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Barley. Charles Loring, first premium for 55 bushels on one
Potatoes. First premium to C. B. Goodell, 256 bushels on one
Ruta Bagas. Andrew J. Chase, for 195 bushels on one-fourth of an acre.
Mr. Hammond's statement of mixed crop, grown upon worn out land, is as follows:
“My crop consisting of 180bushels of ears, 38 pounds to the bushel, was grown on one acre twelve rods, being at the rate of 1673 bushels of ears to the acre; also, about 3 common cartloads pumpkins, and 44 bushels beans. The soil upon which they grew was a gravelly loam, of yellowish color; formerly quite rocky; mostly cleared off; dry and light; not hard to work when free from stone. Before plowing cut from 600 to 800 lbs. per acre, hay. Broke up May, 1859, eight inches deep, turning about six cords quite strawy barn manure; harrowed well ; furrowed north and south about three and a half feet apart; hills about three feet apart; manured in the hill, with old barn manure and dirt from under the stable ; used 200 pounds bone-dust on one-fourth of the piece—hali in the hill and half in top dressing ; sprinkled each hill after dropping the corn with a compostof salt, lime and plaster-300 pounds quick-lime, slacked with 100 pounds salt dissolved in water (slaked dry,) one-third part plaster added, (by measure,) used about a gill to six hills; top dressed with hen manure, salt and plaster, composted-four bushels hen manure, one salt, two plaster-put around the hill (not on it.) Plowed between rows once, and cultivated once; hoed twice; five kernels to the hill-eight rowed mostly. Planted about the 20th of May ; cut up and shocked about the 20th of September. I had also about 10 bushels potatoes from the same ground. I weighed one bushel, measured the remainder, and judge from a calculation based upon such measurement of ears, that there will be 60 bushels of sound corn and about 5 bushels soft. I kept no minutes, have made no exact measurement, except the land, and but for the fact that I considered it a good crop for worn out or exhausted land, with the small quantity of barn manure I was able to apply, and that I relied in a great measure upon the artificial manures, or composts, as above specified, I should not have entered or made any statements of it.”
NORTH PENOBSCOT SOCIETY,
Mr. Patten, acting Secretary, in absence of Mr. Clark, writes me that this Society held its Annual Exhibition at Lincoln, October 5th and 6th, 1859. There was decided improvement in the stock exhibited over former years. The show in other departments was highly creditable. There is a demand for more light and knowledge on matters pertaining to agriculture. Thought is more active and discussions more frequent and interesting.
LIVE STOCK. Premiums were awarded to William R. Ayer of Lincoln, for full blood Devon bull, bred by I. Wentworth.
Timothy Fuller, for Devon heifer and heifer calf, from Kennebec county.
First premium on Durham bull to Benjamin Whitten.
Second premium to A. C. Ingersoll, for Durham bull, 11 years old.
Shepard Bean showed a bull, cross of Devon and Durham.
First premium on stock cow to A. W. Russell, for Durham cow “Victory,”—dam a full blood cow of the Fitz Favorite family, and sired by young Shepard.
First premium on milch cow to A. J. Bates, Lincoln.
The committee specially notice the Mangolds shown by Wm. C. Hammatt of Howland, and recommend the extensive cultivation of this valuable root for feeding to stock.
WEST PENOBSCOT SOCIETY.
The Secretary writes me as follows:
“This Society now embraces 207 members—9 new ones having been added the past year.
Its Annual Exhibition was held at East Corinth on the 27th and 28th days of September, A. D. 1859. This exhibition was good— fully up to any of the previous ones. The farmers appear to take an interest in the improvement of all kinds of stock and of agricultural products, of which there was a good show of the different kinds. I think the Society is exerting a good influence upon the agriculture of this vicinity."
So far as can be judged from returns made, few, if any, of our county societies are actuated by a more commendable spirit, or better accomplish their mission, than the West Penobscot; certainly, in the style and completeness of the returns made to this office, Mr. Batchelder, as Secretary, is excelled by no one.
LIVE STOCK. Horses. First premium on stallion, to Simon Leighton of Exeter, on a Drew horse, six years old.
Second, to G. A. Bachelder, for a Drew horse, for which he says the owner has refused $1,000.
Third, to M. L. F. Walker of Exeter, for Eaton Messenger, seven
First premium on stallion four years old, to Albert G. Tibbetts of Exeter, Drew horse.
Second, to R. W. Doe of Corinth.
First premium on three years old, to Chauncey Cochran of Corinth, for a Morgan Messenger.
Second, to G. A. Proctor of Exeter.
Breeding Mares. First premium to George A. Bachelder of Exeter, for a Morgan.
Second, to Nath'l E. Brown, for a "Tiger."
Bulls. First premium for Devon bull over two years old, to Matthew Ritchie of East Corinth, for one of four years, bred by I. Wentworth.
John Chandler of Corinth, one two years old, and bred by Wentworth.
For best yearling Devon, to Sherburne Tilton of Charleston, for one bred by Mr. Ritchie.
Best bull calf, to Matthew Ritchie.
For best Short horn bull two years old, to Isaac W. Case of Kenduskeag, for one bred by him, got by “Bay State” out of the cow "Stella,” bred by R. H. Green, Esq. of Winslow.
Cows. For best Short horn cow, to Isaac W. Case, for "Alice 4th," a Herd Book animal, bought by him in Mass. in 1857.
For best and second best Devon cow, to C. Cochran of Corinthboth bred by Wentworth.
Third, to Matthew Ritchie.
Milch Cows. There were grades and natives, and the statements (as is too often the case) give the very indefinite information that they were "excellent milkers” and kept on "very poor pastures." And here let me mention as something remarkable, and which ought to be better known if really a fact-noticeable, however, no more with regard to the statements from this Society than in all others—that the greater the yield of a milch cow, if the statements are to be relied on, the poorer has been her keeping. This is a point worth being settled ; and in order to do so, let me suggest that societies in future offer two classes of premiums, one on animals kept without food, and one on such as are well kept.
Sheep. These were mostly grade Leicesters, and esteemed highly for mutton.
Swine. These were grades of Essex, Suffolk and Newbury White.