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gitimacy could effect-little did we tion! This characteristic amnesty is anticipate that the amnesty was then accompanied by another precious actually in progress of publication, document, which well deserves ina and yet that our prophecy was about deed to be its companion. By it, to be fulfilled to the letter! This spe- ignorance is legitimated in Spain a. cial example of Royal clemency has long with Ferdinand. A list of all just appeared, and really one would books imported must be furnished by suppose that its long delay had been the booksellers, and none are to be occasioned by its having been sube licensed until after previous examinamitted to the Irish Cabinet for ap- tion-prohibited books must be deliproral—it is very like the merciful vered up, no matter by whom posa system attributed by Captain Rock sessed, to the ordinary of the diocese; to the Hibernian statesmen, and sa- within two months, under a heavy vours strongly of the admirable pre- fine-detached leaves and wrappers, cision of that country. By this fa- paintings, engravings, and all arts of mous amnesty all are pardoned-ex- design, come under this prohibition ! cept those who are to be punished, Thus, having banished every living and none are to be punished except liberal thing from Spain, the only those who are pardoned! This is chance of an escape from priestcraft literally the meaning of this state and servility is by anticipation paper, by which France pretends to swindled away from the rising genefulfill her liberal professions, while ration. Surely, however, to suppose at the same time Spain gluts her that such things can exist and prosmost ultra animosities. That our per, would be to doubt the existence readers may see we do not overstate of a Providence. With respect to the fact, we shall just name the ex- the part which France is playing in ceptions by which the general osten- this tragic farce, she cannot deceive sible principle of mercy is not merely herself so far as to believe that she is clouded, but completely overcast. imposing upon any body. The murThose excepted from the amnesty derous amnesty under whose insultare-1. The chiefs of the insurrec- ing mercies she pretends to yield the tion of the isle of Leon.--2. The continuance of her troops in Spain members of the Cortes who pro- for the protection of its author, is a claimed the deposition of the King at juggle as palpable as it is atrocious, Seville.-3. The chiefs of the military and has, indeed, only one redeeming insurrection in different parts of quality about it-namely, that it is Spain.-4. The assassin of Vermessa, likely to leave some trace upon the the judges of Elio, and the authors memory of those to whom the abi of the massacres in the prisons of sence of foreign bayonets shall com Grenada ! Such is the document mit hereafter the vindication of their which, under the name of mercy, is country. neither more nor less than a libel on In Portugal, also, it would appear humanity, because it excites hope for as if the legitimacy of that country no other

purpose than that of inflict- was afraid of being outtravestied in ing despair. By this it appears, that Spain. The infant, Don Miguel, and all

who deserve, in fact, to live, not his august mother, the no less august in Spain, but to live at all, are care sister of the still more august Fers fully rejected. The brave and noble dinand, have been exceedingly busy Mina—the eloquent Arguelles—the for the last month, in endeavouring bold and patriotic Galliano, and a to persuade Don John, the King, that thousand others of the same stamp the only way to save his life was to and quality, must crimson more imprison him; a royal mercy, by the deeply the scaffold on which Riego way, of some of our Holy Allies, expiated a life of honour by a death who are often humanely pleased to of torture, if they dare to set their commute the sentence of death for foot upon

the soil which their virtues twenty or thirty years of incarcerain vain struggled to emancipate! tion. This grand maneuvre comWho would imagine that the very menced on the 30th of April, by the men who are the objects of this assemblage of a large body of troops bloody and bigoted exclusion, are the in one of the squares of Lisbon, the master spirits to whom this crowned confinement of the King in the palace ingrate owes the power of persecue of Bemposta, and the arrest of a

multitude of persons, amongst whom plots, cordons sanitaires, &c. these were several of the ministers, with gentry contrived to work themselves Count Palmella at their head. Don into possession of the strong holds Miguel issued some proclamations on and sea-ports of Spain. Happy are the occasion, the chief burthen of they to whom experience teaches which was that he had discovered a wisdom; it is high time indeed for grand conspiracy against the house England to look sharp ere her ancient of Braganza, which had been fo- enemy and very expensive friend mented by the Freemasons. The proves to her, in Portugal as in Spain, conclusion of one of these proclama- that she is willing to save her the tions runs thus, and we give it be- trouble. There was a rumour on cause it really concentrates the pith Change that a seventy-four gun of the entire of them, and is a fair British ship had been ordered immespecimen of the style and genius of diately to Lisbon—it is, however, their author—“ Soldiers be worthy merely a rumour. of me, and Don Miguel your com- Although there is no foreign news mander will be worthy of you ! Long from South America, still a circumlive our Lord the King ! Long live stance has occurred at home which is the Roman Catholic religion ! Long very likely soon to furnish us with live her Most Faithful Majesty! Long some details from that quarter, the live the Royal family! Long live the departure of the Ex-Emperor Iturnation! Die all infamous Freema- bide for Mexico. Our readers are sons!” We need not inform our clas- aware that after the deposition or sical readers that a great part of the abdication of this military advenabove is stolen almost verbatim from turer, he made this country his domithe works of Mr. Fitzgerald, one of cile. The people over whom he our most loyal and celebrated modern formerly governed had guaranteed poets. The Queen, “her Most Faith- to him the payment of a handsome ful Majesty,” must have been pretty annual stipend, which, we believe, well aware before hand of all these was punctually paid to him. Sudproceedings, as she repaired to Lis- denly, however, in pursuance of a bon from a distant palace, under the well-concealed and well-concerted idea of hearing this hopeful slip of scheme, he departed from England, legitimacy proclaimed Regent." In contriving with a few followers to this, however, she was disappointed; get himself transferred from a steam the ambassadors seem to have inter- boat off the Isle of Wight, whither fered, and liberated the King and his he pretended to go on a pleasure ex. ministers. There were also some cursion, on board a larger vessel. ridiculous letters published by Don His immediate views are, no doubt, Miguel, representing all the grieve his own personal aggrandisement, ances of Portugal, foreign and do, though he has left a letter behind mestic, as the work of the Free- him, declaring that his sole object is

There are various versions to heal the dissensions of his country of the termination of this affair, but -a declaration easily made and easily none of them official—we shall pro- forgotten. Iturbide's sway, while it bably have the denouement in our lasted, was an iron one, and no next. It is remarkable enough, how. friend of freedom can wish for his ever, that some of the French official restoration-his adherents are known journals which highly lauded the to be the priests and soldiers, men geconstitutional conduct of the French nerally adverse to every cause which ambassador at first, have suddenly has liberty for its object. The rumour tumed round and attempted to jus- here is, that he is gone as an instrutify Don Miguel. Though some of ment in the hands of France and the reports say that the English party Spain. Indeed, the Journal des Dehave since got into favour with the bats, in commenting on the circumKing, and even that Marshal Beres- stance, says that it is probable he is ford has been appointed to the com- gone to prepare the way for a legitimand of the army, this conduct of mate prince" the ways of Provithe French press, in durance as it is, dence are so strange.” It is in our gives the whole scheme very much mind quite as strange that the British the air of a Parisian contrivance. Cabinet do not, at once, by an acWe know by what plots and counter knowledgment of the independence of those states, frustrate speculations following days. 3. All shops, except those which certainly mean'us no good. for provisions and medicines, shall also be


Our differences, whatever they kept shut; and all sorts of musical instru. may be, with his legitimacy of Al- ments, all dances customary on these days, giers, have not yet been settled, and all sorts of festivities and merriment in the that port continues in a state of public taverns, and every other sort of pub

lic amusement, shall cease during the blockade.

above-named period. 4. A general mourn. With sincere regret we have to ing shall take place for twenty-one days. announce that the last arrivals from 5. Funeral ceremonies shall be performed Greece brought an account of the in all the churches. death of Lord Byron, on the 19th of

A. MAVROCORDATO. April, at Missolonghi. The fatal

GIORGIO PRAIDI, Secretary. disorder was a cold, attended with Misaolonghi, 19th April, 1824. inflammation, which terminated thus

The Congress of the United States on the tenth day: This event took has passed a law, abolishing arrest place on the festival of Easter, and and imprisonment for debt. converted the mirth of all Greece into Our domestic news is, as usual, mourning. His Lordship was justly almost narrowed to the parliamenbeloved, and popular amongst that tary abstract; this, however, we have gallant people, to whom he devoted endeavoured to render as faithful as his talents, his fortune, and, as it our limits will allow. appears, his life. This is not the

In reply to some questions put to place for us, merely relating the fact, Mr. Canning by Sir James Mackin. as is our duty, to expatiate upon the tosh, respecting rumours which had genius and character of the deceased become prevalent of the appearance in order, however, to record the of a large French force at the Brazils, deep and honourable sense which Mr. Canning stated, that it was true, Greece entertained of her misfortune, that a few French ships coming from we give the notice issued by the pro- different destinations had arrived at visional government on the occasion. that station, but that he had forward

ed an inquiry on the subject to the The present days of festivity are con. verted into days of bitter lamentation for doubt of being soon able to give a sa

French government, and had no all. Lord Noel Byron departed this life tisfactory explanation. In a few to-day, about eleven o'clock in the evening, in consequence of a rheumatic

inflammatory nights afterwards the right hon. genFever, which had lasted for ten days

. tleman stated that he had received During the time of his illness, your general the expected answer from the French anxiety evinced the profound sorrow that government, accounting for every pervaded your hearts. Au classes, without ship which had appeared at Rio Jadistinction of age or sex, oppressed by neiro, and most satisfactorily exgrief, entirely forgot the days of Easter. plaining their different destinatiThe death of this illustrious personage is ons. There were only two, instead certainly a most calamitous event for all of eight frigates, and of these two, Greece, and still more lamentable for this city, to which he was eminently partial, of There were two British line-of-battle

on its way home. which he became a citizen, and of the dangers of which he was determined per- ships placed there merely for the prosonally to partake, when circumstances tection of our commerce in those seas, should require it. His munificent dona- and there was no foreign station in tions to this community are before the eyes which the British naval force did not of every one, and no one amongst us ever out-number that of every power in ceased, or ever will cease, to consider him, the world. with the purest and most grateful senti- A motion was made by Mr. Maments, our benefactor. Until the dispo. berly, for the grant by parliament of a sitions of the National Government regard- million of money, in order to promote ing this most calamitous event be known, the employment of the poor in Ireby virtue of the decree of the Legislature, land. No. 314, of date the 15th October,

This sum he wished to be al. It is ordained, 1. To-morrow, by sun.

lotted to the increase of the fisheries

He rise, thirty-seven minute

guns shall be fired and the cultivation of flax. from the batteries of this town, equal to meant that this loan should be repaid the number of years of the deceased per by those to whom the advances were sonage. 2. All public offices, including all made, and a security given for the Courts of Justice, shall be shut for three discharge; the entire to be under the JUNE, 1824.

2 X




superintendence of a commission. which Mr. Hume strongly contended This was supported by many mem- against the complication of the fie bers, who argued that such grants nances and the fruitlessness of the had been useful in England, where sinking fund. they had been applied to the progress Mr. Hume prefaced a motion for of public works, and that, by a parity an inquiry into the state of the Irish of reasoning, Ireland must be bene- church establishment, by a speech of fited by a similar measure; it was considerable labour and research. He also argued, that there was now ma- stated, that the root of the evil under nifested a disposition to work among which Ireland groaned was, in his the people of that country, which opinion, to be found in religious intoought to be taken advantage of, and lerance, in the Irish church establishthat the object of the motion being ment, in the amount of its revenues, to stimulate local industry, it might, and the manner in which they were if attained, render future eleemosynary collected. The Protestant establishgrants unnecessary. The motion was ment, protected as it was by all the resisted by government, on the advantages of wealth and power, ground, that though such a grant seemed, by the last returns, to conmight afford a passing relief, still, sist of 1,289 benefices. By the rein the end, it would entail injury turns in the “ Clerical Guide,” the and disappointment. Such a plan numbers appeared to be 4 archbiwould, in fact, make the landed gen- shops, 18 bishops, 33 deans, 108 digțlemen of Ireland debtors to the nitaries, 178 prebends, 52 vicars crown, which must place them in a choral, 107 rural deans, and 512 misituation of ultimate inconvenience. nor canons, &c.! The population of After some debate, the motion was Ireland consisted of seven millions ; lost by a majority of 85 to 33. one million of which was Protestant,

The Chancellor of the Exchequer half of that number being Dissenters; brought forward what is technically and the other six millions Catholic! termed the budget, which was, in According to the best calculation fact, very little more than a recapitu- which could be made, the value of lation of the financial statement made church property in Ireland amounted by him on the opening of the session. to ' 3,200,000). The result of all He stated, however, that the plan for the inquiries which he had formed reducing the 4 per cent stock, to 34 upon this subject was, that the Proper cent, had so far succeeded, that testant clergy, even thus paid, perout of 75 inillions, there was only a formed their duties in a very ineffidissent to the amount of between cient manner. According to a re6 and 7 millions. This he meant to turn on the table, it appeared that be paid off by exchequer bills, pay- the number of parishes having beneable, both principal and interest, by fices was 2,224. In 1818, the total the sinking fund, which fund would number of incumbents was 1,289; be compensated by a transference to out of this number, 758 were resident it of the stock paid off at 3 per cent. and 531 were non-resident; the nonThe accounts connected with the re- residents therefore formed a considerduction of the silk duties had been able proportion of the whole nummade up, and the loss to the revenue ber of incumbents. The honourwas found to be 500,0001., a larger able member instanced a number of deficit than was anticipated, but by parishes in the south of Ireland no means to be balanced against the where there were in the aggregate benefit which would be finally de- only 18 or 20 Protestant families for rived by the trade. He also propos- the celebration of divine worship, for ed to lower the interest on exchequer whom the Catholics in those parishes bills at the next issue from 2d. to iddo paid tithe to the amount of 70001. a-day, which would save the country annually. It was therefore no great next year 230,0001. on 30 millions wonder if they occasionally broke out of bills. The floating debt was into acts of outrage. The greatest 34,000,000, but the odd four millions act of disgrace, however, which the were to be provided for by a charge government committed on the subon the produce of the consolidated ject of the Church in Ireland, was fund in each quarter. This state- the depriving the poorer clergy of the ment brought on a conversation, in pittance which had been allotted to

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them for the improvement of their res were the chief topics urged in defence
venues, and the giving of it to the rich. of the Irish church; but of course we
By the papers laid before parliament it can do no more than generalize the
appeared that the payments made as debate; after a very able reply from
first fruits, in Ireland, amounted to Mr. Hume, the house divided, when
9111. It appeared that the sees of there appeared, for the motion 79–
England paid in first fruits, in against it 152–majority 73.
seven years, 5,999). and in the A petition having been presented
same time the tenths amounted from some “ separatists in Ireland,"
to 8,8541.; making together, 14,853l.; praying to be relieved from the tak-
while, in the same time in Ireland, ing of oaths, upon some religious
where the clergy paid no tenths, the scruples, Mr. J. Williams remarked
whole amount of first fruits did not on the gross inconsistency of the
exceed the sum of 9111. being about law in allowing the affirmations of
one-sixteenth of the sum paid in Quakers in civil cases and rejecting
England; and taking the Irish them in criminal prosecutions. He
church to be three times as rich as gave notice of a bill next session to
that of England, the proportion, to remedy this anomaly.
the value of livings, would be about The duty on salt is to be discon-
one forty-eighth of the sum which tinued. Mr. Wodehouse having
England paid. Such a difference brought forward a motion, the object
was not only a disgrace to the Irish of which was to “ continue the duty
church, but to the government which on salt in order to enable his Majes
could tolerate such partiality. Its ty's government to give a more effi-
effects were evident in the overgrown cient relief to the country in the next
wealth of the clergy and in the po- session of parliament by the remis-
verty of the people—the last three sion of the duty on windows of low
primates of Ireland had died, as he rateable houses," the Chancellor of
was informed, worth about 800,0001. the Exchequer declared that, in his
each, although very poor when they statement at the commencement of
attained their dignity, and some of the session, he had 'informed the
these enormous riches were amassed house, that if a strong general feel-
when thousands of Irishmen were ing should be manifested in favour of
dying of famine around them. The this duty, means might be devised of

member concluded by moving a affording some relief to the public
resolution—" that it was expedient this general feeling had not been
to inquire whether the present church made manifest, and therefore he in
establishment of Ireland was not more justice considered himself bound to
than commensurate to the services to adhere to the law as it now stood;
be performed, both as regarded the under these circumstances, therefore,
number of persons employed and the he did not think that he should be
incomes they received.”—This state- justified in continuing this duty a
ment was met on the part of govern- moment longer than the period pre-
ment by a mere denial of the facts, scribed by the law. This declara-
and a refusal to institute any inquiry tion was received with loud cheers,
as to whether they were true or not. and Mr. Wodehouse withdrew his
It was insisted on that the church motion.
was uot quite so rich as was repre- Mr. Richard Martin moved a reso-
sented, that its members performed lution for the increase of the salaries
their duties punctually, and that the of certain officers of state, and also
number of non-resident clergymen of the judges of the land. The mo-
had been greatly exaggerated. One tion, not being seconded, fell to
member declared that the revenues the ground; it elicited however a
of the church were as sacred as prie statement from Mr. Peel, that a pro-
vate property, and that the bishops position for increasing the salaries of
ought to have incomes sufficient to the judges had recently been under
place them among " the nobles of the the consideration of the crown. Their
land !Mr. Leslie Foster declared, emoluments were at present insuffi-
that by the act of Union the House cient to support the situation which
had no right to enter into the propos- they held in the country, and fluce
ed inquiry, which would do infinite tuated in a degree according to the
mischief in the discussion. These fees which they received it was



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