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Sixteen Sermons on various Subjects and Occasions. By George Horne, D. D.

late Bishop of Norwich. Now first collected into one Volume Oétavo. 65€ Robinsons.

(Concluded from Vol. XXIV. Page 440.) SERMON XII. has for its title, “ The minds of the poor, the following anec.

Character of truc Wisdom, and the dote is related, taken from Davies's Life means of obtaining it,” on Prov. iv. 7. of Garrick:A servant, who had made “Wisdom is the principal thing, there. the improvement that might be expected fore get wisdom ; and with all thy get- from hearing the irreligious and blafphe-ting, get understanding.” This was

mous conversation continually pafSng at preached before the Society of Gentle. the table where it was his place to wait; men educated in the King's School, took an opportunity to rob his master: Canterbury, Aug. 26, 1784.

Being apprehended, and urged to give The value of learning is well appre. a reason for his infamous behaviour, ciated in this fermon, and the learned “ Sir," said he, “ I had heard

you so preacher, in discussing the subject, which often talk of the impoflibility of a fuhe was so well qualified to manage, takes ture state, and that after death there, occasion to throw out not only fome just was no reward for virtue, nor punithand poignant remarks against visionary ment for vice, that I was tempted to writers on education, particularly the commit the robbery.” “Well, bur," reingenious but whimsical Rouffeau, but plied the master, had you no fear of allo to make some novel and very ex

that death which the laws of your councellent obfervations on the methods of try inflict upon the crime?""«Sir"re. acquiring learning.

joined the servant, looking sternly at Speaking of the fashionable mode of his master, “What is that to you, if I instruction recommended by Lord Chef. had a mind to venture that? You had terfield, consisting in “ Travels and a

removed my greatest terrors why Knowledge of the World,” Dr. Horne Should I fear the less :” The master is obferves well and smartly, “To know said to have been the late ingenious Mr. the world is doubtless expedient, in Mallet, the confidential friend of Lord Some circumstances necessary; but a man Bolingbroke. lhould know many other things before

Sermon XIV. is upon “ the duty of he enters upon that study, or he will do contending for the faith," preached ac well not to enter upon it at all. Let the primary visitation of the present him lay in a stock, and that no mode. Archbishop of Canterbury, at the Cathe rate one, of useful learning and found. dral there, July 1, 1786. Text; Jude v. principles,ere he set out upon his travels, verse 1. “ Beloved, when I

gave er he will be little better for having ligence to write unto you of the com. seen the world, though the world may

mon salvation, it was needful for me to be somewhat the merrier for having write unto you, and exhort you, that seen him. If he go out an ignoramus, you should contend carneftly for the he will come home a profligate, with

faith once delivered unto the saints." the athtist ingrafted upon the block. In Thewing the necellity of this conhead. As to the business of the Graces-- tention, the learned preacher well ex. before the glofs can be given, a sub- plains what the faith is which is so to stance must be prepared to receive it; be contended for, and dwells particuand solid bodies take the brightest po- larly upon the subject of the Trinity: linh.”

He adverts to the ficuation of the Church The advantages attending a turn for of England, and feeling alarmed at the literary pursuits are frongly laid down, increase of Socinianism, urges strongly and the exhortation to such a course is a spirit of zeal, especially on the Clergy, close and perfuafive.

in behalf of the ancient Eftablishment. Sermon XIII. is on the institution of In expressing the manner in which this Sunday Schools, preached at St. Al contention is to be carried on, he obphage, Canterbury, on Psalm xxxiv. 11. serves juftly; that " it must not be by

Come, ye children, hcarken unto me: pains and penalties," but as “ the faith I will teach you the fear of the Lrrd.” is apoftolical, the contention should be so

In this fermon every thing is said on likewise. The weapons of cur warfare the subjed, and that too in the author's must be fcripture and history, reason elegant and pathetic manner. To thew and argument." The rules for conthe neceflity of inculcating religious ducting a religious controverfy that fol. principles early and constantly on the low in this admirable discourse ought Vol. XXV:


all di

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carefully to be attended to by every needless, because, if we have divine at person who ventures into that kind of thority for the fact, it fufficeth; ibat is contention and the exhoriation to the al! wc are concerned to know : fruitclergy to improve themselves in the less, because it is a disputation without learning necellary to their profesion ideas : after a long, tedious, intricate, deserves their closest perusal and at and perplexed controversy, we ind our tention.

selves-juit where we were totally in The Fifteenth Sermon is on the doc the dark. Such has been the case retrine of the Trinity,” from Matt. xxviii. specting this and other questions. God 19. " Go ye, therefore, and teach all is plcased to reveal the fact ; man inDatieons, baptizing them in the name of fift, upon apprehending the mode; in the Father, and of the Son, and of the his present state he cannot apprehend Holy Ghoft."

it ; "he therefore donies the fact, and In this discourse the scripture evi commences unbeliever.” hence's for this doctrine are well ad The last sermon was preached beduced, and placed in a forcible point of fore the Governors of the inftitution for view. The following remark on the the delivery of poor married women at phraseology of his text is striking: "The their own habitations, March 30, 1788. circumftance of the form running in the Text i. John is. 11. “If God so loved NAME--not Names, but in the fingular us, we ought also to love one another.' number, Name of the Father, and of The redemption of mankind, resultthe Son, and of the Holy Ghost, might ing from the free grace of God, is ar. and did in the strongest manner intiinate tainly the strongest motive that can be that the authority of all the Three was urged upon Chriftians to exercise love the same, their power equal, their per and benevolence towards their distressed fons undivided, and their glory one. brethren. This is set in a forcible point

Having observed in the Termon itielf, of view in this pleating discourse. "The ** that in a great number of instances, institution on which account it was the very same things are faid in differe preached, is strongly recommended to tnt places of scripture of all the three gencral support, and in the author's divine persons, and the very fame actions , usual clegant ftile of persuasive tenderalcribed to them ;--therefore, these ness. three weră, are, and will be one God, Having been thus copious in our refrom everlasting to everlasting ;"-our port of this excellent collection of ferauthor fub oins the following pertinent mons, we shall trespass no longer on our : and very judicious note : "Suich being readers than to say, that in the perufal

the fact, all manner of disputation con of Bishop Horne's writings they will ale cerning the manner of the distinction, ways find entertaininent and instructhe manner of the union, the manner of tion. the generation, and the manner of the

W. procession, is needlets and fruitlets: Historical Views of Devonshire. In Five Volumes. Vol. I. large OEtavo. By Mr. Polwhele, of Polwhele, in Cornwall. ros. 6d. Cadell.

(Continued from Vol. XXIV. Page 363.) T HE subject of Mr. Polwhele's were celebrated," says Mr. Polwhele,

Third Section is “che Religion of “feems to be the next enquiry; and Danmonium in the British period." it appears, that they were, for the moft Here it must be owned, that he derives part, celebrated in the midst of groves. great support to his hypothesis of the The mysterious filence of an anciens Eastern origin of the Danmonians. wood diffuses even a shade of horror Druidism undoubtedly bears a strong over minds that are yet superior to furesemblance to the religion of Asia. perstitious credulity. The majestic This afinity is Atrikingly delineated gloom, therefore, of their confecrated by our ingenious hiftorian in a correct oaks must have impressed the less inpiew of every part of the Druidical formed multitude with every sensation of religion, their systematic thcology, awe that might be necessary to the supcheir popular superstitions, and their port of their religion, and the dignity

, myftical rites.

"In what confecrated of the priesthood. The religious wood mlace or temples thicle religious riscs was generally fituated on the top of a


hill or a mountain, where the Druids Danmonian city must immediately sug. Crected their fanes and their altars.- gest the idea of the originul Exeter, The temple was feldom any other than even to those who have never seen the

a rude circle of rock perpendicularly, modern. But, whoever has visited the · raised. An artificial pile of large flat modern Exeter, muit instantly recog

fone, in general, composed the altar; nize it in the Karnbre coin. licxhibits and the whole religious mountain was a very good ground-plot of Exeter. usually enclosed by a low mound, to We have here the Fore-ftreet, froin prevent the intrulion of the profane. Eaft to West, running through the city Among the primeval people of the Eart, in straight lines. And there is a wonaltars were inclosed by groves of trees; derfui accuracy in the plan. The Foreand thefe groves consisted of plantations itrect does not pass through the centre ef cat. Abram passed through the land of it, but the larger part of the plot onto the place of Sichem, unto the oak lies to the South, and the smaller ieg. of Moreh ; and the Lord appeared unto ment to the North; which is precisely Abram; and there he builded an altar true of the ciry of Exeter. Surely this unto the Lord, who appeared unto him was not a random plot of some British beside the oak of Moreh."

town. Though, poilibly, the other Mr. Polwhele combats with dexterityttreets that interfeci it may not bearex. and success the arguments that have amination, as compared with the prebeen urged by some eminent antiqua- fent Excter, yet it lufficiently reicmules rians for the mere European origin of the modern city to be received as an enDruidism, particularly those of that ref. graving of the ancient. What thould pectable writer Dr. Borlafe.

rather excite our admiration is, that The Fourth Section comprises “ A this engraving thould be 10 similar to View of the Civil, Military, and Re- the present Exctcr, allowing for the ligious Architecture of Danmonium." alterations in the Itreets and buildings

Though the antients have left us but in fuch a course of time. That this is Tery vague and imperfect accounts of the ichnography of the British Exeter, the British habitacions, yet our author is certainly a new discovery, ans, on has carefully gathered all that could be account of its novelty, will be regarded found on the subject, and placed the at leaft with a fufpicious' eye. But if whole in a pleasing and striking point of the coin on which it is found be British, view. In order to prove, that the which Borlale has clearly proved, ic is, Danmonians had some tolerable taste in assuredly, the ichnography of a British architecture, Mr. Polwhele has ven- ciry. And, if it represent a British tured to hazard one conjecture, which city, has not Excter, for the reasons I will appear to many to be a bold one. have stated, the best claim to be conFor our parts, however, we are picased fidered as its archetype : de all events, with the ingenuity and the decisiveness it corroborates our argument in favour of it. In 1749 was found a British of the British Architecture. It not gold coin at Karnbre, in this county, on only corroborates our argument, but it which is engraved the plan of a city. decides upon the point with the most A view and description of it is to be happy precision. It dissipates from our found in Borlase's Antiquities of Corn- minds every doubt of the British skill wall, where it is said, that the coin in building, whilst it exhibits a larg " has several parallel lincs fashioned city with one grand street Etretching into squares, looking like the plan of a through the length ut it, and a variety pewn; of which the streets cross nearly of interior streets palling in different at right angles, and the whole is cut directions through the whole. After by one straight and wider Atreet than all this disquisition, we may safely, I the reft.” Mr. Polwhele observes, “I think, conclude, that the Ijca Danmoam rather surprized that Dr. Borlate

no mean fortress in the fhould have thus remarked upon the woods, but a metropolis of the Western ground-plot of his city, without ven. kingdom, well worthy the oriental 3etaring to conjecture what city it was. nius.' The gold coin on which this plan is The civil architecture of the Bri. exhibited, is evidently a coin of the tons having thus been placed in a Britons. li represents a British city; more respectable light than it has geand it was found in Dannonium. Is it nerally been considered, their military not natural to suppose then, that this must proportionably rise in esteem. was a city of Danmonium, and pro. Mr. Polwhele is diffuse in his view of bably the metropolis ? This plan of the the British fortifications, but be is mucha


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more so on their religious architecture. transverse, and diagonally inclined In tracing the vestiges of Druidism, he against each other ; in short, in every considers them in the following order: form possible to be conceived; threaten. the Rock Idol--ibe Lagan Stone - tbe Rock ing, however, every moment to be reBalon-the single Stone Pillar-two, leased from their contiguity to one ano. bree, or more Stone Pillars- Circular ther, and to precipitate themselves into Stone Pillars- In cribed Stone Pillars the valley or the depth of waters. On and the Cromlech.' The Orientals, we the left side, one only rock attracted know, were strongly devoted to the my notice. This projected boldly from wor thip of stone deities, and the Druids the inclining steep, and thrusting itself profesied to believe, that rocky places forward, braved the cold blasts of the were the favourite abodes of their divi. Severn sea with its broad perpendicular nities. This similarity is so striking, front. chequered with creeping ivy, as to prove a wonderful support to Mr. and teinted with variegated moss. The Polwhele's hypothesis of the origin of yalley lost itself rapidly on either side the Danmonians. Pevonshire abounds the conical mountain in the sea.. Bewith such remains of Druidical worship, yond it, the cliffs rose higherand higher, and our historian has given a full and upright from the waters--towards the pleafing description of the most con interior country cloathed with wood, fiderable of them. That which appears which, though at a distance, formed a the most remarkable of these, is the pleasing and Itriking contrast with the Valley of Stones, in the vicinity of scenery on this side, which had nothing Exmoor. “ This is so awfully magni- of the picturesque in it, but comprised ficent, that we need not hesitate," saye every thing that was wild, grand, and Mr. P. “ in pronouncing it to have terrific,' We have given these acbeen the favourite residence of Druid counts of this wonderful scene, because ifm. And the country around it is pe, we have ourselves been uncommonly çuliarly wild and romantic. This valley pleased in the view of it, and because is about half a mile in length, and, in we believe it to be less known than if general, about three hundred feet in deserves. breadth, situated between two hills, Among the rude stone monuments of covered with an immense quantity the Druids, the Logan, or Rocking of stones, and terminated by rock's Stone, is very remarkable. There are a which rise to a great height, and pre- number of these in Devon fhire. The sent a prospect uncommonly grotesque. following account of one of these, and At an opening between the rocks, to its surrounding scenery shall suffice : wards the clofe of the valley, there is “ In the parish of Prewsteignton, ung à noble view of the British Channel and der Piddledown, and in the channel of the Welsh coast. The scenery of the the Teign, is a Druidical monument of whole country, in the neighbourhood this description. The Moving Rock iş of this curious valley, is wonderfully thus poised upon another mass of stone, striking.”. A further, and more par. which is deep grounded in the bed of {icular description of this romantic spot the river: it is uncqually fided, of great is thus given by a correspondent who fize, at some parts lix, at others leven lately visited it : " At the lower end, feet iu height, and

at the West end ten, where the valley of stones was the From its Weft to East poipts, it may be wideft, about four hundred feet in the in length about eighteen feet. It is middle (as it were stopping up the val. flattest on the top. It seems to touch Icy), arose a vast bulivark of rocks, the stone below in no less than three or rier upon tier, like some gigantic build- four places ; but, probably, it is the ing in part demolished, and the stones gravel which the floods have left be: that composed it flung across each other tween that causes this appearance. I in the wildest confusion-a mass more easily rocked it with onc hand; but its fude and cnormous than any I had yet quantity of motion did nof excced one observed. More than half of the val. inch, if so mạch. The equipoisc, how, ley was fhut from the sea by its broad ever, was more perceptible a few years base, which tapering by degrecs, closed since; and it was, probably, balanced at its apex in a conical form. The with such nicety in former times, as imagination would be at a loss to figure to move with the flightest touch. It is a ruder congeries than was here beheld. remarkable that the surface of the Rocks piled upon rocks at one time in lower stone is somewhat sloping, so that equal and rough layers ; at another, it should seem easy to love off the upper


tone; but the united efforts of a num- long and four feet wide, in the form of þer of men who endeavoured to displace a stone cheft or cell. The Cromlech is it, had not the smallest effect. Both the either placed on the common level of ftones are granite, which is thick strewn the ground, or mounted on a barrow, or in the channel of the river, and over all raised amidst a circle of pillars. Its the adjacent country. It seems to have situation is generally on the summit of been the work of nature. Shall we a hill.” The word Cromlech signifies, suppose that it has sublisted from the according to the same authority, the beginning; or that the upper stone fell crooked stone ; the upper stone being ge. from the rocks of the adjoining ftecp; nerally of a convex or swelling surface, or was left here by the Deluge?" and resting in an inclined plane or crook.

“ The scenery around the Drewf. ed position. Various conjectures, and teignton Logan Stone has an uncom- some of them very wild cnes, have been pon grandeur. The path that leads to formed respecting the use of the Cromit by the margin of the river Teign, lech, but that which is here adopted, is winds along, beneath the precipitous certainly the just one, that it is a sepul hill of Piddledown. This hill rises chral monument. majestically high, to the North : and, This Section is concluded with a difat the greateft distance, is seen a chan- quisition upon Barrows, of which there pel, like a ftream work, evidently are many in this county. At the close, formed by the floods, which have wash- on mentioning the name of the late reed down, in many places, the natural spected and ingenious Badcock, our eye soil into the river, and left it bare and was pained at observing the following rocky, or sandy. On the other side of note : the Teign, and opposite to this hill, the “ Long before his (i. e. Badcock's) richness of Whiddon-park forms a death,” lays Mr. Polwhcle," his litebeautiful contrast with these craggy de- rary pursuits had been often interrupt. clivities. Such is this Druidical scenery, ed by a dreadful indisposition. Heaven which inspires even the cultivated mind knows, that, at this moment, I am but with a sort of religious terror. We too sensible of what his sufferings mult need not wonder then that the ignorant have been! The ill-health of my premultitude were struck with astonish. deceffor, I fear, was entailed on me ment at the fearful magnificence of with the History! There seems to be a every object, whether they turned their fatality in the attempt.-Not to mention eyes up to the fcep where the rocks the imperfcct works of Sir W. Pole, frowned over them, or whether they of Westcote, or of Risdon ; Milles, and looked onward through the valley, Chapple, and Badcock, have either where foamed the waters of the Teign; fallen victims to the History of Devon, face, to the vulgar, every rock was a or died in the midst of their labours ! It god, or the residence of some fpiritual was this idea which chiefly induced me intelligence, and even the gloom it ihed to print my Collections for the Gene was facred since the river was the ha- ral History in the present form, without bitation of Genii, by whose agency its loss of time. If I'drop before the com. .Waters were restrained within its banks, pletion of this work, the public will or burst forth to deluge the country. here possess a variety of useful notices; Amidt such a scene, therefore, the which, from the multiplicity of my pa. Logan Stone, which doubtless acquired pers, their diłorder in numerous ina more than common degree of sanctity. Itances (to any other eye than mine), from its position in the very channel of the endless diversity of the MS. and the river, must have been an admirable the difficulty of decyphering a great fugice of pricftcraft, and have operated part of it, and from many other circum. on the multitude precisely as the Druids Itances, no writer fucceeding me could wilhed,”

possibly bring forward : they are notices A oumber of pages is devoted to a which in this case would be inevitably description of the Cromlech, “ which is, loft." according to Borlase, “ a large gibbous We are of opinion that the public are kone, nearly in an horizontal position, under obligations to Mr. Polühele for fupported by other fiat stones, fixed on taking such a prudent course ; and we their edges, and fastened in the ground. fincerely hope that he will see the peThe number of the supporters is feldom riod of his historical labours with a more than three. The supporters com- rich satisfaction: we are decided that monly mark out an arca about fix fçet it is the interest of the public at large,

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