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KENNEBEC COUNTY SOCIETY.
The Annual Exhibition of this Society was held at Readfield Corner on the 11th, 12th and 13th of October. The exhibition was not so good as was anticipated, owing to a misunderstanding as to the time of holding it, but quite as good as could be expected under the circumstances; and much fine stock was shown.
LIVE STOCK. Horses. First premium on stallion was awarded to Wm. Beals of Winthrop, for an Eaton horse.
Second, to Benj. Philbrick of Mt. Vernon, for a chesnut horse, Eaton blood, from a Witherell mare.
Third, to Josiah Brown of Vienna.
Bulls. First premium on Short horn bulls, to Elijah Wadsworth of East Livermore, for his bull "Prince,” five years old.
Second, to Jesse Wadsworth of East Livermore, for “Bay State 3d,” both thorough bred animals.
First premium on Devon bulls, to G. B. Whiting of East Winthrop, for one reared by I. Wentworth.
Second, to John S. Haines of Readfield, for cne bred by Mr. Hall of Connecticut.
First premium on Hereford bulls, to Joseph H. Underwood of Fayette, for "Cronkill 3d,” bred by Mr. Clark of Granby, Mass.
Cows. Jesse Wadsworth, first premium for his Short horn Cow “May Flower," and the second premium for “Pocahontas." Also, first and second premiums on two years old heifers--all pure Short horns, and highly commended by the committee.
First premium on pure Hereford cow, to Joseph H. Underwood of Fayette.
The committee say that "no Devons were shown, but it will be well for old Kennebec when many of them can be seen feeding upon her hill-tops and in her valleys."
Of grade animals, many fine specimens were shown of various breeds.
Sheep. J. O. Wing of Winthrop, first premium on long wooled buck and ewes, a cross of three-fourths Leceister and one-fourth Cotswold.
J. R. Marston of Mt. Vernon, first premium for fine wool buck.
Obadiah Whittier of Vienna, showed a fine South Down buck, reared by Samuel Thorne of New York out of stock imported from Jonas Webb; both its sire and dam having taken prizes at the Royal Society's show in England. Cost $150. Weight of fleece at two years, 10 pounds; highly commended by the committee.
Swine. Samuel Jackson of East Winthrop, first premium on boar, for a White Chester, bred in Chester Co., Penn.
Second premium to A. D. Chase of Fayette, for a "Tuscarora." Premium on grade Suffolks to D. Craig of Readfield.
DAIRY PRODUCTS. These seem to have been largely shown, but the names of the competitors (successful or otherwise) do not appear in the statements.
NORTH KENNEBEC SOCIETY.
The Secretary, Joseph Percival, Esq., of Waterville, writes me: “This Society now embraces 250 members. Its Annual Exhibition was held at Waterville, on the 4th, 5th and 6th days of October, 1859. The weather was remarkably fine. The show of animals, while less in number than at some former exhibitions, on the whole, compared favorably with those of former years. The different breeds were all represented. Full or thorough breds were few, but their grades show that they are choice animals, and that their owners have done the community a good service by bringing them into our limits. The Durhams, as heretofore, predominate, and are the favorite breed, on account of their large size and remarkable docility. The North Devons, if we can improve their size and milking qualities, will be all that we want, and will more than rival the Durhams. We had a large and fine show of horses and colts. The introduction into our midst of the Morgan horses, by Mr. Lang of Vassalborough, has given to this department, a new impulse. Our show of sheep was larger and better than ever before. This department of husbandry is exciting (as it deserves) every year, more attention and interest. Our farmers all agree that it pays better than any branch of their business, aside from the fact that sheep farms increase in fertility faster than under any other circumstances."
LIVE STOCK. In a statement regarding a cow, Mr. Percival speaks very highly of a cross of Ayrshire and Short horn for dairy cows, giving a large quantity and of superior quality-docile and fine for stock.
Obed Emery of Fairfield, in a statement about a Durham cow, says:
“In regard to the merits of the Durhams, I think they surpass others bred in this State, especially for oxen, being rugged, strong and excellent workers, and for beef readily fattened. I keep both Durhams and Devons ; like the Durhams best for cows, as being more docile and gentle milkers; yet the Devon is a richer milker, but they are nervous, and in fact too smart for my use. I think the Durhams crossed with the Devons or Herefords might be an improvement on either."
DAIRY. Daniel Jones of Fairfield, who obtained first premium on cheese, gives his method of manufacture, as follows:
“I strain the milk into a tub at night, but add no rennet. In the morning, I bring it to the same temperature that it was when taken from the cow, by warming twenty minutes ; let it stand one hour; cut the curd in the tub about two inches square; let it stand till it is sufficiently settled, then dip it carefully into a basket and let it drain until it is quite dry. Then slice it and pour scalding water to it; drain it again, and salt to the taste. I then put it in a hoop and press lightly, half an hour; then remove it to the cellar where it remains till I make one or more curds, proceeding with the latter as with the former. When I have made the last curd I slice the first with a knife and mix them together. Then put it into a slow press and increase the pressure gradually, till it is well pressed. When taken from the press fit a cloth to the cheese ; dip it in hot butter and sew it up; turn and dress every day until cured for market."
CROPS. Rye. Clark Drummond of Winslow, first premium for spring rye, 244 bushels on one acre.
Potatoes. C. Drummond, first premium on 237 bushels Jackson potatoes, on one acre old pasture—20 bushels leached ashes and 2 bushels plaster put in the hills.
Second premium to Thomas Ayer of Waterville, for 175 bushels grown on three-fifths of an acre, being 292 bushels per acre.
FRANKLIN COUNTY SOCIETY.
This Society held its Annual Exhibition at Farmington on 6th, 7th and 8th of October, 1859.
1st.--Examined the Company Bull Duke of Manlius, owned near Farmington Falls, and were unanimous in pronouncing him a very nice animal. Your committee were not furnished with a statement of pedigree, therefore cannot report. Consider him the best bull on exhibition.
2d.--Examined a bull owned by Obadiah Whittier of Vienna. Your committee recommend him worthy the patronage of all your stock growers. Being owned out of the county, we cannot report
3d.—Examined the bull Stately, owned by A. Hillman of Farmington; found him a good animal. Said bull is four years old. Your committee award him the first premium, being the only bull over three years old entered.
4th.—Examined the cow Aurora, owned by A. Hillman of Farmington. Said cow is seven years old, and bred by J. Wadsworth; has a calf by her side; both were good animals. There being no competition, your committee award her the first premium.
5th.-Examined the two years old heifer Caroline, got by Stately out of Aurora. Your Committee award her the second premium.