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in disgust, pretending to be more hurt tle better than a prosaic History of the at the indelicacy of his rival than at the Times.” failure of his own fucccss.
A similar charge has been often al. Francis's “ Conftantine" came out ledged against young authors, on acthe next year, and afforded a striking count perhaps of the facility with which contrast between art and nature. The it might be made. A Novice, if he Sebelar's Tragedy nearly failed, whilft has merit, creates envy, and persons the Bricklayer's met with universal ap- pofTeffed of this quality find their in. plause. It was brought out in the best terest in attempting to crush a rival in part of the season, January, and was embryo. A Novice likewisc, gene, played fifteen nights to very great rally Ipeaking, has not many friends to houles, and his benefits were supposed defend him; nor is he himself dexterous to bring him in no less than five hundred enough to repel the arts, the intrigues, pounds-a lum, considering the state of and the infinuations of the many ;-he the theatre and audience in those days, beside all this cannot be compared with which was almost unprecedented. himself; fo that there are various af
The merits of this Tragedy were much failable places about him, which envy cried up at that time, the public had is quick-fighted enough to see and to been long taught to expect it; and as
attack. the Author had already published a Speaking of this as a general ques. book of Poems, wherein some of the tion, and we speak upon Tomc experifirst names in both kingdoms appeared ence, we believe it is not once in twenty. as Subscribers, and as he was likewise tines that an author rises into any dewell-known to be protected and en gree of fame by another man's labours, couraged by so great a judge and patron and by his permillion. Fame is no só of the Muses as Lord Chesterfield, ex easily acquired, and when acquired not pećtation ran high. This expectation so easily parted with, as to form the iras further confirmed by overflowing common commerce of friendship ; the audiences, as John Bull found some receiver of fame too, from the inequathing fo congenial in the ground-filor lity of talents, must soon be discovered, pretensions of an humble Bricklayer, and when discovered, his pretensions that he very freely gave him his praise are at an end. The charge in the and protecion.
course of time has been made against Banks had written upon this subject many, and yet no one instance, we bebefore, and Brookes followed in 1961. lieve, has appeared, that any great work The former scems to have more pathos has been claimed by any but the origithan Jones, and Brookes's, upon the nal author : so that we are pretty lafc whole, appears to be written with more in giving credit to any man who pub. powers of poetry. Bu: Joncs,' by licly signs his name to a work, except catching at the popular character of the he has already thewn himself incoinEarl of Essex, and introducing those petent to sucli credit for speaking truth incidents which led to the fall of that on that occasion. unhappy Nobleman, renders it more an Upon the question at isfuc, Whether Englifb story, and being thus rendered Jones was the author of the Earl of more intelligible and congenial to an Ellex? there is all the internal cridence English mini, it alone keeps poflellion of its being a fact. There is nothing of the Stage to this day,
in the writing of that Tragedy that Whilft the public gave him praise, may not be archieved by the author of critical envy was not filent. To be a the Poems which were already published favourite of the Muses in itseif was a in his name, and universally acknowstimulus to ill-nature; but for a low ledged to be his. He had previously mechanic to woo such mistresses wa shewn his Tragedy, piece-meal, to insufferable:-hence, amongst other re many of his friends, and has been known fieations upon our new Dramatist, it to make several alterations during the was said, “ the Tragedy was not his Rehearsal on the spot. Jones frcely own of at least he was so far aftified confelled the few alterations whicha by his noble patron, as to leave him Lord Chefterfield fuggefted, which little or no merit ; that they could cvi. were in the too great fainiliarity of landently see the liníry--woolley Thoot itfelf guage in some paisages, and one in par. with the filk; and that hough foine iicular, of changing the pirate, passages were poctical, others were lite House is up," to the Senate is re
fl'ed.” But, except these, and some tings;" and Mr.Cooper, who was in. arrangements of the scenes suggested by terested to know this fact more than Colley Cibber, we subscribe to Jones's others, attended the Theatre on the repeated declaracions, “ that the Tra- first night's representation for that puro gedy was entirely his own."
pose. But whatever “ The Battle of Indeed, if any doubt could arise Hastings" was like, it was not like upon this subjcct, it must have been Jones's “ Harold ;” and this Mr. Cove long since cleared up by his two subse. per was so sensible of, that to atone quent Tragedies,
'“ 'Harold," and for his own suggestions on that head, as The Cave of Idra." This last was well as to do every degree of justice to brought upon the Stage fome years af. Mr. Cumberland,
he published the fole ter Jones's death, by his old friend and lowing Letter in The General Advere brother adventurer Dr. Paul Hiffernan, riser. under the title of " The Heroine of the Cave," and though it was left in To the EDITOR of The GENERAL an unfinished fate by the author, evi.
ADVERTISER, dently shewed a species of writing equal SIR, to" The Earl of Exex."
“ Having heard several Gentlemen. OF “ Haroid," we believe it is now not only in the Theatre, but in private entirely lost to the world. Jones used company, question whether Mr. Cum. to speak of this as his chef-d'auvre, berland is the author of the Tragedy and we remember to have heard Dr. now playing, called “ The Battle of Hiffernan repeat some passages of it Hastings," and declaring it to be an that were very poctical, both in point alteration of a Tragedy written by the of sentiment and power of language. late Mr. Jones (author of the Earl of It was never brough: "pon the Stage, Eflex), called "Harold;" I beg leare, or published, therefore to fa". vhat is through the channel of your Paper, to become of it now, must entirely be relate a few circumstances, which may conjecture. The late Mr. Reddith, of tend to clear all doubrs upon that fubje&t. Drury-lane, poffefiled himself of all “ Some years ago Mr. Jones brought Jones's Manuscripts, and by this ob. me a Tragedy called “Harold," which tained “ The Cave of Idra," which was to have been my property, upon Hiffernan, as we have already said, ex terms then agreed on between us. It rended to Five A&ts, and brought out remained in my hands for fome months, for Reddish's Benefit. “Harold," in and I read it twice with great attention. all probability, was amongst the num. After this Mr. Jones called on me again, per of these papers, and perhaps in- and left with me two books of a poem tended for foine future Benefit , but he was writing, called “ Kew Garthe subsequent insanity of Reddith de. dens," which I also agreed to purchase. ranged all this, and perhaps consigned At this time he requested me to lend • Harold" to the flames, or impenetra. him the Tragedy, that he might fhcw ble obfcurity,
it to a friend. I did so, and this reThat Jones had been playing what quest was in a few days followed by a gamblers call the best of the game" second for the poem, which I likewise with the Booksellers, relative to this complied with, but from that day never Tragedy, is pretty evident, as he ob. saw the author or his works. cained some money on it from Mr. “ Upon the first representation of Cooper the printer, and perhaps froin “ The Battle of Hastings”. I went to see others; but such is the impolicy of it, I own on purpofe to prove whether knaves, that in cheating their friends it was a new piece, or an alteration they cheat themselves. Had Jones from that for which I had paid a confimeint honcftly to have brought this deration. As many passages in Mr. Play forward, the probability was, that Jones's Harold are perfect in my inemo. he could have redeemed what he bor. ry, and I muft immediately have known rowed on it, and put a considerable fun them, I think it but common justice to in his own pocket; but he chofe to make Mr. Cumberland to declare, that his it an engine of deceit, and thus sacrificed Play does not bear the least resemblance his interest and reputation.
to Mr. Jones's in any one Scene. Some Critics thought they got scent
" I am, Sir, of " Harold," when it was known that “ Your very humble Servant, Mr.Cumberland was bringing out his
“Jo. COOPER." Iragedy called “ The Bacile of Har [ To be concluded 14. 94 next. )
AN ACCOUNT OF ARCHIBALD BOWER.
[ Concluded from Page 211. ] IN the same year, 1751,Mr. Bower pub- the late Lives of the Popes. In Letters
lished by way of Tupplement to his from a Gentleman to a Friend in the Second Volume, seventeen heets, which Country, 8vo." and written, as Mr. were delivered to his subscribers gratis ; Bower asserted, by a Popish Prieft, and abour the latter end of 1753 he pro- Butler, one of the most active and duced a third volume, which brought dangerous cmissaries of Rome in this down his History to the death of Pope kingdom f. Stephen, in 757.
His correspondence with the Jesuits His constant friend, Mr. Lyttelton, at last came to light, and falling into at this time become a Baronet, in April the hands of a perion who possessed 1754 appointed him Clerk of the Buck both the fagacit to discover, and the Warrants, instead of Henry Read, Esq. industry to pursue and drag to public who held that place under the Earl of notice the practices of our Historian, Lincoln. This office was probably of the warfare began in the year 1756, and. Do great cmolument. His appointment ended in the total disgrace of Mr. to it, however, serves to fhew the credit Bower. After a careful perufal of the he was in with his patron*. On this controverly, a list of which is added to occasion the following lines appeared in this account, we are compelled to be. the daily papers :
lieve that our Author (who, lhocking as
it may be to obfcrve, made an affidavit, From Romish fafting, penance, and denying the authenticity of letters we belief,
think fully proved) was clearly conBower Aed to English liberty and beef; victed of the material charges alledged With most unrighteous appetite and againīt him. He repelled the attack, palate,
on him with great Hc left' his brethren to their fih and spirit, and continued to affort his inno
cence, and to charge his enemics with From Rome to Lyttelton sransfers his foul practices, long after his Hifory of hopes,
the Popes, as well as his own veracity, And now he cuts up venison and the had fallen into contempt. We find, Popes.
in the courte of this controverly he
ran some hazard of being brought on It was in this year the first serious the Srage by Mr. Garrick, ci account attack was made upon him on accrunt of the manner in which he mentioned of his History of the Popes, in a pam- that inimitable a&or and his lady in one phlet printed at Douay, entitled, of his works I. h Reniarks on the Two First Volumes of From this period his whole time seems
• See also in Lord Lyttelton's Works, Vol. III. p. 331, two Letters to Mr. Bower de. fcribing a journey into Wales. + Answer to A Scurrilous Pamphlet, p 43.
This was in his “ Summary View of the Controversy between the Papifts and the Author," 460. p. 268. wherein after taking notice of an observation of his antagonist, chaq he had not ventured of late to visit the Gentleman and Lady mentioned in one of the pamphlets published against him, he replies, “ Now, that foreigners, and they who live at a distance from London, may not ihink that I Jare no: Mew my face at the house of any real Gentleman or real Lady where I was once honoured with admittance, I beg leave to inform them who the Gentleman and Lady are. The Gentleman, then, is Mr. Garrick, an actor who now afts upon the Scage. The Lady is his wife, Mrs. Garrick, alias Violetti, who within these few years danced upon the Stage. To do them justice, they are both eminent in their way. The Gentleman, though no Roscius, is as well-known and admired for his acting as the Lady for her dancing; and the Lady was as well known and admired for her dancing as the Gentleman is for his acting, and they are in that sense par nobile." “ This contemptuous notice," as Mr. Davies observes, “alarmed the spiriis and fired the resentment of our Manager ; he decermined to make an example of the Impodor, and to bring his character upon the Stage. But as Lord Lyueltın had honoured him with his friendship, and his Lord hip had, not with Nanding all that had been said and written against Bower, concioucá countenance and proced him, he thought it an act of decency to ac.
to hav: been spent in incffe Etual attacks not contain, as might be expected, any upon his enemies, and equally vain declaration of his religious principles * efforts to recover the reputation of him- he bequeathed all his property to his self and his History of the Popes, wife, who, some time after his death, which points he pursued with great attefted his having died in the Protcriank spirit, confidering the age to which he Faithf. had then attained. Before the contro The following is a list of the pieces verly had ended he published his Fourth publiflcd in coniequence of the History Volume, and in 757 en abridgment of of the Popes: the firft four volunies of his work was 1. A Dialogue between Archibald published in French at Amterdam. and Timothy; or, Some Observations In 1761 he seems to have affitted the upon the Dedication and Preface to the Author of " Authentic Memoirs con Ilifory of the Popes, &c. 8vo. 1748. cerning the Portuguese Inquifition, in 2. A Faithfri Account of Mr. A. a Scries of Letters to a friend," 8vo. B-r's Moires for leaving his Office of and about the same time produced the Secretary, &c. Svo. 1750. Fifth Volume of his litory of the 3. Rimarks on the Two Firm Popes. To this volume he annexed A Tolumes of thic late Lives of the Popes. Sunimary View of the Controversy la Letres from a Gentleman to a between himself and thic l'apists, in 180. Friend in the Country. Douay. Ero. pages; a perforirance which, frein
1754. thic virulence of his abu's, was more Six Letters from AdB-calculated to impress the reader wnin to Father Sheldon, Provincial of the the conviction of his guilt, than Jefuits in Eogland. Jllustrated with to afford any satisfaction of his innon several remarkable Facts, tending to
ascertain the Authenticity of the said Whether the regleet of the work by Letters, and the truc Character of the the public, or his age, or deelining Writer. Svo. 1756. abilities, or to whatever other cause it 5. Mr. Archibald Bower's Affidavit is to be afcribed, the remainder of his in Antuer to clic falle Accufariors Hifiory did not make its appearance brought against him by the Papilts, &c. until juft before the Author's death,
Svo. 57;6. when the Sixth and Seventh Volumes 6. Bower vindicated from the were published together, and there in false Insinuations and Ascusations of the fo haity and slovenly a manner, that Papitts. With a short Account of his the whole period from 1600 to 1758 was Character, &c. . By a Country Neighcompreher.ded in twenty-fix pares.- bour. 1736. He died on the ad September 1966, at Mr. Borrer's Answer to a fourthe age of 80 ye::rs. By his will, made rilous Pamphlet entitled “ Six Letters, on the ist of August 1749, which does
&c.” Part I. 8vo, 1737.
quaint his LordMip with his intention. Mr. Garrick read his own letter to me, as well as his fordship's answer. Tlie for it contained complaints of Bower's ill-behaviour to Mra Garı ick; his resolution in a Farce, with a short outline of it, in which Bower was to he introduced ro che siage as a mock convert, and to be thewn in a variety of atlitudies, in which tom prcfligacy of his character vias to be exportd. However, be submitted the matter to his Lorchis, ard declared, that he hould not proceed a itep in his intended resentment without his permifiion. The answer, 1 remember perfectly well, was comprised in very conde'cerding and police terms: but, at the same time, he declined the countenancing an attempt which would be arrended, perhaps, with some little uneasia nefs to himsell. He exprefled bimrelf in the most obliging and friendly terms to Mr. Garrick, atid as far as I can recoilett, recon:nieuded ihe fuppelling his intended chastise. ment of Power." Life of Garrick, Vol. 1. p. 272. Mr. Davies adds, that “ Mr. Garrick, in corsquerce of Lord Lystiedon's ieint, gave up all further thoughts of introducing Bower to the public."
This is the more remarkable, as it was very much the practice of the times, and as from the peculiarity of Mr. Tower's situation it seems to have becos particularly incumbent on him, on that folemn occas!:, to have given the world that fatisfaction.“ In his " Answer to Bower ina Tillemont Compared," p. 3, he says lie was married 20: Auguit 1749. From the dite of his will is appears he was married earlier than Auguit.
+ This we remember to have seen, if we can trust to our memory, in the London Chronicle. Could we obtain a copy of this certificate, we short think ourselves bound, 1.on principles of cancera in partiality, to give it to our Readers,