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ARCHIBALD BO W E R.

(WITH A PORTRAIT.] THIS author, whose works are now Divinity in the Roman College. There

but little known, though at one pe. he remained until the year 1721, when riod of his life they were held in much he was sent to the College of Arezzo, cftimation, was a native of Scotland, where he staid until the year 17231, being born on the 17th of January Reader of Philosophy, and Coníulror 1636 * at or near Dundee te of an to the Rector of the College. He then ancient family, by his own account, was sent to Florence, where he rewhich had been for several hundred maincd but a short time, being in the years pofleffed of an estate in the county sanie year removed to Macerata, at of Angus in Scotland 1. In September which place he continued until the year

702, at the age of fixteen, he was sent 1726 **. Between the two last periods to the Scots College of Douai, where it seems probable that he made his last he studied until the year 1706, to the vows, his own account fixing that event end of his first year of Philosophy g. in the month of March 1722 t, at From thence he was removed to Rome, Florence; though, as he certainly was and on the 9th day of December 1706, that year at Arezzo, it is most likely to was admitted into the Order of Jesus l. have been a year later. After a noviciate of two years, one Having thus been confirmed in the spent in the study of Rhetoric and two Order of Jesus, and arrived at the age in Philofophy, he went, in the year of almost forty years, it was reasonable 1712, to Fano, where he taught Hu. to luppose that Mr. Bower would have manity during the space of two years. passed through life with no other changes He then removed to Fermo, and resided than such as are usual with persons of there three years, until the year 1717, the same order ; but this uniformity of when he was recalled to Rome to study life was not destined to be his lot.

* Complete and Final Detection of Archibald Bower, 9. 155. + Six Letters from Archibald Bower to Father She!don, p. 83.

Mr. Bower's Answer to Bower and Tillemont Compared, p. 14.

Complete and Final Dete dior, &c. p. 109. 1 Ibid. p. 155. Mr. Bower, by his own account, was admitted into the Order in No. vember 1705, Answer to Six Letters from Arçbibald Bower, &c. p. 65.; but this is evident's our true, being contradicted not only by the teftimony of a Gentleman who re. membered his leaving Douai, but by the register of the College from whence the above date is extracted.

ç These dates are taken from the extracts of the College books. Mr. Bower's own ac. czane (Answer in Six Letters, &. p. 92.) differs in some respects ; particularly, he says that he was no longer than six months at Arezzo, having been sent there to supply the place of the decealed Professor of Philosophy,

** Complete and Final Detection, p.155. f Full Confutation, p. st.

B 2

T.

To whatever cause it is to be ascribed – sombrone, to Calvi in the Dukedom of whether, according to his own account, Urbino, and from thence through the to his dingust at ine enormities com- Romagna into the Boloncli, keeping mitted by the Inquisition *, in which the bye-roads, and at a good diftance he performed the olâce of Counsellor t; from the cities of Fano, Polaro, Rimini, or, as his enemies assert, to his indul. Forli, Faenza, and Imola, through which gence of the amorous patlions, particu- the high road passed. Thus i advanced larly with a Nun to whom he was very flowly, travelling, generally fpcakghostly father I; certain it is, that in ing, in very bad roads, and often in the year 1726 he was removed from places where there was no road at all, Macerata to Perugia, and from thence to avoid not only the cities and towns, made his escape into England, where but even the villages. In the mean he arrived at the latter end of June or time I seldom had any other support July, after various adventures, which but some coarse provisions, and a very it now becomes our duty to communi. ima lquantity even of them, that the poor cate to the reader, and which we hall shepherds, the countrymen or wooddo in his own words ; premising, how. cleavers, I met in those unfrequented ever, that the truth of the narrative bye places, could ipare me. My horse has been impeached in feveral very ma fared not much better than myseif; but terial circumstances,

in chuling my neeping place I confuited Having determined to put into exe, his convenience as much as my own, cution his design of quitting the Inqui- palling the night where I found most sition and bidding forever adieu to Thelter for myself and most grass for Italy, he proceeds g, “ To execute that him. In Italy there are very few soli. design with some safety, I proposed to tary farm-houses or cortages, the coun. beg leave of the Inquisitor to vifit the try-people there all living together in Virgin of Loretto, but thirteen miles villeges; art I thought it far fafer to diftant, and to pass a week there ; but lie where I couid bi any way theltered, in the mean time to make the best of my than to venture into any of them. Thus way to the country of the Grisons, the lipent seventeen days before I got out ncarest country to Macerata out of the of the Ecclefiaftical State; and I very reach of the Inquisition. Having narrowly escaped being taken or murtherefore, if:er many conties with dered on the very birders of that State, myself, asked leave to risit the neigh. It happened thus : bouring ianctuary, and obtained it, I • I had passed two whole days withset out on horieback the very next out any kint of subsistence whatever, morning, leaving, as I proposed to keep meeting nobody in the byc-roads that the horse, his full value with the owner. would l'upply me with any, and fearing I took the road to Loretto, but turned to come near any house, as I was not far out of it at a imail distance from Recae from the borders of the dominions of the nati, after a most violent firigyle with Pope, I thought I fould be able 10 myself, the aticmpt appearing to me, held till I got into the Mederesc, where at that juncture, quite disperatc and I believed i huuld be in lets danger than impraticable ; and the dreadari doom while I remained in the Papai di mnia reserved for me should I miscarry, pre- nions; but finding mytolf about noon senting itself to my mind in the stronger of the third day earremely weak, and liglie. But the refie Erion that I had it ready to faint away, I came into the is my power to avoid being taken alive, high road that loads frein Bologna to and a persuasion that a man in my flui- Florence, ata t: w miles distance from the rion might lawfuliy avoidit, when every former ciry, urd ligi tud at a post-house other means failed him, at the expence that stood quite by itself. Having asked of his life, revived my staggered reive the ima of rhe house whether the Jution ; and all my fears caring a once, had any vifuats ready, and being told I fteered my course, Içaving Loretro that she had, I went to open ihe door behind me, to Rocca Çuntrada, v Form of the only room in the house (that

Bower's Answer ta a Scurrilous P.mphle', p. 4. + This, howcver, bas been de A. de Sce Complete and Final Deteftion, p. 52.

Six Letters from Archibald Bower, p. 85. Ś Bower's Answer to a Scurrilous P.:mphlet, p. 19. Another account had been puh. lined in 1950 by Mr. Barron, and a third is printed at the end of “ Power and Tillemont Compared," p. 89.

being

being a place where gentlemen only stop who, Aying from it, take refuge, as to change horses), and saw to my great many Italians da, in their dominions. furprize a placard parted on it with a However, as I proposed getting as foon molt minute description of my whole as I could to the city of Bern, the meperion, and the promise of a reward of tropolis of that great Protestant Canton, 800 crowns, about two hundred pounds and was informed that my best way was English money, for delivering me up through the Cantons of Ury and Unalise to the Inquisition, being a fugitive derwald, and part of the Canton of from the Holy Tribunal, and of 600 Lucern, all three Popish Cantons, I crowns for my head. By the same pla- car.fully concealed who I was, and card all persons werc forbidden, on from whence I came. For though no pain of the greater excommunication, Inquisition prevails among the Siviss, to receive, harbour, or entertain me, to it the Pope's Nuncio, who resides at conceai or to screen me, or to be any Lucern, might have persuaded the way aiding and atlifting to me in making Magistrates of those Popish Cantons to my escape. This grcatly alarmed me, stop me as an apostate and deferter from as the reader may well imagine ; but i the Order. was still more affrighted when entering “ Having refted a few days at Chiathe room I saw two fellows drinking venna, I resumed my journey quite there who, fixing their eyes upon me refrethed, continuing it through the as soon as I came, continued looking at country of the Grifons, and the two me very stedfaily. I trove by wiping small Cantons of Ury and Underwald to my face, by blowing my nose, by looke the Canton of Lucern. There I missed ing out at the window, to prevent their my way, as I was quite unacquainted having a full view of me. But one of them with the country, and discovering a city saying, “The Gentleman secms afraid atadiftance, was advancing toit, but very to be seen,' I pur up my handkerchief, flowly, as I knew not where I was and turning to the fellow, said boldly, when a countryman whom I met in• What do you mean, you rascal? Look formed me that the city before me was at me; I am not afraid to be seen.' He Lucern. Upon that intelligence I turned faid nothing, but looking again sted. out of the road as soon as the countryfaftly at me, and nodding his head, went man was out of sight; and that rignt I out, and his companion immediately pased with a good natured fhepherd in followed him, I watched enem, and his cottage, who supplied nie with lecing them with two or three mcre in sheep's inilk, and my horie with plenty clofe conference, and, no doubt, con of grass. If it out very carly next sulting whether they should apprehend morning, na-hing the best of my way me or not, I walked that moment into westward, as I knew that Bern lay the fable, mounted my horse unob. West of Lucern. But after a few mile's ferved by them, and while they were the country proved very mourtainous, deliverating in an orchard behind the and having travelled the whole day over boufe, rode off full speed, and in a few mountains, I was overtaken amongst hours got into the Modenese, where I thein by nighi. As I was looking out refreshed both with food and with rest, for a place where I might thelter myielf as I was there in no immediate danger, during the night against the snow and my horse and myself. I was indeed rain, for it both inowed and rained, I surprized to find that those fellows did perceived a light at a distance, and mukunt pursue me, nor can I any other way ing towards it, got into a kind of foota account for it but by fupponing, what is path, but to narrow and rugged that I pot improbable, that as they were stran was obliged to lead my horse and fect gers as well as myself, and had all the my way with one foot, having no iighs appearance of banditti or rufhans flying to direct nie, before I durft move the out of the dominions of the Pope, the other. Thus with much difficulty woman of the house did not care to reached the place where the light was, trust them with her horses. From the a poor little cottage, and knocking at Modenese I continued my journey more the door, was asked by a man within leisurely through the Parmesan, the who I was, and what I wanted. Milancie, and part of the Venetian ter swered that I was a Itranger, and had sitory, to Chiavenna, lubject, with its lost my way, • Loft your way !' re. district, to the Grisons, who abhor 'the plied the inan ; 'there is no way here Tery name of the Inquisition, and are to lose. I then asked him in what ever ready to receive and protect all Canton I was, and upon his answering

that

I ana

that I was in the Canton of Bern, •! ontwoeggs, which Providence, they said,
thank God,' I cried out, transported had supplied rhein with for that purpose.
with joy, 'that I am. The good man I then rook leave of the wife, who with
antivered, · And so do l. I then told her eyes lifted up to Heaven seenied
him who I was, and that I was going to most lineerely to with me a good jour.
Bern, but had quite loft myself by keep: ney... As for the husband, she would
ing out of all ihe high roads to avoid by all means accend me to the high-road
falling into the hands of those who leading to Bern; which road he laid was
sought my destruction. He thereupon but two miles distant from that place.
opened the door, received and enter But he infitted on my first going back
tained me with all the hospitality his with him to see the way I had come
poveity wiuld admit cf, rega!ed me the night before, the only way, he said,
with four-krour and some new-laid egg I could have poilbly come from the
the only provisions he had, and clean neighbouring Canton of Lucern. I saw
ftraw with a kind of rug for my bed, it, and shuddered at the danger I had
he having no other for hiinself and his efcaped; for I found that I had walked
wifc. The good woman expressed as and led iny horse a good way along a
much satisfaction and good- nature in her very narrow path on the brink of a
countenance as her husband, and faid dreadful prccipice. The inan made sa
many kind things in the Swiss language many pious and pertinent remarks on.
which her husband interpreted for me the ocaasion, as both charmed and fur.
in the Italian ; for that language he prized one. I no less admirc. his dilin-
well underftood, and spoke so as to be terestedness than his piety.
understood, having learnt it as he told our parting, after he had attended me
me in his youth while servant in a pub. till I was out of all danger of loting m
lic-house on the borders of Italy, wherë way, I could by no ineans prevaji upon
both languages are spoken. I never him to accept of any reward for his
pafled a more comfortabie night ; and trouble. He had the satisfaction, he
no sooner did I begin to itir in the morn- said, of having relieved me in the
ing, than the good man and his wife greatest distress, which was in itfelf a
came buth to know how I refted, and sufficient reward, and he cared for a
withing they had been able to accommo other.
date mc betier, obliged me to breakfast

[To be continued.]

For upon

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ORIGINAL LITTER OF DAVID MALLETT, Eiq,

(Continued from Vol. XXIV. Pude 343.) LETTER XVT.

your book ; but he was at Henly Park, DEAR SIR,

and I could get no notice whether your I

WAS favoured with a letter from packets had come to his hauds. I have

you about the beginning of April, been a fortnight in the country, and did which I had answered immediately, had not receive your poem till fart wock, I not waited for your parapirase on which Mr. Wood Tent hither. Hou, zrc Song of Solonien *, which you ever, a day or two before I came out of desired me to read, and thew to such of town, I got a lend of Mr. Frazer's my friends as I thought judges of the copy, which he liad I know not how, performance. You likewili mentioned a real over the prefacithin, as I have former letter which I never received, but done the whole performance lince, with fuppofe it was miscarried or neglected; a great deal of pleasure; and think your bicaule Mortly afrer the meeting of the file is accurate and clegant,

Your Parliament, the Duke went a-hunting profe I prefer even before Burman's, into the country, whither all letters die notwithstanding your encomium on hiin, rectou to himn were fent.

because it is more piripicurous, and nat I sent twenty tiines to Mr. W'aod for encumbered with thof: paienthites, to

Juritie J " Cantici Solomonis Parap!ır.fis Gernina ; Prior varin carmingın ginere, 11. frra Sapphicis versibus per feripta. -- Nosis Cricicis te Plulongis illustrita. Ahore functies Kerro Diinblanená Giao

Mollino Li'erarum in Collegio R-210 CURIOS i Andorenni. Pius fellure. Edinburgi. 1: Esus Il Ruddimoni linolic Au!,116 121110 1727"

abuurid

laboured inversions of construction, of them he defires. As soon as I rewhich obscure and stiffen his. Your ceive his answer, I will write to you poetical paragraph is true to the mean again. ing of the original, if I pay judge of I have now finished, and am prepar. it by our literal translation in profe; ing for the press, against winter, a poem and preserves every where those beau in two books, which I began lait year ties that diftinguish this divine song. in the country

As I have not the least acquaintance The first book has been perused by with any bookseller myself, I begged of Mr. Molineux the Prince's Secretary t. Mr. Frazer to use all his interest with by Mr. Hill, Dr. Young, and Sir John tach of them as he knew, in difpofi g Clerk, whose acquaintance I had the of your copies. I doubt not but he has, good fortume to obtain while he was in ere this time, sent you an account of London. It is now in the hands of Mr. what he has done ; but I could with the Dennis, and as foon as that dread critic prem were recommended to them by a has condemned or approved of it, I shall better hand; for the honeft Doétor has wait on you by the way of Edinburgh. no mure tafte in works of genius, than I forbear to trouble you with the subI have in certain books of his collecting, ject of it just now ; my next letter will which are no where else, he says, to be give you an account of it at large. I inet with : I suppose because no other willtry the Town with this before I ven. body thinks them worth the seeking ture out a tragedy that I have been long after : but this I tell you in confidence. meditating. I have not room in this I have neither Beza's nar Johnson's ver. paper to mention a project about sendhons of this poem, but I prefer yours ing my brother abroad, which, if before that of Borlem's, which is loose brought to bear, will make his fortune ; and rambling, in which he has very but I must be at the expence of having often explained away Solomon's mean. him taught writing, and accounts in ing, and given us his own fancies in London, for some time. I am, with fead of it.

unalterable truth, This day I have sent your poems by Your most faithful humble servant, a gentleman to a book leller of his ac SHAWFORI), 2 DA. MALLOCH. quaintance in London, and given him a 25th May, 1727. S note of the conditions on which you

[To be continued.] are willing to let him have any number

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE. SIR, As rary of your Readers may imagine the present Mode of Execution in

Paris is of a New Invention, I beg leave to refer you to a Plate in Mr. Cam. den's Brittanicus; a Book written about the Y car 1599.

“The Law of Falli-. fax in Yorkihire.” " BUT nothing is more remarkable act of fi caling; or back-barond, i.?

than their method of proceeding having the thing folen either upon his against felons, which in thort was this, back, or somewhere about him, withthat if the felon was taken within the out giving any probable account how he liberty with the goods stolen out of the came by it; or lastly confesun'd, owning Iberries or precincts of the forest of that he tole the thing for which he was Hardwicke, he thouid after three mar accused. kr or meeting days within the town of " The cause therefore must be oniy Hailifax next after his apprehension, theft, and that manner of theft only be taken to the gibbet there, and have which is called Furtuin Manifestum, bis head cut off from his body. But grounded upon some of the forc'aid then the faét must be certain, for he must evidences. The value of the thing filea either be taken hand-heband!, i. e. must likewise amount in upwards of baving his hand in, or being in the very 13d. ob. for if the value was found This was publisbed the next year under the title of “The Excursion." Svo.

EDITOR. † Son of Mr. Locke's correspondene. Sce bis life in Ejographia Britarnica,

EDITOR. 2od. in Edward the Third's time was one c2, of filver, and 'in Henry the Eighch's time 40d, one oz. of filver; fo according to the present price of lilver is was 3s. 6 d. in Edward's time, and ss. 7. in Heery the Eighth's time.

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