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First premium to Charles Fish. The apples included Duchess . d'Oldenburg, Bell's Early, Williams' Favorite, Heald's Bearer.
Second to H. N. Darling, for Duchess d’Oldenburg and others.
First premium on June butter, J. S. Mitchell.
"They award first premium for best crop of spring wheat to William H. Hunt of Patten, he having raised at the rate of 17 bushels per acre, on four acres.
They award first premium for best crop of corn to Alfred Cushman of Golden Ridge plantation, he having raised at the rate of 75 bushels to the acre, on one-half acre.
They award second premium on corn to Morgan L. Gerry of Golden Ridge plantation, he having raised at the rate of 54 bushels to the acre, on one-half acre.
They award third premium on corn to Joseph Heald of Patten, he having raised at the rate of 50 bushels to the acre, on one-half acre.
They award first premium for best crop of potatoes to James S. Mitchel of Patten, he having raised at the rate of 300 bushels to the acre, weighing 623 pounds to the bushel, on one-half acre.
They award second premium on potatoes to Morgan L. Gerry of Golden Ridge, he having raised at the rate of 284 bushels to the acre, on 90 rods of land.
They award premium for best crop of beans to Dr. Luther Rogers of Patten, he having raised at the rate of 25 bushels per acre, on one-fourth of an acre.
They award premium for best crop of rutabaga turnips to Alfred
Cushman of Golden Ridge plantation, he having raised at the rate 1040 bushels to the acre, on one-eighth of an acre.
Several applications have been made for premiums where the parties have not conformed to the conditions required by the Society. One mart, John Davis of Township No. 3, sent in three applications, one for premium on wheat, one for rye, and one for oats. He raised wheat at the rate of 24} bushels to the acre, on 146 square rods of land; at the rate of 25 bushels of rye per acre, on 159 rods, and at the rate of 62 bushels of oats to the acre, weighing 414 pounds to the bushel, on 139 rods. The Society's premium on wheat, rye and oats, for the best crop of each, on not less than one acre,-Mr. Davis not having an acre in either piece aforesaid, it was their unanimous opinion that there was no authority to award him anything. Your committee regret exceedingly, that no more applications were made for premiums on field crops. There are many parties within our limits who have raised much larger crops. Some of them were furnished with blanks, but their applications were not sent in. We cannot but hope that in future, more interest may be felt, and more competition be seen, among our best farmers, on the subject of field crops, than has been manifested the present season."
The following papers from active members of this Society have been furnished, and I am happy to give them a place in this abstract, conveying as they do valuable information regarding the capabilities and resources of this young and interesting section of our State.
James Brown, Esq., of Dayton plantation, Aroostook county, writes as follows :
“Our crops were unusually good. Every kind of a crop succeeded well. Grain weighs well; I weighed a bushel of the Siberian spring wheat, to-day, of my own raising, which weighed sixty-four pounds. This variety is but little known here. I commenced three years since with a few kernels obtained from the Patent Office; but I must say it is while growing, and ripening, and after it is cleaned, the handsomest thing I have seen called wheat.
There was but little wheat sown near me last spring, but it was almost universally of good quality and a satisfactory yield.
Lemuel T. Sewall of Island Falls, told me he raised from less than one bushel of the Scotch Fyfe, seventeen and a half bushels on three fourths of an acre—(the Scotch Fyfe was received from the Patent Office.) We think well of this variety. It ripens early, is short and stiff straw, and is not apt to lodge; and if sown early gets an important start of the rust and weevil, two very serious hindrances. I think by proper management we may run nearly clear of both. To get the start of the weevil we need an early variety. On dry ground it is safe to sow wheat as soon as the frost is out to the depth of three or four inches-the wheat will get out of the way of the weevil before he gets ready to perform his mission of evil.
Wheat brought northward fifty or a hundred miles (the same year) is not apt to rust. I once brought a peck of wheat from Sandy river, in this State, and sowed it on a corner of a three acre piece on which I sowed four bushels of the same kind of wheat; the little corner sowed by the peek did not rust, but the rest of the piece rusted badly. I got more wheat from the peck sowing than from all the rest of the piece.
I have seen the Siberian wheat standing between two other kinds so near each as to mix—both the other kinds rusted, but this remained as bright as gold to the last.
Buckwheat has proved itself to be a most important crop. While others are indispensible to the farmer, this is most certain to remunerate his labor. An average crop of buckwheat is about 35 bushels to the acre—a bushel will produce 32 pounds of meal, equal to corn meal, which makes a feed for fattening pork equal to any other, and costs much less than any thing we can produce of the same value.”
Dr. Luther Rogers of Patten, Secretary of the Society, writes :
"Farmers need money. The great desideratum in farming is, to make the products of the farm pay the current expenses of the farm and family. Within the limits of this Society, much attention is necessarily given to the clearing of lands. The first crops of grain and hay are always large; and in this community, grain and surplus hay find a ready market. Farmers, while clearing lands realize a good business, and have cash at least once a year to meet all necessary expenses
With older farms and with lands that have been cropped several
years, the case is different; the lands must be fertilized. How shall we make the lands fertile and realize a profit while doing it? A few examples of successful farming will show how the thing may be done. Messrs. S. & W. Waters of Patten raised this
900 bushels of oats, worth $450; 80 bushels of wheat, $120; 40 bushels of peas, $80—total value, $650.
Andrew McCourt of Patten raised 580 bushels oats, $290.
Messrs. Waters and McCourt raised their oats principally on lands that were fertilized with the grass crop without manure. They plow the grass land in June, and in the fall cross-plow, and in the ensuing spring sow the oats without plowing. They get an income from 15 to 25 dollars the acre. Mr. McCourt raised his crop, valued at $290, with the labor of one man and two horses. They plow with a strong team, and plow deep.
Messrs. Waters keep a large stock of cattle and consume all their hay on the farm. Their farm contains 300 acres of excellent land. The first clearings were commenced about twenty years since; they have now one of the best cultivated farms within the limits of this Society. They make farming a business, and make money by it.
Moses Perry of Golden Ridge raised this year 260 bushels of oats on 3 acres of new land, at the rate of 60 bushels per acre -worth in cash, $130; 128 bushels wheat on 5 acres, at the rate of 25 3-5 bushels to the acre, $192; 22 bushels rye, from one bushel sowing, on 1 acre, at the rate of 29 bushels per acre, $22. Total, $344.
Mr. Thorne of Island Falls raised this year 67 bushels of good wheat on 4 acres of new land. Value, $100.
Mr. Isaac Robinson of Island Falls raised this year 25 bushels of winter wheat on / acre of new or burnt land, at the rate of 28 bushels to the acre-worth in cash, per acre, $42. Mr. Robinson's wheat is very nice, and makes flour of excellent quality.”
Mr. Jesse Craig of Island Falls, has had several years experience in raising winter wheat. He says :—"I think it is more subject to rust than spring wheat, more especially if sown late. If sowed between the 1st and 20th of September, it is as sure as spring wheat. It has one advantage, it comes off earlier, and makes superior flour. I think it may be sown later on burnt than on plowed land.
On account of the weevil, it is desirable that more experiments should be made with winter wheat.
Mr. Joseph Heald of Patten, has had some experience in raising winter wheat. He thinks it should be sown in August, as it gets more deeply rooted, and is not so likely to winter kill.
Rev. Mr. Fobes of Crystal plantation, to avoid the weevil, sowed one bushel of wheat on the last day of April. He raised a good crop. It was not injured by the weevil. Mr. F. thinks the wheat matured before it was time for the weevil to work. More experiments of this kind are desirable.
Mr. Craig says, in his township the potato crop was a great gield, and of excellent quality.
Daniel Sleeper of Golden Ridge, raised 26 bushels of good wheat on one acre of burnt land—worth $39.
Charles Jackman of Golden Ridge, raised 70 bushels of oats on one acre of burnt land-worth $35.