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eye can reach in an immense semicircle, the scenery, always the same, is ever varied. As the prospect recedes, every slight depression of the level sketches the nearest dis. tance in a rich outline of edging tops of trees, upon the farthest, fainter and bluer, till all is lost in the vague greyish haze of the horizon, with some indications of hills. If they were real hills, the prospect would leave nothing to wish for.
“Richmond-Hill, without pretending to so much sublimity, has a style of beauty more ornamented, mild, riant, and pleasing. It is not a forest, for there is nothing rude and neglected; not a garden, for there is no art; not a country, for cultivation and business are nowhere going on; the simplicity and unity of plan and means, trees and grass, and vast extent, give it an appearance of nature,-but nature was never seen so select and chaste, and unmixed with offensive objects. It is at least rich, elegant, and high-born nature, and something, at any rate, unique of its kind. Most of this magical effect is owing to the following circumstances: some rich proprietors happen to occupy all the fore-ground of the picture in the plain below,- Lord Dysart, Mr. Cambridge, &c. They have spread their lawns, planted their groves, and levelled their enclosurus. Further on are the royal grounds. All the rest of the country is sufficiently planted to give it, when seen fore-shortened in the remote view, a very woody appearance, and make it an uninterrupted and boundless continuation of the near scene. The blue haze of distance finishes the front view. The fine old forest-trees of the park of Richmond, hanging on the left side of the hill, and on the right, other trees, and good-looking houses, form the screens or frame of the picture."
[To be concluded in our next.]
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
40.40*40:40. ** *o-do-do.doc Naval Architecture.— A new schooner, and was buried in the same spot where about sixty tons barthen, built for the pur. Major Peddie and one of his officers were pose of displaying a new system of naval interred on their advance. architecture, was launched in Belfast on
Earthquakes.-By recent accounts from the 10th inst. She is constructed without Naples it appears that the earthquake late. any frame timber, breast hooks, beams, ly experienced in Sicily, extended itself or knees, and without any metal under
over the whole island, and even the town water, except her rudder braces, and a
The vilfew bolts in her keel. The advantages lages of Bronti, Castiglione, Rosella, Valdipresumed in the system are the following, neto, and Milazzo, have suffered corside---saving in price of building, strength, rablý. On an estate belonging to the Duke duration, capacity, tightness, buoyancy, of Misterbianco, 7 columns of water were sailing, and safety.
of Palermo felt a slight shock.
seen to issue all at once out of the ground; Expedition to Africa. - Intelligence has 15 minutes afterwards, they disappeared been received from Sierra Leone, that the with equal rapidity. At the same moment scientific expedition for exploring the in- a torrent of fire was perceived rolling in terior of Africa has been unsuccessful; a serpentine direction on the surface of the having advanced only about 140 miles into volcanic lava, which extends from Licatia the interior, from the Rio Nunez. Their to Botto dell'Aqua. This torrent of fire, progress was then stopped by a chief of which appeared to be a new eruption from the country; and after unavailing endea- the sides of the mountain, illuminated, durvours to proceed, they were obliged to ing some minutes, the neighbouring coun. return. Nearly all the animals perished. try.-Letters from Genoa say, that several Several officers died; and, what is re- earthguakes shook the Appenines, about markable, but one private, besides one the same period that Sicily felt the effects drowned, of about 200. Capt. Campbell of this terrible scourge. died two days after his retarnto Rio Nunez, The Venetian manuscripts recently pur
chased by the Carators of tbe Bodleian Li- Animal Flower. The inhabitants of St. brary, Oxford, are safely arrived at Ports. Lucia have discovered a most singular mouth, aad will shortly arrive at the place plant. In a cavern of that isle, near the of their destination.
sea, is a large bason, from twelve to fifA Lamp without Flame.--It had been
teen feet deep, the water of whicb is very found by Sir H. Davy that a fine platina brackish, and the bottom composed of wire, heated red hot, and held in the va
rocks. From these, at all times, proceed pour of ether, would continue ignited for certain substances, which present, at first some time; and it has been since ascer- sight, beautiful flowers, of a bright shintained, that if a cylindrical coil of thin pla- ing colour, and pretty nearly resembling tina wire be placed, part of it round the our marigolds-only that their tint is more cotton wick of a spirit lamp, and part of lively. These seeming Rowers, on the apit above the wick, and the lamp be lighted proach of a hand or instrument, retire, 90 as to heat the wire to redness; on the like a snail, out of sight. On examining flame being blown out, the alcohol will
their substance closely, there appear, in keep the upper part of the wire red-hot the middle of the disk, four brown filafor any length of time, according to the ments, resembling spiders' legs, which supply of alcohol, and with little expen
move round a kind of petals with a pretty diture thereof; so as to be in constant brisk and spontaneons motion. These legs readiness to kindle German fungus, or
have piacers to seize their prey; and, up. paper prepared wilh nitre; and by this on seizing it, the yellow petals immedimeans to light a sulpbur match, &c. at ately close, so that it cannot escape. Un. pleasare. This lamp, whilst it affords a
der this exterior of a flower is a brown sufficient light to show the hour of the stalk, of the bigness of a raven's quill, and night by a watch, and to perform many
which appears to be the body of some ani. other useful services, does not hinder the
mal. It is probable that this strange crearepose of persons unaccustomed to keep ture lives on the spawn of fish, and the maa light burning in their bed-room; and
rine insects thrown by the sea into the bason. from its constantly preserving an uniform Lord Colchester has presented a wellheat, and not requiring to be snuffed, as selected law library to the city of Chester, other lamps do, may prove a valuable ac- for the use of the Judges and Barristers who quisition to the chemist, in performing ex- attend that circuit; to whicb his Lordship, periments on a minute scale, where a long when first called to the bar, belonged, and continuance of a gentle heat, at an uniform in which he received his first brief. temperature, is desirable.
One gentleman has already kept one burning up
ArcticExpedition.—The vessels destinwards of sixty hours. Te proper size of ed for this interesting discovery are in evethe platina wire is the 1-100ih part of ry respect calculated to contend with the an inch, which may be readily known by dangers which it is natural to expect they wrapping ten turns of the wire round must undergo. The interior and exterior a cylinder, closely together, and if they of each vessel have been rendered as strong measure one-tenth part of an inch, it
as the union of wood and iron can effect. will be right. A larger size than this From the gallery, copper-pipes can be will only yield a doll red light ; and a
extended between decks, for diffusing smaller one is difficult to use. About warmth through every part, by means of twelve turns of the wire will be sufficient, the steam arising from culinary operations, coiled round any cylindrical body, suited The ballast consists of coals. Meats of ev. to the size of the wick of the lamp; and ery description that can be preserved are four or five coils should be placed on the
on board, together with extensive axortwick, and the remainder of tbe wire ments of woollen kerseys, and all sorts of above it: and which will be as just menti
warm clothing. The vessels are also prooned, the part ignited. —A wick composed of vided with ice-boats, and fishing-gear for twelve threads of the ordinary sized lamp catching whales. Captain Ross goes up cotton yarn, with the platina wire coiled Davis's Straits as high as 72, when he will. around it, will require about half an ounce
endea your to proceed in a westward di. of alcohol to keep it light for eight hours. rection, as far as practicable. Captain A slight acid smell, rather pleasant than Buchan sails for the pole ; and should be otherwise, is yielded by this lamp during reach so far, will proceed to Behring's its ignition, arising from the decomposi. Straits, which will be the object of Captain tion of the alcohol: as is also the case with Ross also. Experienced pilots, astronoether. It is scarcely necessary to point mers, and other scientific men accompany out the peculiar safety this lamp affords, them. Whether they succeed in their obas not a spark of fire can fall from it. ject or not, in discovering a north-west
passage to the Chinese seas, still there is the year; and the proprietors of Forges
Dalton's Thermometrical Theory.-The Discoveries in Herculaneum.-- A corres. Royal Society of Gottingen has offered a pondent, says one of the French papers, prize of fifty ducats, for « an accurate exatells us, that among the manascripts dis- mination, founded on precise experiments, covered in the ruins of Herculaneum are
of Dalton's theory of the expansion of a Justin and an Aulus Gellius, so well liquid and elastic fluids, especially of preserved that the persons employed in
mercury and atmospheric air by heat." deciphering them have been able to read
The authors are desired to pay attention the whole of them with very little trouble.
to the necessity alleged by Dalton, for This discovery is so much the more vala- changing the progression of the degrees able, as the texts of these authors have been
of the present thermometrical scales : mevery much corrupted, and the 8th book moirs must be transmitted before the end of the Nights of the latter, which was en- of September, 1819. tirely lost, has thus been recovered. The Stockholm papers announce the
Eclipse of the Sun.- We have been fapublication there of Travels in England, voured with the following particulars resby M. Broling, Counsellor of Mines. The pecting the eclispe which will take place
on the 5th of May 1818: work, which consists of three volumes octavo, and is embellished with 37 copper. Beginning of the eclipse 54, 574M. A.M. plates, is represented as peculiarly inter- Visible conjunction 6 41 5-6 esting in whatever relates to our industry, Greatest obscuration 6 31 manufactures, and mines. This work has
End of the eclipse
46 4-5 gained the premiom of the Swedish Aca. Digits eclipsed 40 31' on the Sun's southdemy for the best work published during erą limb.
The Rev. Stephen Weston is preparing the public are already indebted for the Ho.
Sir John Sinclair is preparing a work Mr. John Britton is preparing a chrono- for the press, entitled, The Code of Political logical Illustration of the Ancient Archi- Economy, founded on statistical enquiries. tecture of Great Britain, intended to form Mr. John Fry, of Bristol, has issued proa supplement to the Architectural Antiqui- posals, for publishing by subscription, in ties, but will constitute an independent two quarto volumes, Bibliophia ; which work.
will contain -1. An account of those pubThe Rev. T. F. Dibdin is preparing for lications of earliest English printers, which publication, in two imperial octavo vo- have either escaped the knowledge of biblumes, Ædes Althorpianæ, or a descriptive liographers, or have been inaccurately catalogue of the pictures, and a portion of described. -2. An account of scarce apd the library of Earl Spencer, at Althorpe. curious books printed, with a few excep
Dr. Paris is printing, at the request of tions, before the seventeenth century.the Geological Society of Cornwall, a Me- 3. Notices of such manuscripts as have moir of the Life and Scientific Labours of fallen under the Editor's inspection, and the late Rev. Wm. Gregor.
entire re-prints of pieces of old poetry, The publication of the Regent's Edition meriting revival. of the Latin Classics, (somewhat retarded Mr. J. Hall, of Northampton, has in the of late by the aspect of the time ,) will press, A Free Inquiry into the Practice henceforth be prosecuted with vigour, in- of Infant Baptism, whether it is not ondustry, and perseverance. Livy and Sallust scriptural, useless, and dangerous: 10 are now in the press, under the editorial which are added, some remarks on Mr. Belsuperintendence of Dr. Carey, to whom sham's plea for infant baptism.
Mr. B. O'Reiley, who took a voyage to Mrs. Lamont, of Liverpool, intends pubDavis's Straits,as surgeon of a whale-ship, lishing, by subscription, Poems and Tales in 1817, will soon publish, Observations in verse, in one volume, octavo. on Greenland and the adjacent Seas, ia a Mr. James Arrowsmith, of Richmond, 4to. volume, with engravings.
has issued proposals for a work, to be enAn Essay on Spanish Literature ; con- titled, An Analysis of Drapery ; consisting taining its history, from its commence- of plans and designs to faeilitate the cutting meat in the twelfth ceutury, to the pre- of drapery with accuracy and elegance; sent time; with an account of the best accompanied by explanatory letter-press, writers, some critical remarks, and a bis- and introductory geometrical figures, the tory of the Spanish drama, with specimeus result of upwards of twenty years' expe. of the writers of different ages,-will soon rience. be published,
GENERAL MONTHLY CATALOGUE.
ANTIQUITIES AND TOPOGRAPHY.
A Guide to the Selection and Use of EleA cursory Disquisition on the Conventual mentary School Books, in every Branch Church of Tewkesbury, and its Antiqui- of Education ; by the Rev. Joshua Collins, ties, with Incidental Remarks on the Ec- and the Rev, W. Catlow. 1s. clesiastical Architecture of the Middle Tales for my Son; by M. Kotzebue. 68. Ages. 8vo. 99.
The first Elements of Arithmetic, or the The Elgin Marbles, from the Temple of Teacher's and Scholar's Assistant; comMinerva at Athens ; selected from Stuart prising the first four rules, combined into and Revett's Antiquities of Athens; to one series, and taught in one operation ; which is added, an Historical Account of by G. Reynolds. 2s.6d. the Temple, in sixty engravings. 4to First Lessons in Spelling ; by Hannah £5. 5s.
Kilbam. On 13 sheets, 1s. 9d.-In à tract, BIOGRAPHY.
with a few Lessons of Religious InstrucMemoirs of John Evelyn, esq. the cele- tion, 6d. brated autbor of the Sylvia ; by W. Bray, duction to the Nine Parts of Speech; by
Lessons on Language, or an easy Intro esq. witb many engravings, 2 vols. 4to.
the same author. 4d. DIVINITY. Twelve Sermons, preached at Calcutta, Child's Manual; being a Collection of Sto
History of the Fairchild Family, or the by the Rev. David Brown, late Senior Chap- ries, calculated to show the Importance lain to the Hon. the East India Company, and Effects of a Religious Education ; by &c. 8vo. 128.
Mrs. Sherwood. 12mo. 58. Church of Englandism and its Catechism examined: preceded by Strictures on the ford; by a Lady. 3s. 6d.
The Young Travellers, or a Visit to OxExclusionary System as pursued in the National Society's Schools: interspersed with Parallel Views of the English and Scottish
The Civil and Constitutional History of established and non-established Churches: Rome, from its Foundation to the Reign and concluding with remedies proposed of Augustus; by Henry Banks, esq. M. P. for the abuses indicated : and an Examina- 2 vols. 8vo. 24s. tion of the Parliamentary System of Church
Historical Sketches of the South of India. Reform, lately pursued, and still pursuing: By Col. Mark Wilks, late Political Resiincluding the proposed New Churches. dent at the Court of Mysoor. 3 vols. £7. By Jeremy Bentham, esq. M. A. 8vo. 30s. A History of Europe, from the treaty of A Ready Reply to an Irish Enquiry, or
Amiens, in 1802, to the Pacification of a convincing and conclusive Confutation Paris in 1815; by Charles Coote, LL.D. of Calvinism. By a Clergyman of the Church 8vo. 128. of England. 8vo. 10s. 8d.
Part II. Vol. VI. of the Transactions of Studies of Flowers, from Nature ; by the Horticultural Society of London, with Miss Smith, No. I. 103. 60.
nine engravings. £1. 1s.
POLITICS, AND POLITICAL ECONOMY. low of the Royal Physical Society, EdinA Review of the Domestic Fisheries of burgh. 55. 6d. Great Britain ; by Robt. Fraser, esq. 4to.
Memoirs of the Court of Queen Elizabeth, 18s.
by Lucy Aikin. 2 vols. 8vo. 258. Considerations on the Impolicy and Per
POETRY nicious Tendency of the present Adminis- Samor, Lord of the Bright City, a poem, tration of the Poor Laws; with Sugges- by the Rev. H. Milman, A.M. 8vo. 128. tions for improving the Condition of the
Childe Harolde’s Pilgrimage to the Dead Poor; By Charles Jerham, A.M. 8vo. 58.
Sea, Death on the Pale Horse, and other MEDICINE AND SURGRRY.
Poems. 8vo. 58. Practical Observations on the Care of
Poems written by Somebody, most resthe Gonorrhea Virulenta in Men; by Thos. pectfully dedicated to Nobody, and intenWhateley, Member of the R.C.S. L. 4s. ded for Every Body who can read. Fools
Commentaries on the Treatment of the cap 8vo. 3s. 6d. Venereal Disease ; by E. Geoghegan, of the
Religio Clerici, a Churchman's Epistle. College of Surgeons, Dublin. 6s.6d.
8vo. 3s. A Practical Inquiry into the Causes of
Poems. By Arthur Brooke, Esq. of the frequent Failure of the Operations of Canterbury. Foolscap 8vo. 78. Depression, and of the Extraction of the Beppo, a Venetian story. 8vo. 3s. bd. Cataract, as usually performed; with a
VOYAGES AND TRAVELS. description of a Series of new and improv
Humboldt’s Personal Narrative of Traed Operations, &c.; by Sir Wm. Adams.
vels to the Equinoctial Regions of the New 8ro. 169.
Continent; translated by Helen Maria WilThe Horse-owner's Guide ; containing ams. Vol. III. 8vo. 21s. valuable information on the management
Travels through some parts of Germany, and cure of the diseases incident to horses, Poland, Moldavia, and Torkey; by Adam more particularly that very fatal disease Neale, M.'D. Eleven plates, £2.28. called Glanders; with many esteemed re
Narrative of an expedition to explore the cipes ; by T. Smith, late Veterinary Sur. River Zaire, usually called Congo, in geon to the 2d regt. Dragoon Guards. 8vo. South-Africa, in 1816, under the direction 59. 60.
of Capt. J. K. Tuckey, R. N.: to which is
added, the Journal of Professor Smith, and MISCELLANIES. Extracts, or Beauties, selected from One tory of that part of the kingdom through
an Appendix, containing the natural bishundred and. Twelve Sermons, delivered which the Zaire flows; fourteen plates. on the demise of the Princess Charlotte; 4to. £2. 2s. by the Editor of the Biographical Memoir A Description of the Character, Manof Her Royal Highness. 58. 6d.
ners, and Customs of the People of India, A Treatise on the Mineral Waters of As- and their Institutions, civil and religious ; kern; by T. Le Gay Brewerton, Licentiate by the Abbe J. A. Dubois, missionary in to the Royal College of Surgeons, and Fel- the Mysore. 4to. £2. 28.
FOREIGN EVENTS, FRANCE. A Paris paper of the 15th states, that the business of the liquidation may be considered as finished; very few obstacles remain to be removed. Some questions preparatory to the departure of the allied troops had been discussed in the diplomatic conferences with the Duke of Wellington, the result of which renders it probable that the evacuation of her frontiers will take place next autumn.
The Chamber of Depaties ha heard 24 discourses in the discussions on the budget. The questions of internal and external policy were variously agitated, though all agreed on the necessity of economy. The ministers bave reduced the expenditure 16 millions of francs.