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knowledginent he very evidently thews ove can afterwards make by study.". he was perioaded, that no man can This would be eminently true, applied be a Poet, unless he received at his to Poetry; and though it ought, perwirth from heaven, by fome happy in- baps, to be received in a qualitied sonsę Auence or impreslion, that spirit of in regard of learning in general, yet it Poetry which art and study can never is certain, that a great part of what goes givc." The celebrated Sir William by that name confifts in such things Temple takes a liep yet further, and a wise man," to use Seneca's words, afferts concerning learning in the gross, “ if he knew them would labour to that "the leali grain of wit one is born forgct.” with, is worth all the improvements

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DROS SI ANA,

N U M BERLII.
ANECDOTFS of ILLUSTRIOUS and EXTRAORDINARY PERSONS

PERHAPS NOT GENERALLY KNOWN,
A THING OF SHREDS AND PATCHES !

HAMLET.
( Continued from Vol. XXIV. Poze 455. )
JAMES THE SECOND,

" Then let him with his foe agree,

" And save the land from milery; "I Do not know how it is, but I

“ Or to his lips the Orange juice never knew a protest man mike bis

“ Shall poison's fatal ills produce." way at Conri," Isid that Prince one day to Mr. Sediey. “ Please your Majesty,

The diary of this misguided Prince, and whole fault is that?" was the repiv.

many other curious MSS. relative to the In a Journal kept by one of James's history of Britain, were in the library of Courtiers, there are there curious circum,

the Scots College of Paris. It is to be fiances :

hoped that they have been preferved fioin “ OCTOBER 23, 1698.

s':e fury and ravages of the present lavages Jacques Second grandement inquiet

of Europe, if indleçd it is not doing them fit placer une Girouetie dans un lieu ou

too much honour to give them that ap. illa paille voir de les apartements la voic."

pellation. Some one was saying the o:ber “ OCTOBER 30, 1688.

day, before a ce.ebrated writer, that " Jacques disoit à M. Barillon, Am

the mosférn French were a compound of baladeur de France (.r.oi preient), Voila

the Monkey and the Tyger."--" Pray, duire la vert declaię Papilte ; & puis :1 Şir, what have these pour animals ever aoua en baisant la voix, “ Vous savez

done to defeive the comparison ?" was the que depuis trois jours j'ai fait exposer le reply. laint lacreinent."

CARDINAL DE BERULLE. “ DECEMBER 17, 1688.

This pious man died, as the late cx" Jacques trouve apropos de s'en aller

cellent Mr. Grainger dri, as he was

c«leluating the Saciament. Th: Cardinal un (econd tois :

fell down dead upon the iteps of the pliar ' Qui terret pius ille timer, fors ilta

at the moment of confecra:ion, as he was tyrians.

“ Huw hard a fata a tyrant bears, pronouncing the words,“ blanc igitur “ More than hintelt is fear'd he fears."

oblationem, This occalioned the fol. "On cite a chaque instant la prophetie lowing diitici: de Noftradaınus, ecrite lur l'année 1566. Cəpia fub exuemis nequco dum facra

facerdos Celui qui la principuté

Perficere, at faltein viktima perficiam. " Tiendra par gramie cruauté “ A la fin verra grande phalange

In vain the rev'rend Pontiff uies de feli, ties dangereux. To terminate the facrifice; “ Par accord pourra faire mieux

Himself withiu the holy walls " Autremeat, boira fuc d'Orange." The heav'n-devoted victim falls.

Card, Beruile came over with Hen. “ He who the British empire's reins rieta Maria, Queen of Charles the First, " By furce and cruelty maintains, to Englard, to the Court of which he "Shall in li's turn each horror feel, endeared hin self by the fanctity of his "" The blatting fire, th' avenging Iteel. morals, and the extreme propriety of his

behaviour.

" Poster coup

behaviour. · He had really, like the pre By speeches of this kind he foon found kent Patriarch of our Church in age as hiinself at the head of upwards of forty well as in learning and piety, the nolo thousand men, who seized upon the per. Episcopari, in the extremelt purity of in- sons and estates of the nobility, rich tention; for when his sovereign, Louis citizens and clergy, bioke into their the Thirteenth of France, pressed him houles and libraries, and burnt every

book to take the Bishopric of Leon, he refused; that they could find in them except the and on that Monarch's telling him that Bible. Their cry was, “ Repent je ali i he should employ the follicitation of a mortify yourselves and be baptised, that niore powerful advocate than himself the anger of God may not fail upon you." (ineaning the Pope), to prevail upon hiin The syitem of equality in point of rank, to accept of it, he said, " that if Inis and most probably in point of property, Majesty continued to prets him, he mould did not fait long, for John and certain be obliged to quit his kingdom.” He of his associates became

governors

of founded the venerable Oider of the Fathers their followers, under the name of the of the Oratory in France, and was a Twelve Apostles. They found, however, man of such eminent goodnets, that the even this kind of governinent too democra. Pope Leo XIib laid of him when he saw tical, for they elected one of the twelve, by him at Rome as a simple friar, “ Le name John Becold, for their Monarch, Pere Berulle n'est pas un homine, c’ult who exercised the most oppressive tyranny un ange.'

that has, perhaps, been ever recorded in

hiltory. His reign was, however, a very JOHN OF LEYDEN.

hori one, for he died upon the scaffold not Tire Citizens of France have done very many months afterwaru ; lo true is it what Sittle indeed in murying three wives Shakijear fays, a-piece, in comparison with the followers -Headttrong liberty is lali'd witia woe. of this celebrated demagogue, in their There's notbing tinate under Heaven's Syitem of polygamy. Each man was eje, permitted to live as many wives as he Butlua! h his houndflesseci. John, who ly occupation was a The ingenious and elegant Mr. Greville avlor, contented hiinself with seventeen says extremely well in his Maxims, only. John, like the modern French, « Whatever natural right men may have had his system of Equality, which he to freedom and independency, it is maniken preicribed in his disciples at Munster in that fome men have a natural ascendancy 1524

" Wea:e," laid he," ali brothers, over others." aid we have one common father in Adam; how then does this incquality in rank

PASCAL. and in riches happen, that tyranny has The modern French feein to have ina. introduced between the great and our gined themselves much wiler than this Cla:s! Have not we then a right to an Jearned and acute countryman of their's, equality of property, which in its own

He says, “ La puillance des Rois ett fondée nature' is constituted to be partaken of, sur la raison, & !ur la fuiblefle du peuple." without diftin&tion, equally amongst all According to liim, his prelent countryranks of inankind ? Restore to us then, men in their adoration of reason, O, ye rich! you avaricious usurpers ! Infaniri docent ratione. all the property that you have unjuilly They tell the world to worship reason, detained from us, and kept to yourse!ves. That is, rank facrilege and reason. It is not only as men, but as Christians, In his " Thoughts written about the that we have a right to this division. Year 1650,” he lays, “ Qui auroit eu At the first establishment of Chrittianity, l'amitie du Roi d'Angleierre (Charles did not the Apottles divide, amongst the Premier), du Roi de Pologne (Cafimis faithful that wanted it, all the money Cing), & de la Reine de Suede (Chrif. that was 'brought to them, and laid at tina), auroit il cru pouvoir manquer die their feet? The Omnipotent hiinself re retraite & d'azyle au monde ?" How apquires of us, and of ali mankind, that plicable is this to some late Revolutions in the tyranny of the Rulers Mould be de- Europe, and what a lesson for men to ice froyed, that we should demand our liberty

-quam fragili loco i word in hand, that we should refute to Starent fiepirbi. ---Senec." pay all taxes, and put the goods of "Il por " Jamais on ne fait le mal fi ploieeinent jors in corumon. It is to my feet, like & fi gaiement," says this acute writer, “que to those of the Apostles of old, that every quant on le fait par un faux principe de thing rich and valuable ilwuld be brought, conscience." How well this oblorvation

applies

DR. LETHERLAND

applies to all religious and political per. fecutions! The leaders in general know added to the knowledge of the Greek but-too well what they are doing, the rest and Latin languages that of the Hebrew, follow them tele baisé, as sheep do the the Arabic, the Spanish, the German, the head of the flock. Pascal's prayers are

French, and the Italian. A buffoonith extremely pious and eloquent, and remind professional brother of his uferi occasionally US very much of those of the late Dr. to quote a Greek sentence to him, as Johnson. Pascal's filter, Madame du one of Galen's or of Hippocrates's. Perner, tells us, in that very interesting This used to fet poor Letherland, who life of him porefixed to lis Thoughits, that was extremely conversant with the Greek a! the age of twelve years, by the mere Physicians, a looking throughout their dint of his genius, he had inverted the works, and when his fooliniy-facetious thirty-second first propofitions of Euclid. friend saw him vext, he would tell him His father, for fear his son should become that it was in Aretæus, perliaps. Dr. too fond of mathematics, to the exclusion Lether land, different from many of his of all other knowledge, had kept out brethren, uled 10 lay, “ that the most of his light all mathematical books and degrading part of physic was the taking problems.--Of the terms of that science the fee, the heing paid like a carpenter for his fifter says he was so ignorant, even work done ; fometimes, perhaps, undone." after he had inverted these propolitions, A. celebrated physician of Bath had that that he used to call a circle a round, and a opinion of the utility, the necessity, and Tine a bar.

the dignity of it, that one day, after having

prescribed for himself in an illnels without MILTON

effe&t, he took a guinea out of his pocket in one of his sonnets has some lines which with his left hand, and put it into his may well apply to the French Republic :

right, saying, “ I have given niyself a Å barbarous noile environs me, fecI think now I fall prescribe better.** Of owls and cuckoos, asses, apes, and dogs. The same Physician, on an attendance They bawa for freedom in their fenfelels upon Dr.--, Provost of Eton, who had mood,

the pally in his hands, during the ab. And still revolt, when truth would set sence of his female relation, who genethem free;

sally was with the patient when the Doctor Licence they mean, when they cry liberty, came, was detired by the Provolt" to for who loves that must first be wise and put his hand into his breeches pocket, good

and take out one of those thining pieces But from that mark how far they rove we

of metal that have such attractions for fee,

Physicians, as well as for other persons." For all this waste of wealtb and lojs of " Why, my worthy friend," eplied the blood!

Doctor, “ will not this be like picking A celebrated English lawyer was at

your pocket ?"

Very "ke it, indeed? Paris two or three years ago, and was de. my good Doctor," was the reply. fired to assist at one of their Committet's for the eitablishment of the Trial by Jury in the English manner. He found wrote at one time one hundred and eighty them to grossly ignorant of the first prin- lives for Houbraken's “ Illustrious Heads ciples of that bulwark of our excellent of Englithmen." The bookseller faid, Constitution, that he laid to an acquain

u that the Doctor was a dead hand at tance of his belonging to the Committee, a life.” The heads in this collectivn were " My dear Sir, your countrymen are not

not always taken from the moít approved ter fit for the trial by Jury."' My good pictures, and that of the celebrated john friend, my countrymen are noi yet fit Hampden is an ideal head Very indiffe. for liberty;" was the reply. A celebrated rent copies were sent over to Houbraken Italian poet said of the present French, in Holland, who rerned them with his ** Liberiy is to them what love is to a engraving. He pielenied the proprietors much; they are incapable of enjoying with a plate of his own heal, which is 11;" Aristotle, in his Politics, says, “ibat ore of the finelt in ; he collection. Pero they only who have been governed are tit rault's “ Illustrious Frenchmen" is a 10 govern ;, and when all will govern, as work of more accuracy respeeling the in modern France, without having lerved likenelles, and the biographicai pure is an apprenticeship to it, what good can be more full, and better written thin the expected from lo ignorant and unprinci. Englih ore. pled a pantocracy ??? YOL. XXV,

E

DR. BIRCH

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LITERARY JOURNAL,

For JANUARY 1794.
Quid fit turpe, quid utile, quid dulce, quid non.

Biographia Britannica ; second edition; with Corrcctions, Enlargements, and the

Addition of new Lives., By Andrew Kippis, P. D. #: K. S, and S. A.

Vol. V. l. 1156d. Folio. Robinsons, &c. THE importance of this work, whe: free from crrors, it were absurd to ex:

ther considered with respect to the pect; but from a pretty attentive peruintrinsic value of biographical science, lal of the present volume, we are ena: or as being a substantial monument of bled to say that these are few, and of a national worth and learning, has been trisial nature, and that it is upon

the long felt and acknowledged. If we whole a most valuable acccllion to our consider the magnitude of the undertak: biographical ftock. From the merit of ing, the difficulty of collecting the scat. the former volumes, and from the extered fragments

, the disetia membra, tenfiye reading, chiafte judgment, and of which Tuch a work must accessarily acknowledged candour of the Editor, be composed; the miss of information we were led to form expectations which which it is expected to contain, and the have not been disippointed; and alardent curiosity which it is expected to though it is not in our power, from the gratify; we thall not be of the number nature of our plan, to indulge in copious who complain that its progress is tardy, extracts from a work of this nature, and its completio; doubtful. In reviv. yet we trui wç ihall impart fomc fatit ing the memory of departed excellence, fuition to our readers from a sketch of our Editor has a duty to perform which its contents. others on whom the obligaticu lay lied The tives in this volume amount to viest, have neglected. He has to consult ninci - four, of which no lufs than FIFTY living authorities; to listen to tradition aro new; and about forly of the old which is often suspicious, a: heit various ones are greatly improved by the adeliand discordant, and which it requires tion of new remarks and anccdotcs. great judgment to compare and render The new lives are thorc of, Richard consistent. The relatives of learned D:Wes, critic; Thomas Day, poctical, men are seldom Icarned, feldom scntiblo political and miscellancous writer; L'aof their incrit, or able to recollcét what viel ic Foe, misecllancous writer; Dr. would do thein honour. Contempora: Patrick Delany, divine; Mrs. Delany, ries have perished with them, and it is uncommonly ingenious lady; Thomas not without intinite labour and antiduous Demptter, civilian and ccclcfiaftical attention, that memorials can be pro. hiftorian ; John Dennis, poet, political cured which are fic for the public cyc, writer and critic; John Theophilus Yet amidst tle difficulrics which en Delayuliers, divine and experimental cumber this work, after the lapse of a philosopher, John Digby, Earl of short interval, we are presented with Brittoli farefinan; George Digby, another volume of the Liographia Bri- do, do John James Dillenius, bo. iannica, in no respect inferior to any tanilt; Wentworth Dillon, Earl of of the former, either in the varic:y of Roscommon, poei; John Disney, mamatter, the copiousness of original com- gitt rite and divine; ilumphrey Dirton, munication, or the critical skill of iss ar. mathematician ; William Dobion, rangements. That such a work thould be printer; Dr. Doldridge, divine;

Robori

Robert Dodflcy, poetical, dramati. and the Rev. Francis Henry Egerton, tal and miscellaneous writer; John Prebendary of Durham. Dolben, prelate; Gawin Douglas, pre We shall now take a hasty survey of late and poet; William Drummond, a few of the new lives. poet; Andrew Colice Ducarel, anti That of Richard Dawes, the Greck quary; James Duchal;

divine ; Stephen critic, is principally compiled from BurDuck, poct; Richard Dukc, divine and gefs's preface to the second edition of poet; Williain Dunbar, poet; Daniel Dawes's Miscellanea Critica, with the Duncan; physicians William Duncan, help of other communications. Dawes's professor, and learned writer, William life is valuable to scholars, as exhibiting Duncombe, poetical and miscellaneous a man who, with great learning, and no writer ; John Duncombe; divine, poeti- small degree of fame, was a continual cal and miscellaneous writer; John sufferer from the untowardliness of his Duns Scotus, scholastic divine; David temper. Durell; divine : John Dyer, poet;

The life of Thomas Day is ably writ. John Eachard, divine and miscellane- ten by Dr. Kippis, partly from his own ous writer ; Lawrence Eachard, divine knowledge, and partly from materials and historian ; John Edwards, divinc ; furnished by Mrs.' Day and Mr. Thomas Edwards, critic and poctical Lowndes of the Temple. Mr. Day writer ; Gcorge Edwards, naturalist; possefed the çirtues of an independent Thomas Edwards, divine; Thomas spirit; and a pure and active beneroEgerton, Viscount Brackley, lord high lence, in an eminent degree; and there chancellor and statesman; Anthony are none of his publications which do Ellis, prelate; William Elftob; divine not reficct honour on his talents. He and artiquary; Elizabeth Elitob, anti- died, by a fall from his horse, in the full quary ; Thomas Emlyn, divine; John vigour of his genius; when much might Scotus Erigena, scholastic divine; St. have been expected from him. Charles Erremond, miscellaneous wri. The article of Daniel de Foc derives ter ; Edward Fairfax, poct; Sir Richard considerable atsistance from the life pub. Fanshaw, ambassadis and poet; Hugh lished lately by Mr. Chalmers. Valuable Farmer, disine; Thomas Farnaby, notes are here added, with such extracts grammarian ; Sir John Fastolff, warrior, from his works as are necessary to eluci. whose life concludes the volume. date his character and ascertain his me.

All of thele cannot be supposed of rits, both which are ably vindicated equal importance; the chief in point from the aspersions thrown out against of interesting history, and various in- them. Dr. Kippis observes, that the firmacion, are those of Day, De Foc, rapidity with which De Foé wrote, is Delany, the Digbys, Disney, Doddridge, por a little surprizing. The Doctor was Durrans, Egerton, Esremond, Fare informed by Dr. Campbell, that" De Foe mer, and Fattolti. The life of Dr. once wrote two twelve-penny pamphlets Doddridge was published separately; in one day, and pamphlets had not then and for its length in the prefent volume attained the ample margin, and the Dr. Kippis offers an apology, which, al- loole printing, of modern times." Dr. thaigh not neccffary, few will read K. is of opinion that Richardfon was without approbation.

formed on the model of De Foe. “Ri. The contributors in the work whore chardson feems to have learned from nam.cs appear in the preface, arc, Mrs. him that mode of delineating characters, Dav; Wiliam Lowndes, Esq. George and carrying on dialogues, and that miKcate, E84. C. Deves, Efq. Rev. Mr. nute discrimination of the circumstances Stedman, sicar of St. Chad's, Shrews of events in which De Foe eminently bury: John English Dolben, Elq. Mrs. excelled.--A careful perulal of the Dincombe of lanterbury; Anthony Family Instructor,' and the • ReliHighman, Flq. Dr. Gerard, profeffor gioas Courtthip;' would particularly ci divinity, King's college, Aberdeen; tend to thew the resemblance betweca Di. Edwards cf Cambridge; Rev. De Foe and Richardson.”' Pecer Emans ; Mr. Park of Piccadilly; The life of Dr. Delany, the intimate Dr. Difrey ; Mr. Nervion, of New frien?, and afterwards the vindicator of Ostrnd Splet; Dr. John Duncan, Duan Swift, is copious and interesting. rector of South Warmborough; Ed. The lovers of anicdote will not be dila

und Turnor, jun. Lifq. of Panton, pleated with the following instance of Lincolnshire; Richard Gough, Elg. D: Delmy's characteristic absence of

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