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A la diquette on congnoist les lepreux,
Et au pourceau lymage sainct Arithaine,
Lhabit bigot ne fait le devot moyne,

Ne le harnoys lhomme hardy et preus.
The lepers by the warning clack are known,
As by his pig Saint Anthony is shown ;
The inky cloak makes not the monk devout,
Nor trappings proud the soldier brave and stout.

Qui veut scavoir au soir et au matin,
Les differens des noyses ou querelles
Il doit aller pour ouyr des nouvelles

Ches les barbiers au four ou au moulin.
He who at morn and eve would duly know
How news and scandal with his neighbours go,
May of such idle chit-chat have his fill

At barbers' shops, the oven, or the mill.
Pierre Gringore died about the year 1545.



We announced in our last the in- much variety, the young performers tended Concert of the pupils educated exhibiting on the pianoforte, harp, at the Royal Academy. Of this in- violin, violoncello, and hautbois stitution, we have several times had (solo), besides performing in conoccasion to speak. It has now been certed pieces, and accompaniment, as opened about twelve months, there well as singing. There are, certainly, are upon the foundation ten girls and some children of great talent: Blaeleven boys, and five boys and nine grove, on the violin (who promises girls students not on the foundation, to be a second Mori), Miss ChancelThe donations amount to a total, lor (pianoforte), Phipps and Packer something above 60001., and the an- (on the same instrument), Miss Mornual subscriptions to about 820), gan (the harp), Cooke (the hauthois), There are twenty-five Visitors, twen- and Lucas on the violoncello. Miss ty-nine Directors, and twelve Com- Porter is the best of the singers. It mittee-men, chosen from amongst the is curious that in a national academy nobility and gentry who have sub- the selections should chiefly be Itascribed ; and no less than forty-four lian, but the lady who teaches is an Professors, or about two masters for Italian (Madame Regnandin), and we each pupil are enumerated. But all believe that no teacher of English this apparatus is not so much for ser- singing has yet attended this national vice as display. The Committee of school. The pupils, however, maManagement has, it should seem, nifested the fruits of talent, diligence, contrived to expend nearly all the and care in themselves, and of able money; for the few Professors who instruction generally. How far their do attend were in January soli- acquirements are the result of a nine cited to give instruction gratis for months' tuition is not a question, seone quarter. Such a statement is veral of the best having made great sufficient to prove how excellently proficiency before they entered the this Academy (for the education of walls of the academy, and most of about thirty musicians) is planned them having previously acquired at and organized. But to the concert. least the first rudiments of those It was in two acts, and there was branches of the art they pursue. But APRIL, 1821.

2 D

that such a school must produce able The Oratorios, or “Grand Pera players and singers, there can be no formances” as they are now called, doubt. Can it be better done (that form however a concert of general is, less expensively and more use- resort, and a very cheap concert too, fully) than by private means ? This when the variety and quantity of is the simple inquiry from the public. excellence produced are justly estiThe first year's accounts of the Aca- mated. When Mr. Bochsa first endemy will solve the query. Whether tered upon the management of these such an institution be called for at all performances, we defended him ais doubtful, but if called for, it is gainst charges of monopoly, which quite clear that the establishment is were invidiously as it appeared) begun upon a scale too vast, and in- fastened upon his engagement of both dicating very little of reflection or of theatres. He hired both to avoid reasoning upon what is required. the competition which had been fatal Three-fourths of the display is mere to the previous conductors, Sir George gratuitous ostentation. Many of the Smart, and Mr. Bishop. This prenominal Professors never gave a les- caution was attended with no ill efson at the Academy, nor ever desire fect to the public; on the contrary, to enter it.

it was beneficial, for after the abanAs the list now stands, it serves as donment of the concert by two men of a pompous advertisement for sub- such prudence and judgment, it is but scriptions, a fallacy which the Di- too probable that there might have rectors ought not to countenance. been noone hardy enough to undertake Let the true and exact merits of the an adventure which the talents and case be known let the accounts 'be interest of these eminently clever propublished, and the benefits fairly fessors were inadequate to support stated, if it be in the contemplation with profit to themselves. Mr. Bochsa of the officers to aim at continuing took no advantage of his monopoly the institution. In the present state by advance of prices, or otherwise. of our acquaintance with the plan, He engaged all the talent that could and its execution, it appears to be be enlisted, both foreign and Engmost expensive, and nearly fruitless, lish, and no one could have been à very pretty plaything for a few more solicitous to introduce the most amateur Lords and Ladies, and two agreeable novelties than he has been. or three dilettanti Baronets, very Indeed, he has lately shown the most amiable persons, who love twad- judicious and praise worthy attention dling, and are not displeased with to national predilections, by the prethe semblance of patronage.

dominance he has given to native taThe series of Subscription Concerts lent. In spite of all this precaution announced to be held at the Argyll and all this attraction, there is strong Rooms has been abandoned for want reason to fear that the concern has of support. The Ancient and the not been profitable to him. Philharmonic are now the only per- At such a moment, then, the commanent establishments, and these mencement of such a competition as may be said, on account of the diffi- the Concerts Spirituels (given on the culty of obtaining admission, not to Friday nights, at the Opera House) be accessible to the great body of seems alike injurious to the proprietor the public. And yet a concert, sup- of the Oratorios, and uncalled for by ported by the individual interest of the public; and, it appears a little five such professors as Messrs. Bel- extraordinary, that the Lord Chamlamy, Braham, Hawes, Mori, and berlain, who has guarded the interWelsh, with the addition of “ all the ests of the winter theatres with sintalent," could not muster more than gular care against all encroachment, 150 subscribers! This fact speaks should not have given more considervolumes, and if Directors do not ‘ation to the circumstances of this take the hint, and determine to abate case, before he granted a licence to the demands of the great singers, the lessees of the Opera House. It and lower the expensiveness of con- does seem a little hard upon Mr. certs generally, music in private will Bochsa, after having presented to be the substitute for public exhi- the public the best and cheapest conbitions of the art.

cert in London, and without a due recompense to himself,– it does seem foreigner, and to insure the respect a little bard that a new competitor of the English public, whose estimashould be allowed to enter a field tion and whose predilections are both where he was not required. The consulted. public will not be benefited, the les- The concerts of ancient and mosees of the Opera House cannot be dern sacred music at the Opera gainers, but the proprietor of the House are, on the contrary, entirely Oratorios will probably be a con- supported by foreign singers, with siderable sufferer.

the exception of poor solitary Miss The Oratorios (for we must still Love; and he it remembered that keep the original distinctive title) these Concerts Spirituels are, half of have been brought nearer to their them at least, pieces from Italian primitive design this season than has operas ; Madame Catalani has been, been observable of late years. The in point of fact, the attraction upon sacred and secular parts have been which the whole fabric rests. On kept asunder. The vocal performers the first night she sang Rule Britanare nearly all English, which, if it nia, Gratias agimus, Angels ever has not absolutely excluded the com- bright and fair, and Martin Luther's mixture of the pieces from the Italian Hymn. But even her strong attracOpera Buffa, has, at least, prevented tion fails—the houses have been very their elbowing in profane contiguity thin, and we know that boxes, tickthe most solemn scriptural compo- ets, &c. have been offered at less sitions. The plan has apparently than half price by the music shops. been to give two acts of sacred mu- These are facts which should be sic (Acis and Galatea, an act of the known to the Lord Chamberlain, beCreation, or of selections from Han- cause it proves that the public are not del, for instance) with one miscella- sufficiently interested to extenuate neous, of a lighter quality, from mo- an opposition which may be ruinous dern authors. On the 17th of March, to one individual who has absorbed an Oratorio, new to this country, so much as Mr. Bochsa in the Oracalled Jerusalem Delivered, and torios, without benefit to others or to written by the Abbé Stadler, was the public. The veteran Clementi performed. It has far greater claims produced a symphony on the first to celebrity than the unhappy Day of night, and presided at its performJudgment. The overture is masterly ance. It is a delightful composition, and original. There is a chorus, written with as much vigour as any with occasional solos, which, after of his early works. Rossini directs the manner of Rossini's splendid duet, the whole. Ah se puoi in Mose, introduces the Many benefit concerts are already image of an army in march, by announced, and, it is to be presumed, means of the accompaniment. There that from the absence of concerts of was also a tenor song, which was general admission, they will be better very effective. But every thing of attended than in former years. Mr. this sort fails to a certain degree in Ries, the composer, who retires from this country, from our intimate ace professional life, and from England, quaintance with Handel; the recol- takes his farewell on the 8th of April. lection of whose grandeur always We hope he will experience that leaves an English audience dissatis- support which his genius merits, and fied with every other composition of which will shed a bright though this species. Thus the public has parting gleam over his retirement. nothing to blame in the conductor, He will, it is understood, still conand much to praise, for he is liberal tinue to compose. in his engagements, active in pursuit We have reserved the last place in of novelty, and judicious both in his our report for the re-appearance of selections and arrangements, while Madame Catalani on the boards of the preference and patronage he ex- the King's Theatre. Often as she tends to English talent* ought to ob- has been seen and heard in the orliterate all prejudice against him as a chestra since her arrival in England,

* We must postpone our intended remarks on the singers till a future and a better opportunity.

never was she more eagerly expected licence it will be easily imagined that both by the fashionable and musical such extraordinary energy must deworld. The Italian opera will, this generate into violence, and thus overseason, have afforded the richest no- step the limits which bound the judgvelties. Rossini and his wife, Sig- ment and sympathy of the hearer. nora Colbran Rossini, have scarcely The bursts, which are now the pecurisen above the horizon, ere their liar characteristics of Madame Catasplendour is eclipsed by the blaze of lani's singing, display so much of Catalani's greater light; and Signora this violence as to shock rather than Pasta, the finest contralto in Europe to astonish. Artists should never comes after Easter.

forget that art can only be exercised On the night of Catalani's appear- according to its means. When the ance, the house was filled in even a musician, seeking for effect, ceases to shorter time than on that of the be musical, the ear cannot receive opening of the opera ; in the pit pleasure. there was not standing room, and the This is the great defect of modern boxes displayed a very splendid circle, artists, and of Madame Catalani notwithstanding that the season was among the rest. Her most enthusiasso little advanced. She was received tic admirers must perceive the excess with the loudest applause, but from into which she is hurried, and must the embarrassment arising from dis- regret that she is led by her enthuuse, her powers were in a slight de- siasm and her power beyond the ligree paralyzed, and she did not re- mitations which science and sympacover her composure throughout the thy place upon art. evening. Her second essay on the On the succeeding Tuesday evensucceeding Tuesday showed her in ing Madame Catalani had regained full possession of her powers.

her self-command, and sang with Il Fanatico per la Musica, was the more brilliancy and richness of tone, opera in which Madame Catalani but still her feelings and her force may be said formerly to have esta- carried her too far. The house was blished her fame in this country as not so full as on the Saturday night, a singer in various styles. Il nuovo but, as a test of her attraction, not so was prefixed to it this evening, in thin as to afford any discouraging order, we suppose, to admit of various proof of the failure of the public al additions for the purpose of giving a legiance to her supremacy. It is rewider field for the exercise of her ported that she received in payment powers. The principal pieces she for her performance half the receipts sung were the songs Pucitta's Il mio of the doors of the pit and gallery ben, La di Marte, Cianchettini's Se with the moiety of the returns derivmai turbo, and Rode's air with varia. ed from those boxes which were not tions, which, with the duet, Con pa- let at the time of her signing the arzienza, and the Terzetto, Cessino al ticles. All profit to the lessees, it is fin, gave abundant room for display. confidently asserted, is out of the Her hair was dressed with two mag- question. nificent bandeaux of diamonds, and Signor de Begnis' performance of the rest of her dress was very rich, Il Fanatico may certainly be said to though plain and in perfectly good have divided the applause with the taste. In person Madame Catalani great idol of the evening. He posis more beautiful than ever. She sesses more genuine humour, entirely still retains her immense power, her free from_coarseness or vulgarity, expression, and her facility, but the than any Buffo we ever saw. His tremendous exertions she has made, performance was inimitable, and perhave certainly begun slightly to im- sonified the musical madman, whose pair the beauty and freshness of her servants are to be all musicians, voice. Madame Catalani has ever whose daughter's lover is to be a disdained the ordinary rules of science musician, and whose daughter hereffect was all in all with her, and self is the finest of musicians, with a she has attained that object by tram- truth and vigour quite indescribable. pling on difficulties, and surmount. In his duets with his daughter and ing obstacles that would have appalled her lover he was perfect, and the any other singer. Yet from this very scena in which (on Saturday night)



he was both soprano and basso, and pianoforte being sufficiently prominent. in the song wherein he gives direc- The foreign publishers, Messrs. Boosey tions to the orchestra for the per- and Co., and Cocks and Co, have also each formance of a song of his own com

issued a work in numbers for the pianoforte position, he was alike excellent in and violoncello, selected from the works of singing and in imitation. Signor Vi- foreign composers

. mercati, who plays in so extraordi- for the harp, which he styles Angloise,

Mr. Steil has composed four Fantaisies nary a manner on the Mandolino, Galloise, Ecossaise, and Irlandoise. The was introduced on the second night subjects, Rule Britannia, a noble race of Fanatico, into the Academia, was Shenkin, O Nanny, the Young May which makes up nearly all the second Moon, and Coulin. The second and third act, and his performance cannot but are the best ; they are none of thein diffiexcite much wonder. He executes the cult, and will be useful either as practice or most difficult passages with the ease, recreation. Mr. 8. has also published precision, and rapidity of a violin a light and easy duet for the harp and player, but his talent is wasted on pianoforte, founded upon an Air de Ballet, an uninteresting instrument. Its tone by Bishop. is wiry and tinkling, and it can only themes from Rossini's operas, by Cipriani

Pot Pourri, for the pianoforte, the be said to excite admiration at diffi- Potter. This composer's fondness for moculties overcome.

dulation, and his excursive fancy, are not

sufficiently under the influence of sound The new publications which we have se. These faults deform the piece belected from the mass as worth attention are fore us, which in other respects is the work as follows.

of no ordinary mind. In order to avoid the Il faut partir, Romance de Blangini, repetition of the same epithets, in the dewith variations for the pianoforte, composed tail of the several compositions of minor by Ferdinand Ries. This is one of the importance which fall under our observamost agreeable compositions of the master. tion, we shall class the following pieces acAlthough very expressive in the subject, cording to their merits ; they are all light its original form would appear little fitted and easy, though somewhat common-place, for a theme for variations, but Mr. Ries but we are aware of the difficulty of avoidhas overcome this difficulty, and by pre- ing this fault in writing for players of mo, serving its character in some of the varia- derate ability. tions, and adopting an opposite style in Les Plaisirs de Nöel, by Calkin. others, he has given the piece much interest A Divertimento, by Rawlings, founded and variety.

on the Airs in the Cabinet. A second Divertimento, op. 117, also by Introduction and Rondo, by J. Barnett, Mr. Ries, is an elegant lesson, not very a favourite air from the Beggar's difficult, full of melody, and having many Opera. passages of very sweet expression. His Gentil Annette, arrunged by J. Dussck. twelfth Fantasia, with the favourite themes The New Andalusian Waltz, by Horn. in Rossini's Semiramide, is little more castle. than a selection and arrangement. It will Amongst the arrangements are the con, gratify the public curiosity respecting this tinuation of several of the works mentioned opera which it is said will be produced at in our preceding reports. The povelties the King's Theatre this season.

are selections from Zalmira for the harp, Les Adieux de Bayard à sa Dame, Ron. by Bochsa ; for the pianoforte, by Bruguier, deau pour le pianoforte, composé par D. Camille, Pleyel, and Watts; the latter are Steibelt. There is some imagination ale duets; and the overtures to Il Turco in though perhaps a little wildness in this Italia, and L’Italiana in Algieri, by Lapiece. Triplets predominate too much, and give it somewhat of sameness ; with this Five of the vocal pieces from Zalmira exception, it is a work of merit.

are out, the Quintett, Ah m'illuse un sol The last few weeks have produced several momento, one of the most effective parts of publications for the pianoforte and violon- the opera, the duet in estasi di gioia, the cello, in which the latter is made the prin cavatinas Cara deh! attendimi, and Che cipal: this would argue that the instrument vidi ! amici, and the aria and chorus, is not only becoming fashionable, but that Riedi al Soglio. There are also four pieces the proficiency of amateur violoncello players from La Semiramide, two duets, a trio, is in proportion to that of yocalists and and a grand rondo. A comic duet for a performers on the piano, violin, and Aute. bass and soprano Conte mio se l’eco avesse, Mr. Crouch has published the first number from Rossini's Pietra del Paragone, though of Select Movements, in which the violon. not in his highest style, is very pretty. cello part is difficult, but beautiful, the



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