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Note to I, 22—Continued
tion under the mandate to the respective mandatory and in their preambles state that "the benefits accruing under the aforesaid Article 119 of the Treaty of Versailles were confirmed to the United States by the treaty between the United States and Germany, signed August 25, 1921". These instruments are as follows:
The convention defining the rights of nationals in the Cameroons with France, signed at Paris, February 13, 1923; in force June 3, 1924 (Treaty Series 690; 43 Stat. 1178; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1923–37, iv, 4153).
The convention defining the rights of nationals in Togoland with France, signed at Paris, February 13, 1923; in force June 3, 1924; (Treaty Series 691; 43 Stat. 1790; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1923– 37, iv, 4160).
The treaty concerning rights in the territory of Ruanda-Urundi with Belgium, signed at Brussels, April 18, 1923, and protocol signed at Brussels, January 21, 1924; in force November 18, 1924; (Treaty Series 704; 43 Stat. 1863; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1923– 37, IV, 3954).
The other conventions concerning "B" mandates were concluded in view of the facts that "His Britannic Majesty has accepted a mandate for the administration of part of the former German colony" and that the two Governments were "desirous of reaching a definite understanding as to the rights of their respective Governments and of their nationals in the said territory". These instru
The convention defining the rights of nationals in the Cameroons with His Britannic Majesty, signed at London, February 10, 1925; in force April 8, 1926 (Treaty Series 743; 44 Stat. 2422; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1923-37, iv, 4235).
The convention defining the rights of nationals in East Africa (Tanganyika) with His Britannic Majesty, signed at London, February 10, 1925; in force April 8, 1926 (Treaty Series 744; 44 Stat. 2427; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1923-37, iv, 4239).
The convention defining the rights of nationals in Togoland with His Britannic Majesty, signed at London, February 10, 1925; in force July 8, 1926 (Treaty Series 745; 44 Stat. 2433; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1923-37, iv, 4244).
A single treaty was concluded by the United States with respect tc a "C" mandate:
Treaty with Japan regarding rights of the two Governments and
Note to I, 22-Continued
their respective nationals in former German islands in the Pacific Ocean north of the Equator, and in particular the Island of Yap, signed at Washington, February 11, 1922; in force July 13, 1922 (Treaty Series 664; 42 Stat. 2149; Treaties, Conventions, etc., 1910– 23, III, 2723).
Subject to and in accordance with the provisions of international conventions existing or hereafter to be agreed upon, the Members of the League:
(a) will endeavour to secure and maintain fair and humane.
conditions of labour for men, women, and children, both in their own countries and in all countries to which their commercial and industrial relations extend, and for that purpose will establish and maintain the necessary international organisations;
(b) undertake to secure just treatment of the native inhabitants of territories under their control;
(c) will entrust the League with the general supervision over the execution of agreements with regard to the traffic in women and children, and the traffic in opium and other dangerous drugs;
(d) will entrust the League with the general supervision of the trade in arms and ammunition with the countries in which the control of this traffic is necessary in the common interest;
(e) will make provision to secure and maintain freedom of communications and of transit and equitable treatment for the commerce of all Members of the League. In this connection, the special necessities of the regions devastated during the war of 1914-1918 shall be borne in mind;
(f) will endeavour to take steps in matters of international concern for the prevention and control of disease.
1. There shall be placed under the direction of the League all international bureaux already established by general treaties if the parties to such treaties consent. All such international bureaux and all commissions for the regulation of matters of international interest hereafter constituted shall be placed under the direction of the League.
2. In all matters of international interest which are regulated by general conventions but which are not placed under the control of international bureaux or commissions, the Secretariat of the League shall, subject to the consent of the Council and if desired by the parties, collect and distribute all relevant information and shall render any other assistance which may be necessary or desirable.
3. The Council may include as part of the expenses of the Secretariat the expenses of any bureau or commission which is placed under the direction of the League.
The Members of the League agree to encourage and promote the establishment and co-operation of duly authorised voluntary national Red Cross organisations having as purposes the improvement of health, the prevention of disease and the mitigation of suffering throughout the world.
1. Amendments to this Covenant will take effect when ratified by the Members of the League whose Representatives compose the Council and by a majority of the Members of the League whose Representatives compose the Assembly.
2. No such amendment shall bind any Member of the League which signifies its dissent therefrom, but in that case it shall cease to be a Member of the League.
Note to I, 26
Amendments were adopted by the Assembly and opened for signature in three protocols on October 5, 1921 which would replace the provisions of article 26 by the following:
"Amendments to the present Covenant the text of which shall have been voted by the Assembly on a three-fourths' majority, in which there shall be included the votes of all the Members of the Council represented at the meeting, will take effect when ratified by the Members of the League whose Representatives composed the Council when the vote was taken and by the majority of those whose Representatives form the Assembly.
"If the required number of ratifications shall not have been obtained within twenty-two months after the vote of the Assembly, the proposed amendment shall remain without effect.
Note to I, 26—Continued
"The Secretary-General shall inform the Members of the taking effect of an amendment.
"Any Member of the League which has not at that time ratified the amendment is free to notify the Secretary-General within a year of its refusal to accept it, but in that case it shall cease to be a Member of the League.”
I. ORIGINAL MEMBERS OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS SIGNATORIES OF THE TREATY OF PEACE,
The protocol opened for signature on September 30, 1938, when ratified, would bring into effect the following provision: "The first part of the Annex shall be omitted."
II. FIRST SECRETARY GENERAL OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS.
The Honourable Sir James Eric Drummond, K.C.M.G., C.B.
Note to I, Annex II
Sir Eric Drummond served until June 30, 1933. He was succeeded by Joseph Avenol July 1, 1933. Sean Lester became Acting Secretary-General in August 1940.
The General Committee of the 21st session of the Assembly on April 16 recommended, and the Assembly adopted, a resolution. which read:
“The Assembly, in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article 6 of the Covenant, confirms Mr. Sean Lester as Secretary-General of the League of Nations as from September 1st, 1940."
The resolution for the dissolution of the League of Nations adopted by the Assembly on April 18, 1946 provides:
"3. The Secretary-General shall be responsible to the Board [of Liquidation]. He shall retire from office on the completion of the liquidation."
Instruments Concluded by or
Under the Auspices of the League of Nations
Convention between Poland and the Free City of Danzig, Paris, November 9, 1920; in force, November 15, 1920; 6 League of Nations Treaty Series, p. 189.
Treaty between Germany and Poland concerning the regulation of option questions, Danzig, November 8, 1920; in force, December 17, 1921; Reg. No. 177; 7 League of Nations Treaty Series, p. 323.
Treaty between Poland and the Free City of Danzig, Warsaw, October 24, 1921; in force, December 31, 1921; 116 League of Nations Treaty Series.
Protocol between the German Government and the Governing Commission of the Territory of the Saar Basin, Berlin, signed and in force June 3, 1921; 5 League of Nations Treaty Series, p. 189.
German-Polish convention relating to Upper Silesia, Geneva, May 15, 1922; in force July 15, 1922 - July 15, 1937; separate