« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
Indian Corn. First premium to S. R. Pottle of Minot, for 150 bushels, of 60 pounds each, on two acres. Thirty cords manure applied. Cost, $151.60; value, $210.
Second premium to Nelson Ham of Lewiston ; 574 bushels on an acre; gravelly loam; in potatoes last year. Four cords green manure spread and plowed in; 2} cords old manure in hills. Cost, $56; value, $79.
Third premium to William Skelton of Lewiston ; 58 bushels of 58 pounds each per acre; twelve cords compost manure. Cost of two acres, $57.81; value, $128.
Wheat. Elijah Hamblen of Turner, first premium for 301 bushels Canada wheat on one acre; deep loam; in corn last year, when ten cords manure were applied; more this year. Cost, $20; value, $49.
Second premium to Tristram Hill of Greene, for 26} bushels of Scotch Fyfe wheat on one acre; strong loam; in corn the year before.
Third premium to Greenleaf Parker, for 22 bushels.
Rye. Elbridge Chadbourne of Greene, 27 bushels of 60 pounds each, on one and a half acres; on clayey loam.
Darius Briggs of Auburn, 26} bushels, of 58 pounds each, on 120 rods; sandy loam.
Barley. Rufus Prince of Turner, 33 bushels per acre, on yellow loam; in potatoes last year.
Rufus Haskell, 30 bushels per acre.
Turnips. Milton Carville, 339 bushels on half acre; ten loads manure.
Samuel Chadbourne of Greene, 365 bushels rutabagas on half acre; on stony loam; in turnips before ; 24 cords new manure.
Carrots. Jesse Davis, 220 bushels on half acre; sandy loam; green manure.
Potatoes. Jacob F. Drinkwater of Webster, 240 bushels on one acre; sandy loam; corn last year; five cords manure.
Rufus Prince of Turner, 226 bushels per acre; sandy loam; pastured with sheep six years; one-third manured with green manure, on the rest no manure except a spoonful of plaster in the hill.
Samuel Chadbourne of Greene, 210 bushels on an acre; pastured in 1857; oats in 1858, without manure, yielding 30 bushels; one shovelful green manure in each hill.
SAGADAHOC COUNTY SOCIETY.
This Society held its Annual Exhibition at Topsham, on the 11th, 12th and 13th of October, 1859. The Secretary writes me that it was a very good one. Stock of various breeds and of full blood and grades were present in large numbers, including several entire farm stocks. In other departments the show was excellent. Much interest is felt in regard to it by all classes, and the Society is exerting a highly beneficial influence.
AN ADDRESS Delivered before the Sagadahoo Agricultural Society, at its Annual Fair, at Topsbam,
October 13th, 1859, by Hon. F. H. MORSE. Mr. President, and Gentlemen of the
Sagadahoc Agricultural Society: Had I consulted my own inclination and obeyed the dictates of my own judgment only, I should not stand before you on this occasion in such a relation. My wish to gratify made me yield to earnest pressure, a conditional consent, believing that the conditions would relieve me from the embarrassment of attempting to grope my way, with hesitating steps, on grounds so new and unfamiliar. But your inexorable Executive Committee has allowed me no channel of escape. Conditions were disregarded, and excuses set aside. The fact that my field of labor has been quite different from that of meadow or upland--that I have but a very imperfect knowledge, either practical or theoretical, of the great subject which should occupy our thoughts to-day, was considered no insuperable objection to my appearance on this platform, annually erected to the goddess of harvest. If, therefore, the remarks which I propose to offer should be deemed inappropriate, or should not meet your just expectations, I beg you will not attribute all your disappointment to the rashness of the speaker in venturing on ground his life and
studies have not fitted him to occupy, but remember that he was over-persuaded and pressed into the service by your agents, and comes with doubt and hesitation to lay his humble sheaf by the side of the rich and beautiful gifts which nature and art have so profusely spread around us.
These luxuriant fruits of the garden, the orchard, the dairy and the fields--these flocks, herds and steeds from your stalls and pastures, eminent for beauty and usefulness, all attest your skill in your happily chosen vocation. It is not then of the adaptation of seed to soils, of gardening, orcharding, stock raising, the dairy, or of the subject of fertilization, or any other branch of practical agriculture that I would speak in such a presence. Permit me therefore to depart from the beaten track, and turn from these rigidly practical questions, to themes which, if less interwoven with the farmer's daily life and daily toil, are none the less real, and none the less worthy of our careful study and earnest consideration. I ask your attention to a few brief suggestions, having reference to the position and responsibilities of farmers as American citizens ; and the influence of agriculture, as a pursuit, on the formation of character.
Agriculture, as a distinct occupation in this country, commenced with, and has been attended throughout its rapid growth in all the free States of our Union, by a series of facts and circumstances more favorable to the development of an intelligent, moral, independent and robust population, than ever before attended and led on the progress of a rural people on any part of the globe, or at any prior period of human history. nearly all the leading nations of the earth the cultivators of the soil were once held, either in the most abject form of human slavery, or in the milder form of villanage, vassalage or serfdom. They were bought and sold, and transferred with the soil like flocks and herds.
Although in many countries of Europe this system of bondage has become extinct, and will in time disappear in all, the soil is too generally retained in the hands of landholders, and its tillers are mere tenants at will, working the soil of their landlords for a portion of its product. There they have but little influence in the government that rules over them. From year to year, from century to century, from age to age, they have toiled on, surmounting obstacles with difficulty, and advancing but slowly and tediously up the hights of human progress. They are yet toiling in the middle passage, with those longed for summits far far above them, almost lost to
human vision. But their gaze is upward, and with eyes steadily fixed on those dizzy heights, and “excelsior” for their cheering cry, those advancing hosts will yet stand up in the full stature of men, redeemed, disenthralled, and all their rights acknowledged. Let us give them our warmest sympathies, and continue the aid of our noble example, as a beacon light in their upward course-God grant they may not grow faint in heart, nor weary on their toilsome march!
Under what widely different circumstances, and a widely differing policy did the Anglo-Saxon race commence and continue its career on this continent. Europe had broken through the obscurity of the dark ages and was fast becoming illuminated by trade, commerce, literature and learning; rapid discoveries in every branch of knowledge and a far more progressive spirit than had characterized any preceding age. It was an age of inquiry and of active intellectual and physical development. Men began to feel, more earnestly than ever before, the grandeur of humanity, the sacred nature of human rights, and the fires of liberty were kindled on a thousand altars to light up the pathways to freedom. Largely imbued with this spirit of progress and liberty, and a strong wish to realize their fruits untrammelled by obstructing governments and institutions, our Pilgrim Fathers came to this newly discovered continent, into the wilderness, to enjoy civil and religious liberty, and to plant a nation in freedom. Coming, themselves, from the common walks of life, from among the people, they left behind them despotic ideas, oppressive institutions and wornout systems, and brought with them the idea that the security of liberty and the elevation of man ought to be the great objects of human governments. They came to a country rich in soil and natural productions, uncultivated and unpeopled, except by scattered tribes of roving Indians, who lived by the chase. No monopolizing landlord stood ready to take away one-half the product of the soil for rents, but land was nearly free to all ; and so cheap has it always been in the United States, that the ownership of a farm has ever been within the reach of every industrious, man who desired one. The standard government price for its lands has long been $1.25 per acre, and good farming lands can be bought to-day in some of the Western States, and in all the Territories, at this rate, and in our own State for about one-half this sum. Land and permanent homes being thus within the reach of all, each tiller of our
6 free soil” is the cultivator of his own acres, which, with our free insti