alerted this consequence for preserving the lives of those claim. Cardi al Richelieu pronited him a brave men wlio expose themseives to every recompence proportionate to the importperil of the wind and waves, i rely merits ance of his invertion, if it proved of as the cítcem and gratitude of society. Of much utility as he pretended ; and a Comthe various ende ivours made to attain this mittee was appointed to exa:r.ine the me. desirable end we shall proceed to give a trio he proposed. His way of determining fucciict account.

the longiruite at sea was by the different About the beginning of the seventeenth fi'untivni of the moon with respect to the century, different machines and various fixed itars, and was approved by the measures were proposed, ill or which prov. Committee, with this reftriation, however, ed firittis. In 1603 Williain lt Nouton. that the lunar tables at that time were tou nier published a wcik entitied, “ Métromé- imperftet not to expose his method to contrie te l' Aimat; or, the Art of d (cover

liderable errors. As a reward for what he ing the Longitudc by Mens of the Varia had done, he received in 1645 a pension tion of the Needle. This method, huw of iwo thousand livres (8 31. 63. Su.) a. ever, was not properly his own, but Touf.


Philip III. foleninly engaged to give a hundred thousand Spanish crowns to any one that should love the problem.

+ The States-General promised ten thousand Romios.
| Twenty thousand pounds iterling were offered by Ad of Parliament,


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