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ENGLISH GRAMMAR.

ENGLISH GRAMMAR is the art of speaking and writing the English language with propriety.

It is divided into four parts, viz. ORTHOGRAPHY, ETYMOLOGY, SYNTAX, and PROSODY.

This division may be rendered more intelligible to young minds, by observing, in other words, that Grammar treats, first, of the form and sound of the letters, the combination of letters into syllables, and syllables into words ; secondly, of the different sorts of words, their various modifications, and their derivation ; thirdly, of the union and right order of words in the formation of a sentence ; and lastly, of the just pronunciation, and poetical construction of sentences.

PART 1.

ORTHOGRAPHY.

CHAPTER 1. Of the LETTERS.

Sect. 1. Of the nature of the letters, and of a perfect

alphabet. An articulate sound, is the sound of the hunian voice, formed by the organs of speech.

Orthography teaches the nature and powers of letters, and the just method of spelling words.

A letter is the first principle or least part of a word.

The letters of the English language, called the English Alphabet, are twenty-six in number.

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