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He was soon, however, persuaded to art he professed, remained unabated to return to the chair.'

the last : when the last touches wer About a year and a half after the given to this picture, above event, Sir Johna Reynolds, finding that calamity increase upon him « The hand of Reynolds fell to rise no which is fo feelingly adverted to in

4 more.” some lines fent to him by Mr. Jerningham, and daily expecting the total lots For some time before his death, his of fight, wrote a letter to the Academy, illnefs produced a melanchols, which intimating his intention to resign the of was the more diftreffing to his friends, Lice of President on account of bo. as it was indulged in filenca. For fome dily inñrmities, which disabled him from weeks before he paid the great debt, executing the duties of it to his own sa- his fpirits were so low, that he was un. tisfaćtion. A mecing of the Royal able to bear even the confolations of Academicians was held about the 15th friendship. The numerous attendances of November 1791, for the purpose of of many of our nobility and men of electing affoeiates, when Mr. 'Weftscience during his iHuess, are the best who prehded for Sir Joshua, read the testimony of the value fct upon him, letter from him, intimating his inten- and of the regret with which they concion. The company received this intcl- templared his illness, and prophesied his ligence with the respectful concern Jue disolucior. “ His illncts," says Mr. to the talents and virtues of Sir Joshua, Burke, was long, but borne with a and either then did enter, or designed mild and cheerful fortitude, without to enter, into a resolution, honourable the leaft mixture of any thing irritable 2o all parties, namely, that a deputa or querulous, agreeable to the placid zion from the whole body of the Aca- and even tenour of his whole life. He demy should wait upon him, and in- had, from the beginning of his malaus, form himn of their with, that the author a distinêt view of his diliolution, which sity and privileges of the office of Pre. he contemplated with that entire comOdont might be his during his life ; de- posure, that nothing but the innocence, claring their willingness to permit the integrity, and usefulness of his life, and periormance of any of its duties which an unaffected fubmillion to the will of might be irksome in him, by a depury. Providence, could below.''; On Thurl.

From this period Sir Joshua never day night, 23d of Feb. 1792, this great painted more--his last portrait was that artist and accomplished character paid of the Hon. Charles James Fox (now the last awful debt to nature, in the both in the hand of the engraver); and this year of his age. bat efort of this great artist's pencil is [Further particulars of Sir Joshua Rex. a full proof that his fancy, luis imagina- nolds may be feen by adverting to our fion, and his other great powers in the Magazine, Vol. XXI. p. 213. 266.414.}







fruation that enables him to contribute to HIS ingenious Swifs Professor in this great end, and every where diffufcs a

his · Law of Nations,' (a book fpirit of true patriotism, which is zealousty much recommended to his young friends employed for the public welfare. We at the Bar by the late venerable Eart there lee single individuals form conMansfield) in his celebrated Chapter upon fiderable enterprizes in order to prothe Duties of a Nation to itlelf, breaks mote the glory and the welfare of the out into this panegyric upon the People Nation ; and whilft a bad Prince would and the Constitution of England: be abridged of his power, a King en“ That illustrious Nation the English dowed with wisdom and moderacion finds distinguishes itself in a glorious manner the most powerful aslistance to give fucby every thing that can render the State cess to his great designs. The Nobility most fourishing. An admirable Con- and the Representatives of the People form ficution there places every Citizen in a a bend of confidence between the Moa


darch and the Nation, and concur with never overthrow a monument that does fo him in every thing that regards the com- much honour to human naturema monumon welfare, ease him in part of the ment capable of teaching Kings how gloriburthen of Government, and render him ous it is to reign over a free people. an obedience the more perfect as it is the 6 The British Nation," said some more voluntary. Every good Citizen Frenchman archly one day, “ may be fees that the strength of the State is really compared to a hypochondriacal patient the welfare of all, and not that of a with a strong and excellent constitution. fingle person. Happy Conftitution! which State quacks have to be lure bled and the people who potsess it did not suddenly purged her a little too much occasionsebrain. It has cost tbem rivers of blood, ally, but the seems always to recover but they have not purchased it too dear !her strength again when left to herself, May Luxury, the Profeffor might have and permitted to make use of those interadded, and may Faction, those Ministers nal resources with which she is furnished of corruption, so dangerous to Liberty, by nature."

To the EDITOR of the EUROPEAN MAGAZINE, SIR, The death of a perion foeminent in who, in the firft volume of Mr. Gib

the literary world as Mr. Gibbon, bon's History, had written the followraised my curiosity to know the par: ing memorandum and verses. ticulars of his life, and therefore ex 's The Author of this book, upon the pecting this species of information in delivery of the Spanish Refcript in your Magazine, I looked into your June 1779, declared publicly at Brooks'sy Obituary, where I found myself direct “ That there was no salvation for this ed to a former Number (March 1988), country, unless fix of the heads of the in which fome particulars are omitted Cabinet Council were cut off, and laid which perhaps you may think worthy upon the tables of the Houses of Parlia. of insertion.

ment as examples;” and in less than a Mr. Gibbon was born at Putney *. fortnight after that declaration took an His grandfather was a South Sea D;. employment under that same Cabinet rector, and died in 1736. His father Council. was Member for Petersfield in 1734,

C. J. Fox.” and for Southampton in 1741. On the death of Sir William Rous in 1743, he UPON THE PROMOTION OF THE AU was elected Alderman of Vintry Ward, but religned his gown in the year 1745,

IN 1779. and died in the year 1770. Mr. Gib- KING George in a fright, bon received part of his education at Left Gibbon ihould write ehe school of Mr. Woodeson, of King The story of Britain's disgrace, fon, father of the late Vinerian Pro- Thought no means more sure, leffor, who had the honour of educating His pen to secure, fome other gentlemen still living, of Than to give the Historian a place. great celebrity as men of letters t. from Mr. Woodeson's he went to

But his caution is vain, Weftminster, and from thence to Mag

'Tis the curse of his reign dalen College, Oxford. It seems pro- Tho' he write not a line,

That his projects thould never succeed. dable that while in this University, he Yet a cause of Decline, frí fhe wed those signs of a wavering despolition with respect to his religious

In the Author's example we read. sentiments, which terminated in a con His book well describes, firmed infidelity. Bilhop Horne, who How corruption and bribes was of the same College, fpeaking of

Overthrew the great Empire of Rome; bim, says, “ A young gentleman Tome And his writings declare fears ago suffered himself to be fedu: A degen'racy there, ced to Popery. His friends fent him to Which his conduct exhibits at home. the Sage of Ferncy for a cure; and a We are told that when

first went moft effectual one indeed was wrought. to Lausanne in early life he studied He came home a confirmed infidel, and under the father of the present Mrs. has employed himself ever since in Necker. He had acquired a predilec. writing against Christianity 1.” An tion for that town, and intended to have anecdote of Mr. Gibbon's lite became passed the rest of his days there. On public a few years ago, by the disper- his coming to England last summer, ha dico of a celebrated Orator's library, resumed a design which had been fug.

Lyfons' Environs of London. Wakefield's Life. Letters on Infidelity


gested to him many years ago, of pub

His disorder was a rupture,

for Jishing in a body the ancient English which he had undergone some opera. Historians, in which he was to a litt tions, but his death was ludden. On Mr. Pinkerton, who was to have been the 22d his remains were carried to the Editor, with the Prolegomena, and Sheffield Place, and dopolited in the his advice and opinions through the Mausoleum of Lord Sheilield's family. whole publication. This scheme will Sume inemoirs of his life are said to have now, perhaps, nut be executed. The been found, but in toc imperfcét a ttare Prospectus is believed to have beco for publication. I am, &c. begun, it not finished.


(WITH A PLATE.) CHERBURG, a city and Ica-port, were actually begun, and the new walls

stands in a plain on the North-fide were carried to a contiderable height in of the Lower Norman?", in the district the year 1658; but in the ycar folloiva of La Hogue, and in the Peninsula of ing, " for rcatons of State” (says an the Cotenti), at the bottoin of a large eminent French writer), the old and Bay in the form of a crescenu, between new fortifications were entirely demothe capes of La Foglie and Barfleur, lihed.-- -. At all times (lays another being about pincreen mil) difiant from French writer) the Englith and Dutch the foriner, and sixteen froin the latter. have endeavoured to get us to demolish It has on the Noreh the tea; on the any considerable fea-ports we have had Eat a large plain, above three miles in the Channel; there Ports give ume lony ; on the South a very agrecable brage to them, and extremely incomfpot of fruitful ground, and the emi mode their commerce. But their connence called the hiii of Roue, on the tinual opposition is an invincible prot top of which is the great forofi of Brix that it would be benencial to our com. and Tourlavilie ; and on the Wefiano merce and navigation; to have at lcas ther plain, about a mile and a half long. one fecure retreat for our ships towards It lies in 49 deg. 38 min. North licin the middle of the Channel." Cardinal tude, longitude 16 deg. 18 min. rec D'Ollat was fenfible how necessary this koning from the meridian of Ferro. was; for in his goth letter, dated Dec. It is 13 miles distant from Valogne, 51 14, 1696, he says to Monsieur de Villefrom Coutances, 64 from Grinville by roy, to whom he writes, “it is of very land, about 60 from the Ble of Wight great importance to us to have men of and Portsmouth", 51 from Guernley, war in that Straight. Now we can and

57 from Jersy by sea. It pretends have no ships there without a port for to very higli antruity, having been their retreat. I have always heard it as it is said originally called Cæfarm said, that with a little expence we might bourg. Richard the Second, Duke of make an excellent one at La Hogue in Normandy, and uncle to Williani the Lower Normandy; this is the place in Conqueror, built a trong Caille here, the world most proper far raising an imand having come in perion to view it, portant fortress either for commerce or was so pleased with the situation of the for ships; all who are acquainted with place, and its iriportance as it appeared the affairs of the navy, and with ravi. to him for the dctince of his dominions, gation, agree that we ought to labour that he exclaimed in a rapture, at it, notwithstanding the opposition of catel ojt un cber hours per oui !" This our neighbours; for the more they fet trifing circumvoce was the origin of themfelves in opposition to it, the more its present name: It formerly was in ought we to be fenfible that it tends to thc poffeffion of the Englisly, and Charles our advantage. We ought by no meang the Seventh terminaicü his long train of to be afraid of them : this would be to victories over the timid and divided do them too much honour. The late counsels of our Hour the Sixth by this Marthal Vauban has I am told laid inportant conquoti. It was re-anneveld down the whole plan and scheme of the to the crown of France in 1459. luthe work." year 1687, Lewis XIV. mos the re Imending shortly to present our presentation of Marthüt Vauvan, in readers with another Vieiv of Chertended to enlarge the trivi, fortify it bourg, we hali postpone the remainder in the modern "av, and aid a large of our account of this place until that baron to the hutour; and in conii opportunity. quence of this refolution, thicfe works

The partage from Portsmouth to Cherbourg is so easy, that we Chatham, with a tuw genilemen, a short time before the present war, Ciled from Portsmoutta u the morning, dired at Cherbourg, and returned in the evening,

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Viewof a lone Constructed in the Year 1785 being onducted to its place in thehoad of Cherbourg, inondertobe

sunk. Published by Jilewell Cornhell Aprili1794

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