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" train up,"
I like the good old Anglo Saxon phrase, “brought up.” This means something--there is some pith to it. It means, not only, that children should be taught grammar, and geography, and arithmetic, and natural philosophy, and Greek, and Latin, and music, and drawing, and dancing, and all the arts and sciences, useful and ornamental, and the mind disciplined and developed, so that it can grasp the abstruse and the profound; but it means that they shall be taught to obey father and mother, to love brother and sister, to reverence and worship God, to do by others as they would that others should do unto them ; to know how to fell the forest and pile up the logs; to raise potatoes, and corn and oats, and wheat; to swim the river, if necessary, to camp out in the woods, and be able to withstand the winter's cold and summer's heat, by having all their physical powers developed and made strong by vigorous exercise. This is what Solomon meant, when he said, (bring up, he meant) "a child in the way he should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it."
Third.—Man needs a home-a place on earth which he can call his own.
A spot of earth upon which he can stand, and proclaim to all the world around, that these acres, more or less broad, as the case may be, are his. A spot of which he can say with truth, "of this I am monarch!"
This beautiful earth of ours was given to man for a possession. Not to one man alone, but to all men ; by Him who made of one blood all nations of men to dwell upon the face of the earth. It is the duty of men to divide this earth among themselves, so that every one shall have a part. And I hold that any social or legal system, which enables a few men to spread their title deeds over thousands of acres which they cannot occupy, whilst all around them are their landless and homeless brethren,
violation of the laws of nature and of nature's God. They have no right to land which they cannot occupy, when another comes and wants it for actual occupancy, any more than one man has a right to another's sinews and strength. Having secured his portion of soil, more or less extensive, just as the case may be, and his occupation requires, he wants a house, a place having walls and a covering, into which he can retreat from the inclemencies of the elements, and, when he is so disposed, shut out every outside barbarian, taste the sweets of the pleasures of retirement in the bosom of the loved ones of his own household ; where husband and wife and children can enjoy the pleasures of free and social converse, with
is a gross
“No noisy stranger entering here,
To spoil their heartfelt joy,” Where prattling children, with rosy cheeks and auburn locks, can climb on father and mother, “the envied kiss to share;" when, unobserved by a gainsaying world, he can gather his loved ones around the family altar, at the hour of prayer, and commend them to the care of his father in Ileaven-and where, at last, when “life's fitful scene shall be o'er,” he may have a chamber, in which the good man may meet his fate
“Quit the world's vain scenes without a fear,
Fourth.—This home needs to be embellished and made beautiful. There is no human being destitute of the sense of the beautiful. Deprive a person of this sense, and he would not be a man, any more than he would be if deprived of the religious element. To gratify this faculty of the mind, God has scattered all over the face of the earth, every conceivable form of beauty. The grand and glorious forests, of the valleys of the Aroostook and St. John, were not made merely for timber to send to a British market, or to construct your buildings, or to make articles of merchandize, or to furnish fuel for your dwellings, beneficial as all of these uses are ; but they were made that the eye of every man that rests upon them, whether civilized or savage, may have their gorgeous scenery upon which to feast and revel in never ending delight. Katahdin was not made merely to be the home, the throne of the storm king, where to forge his thunderbolts, and from whence to dash them on the world below, and pour his torrents to swell your rivers, to fertilize your intervales and cause them to produce immense crops of hay, oats and potatoes. 0! no! no! Useful as is Katahdin in this way, it has another mission to perform-it is to inspire noble thoughts, to kindle noble resolves, to be a never ending feast of the sublime and the glorious to the eye of every beholder.
Nor are the flowers of your orchards, your gardens, and your fields, intended to be merely the means, by which fruit and food are raised. No, no, Heaven never gave them their various hues, and tints, and shades, for this purpose alone. These flowers might have all been of the color of an old weather beaten house, and been just as useful for the purposes of reproduction as they are now,
but the great chemist of nature, Fe, who by his touch can turn every thing to gold, gave them their endless variety of coloring, to please and gratify a desire, which he had before implanted in the boscm of his children.
A house then, should not be merely so constructed as to keep out the storm and cold, prevent thieves from breaking in, and children from running out, but it should be made convenient, embellished and adorned, without and within, to the extent of the ability of the owner, made attractive and pleasant to its inmates, so that they will be ready to sing, with the spirit and the understanding also,
Home, sweet home,
There is no place like home.” As a hint, how easily and cheaply a house may be embellished, and made beautiful, by the planting of trees and shrubbery. I will give you a quotation from, I think, Sir Walter Scott, in which he puts into the mouth of a Scottish Lord, the following, addressed to one of his tenants : “When you have nothing else to do Jock, be sticking out a tree Jock; it will grow when you are asleep Jock.” A few hours, spent at the proper season, in planting trees and shrubbery, around our homes, which will grow while we sleep, and soon become valuable ornaments, a source of pride and pleasure to ourselves and our children, for long years to come, will be an investment yielding abundant dividends.
IIaving a home, and having that home embellished and adorned, so as to render it a pleasant one, every man needs a wife, every woman needs a husband. Man was not made to be alone. It is not good for man to be alone. It is not good for woman to be alone. And in the near and dear relation of husband and wife, should every two of the human family, sooner or later, live. This is a relation ordained of high Heaven, and human happiness is incomplete without it. I close this part of my remarks, by saying to the young gentlemen who are my hearers, as soon as you have a cage, catch a beautiful bird, not beautiful merely for its plumage or its song, although both are very desirable, but beautiful because it has a sweet temper, a loving spirit, a gentle soul. And I shall be pardoned the remark to my young lady friends, that if any ycung gentleman shall attempt to catch you, who drinks ardent spirit, is profane, a scoffer at religion and its institutions, speaks disrespectfully of his mother, or unkindly of his father, or neglects his sisters, beware of all such fowl.
Having a home and family, we need, we want the means of subsistenco, of living, to render that home pleasant and happy. A home without victuals, without comfortable clothes, without a competence—which will enable us to live as our neighbors do, will never be the home that we desire.
The old adage, that, “when poverty comes in at the door, love jumps out of the window," is one of the maxims of wisdom. The idea of verılant boys, and love-sick girls, that they can live, no matter where, and subsist on, no matter what, and be supremely happy if they can only be in each other's company, is an illusion that time will cure, sooner than bank paper ever matured with the insolvent debtor. They will find that love alone is poor stuff on which to live, although it is excellent as a desert after a dinner of roast beef and vegetables.
The individual ownership of property is an appointment of Heaven. And every man, to enjoy life, must have a competence which he can call his own. · IIe must have property to which he has a legal right, which he can hold as against the world, and without it, he cannot have that independence of character, which is essential to true manliness. It is not necessary that he have immense wealth-indeed great wealth is as detrimental to happiness as abject poverty ; but it is he who holds fast the golden mean, and lives contentedly between the little and the great, who, like Agur, is desirous of neither poverty nor riches, who has enough to supply all his natural wants, and a competence for old age, that best fulfills the condition of happiness, derived from money and what it procures.
We need the means of intellectual improvement. We want intellectual food. The mind needs food just as much as the body, ' and will pine away and die, just as surely as the body if it does
not have it. It is continually craving and desiring to know something which it does not now know. This want must be supplied. It will obtain its intellectual repast somehow, whether we design to supply it or not. Intellectual, like physical hunger, will break over a stone wall. Just like the animal appetite, if it cannot obtain wholesome food, it will have unwholesome, and so, if we do not supply our sons and daughters with good intellectual food, they consume with avidity, the nauseous trash which comes like the rush of many waters from a corrupt press; the base literature which comes up from the purlieus of Paris, New York and other large cities, enervating, corrupting and debasing thousands of souls
made in the image of God and bringing to premature intellectual graves, untold thousands of the otherwise lovely and good.
Lastly.—In the enumeration of human wants, man needs a hope beyond the grave. Earth is not the whole of human existence. These material scenes will last but for a season.
In the casket which God hath given to you and to me, there is a jewel, worth more than any ruby or diamond that ever glittered on the brow of royalty, or that adorns the cabinet of any earthly monarch. That jewel is the human soul : which is to live on and on whilst eternity shall endure. A part of the business of earth is to polish this jewel, and prepare it for Heaven. A heavenly hope and trust man needs in order to accomplish this object. He must have the means of spiritual and religious improvement.
One of the conditions of human happiness is to remember the Sabbath day to keep it holy.
The stated worship of God, stated seasons for religious contemplation and improvement, are essential to the prosperity of individuals and communities.
Having thus imperfectly sketched some of the more common wants of man, wants which are not peculiar to this community, or to any community, but to all, to the world, I will now devote a few moments to the consideration of the question, whether you, ladies and gentlemen, have the elements, the means within your reach, of supplying these wants.
The whole subject resolves itself into one inquiry. Have you the elements here in Aroostook of pecuniary prosperity? Have you the means of accumulating material wealth ? Because, by the right disposition and use of wealth, all these other wants may be supplied. The answer by every intelligent and reflecting mind to this inquiry must be in the affirmative.
In the first place, you, in common with myself, and every other person having his home in Maine, are citizens of one of the best States of the American Union. I do not mean to say that there are not States, that have advantages which we have not. But what I do say is, that taking into the account our soil, our climate, the variety of our productions, our extended sea coast, our noble rivers, our inexhaustible forests, our mines, our quarries of slate and lime and granite, our boundless water power, the hardihood, enterprise, industry, and perseverance of our people, the devoted moral character of our population, the excellence of our schools and seminaries of learning, the universal diffusion of the institutions