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Carrots. Isaac Shields, 213 bushels on one-fourth acre; land manured with hog manure and guano. Wm. D. Dana, 200 bushels on 38
rods. Field Beets. William D. Dana, 80 bushels Golden field beets on 16} rods—equal to 775 bushels per acre :
“The soil upon which it grew was gravelly loam, and has been in grass for several years till 1857, when it was used for a hogyard. In the spring of '59, spaded eighteen inches deep, after spreading a thick coat of manure from the hog pen; three rows manured from the house slop sewer, and three rows where the manure was applied as a top dressing, yielded equally well with the others. Weeded and thinned to ten inches apart in the rows, and vacancies filled by transplanting when the plants were four inches high. The rows were thirty inches apart.”
Statement of Hugh Porter. Raised two hundred and eighty-two bushels of rutabagas on seventy rods of land. Greensward, plowed in the fall of 1858; manured in the drills with compost made of hog manure, muck and Plaster of Paris—the compost covered three inches deep, then leveled smooth and applied a small portion of phosphate of lime before sowing the seed. Weighed some of the turnips—12 and 14 pounds. Drills two feet apart.
Mr. Dana, the Secretary of the Society, furnishes the following notes. It is very desirable that others would furnish similar notes in other localities :
General Features of the Season.
Mar-First note of frogs, 20th. Apple, pear and cherry in blossom, 25th. First dandelion, 10th.
June-First ripe strawberries, 10th. White and red clover in flower, 20th. Orchard grass headed out, 4th.
SEPTEMBER—Frost, 7th. Ice, 17th.
'WEST WASHINGTON SOCIETY.
This is understood to have been, at the time of holding their first show in September, 1859, an unincorporated Society, and wholly a voluntary association, springing up from the need felt for more active exertions to promote agriculture, and being at too great distance from the seat of operations of the old Society to derive much benefit from it, or participate in its exhibitions. May success attend their efforts.
The Secretary writes me as follows:
"This Society embraces 180 members. Its first Exhibition was held at Columbia on the 29th day of September. The show of neat stock was not large--chiefly of grade Devon, Durham, Hereford and Natives. A fine Devon bull was shown by Jesse Plummer, also one of Durham and Hereford stock by John F. Pineo of Columbia. Some very fine stock was exhibited sired by a bull introduced into this section by Gamaliel Pineo. The horses at the show were principally of Messenger and Native blood. There were some fine Leicester sheep, and also some Suffolk swine on exhibition. The farmers generally feel the importance of improving their stock, and of late have been actively engaged in procuring the best blood the country affords for breeding stock of a better grade. The attention of the inhabitants of the section embraced within the limits of our Society, has from the first settlement of the country been mainly directed to lumbering and shipbuilding, and from that cause we are perhaps the least agricultural of any people in the State, but, of late, there appears to be a general awakening, and a wide-spread interest is manifested in the importance of tilling the earth. Perhaps a season never closed with so much preparation for farming in this section as at present.
OFFICERS—President, J. Walker Moore of Cherryfield.
Vice Presidents, William B. Smith of Machias, M. J. Talbot of East Machias, A. K. McKenzie of Addison.
Secretary-James L. Buckman.
Directors—Gowen Wilson of Columbia, M. T. Hill of Machias, John Plummer of Addison, George W. Taylor of Jonesborough, J. D. Parker of Steuben."
NORTH AROOSTOOK SOCIETY.
The Secretary writes me that "its Annual Exhibition was held at Presque Isle, October 5th and 6th. The stock in all departments, except sheep, made a fine appearance. Although there was less competition than in some former years, it was never so good. The improvements making are very marked. The North Devon blood is becoming widely disseminated, and is the favorite stock of our farmers. Crops this year were excellent, except Indian corn, which was extensively cut off by spring frosts, but the late planted did very well. Wheat, potatoes and oats were never better. It is plain that the Society is exercising an increasing influence for good upon the agriculture of the county.
AN ADDRESS Delivered before the North Aroostook Agricultural Society, at the Annual Fair at
Presque Isle, October 6th, 1859, by Rev. D. STICKNEY.
Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen:
I stand here to-day, by the invitation of the Trustees of your Society, with but very brief opportunity for preparation, to speak on this occasion.
Of course it will not be expected that I should be very interesting or instructive. But, standing as we do, amidst the gorgeous scenery of the grand old forests of the Aroostook, at the season when
“ Nature has in her gayest livery all things clad," in a country rendered almost classic, by the fact that it was “long time ago," the refuge and home of a people of “pleasant magnetisms," compelled to flee from the rapacity of foreign spoilers, upon a soil which, but recently, was on the eve of being the battle ground upon which contending armies should mingle in all the pomp and circumstance and horror of war-on a spot, which within
one brief year was vocal with the assembled wit and wisdom of the editorial fraternity of our State, who departed to tell in story and song of the glories and beauties of this garden of Maine ; and, surrounded as we have been by your flocks and herds, your various and varied specimens of agricultural industry and manufacturing skill, and above all, having for auditors this numerous and intelligent gathering, dull indeed must be the mind, obtuse the intellect, that cannot say something, although it may not be what you may desire. It was the conceit of a clever poet, that
“ Man wants but little here below,
Nor wants that little long." There is unquestionably less of poetry, but a great deal more of fact, in my idea that
Man wants a great deal here below. Man was made by an infinitely wise Creator—the creature of want, and of constantly recurring wants. Give us day by day our daily bread, implies that we have daily wants which need to be supplied.
I purpose then, to speak briefly of some of these wants, and of the means you have here of supplying them.
As I have already said, we have wants which need to be supplied, and unless supplied, we fail to realize the purpose and object of our existence.
These wants are physical, intellectual and moral or spiritual ; all of which must be supplied, and constantly supplied, or man is not what it is his privilege to be, what it his duty to be.
And first—we should have a healthy parentage. There are a great many of us that were born wrong; that is, we had a parentage which was wrong-parents physically or morally diseased, or both, and the iniquities of the father are by an irreversible law of nature visited upon the children of the third and fourth generation. I do not offer this as a theological dogma, but as a truth of natural science, to which it would be well for the world to give heed.
I do not expect that any of us at this late day will be able to improve our own nativity ; that is a matter over which we have no particular control ; but the generations yet to come, will hold us to a strict responsibility for a healthy, physical, intellectual and moral organization.
Second.-A man ought to be well “ brought up.” Some persons, of words polite and classical, would say "educated" - but