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and particularly the inhabitants of of this well-written and entertaining Devonjhire, to join heartily with us in volume to our next Review. this with.

W. We mult, of neceility, defer our

(To be continued.) consideration of the l'eniaining contents The Origin of Arianilin disclosed. By John Whitaker, B. D. Rector of Ryan

Lany horne, Curnwall. 8vo. Stockdale.

( Continued from Vol. XIV. Page 2-8. ) THE Third Chapter of this truly cla even the higher honour of being an

borate work is divided into three instrument in the hands of Providence feciwns. In the first Mr. Whitaker for publithing the Jewish revelation to till keeps hold on his favourite au the kingdoms of the carth. He lived, thority Philo, r.or will he let him de- therefore, about two hundred and eighty part tiil he has drawn from him all that years before our Saviour, about eighty can be corained in proof of this impor- before Polyhistor, and about fix hundred tant point of theology. Under the before Eusebius. full persuasion that Philo was the au This writer gives

pretty clear acs thor of the apocryphal Book of Wif. count the listory of the l'atriarchs, dom (and it must be owned that strong and the appearances of the Angel of evidences are brought forward in sup- God unto them, which Augel he Yome. port of his title to it), Mr. Whitaker times calls expressly God; and this shows adduces from ir many and weighty evidently that the ancient Jews looked proats of the belief of the early Jewish upon the Logos as the God of their Church in the divinity of the Logos, or nation, and of their fathers. But what their expected Melliah. In the fecond strikes us as most curious in this colfećtion fome other apocryphal writings le&tion are Demetrius's quotations from of the Jews are considered as concur one Ezekiel, a Jewith dramatic author. ring in eyidence of the fame belief. “ He was,'' as Mr. Whitaker remarks, But the last section will afford the most “ the only play-wright I think that pleasure to the reader, in which we we have in all the history of the Jews." have teftimonics brought from a quar• But his plays were merely such spiritual ter little capected, and obfervations as dramas as were formerly common in our novel as they are pertinent and in. own country, and are lo still in other genious.

regions of Christendom. Ofluch, that In that valuable performance the mott religious of all our old poets, “ Preparatio Evangelica” of Eutebius, Milton, appears from some loose are a few fragments of historical com sketches ftill preserved in his own mentaries made by one Alexander, con hand-writing, to have formed several cerning the events of the Jewish plans. His “ Paradise Lost," it is well annals, and which, from their multi known, was originally modelled for a plicity, gave him the appellation of tragedy; and the address of Satan to Polyhistor in antiquitv. Nothing re the Sun was the opening of it. But mains of this indulirious compiler, but Ezekiel had formed, like Shakespeare, what the above work of our ecclefiafti. a train of plays upon a succession of cal historian affords. "On such a

pre

evenis in the history of his country, tarious tenure," obferves Mr. W. ' do It began with the migration of Jacob authors hold their existence in this to Juleph in Egypt; and pursued the world of diffolution, unless there be courie of facts, till the narrative of a a fare of renovation for thors as for family swelled out into the hiftory of men, aniibe uleful and virtuous are to a nation. He then wrote one tragedy be rescued froen ene violence of time, upon the departure of Joseph out of and their writings to come forth avaia Egypt, and denominated it cxywyn, in a form as immorrai as their readers !" or, the Edullion. In this play Ezchiel

Polyniilor produces the evidences of notices, of course, that introductory many heathens on the subject of the incident to all the greater events of Jewish history, but the most remarkable Moies's lifc, the appearance of the is that of Demetrius Phalereus, who glory in the burning buih. Philo has gained himself fo inuch honour by his already intimated the glory to be that Forernment of Athens; and who had' or the Logrys. But Ezekiil expresses

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the fentiment in terms. And Deme. into a tragedy, howerer religious in its trius gives a divinity to this Lugos, in design, and however contormable to some occational notices which he has holy hittory in fact, would be considerderived from Ezekiel, and attached to ed as licentious profaneness by many of the margin. “ But concerning the the lerious, and as fanctitied impertiburning buih,” says Demetrius, " and nence by all the giddy. We do not the million of Mofcs to Pharaoh, Eze- love to mingle our religion witla kiel again introduces, by turns, Noles our amusements ; and

feem holding a dial gue with God. Molts desirous to keep the former fra says:

queltered from all the gaicrice of life, “Stop! what is this appearance from and reserved for the foletunities of rethe bush?

collection. There is more or less of A prodigy bevond the faith of men.

this fpirit in all nations, and all ages, Sudden ene buh is flaming with much fari her than our fathers did.' Shake

but we have carried the humour much fire, But green upon it every leaf remains. speare's mind, however great and exHow's this i I'll go and view with

alied in itself. was unhappily tinctured

two little with religion ; yet even nearer eye

he has thrown out thore strokes This prodigy too mighty for belief.”

of religiousness at times, which every Then God addresses him :

great

and exalted mind, must occasionale

ly conceive; which no aversion to such « Stop, o moft worthy ? por approach Krokes in the audience of a play-house

thou acár, O Moses, till thy foot-ftring thou haft which no modern play-writer now

then, solicited him to suppress; but loos'd;

dares to imitate. And that hine address For body is the ground on which thou of his Henry the Fifth to God, the

fand't, And from the both The Heavenly Logos has shocked the prejudices of many,

night before the battle of Agincourt,

[ thines.

believe, in the present generation, Be bold, my son, and listen to my words: though it pleasingly awes the heart of To see my face is all impollible

the judicioutly religious. But the For mortal man; but thou may’ft hear plays of Ezekiel were n.t calculated my words.

for exhibition on the stage. The fews, To utter them I'm come. I am the God I think, had no play-houses. Like Of those thou call’ft thy fathers, Abra. Milton's “ Samplon," and perhape ham,

like all his other projected tragedies, Ifaac, and Jacob in succeilion third. Rememb'ring them, and'ry donations This circumstance undoubtedly allowed

they were intended only for the ciote. too, I'm here to save my Hebrew race of heavenly personagıs; Ezckiel, ac

a greater scope for the introduction of men; For I have scen my fervants' gricf ard of the tragedy which I have not cited,

cordingly, introduces an angel in a part toil.

relating the destructien of the Egyptiaps But go, and in my words announce

in the Red Sea, and, as we have seen again,

above, de even bringe in God himfelf First to the very Hebrews all at once, Then to the King, what is by me en

holding a dialogue with Moles; buc

then it is be buman God, it is the join'd;

Loyos, who fo frequently appeared in That out of Egypt thou shalt bring my

a human form to the worthics of the race."

Old Tuitment; and who at last came, Having thus given a quotation from and tabernacled as, a human being this ancient play-vrijbt, we fecl our among us, at che commencement of selves neceffitated to present to the New readers what we are certain will afford mr. Whitaker, as well as Bihop them considerable fatisfüction, Mr. Horslev, considers the manifestation 4* Wnitaker's observations. " A play Mofcs in Floreb as fimilar to the foene I:ke Ezekici's," says he, “would be a exhibited to St. Paul in his journey ta prodigy, even in this land of Christi. Damasclia, and as concurring in evia anity, and one more wondered at than dence of the divinity of the Son of admired. The introduction of an God. What our present Author ob, engel, and especially of the God-man ferves upon the latter circumítance, is

more

our

lifted eye,

more amplified than the learned Pre Sacred Dramas to introduce any fuper. late's remarks *, but is not perhaps lefs natural personage. She has even, like elegant. “Of the extraordinariness of Ezekiel, a tragedy upon Moses; but such a conduct in Ezckiel," says Mr. on Mofes in the bulrushes, not at the W. " and consequently of the pre- burning bush. Ezekiel, however, knew eminencc of such a faith in his cotem his countrymen to be better theologues poraries, we may forni a judgment at in general than Englishmen are ; more once, from the light in which a play- ftudious to form just notions concerning writer would appear to us at present, the elementary principles of their rewho should take that similar incident in ligion, and more tenaciously adhering the Christian dispensation, the appear to them when they had formed them.' ance of Our Saviour to St. Paul near Our learned Author juftly concludes, Damascus, and intert it in a tragedy that the divinity of the Logos must have for the parlour. A glory superior to been the commonly-received opinion of that of the burning buih, and even the ancient Jews, otherwise a poetical more vivid than the meridian lustre of writer would not have introduced it a Damascus sün, would be described as into such a familiar work as a play. bursting suddenly from the sky, over “ The Icntiment,” he remarks, " was the head of St. Paul. A human form evidently lodged in the very heart of would be said to appear before his his readers, there acted as a vital spark

ed in all the lightning of their religion, and was there felt as of the Godhead, and leaning from the the aniniating foul of their theology;": clouds towards him; and a human From the fame early and respectable voice would be equally said to address sources of authority, our acute enquirer him in that « voice of God," thunder, produces strong evidences of the belief as he lay thrown to the ground upon of the Jews in the divinity of a Third his back, and, as he was gazing in wild Person in the Godhead, “ thus com. amazement at the terrible splendors of pleating the circle of the Christian the Logos of Moses before him, to ex- theology among the Jews.” poftulate with him on his opposition to This chapter is concluded with the irresistible power, and to declare the evidence of a person to whom we conGod seen by and talking to him to be fess that we do not feel ourselves inthat very Jesus whom he was opposing. clined to allow any considerable credit. Such a tragedy as this was never It is the fabulizing, if not the fabulous planned for an English reader. Mil. Orpheus. Mr. Whitaker brings forton, whose high-set foul was so much ward one of Orpheus's poems in the higher ftill by the elevating spirit of original, accompanied with a translation religion within, is the only one of our of his own, the latter of which we ihall, old writers; I think, who projected any without scruple, present to our readers. religious tragedies at all. He even projected a number of them; one upon " To whom I Mouid i'll tell (but, ye each of various incidents in the

profane, Jewith history, yet in none of these did Shut close the doors, and fy the juft man's he venture to think of introducing laws) God, even the God who is so often in- That rule divine, which is to all propos'd : troduced in the history : in his room And thou attend, the son of Mene bright, he brings in those fancy-formed exist. Musmus; for some solemn truths I'll speak: ences, Justice, Mercy, and Wisdom, Nor let what is already in thy breast and so violates the essential laws of the Rob thee of this delightful age to come. drama, by introducing the personified On the Divine Logos look, approach him attributes of God, to avoid the intro

near, du&tion of the Divine Person himself. To him direct thy intellect and heart, And, since the days of Milton, 1 know Walk firmly in his path, and game upon pot of any writer that has projected a The fole, th' immortal Maker of the tragedy founded on religious story, ex

World : cept only one, whose flighteft merit is. For all the ancient Logos shines in him. to be a woman of genius and taste, as He is the One consummate in himself, religiousness is infinitely superior to And all things take their faith'd form from any mental accomplishments: Yet even him. Mifs H. More has not ventured in her with them he is encircled; nor cap any * See Bishop Horfley's Tra@s in controversy with Dr. Priestley, D: 211.

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