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and marching fifteen or sixteen miles a-day with the same and probable solutions, but each having at the same time ease as their fathers.”
some special mark by which the true solution, when given, Sir Thomas Munro died in 1827, having raised him
is authenticated and made to recommend itself immediself by his talents from the situation of a simple cadet to
ately to the understanding. We recommend the followthat of Major-General, Governor of Madras, and Ba
ing improvement of this text to the Rev. Mr Irving and ronet.
his admirers, and much good may it do their pious souls :
“ Is a prediction couched in symbol? Is it entangled * Natural History of Enthusiasm. Second Edition. Lon among perplexing anachronisms? Is it studded with points don. Holdsworth and Ball. 1830. 8vo. Pp. 320.
of special reference? We then recognise the hand of Heaven
in the art of its construction; and we know that it is so THERE is much in this book both of powerful writing moulded as to admit and invite the manifold diversities of and deep thinking, and, what on such a subject is more ingenious explication; and that therefore even the true eximportant, of pure practical sense. We have scarcely
plication must, until the day of solution, stand undistin
guished in a crowd of plausible errors. But for a man to seen any thing so good since the publication of Foster's
proclaim himself the champion of a particular hypothesis, Essay on the Evils of Popular Ignorance—a work, by the
and to employ it as he might an explicit prediction, is to way, which it considerably resembles both in conception affront the Spirit of Prophecy by contemning the chosen and style.
style of his announcements. And what shall be said of the In the first section the author treats of enthusiasm se- audacity of him, who, with no other commission in his cular and religious. All enthusiasm he makes to consist
hand than such as any man may please to frame for him-rightly, we think-in useless or perverted excitement.
self, usurps the awful style of the seer, pronounces the doom
of nations, hurls thunders at thrones, and, worse than this, Agreeably to this view, therefore, the religious malady of
| puts the credit of Christianity at pawn in the hand of inwhich the particular object of his Treatise is to give the
fidelity, to be lost beyond recovery, if not redeemed on a
fidelity to be lost beve Natural History, has its origin in the same quarter to day specified by the fanatic for the verification of his word.” which every thing else that is extravagant in human ac
In section sixth, on the abuses of the doctrine of a partion or opinion may be traced-a fevered imagination.
| ticular providence, it is well observed, Our author shows that the very feelings of the heart, for
“ In minds of a puny form, whose enthusiasm is comthe purity and intenseness of which enthusiasts are so apt
monly mingled with some degree of abject superstition, the to give themselves credit, are in effect rather hardened doctrine of a particular providence is liable to be degraded than improved in genuine sensibility, by that constant by habitual association with trivial and sordid solicitudes. riot of the imagination which causes them to be excited This or that paltry wish is gratitied, or vulgar care relieved, too often, and suffers them to wander, when they are ex
* by the kindness of providence;' and thanks are rendered cited, without an aim. Upon this point he thus expresses
for helps, comforts, deliverances, of so mean an order, that himself:
the respectable language of piety is burlesqued by the lu
dicrous character of the occasion on which it is used.”* The process of perversion and of induration may as
“ These small folks have need to be warned of the danger readily have place among the religious emotions as among those of any other class; for the laws of human nature are
of mistaking the language of piety for the gratulation of
selfishness." uniform, whatever may be the immediate cause which puts them in action; and a fictitious piety corrupts or petrifies | The enthusiasm of philanthropy is treated in the seventh the heart, not less certainly than does a romantic sentimen- section with the same discriminating good sense ; and in tality. The danger attending enthusiasm is not, then, of a the eigbth and ninth, which contain some of the most elotrivial sort; and whoever disaffects the substantial matters
quent passages to be found in the volume, we have a comof Christianity, and seeks to derive from it merely, or cbielly, plete analysis and exposure of the enthusiasm of the Anthe gratification of excited feeling; whoever combines from
cient Church and of Monachism. its materials a paradise of abstract contemplation or of poetie imagery, where he may take refuge from the annoyances
At the same time, we consider ourselves called upon, and the importunate claims of common life ;-whoever thus for the author's sake, to state, lest the terms of our comdelights himself with dreams, and is insensible to realities, mendation should by any chance operate to his exclusion lives in peril of awaking from his illusions when truth comes
from the circles of those who lay exclusive claims to evantoo late. The religious idealist, perhaps, sincerely believes
gelical religion, that his work is written no less in a pious himself to be eminently devout; and those who witness his
spirit than with a rational intention; and that for aught abstraction, his elevation, his enjoyments, may reverence his piety; mean while this tictitious bappiness creeps as a
we can see, or indeed for aught that is rendered probable lethargy through the moral system, and is rendering him
by any one expression of his book, he may be an approved continually less and less susceptible of those emotions in expounder of orthodoxy from the most popular pulpit in which true religion consists."
the kingdom. The author afterwards shows that enthusiastic excite But while we admire our author's eloquence, enjoy his ment is not merely unfavourable to the growth of good sense, and are grateful for his seasonable labours in exaffections_but also a fruitful source of such as are ma | posing the source of so many newfangled absurdities— lignant and bad, and particularly a cause of fanaticism. we wish he had given us no reason to conclude our re“ The amenities that have been diffused through society marks with a censure on himself for a sort of enthusiasm, in modern times, indeed," he observes, “ forbid the overt which, though we hope not damnable, is, we are sorry to acts and excesses of fanatical feeling; but the venom still say, very common at the present day. Somebody should Jurks in the vicinity of enthusiasm, and may be quickened write a book, or at all events a first-rate essay for the iu a moment; meantime, while smothered and repressed, Literary Journal, “ on the Enthusiasm of Modern Style." it gives edge and spirit to those hundred religious differ- | Our author exemplifies it by turns of express
and ences which are still the opprobrium of Christianity.” even words, which prove that bis mind is often so danger
The second section contains many powerful remarks ously excited as to spurn authority and defy the Dictionon enthusiasm in devotion ; the third exposes the en- | ary. Although our opinion of the general goodness of thusiastic perversion of the doctrines of spiritual influ the book remains unchanged, we are sorry to find in it a ence; and the fourth treats of enthusiasm as the source few such figures as these :-" The ribbon of despotic inof heresy. The fifth section, which is very masterly, and terdiction is still stretched across the high-way that leads which must be hailed as particularly seasonable at the to the popular mind.” Or," while the minds of high compresent time, by the true friends of religion, is devoted motion lie hushed in the caverns of divine restraint." We to the enthusiasm of prophetical interpretation. The au- | are also sorry to meet with such skilfully-invented and thor properly distinguishes between the use to be made of well-sounding words as “ perfectionment,” “ inamissifulfilled and of unfulfilled prophecy; and he finds a resem ble,” (meaning to be admitted,) "spontanities,” “perfuncblance of construction between prophecy and the enigma tionary,” “fortuity,” “magnific;" and many more, which -both being so framed as to admit of various guesses may deserve the attention of those gentlemen who are at present employed in improving Johnson's Dictionary by for it would have implied that public taste was deteriothe addition of " many thousand words."
rating ; but as the “ Follies of Fashion” was all but damned, there is nothing very ominous in the simple
fact of its having been written. The Follies of Fashion ; a Comedy, in Five Acts. By the Right Hon, the Earl of Glengall. London. Col
The plot of this piece possesses little or no interest,
and the incidents are weak and commonplace in the exburn and Bentley. 1830. 8vo. Pp. 147.
treme. Lord and Lady Splashton, Sir Harry Lureall, Everybody has complained of the decay of the drama and Lady Mary Fretful, are the four fashionables. of in this country, until everybody has grown sick of the course, the Lord and his Lady are at sixes and sevens. subject. We may perhaps be thought singular, and will the former paying rather too much attention to Lady therefore have some little chance of being listened to, Mary Fretful, and the latter being the object of sir when we say that we are not aware that there has been | Harry Lureall's intrigues. By way of contrast to these any decay of the drama among us. If by decay be meant, | persons, we have Mr and Mrs Counter, and their daugheither that we have fewer dramatic writers than we once ter, Emily, from the city, Major O'Simper, an Hiberhad, or that our stage is worse managed, or that the thea- | nian, and George Foster, Emily's lover. In this part trical part of our population has dwindled away,--we of the plot, it becomes necessary for Foster to assume the deny the facts. We have fully as many dramatic wri- | character of a Lord Henry Drummond, whom her papa ters as ever we had ; the stage was never in a more mo- and mamma have fixed upon, without having seen, as ral or healthy state, nor its performers more talented and | Emily's husband. Almost the only scene in which respectable; and the patrons of the theatre are quite as there is any approach to humour, is one in which Ma. numerous and ardent as they were in times past. Ifjor O’Simper is introduced to George Foster, by old the drama has decayed,—from what palmy state, from Counter, who believes him to be Lord Henry Drumwhat happy period, has it fallen off? One swallow does | mond. As the very best specimen we can select, we shall not make a summer ; neither does the existence of one give this scene, which is as follows: Shakspeare prove that the drama was then flourishing.
Enter Major O'Simper. On the contrary, Shakspeare's plays were not nearly so Major. Your most obedient very humble servant, Mr much enjoyed during the Bard's lifetime as they have Counter ; I have just called to pay my respects to the ladies, been since. We may perhaps be referred to the days of (aside,) and to know if Jenny has delivered my note.
Counter. Unfortunately the ladies are are rather unCharles the Second, when a number of celebrated drama-.
well; Mrs Counter has a headach, and Emily a cold.tists sprang up together ; but shall we prefer the gross li- |
I shall never get rid of him unless I ask him to dinner, centiousness of their writings, to the far more refined wit which I certainly will not. Aside.) of Goldsmitb, the exquisite polish of Sheridan, or the clas- Major. A cold! Oh, merely that species of fashionable insical purity of Cumberland? These, it is true, are the disposition which will not prevent their going to three or writers of a former generation ; but have we not even in four parties this evening. I myself-I have five engageour own, seen both comedies and tragedies take a rooted ments for to-day. What it is to be asked everywhere, to possession of the stage, and appear alternately with the know everybody, -as you would say in the city,'« to be in
demand ! productions of the older masters? No doubt, we have
Counter. I rather thought that the market for diners-out d among us another Shakspeare ; but such men | by profession was glutted-ha! ha! ha! do not come into existence like mushrooms. Greece, Major. Vulgar personality! City wit, I suppose !- It amidst all her galaxy of bright names, could enumerate was in consequence of the arrival westwards of a large cargo only four great dramatic writers,— Æschylus, Sophocles, of gilt halfpence from the east, who, finding they had more Euripides, and Aristophanes. If we except Plautus and money than friends, were obliged to hire their company at Terence, (both clever, but neither of them first-rate,) the so much per plate.
Counter. Hang the fellow! (Aside.) Egad! I'll try Roman empire could hardly boast of one. France rejoices
his bo usted knowledge of everybody.-Do you, Major, in her Corneille, Racine, Voltaire, and Moliere ; but
happen to he acquainted with Lord Henry Drummond? these, being numbered, amount only to four. Germany Major. Lord Henry Drummond ? To be sure I am, cerhas Schiller, and almost no one else worth naming. | tainly ; particularly well. Italy can point only to Alfieri and Monti. Spain is Foster (aside.)' Particularly well! I certainly shall more fortunate; but even her Lopez de Vega is valued | be discovered and ruined! more for the quantity than the quality of his lucubrations.
Counter. I beg your pardon then, Major, for not having
| before mentioned it. There sits his lordship. What then do we mean by eternally mourning over the
Major. The devil he does! (Aside.) decline of the drama ? If we look to our actors, can we
Counter. I will inform him you are here. not trace an unbroken line of them from Garrick down
Major (confounded, and endeavouring to stop him.)
Major is to Mrs Siddons, John Kemble, Young, Kean, and Ma- No, no, by no means. He is reading.-(Aside.) By all the thews ? If we look to our theatres, when were there powers, I don't know him from Adam or Eve!' How unmore in the land than there are now, and when were lucky! Oh, Goddess of Impudence, who never desertest
in tham Tha an Irishman when he is bothered, assist me now! vaster sums of money ever expended upon them ?- That an
Counter (touches Foster, who affects to read.) Lord some of them do not pay, is the fault of individuals, not of
Henry! Lord Henry! your friend Major O'Simper is the public. True, we have plenty of bad actors and dull hers
here! writers, but as long as humanity continues what it is,
Foster. Ah! bless me, is he indeed? So he is.- (Covers this must be the case; and the greater the number of bad his face with his handkerchief in adrancing. The Moins actors and writers, the greater the probability that out of also covers his face as much as possible from Foster.) them a few good actors and writers will make their ap Major. Ah! my good lord, is that you? I am expearance.
tremely gratified at meeting you again. Is your lordship If, therefore, we find that the Right Hon. the Earl
as gay as ever ? We have not met, upon my honour, since
we last parted at-at-atof Glengall has written a portentously stupid comedy,
Foster. Spa, I believe, Major,-(Aside) where I never shall we be ninnies enough to attribute this amazing cir
was. cumstance to the general “ decay of the drama ?” Shall Major. Spa was the place, by my faith! The party was we not rather venture the more direct supposition, that the highly diverting.-(Aside.) The devil a party I ever saw Right Hon. the Earl of Glengall is a nobleman of very there! You may remember the German Baron Higgenstein, moderate capacity? Unless our knowledge of history has
who ate so much; and the Russian Count Swilloffsky,
who drank so much ; and the French Marquis, who quizzed much deceived us, there were dull noblemen before Aga
you so much. Oh, it was strikingly entertaining! memnon, and the breed is not extinct even yet. Had
Foster. Oh, yes! Ah, true, I remember it well-ha, ha! Lord Glengall's comedy taken possession of the stage, -(Aside.) Who the deuce does he mistake me for ? the matter would bave assumed a more serious aspect, Major (aside.) By my honour, his lordship's memory
is elegantly adapted to my inventive faculties ! He would | If strictly followed, will soon provide you all' ...: make a choice travelling companion.
With meat and drink in plenty. Counter. He has quite brought old times to your lord- Ist Ge ship's recollection.
Perbaps too much. Major. You remember, no doubt, the little blue-eyed Po
James. But we must not waste the time with converse lish girl you admired so much, with whom you were so
such as this, much in love?
Weak and unlovely; but talk of something consequential, Foster. No, no, I don't indeed. No-no-no.
More solid and more serious, which will Major. Oh, by my honour, you do-you must!
Engage our attention, and rake up our minds : This, after all, is poor enough; but there is nothing
How do you think Constantinople better, and scarcely any thing so good, in the whole play.
| Will stand the shock of Russian armies ? * The denouement takes place at a masquerade; Lord and
1st Gent. As mountains by lightning shivered ; Lady Splashton are reconciled, Foster is married to Emily,
Or as the stormy cloud with thunder charged, and everybody is happy.
Renting, yet not rent. Having already protested against the supposition that
Mr M. I pri'thee, speak not so boldly, sir. the drama is on the decline among us, merely because a
2d Gent. The Turkish power is broken, and never shall good deal of trash is occasionally written, we cannot con
| Regain its former strength. clude this article without adducing another triumphant
Ist Lady. Gentlemen, please attend; here is something argument to show that it is, in point of fact, on the very
worth the seeing. verge of a new accession of glory. We received, only a
[Joseph performs a number of amusing experiments in few days ago, a communication from Glasgow, which, in
optics, electricity, &c. our estimation, places it beyond a doubt that Thalia and
Such learning Melpomene have united to rear up a favourite son within
Cannot be attain'd without much study and much practhe busy haunts of that city. The communication to
tice. which we allude is a dramatic sketch, of inimitable power
Some one approaches. and pathos, concerning which the author, in his accom
Enter Mathew, nephew to Mr Muller. panying letter, with the modesty and naïveté of a true Mr M. Ah! is it you, and at so late an hour ? poet, thus speaks :-“ Sir, in presenting you with the What has detained you, Mathew ? following sketch, we cannot better premise, than by quo Mathew.
Uncle, I was ting from a friend the following observation : If it' Conversing with my cousin James, who is (meaning the following) had the name of a Byron or Fast hastening from this world ; and perhaps, ere now, a Shakspeare annexed to it, its success were sure.' But | Has gasp'd his parting gasp, and groan'd his parting groan. I am afraid I have said too much in my own praise.”—1 Mr M. Ah! well I knew 'twas something real, not Not one whit;-aware as we are of the magic of a name,
weak or fabulous, we nevertheless feel satisfied that the genius which could Which kept you from your uncle's house. conceive, and the hand which could execute, a dramatic | Lady. Mr Joseph, are you ill ? sketch like “ the following,” is born to establish a new Your face is pale,--the rosy cheek, era in the history of the drama, and will become known The powerful arm, and sparkling eye, which but now were even as far as the Literary Journal itself. Compared yours, with him, how feeble is Barry Cornwall,-how common Are now all gone_have vanished suddenly. place Miss Mitford! We venture to say, that our readers Ha! how ill you are !-Speak! speak to your uncle ! Say, have seldom met with any thing half so exquisite : | Shall we call a physician ? JOSEPH, OR THE UNCERTAINTY OF LIFE.
Joseph. I feel a strange sensation through my frame
| A great trembling-a-a great weakness overpowers— A Dramatic Sketch.
[He falls on the floor, and dies. SCENE.-A Room prepared for an Entertainment Supper
Exclamation of several voices. Oh ! how sudden ! on Table. Mr M. O, my Joseph !
[Ladies sprinkle cold water on his hands and face ; Mr and Mrs Muller.
he recovers. Mr M. (pacing up and down the room.) 'Tis strange, James. Gentlemen, come, let us bear the body hence; not one has come ; the hour is past;
While, ladies, you conduct our host into an airy room. The clock has just struck eight. Mrs M.
We should like very much to see this piece performed,
I wonder who
and we are sure Mr Murray would find it for his advan
tage to produce it upon the stage here. The character of the now some person comes. I hope 'tis Joseph.
hero, Joseph, however, would require an actor of no comMr M. I hope so too;
mon powers, especially in that part where he performs
the experiments, and also where he so suddenly dies. For if it be, we need not mind the restWe shall be so delighted with his company.
Vandenhoff, with careful study, might, perhaps, be able Enter Joseph.
to embody this fine conception. Miss Jarman would Ah! 'tis he !--Come in, my Joseph-you are late,
make an excellent Mrs Muller ; while the important cha
racter of Mr Muller might be intrusted to Denham. But yet you're first. Joseph. 'Tis as I wish'd.
Pritchard might play James ; and Montague Stanley, we
daresay, could do justice to Mathew. Thus cast, the sucEnter Ladies and Gentlemen.
cess of “ Joseph, or the Uncertainty of Life," would be Mr M. (bowing.) How do you do, my friends ? triumphant; and the Right Honourable the Earl of Now let the evening pass in joy and merriment.
Glengall might take a hint from it for his next comedy. Ist Gentleman (to another of the company.) James, see ! what goodly fare for us prepared
The Lives of the Most Eminent British Painters, SculpBy our most generous host.
tors, and Architects. By Allan Cunningham. Vol. II. James. It looketh well,
Being the Family Library, No. X. London. John But I shall tell you better when I taste it.
Murray. 1830. [He helps himself, and begins to eat.
We have just received this interesting volume, which 1st Gent. You are not mindful of the company, James. I we consider still superior to its elder brother. It is eviJames. Yes, I am indeed; for I have shown an example, which,
• Written before the end of the war.
dent that its amiable and talented author has taken no them feel how much importance attaches to the commonest .::: little pains to merit the approbation of the best judges. things, by describing their origin and uses. Nor does our
For his sake we are truly glad to learn, that the first vo-author limit himself to doing them this service. He purlume has been received with so much favour that 7000 sues the enquiries he has endeavoured to awaken in their copies have already been sold, and that a new edition is minds into those regions of observation and reflection, now in the press, which will contain improvements, par which are properly the province of maturer years. This, ticularly in the life of Hogarth. Mr Cunningham has too, has its advantages. There is a prospective striving two volumes yet to write to complete the series, one con- in the human mind, which always carries our curiosity taining the lives of sculptors, and another of architects. somewhat in advance of our faculties. We anticipate in We cannot attempt more to-day, than to give a short ex fancy the thoughts and feelings of a more advanced state tract from the volume before us ; next Saturday we shall of our mental development. It is this power of projectintroduce our readers more particularly to its contents. | ing ourselves into the future by which our advances in We select from the life of West the account of the knowledge are principally made ; and it is an object of ORIGIN OF THE PRESENT ROYAL ACADEMY.
the highest importance to cherish it from the first. In «While West was painting the Departure of Regulus,
connexion with this, we feel ourselves called upon to nothe present Royal Academy was planned. The Society of tice with praise the style of language in this book. It is Incorporated Artists, of which he was a member, had plain, and easy to be understood, but utterly' devoid of grown rich by yearly exhibitions, and how to lay out this those tasteless approximations to the dialect of the nurmoney became the subject of vehement debate. The archi
sery, which disfigure so many works composed for young tects were for a house, the sculptors for statues, and the
people. It is always more safe in attempting to accompainters proposed a large gallery for historical works, while a mean and sordid meinber or two voted to let it lie and
modate yourself to the apprehension of children, to speak grow more, for it was pleasant to see riches accumulate.
somewhat above than below their level. Their intellect
Remains of the late Rev. A. Fisher, Minister of Queen drew up some additional articles with his own hand.
Ann Street Congregation, Dunfermline. With a Me-
We cannot at present recollect whether we ever re-
corded our dislike to posthumous publications. If not, never heard a whisper in the palace concerning the new
we wish to do so now, because the practice, which is, in Academy, and in bis inaugural address from the chair, he general, of very questionable propriety, and is, in some assured his companions that his Majesty would not counte- | cases, altogether unwarrantable, has of late been of alarmnance the schismatics. While West was one day busy with ing frequency. Distinguished literary characters are a his Regulus, the King and Queen looking on, Kirby was sort of public property, and we are curious to see even announced, and his Majesty, having consulted his consort
their most trifling scraps, for the author's sake. But in in German, admitted him, and introduced him to West, to whose person he was a stranger. He looked at the picture,
the case of a new author no such sympathy exists; and, praised it warmly, and congratulated the artist; then, turn
by giving publicity to commonplace or ill-digested papers, ing to the King, said, “Your Majesty never mentioned any
which were never intended for the press, indiscreet friends thing of this work to me who made the frame?-it is not both insult the public, and injure the memory of the made by one of your Majesty's workinen-it ought to have dead. Who is likely to profit by such lucubrations ? been made by the royal carver and gilder.' To this im
Experience answers,—the trunkmaker. Our objection pertinence the King answered with great calmness, · Kirby,
especially regards the posthumous publication of sermons. whenever you are able to paint me such a picture as this, your friend shall make the frame.'- I hope, Mr West,'
Every clergyman is supposed to leave behind him MSS. said Kirby, that you intend to exhibit this picture?' –
Now, let us take the clergy of Great Britain at the very • It is painted for the palace,' said West, and its exhibi. moderate computation of one hundred thousand : each tion must depend upon bis Majesty's pleasure.'-' Assu. clergyman writes twenty sermons, i. e. two octavo voredly,' said the King, I shall be very happy to let the work lumes, annually; in one generation we should have thirty be shown to the public.'-Then, Mr West,' said Kirby, times two hundred thousand,--that is, six million new * you will send it to my exhibition.'— No!' interrupted | books of serinons alone! This would form a pretty adhis Majesty, it must go to my exhibition—to that of the Royal Academy.' The President of the Associated Artists
dition to the theological literature of the next generation ; bowed with much humility, and retired. He did not long
and against this, or even a more severe judgment, they survive this mortification, and his death was imputed, by
can have no security, if booksellers are made heirs-general the founders of the new Academy, to jealousy of their rising to every bit of blotted paper which a man leaves behind establishment, but by those who knew blm well, to a more him at his death. Seriously, injudicious relatives are the ordinary cause, the decay of nature. The Royal Academy worst of all literary nuisances; and they ought to be was founded, and in its first exhibition appeared the Regulus.”
made sensible that, in giving publicity to his manuscripts, We promise our readers several highly interesting ex
they often make as cruel an exposure of their departed tracts from this work in our next.
friend, as if they were to transfer bis dead body to the table of the anatomist; and with less apology, since, in
the latter case, they would be conferring upon mankind Bertha's Visit to her Uncle in England. In three vols.
a less questionable benefit than in the former. - London. John Murray. 1830.
We do not wish these remarks to bear particularly hard
upon the “ Remains of the Rev. A. Fisher." On the We have been very much pleased with this little book. contrary, we think this volume a favourable specimen of Its aim is to awaken the attention of children to the the class to which it belongs. The prefixed Memoir de-. objects in nature and art which they see around them, scribes Mr Fisher as an amiable and a pious young man; and to rub off that fatal rust so apt to gather around the and his sermons, though scarcely possessing that degree juvenile mind, when a habit is acquired of ceasing to take of excellence which should, in our opinion, entitle them an interest in what is familiar to it. We know of no to publication, exhibit many proofs of a mind elegant greater service that can be done to children, than to make and well cultivated, and by no means deficient in vigour.
A System of Geography, Popular and Scientific; or, a
We have watched with a painful interest the dissensions Physical, Political, and Statistical Account of the World
in which their secession originated. We think that they
had their rise in a great measure in misconceptions on and its various Divisions. By James Bell, Author of “ Critical Researches in Geography," &c. &c. Illus
the part of the artists, as to the constitution and aim of
the Institution, and of the nature of their connexion with trated by a complete Series of Maps and other Engra
| it. At the same time, we are aware that some members vings. Volumes I. and II. Glasgow. Blackie, Ful
of that body conducted themselves during the discussions larton, and Co. 1829-30. Large 8vo. Pp. 508
with a degree of hauteur towards the artists, that left and 600.
them, as men of spirit and independence, no alternative As far as we are able to judge of this work, it appears but to secede—in a manner, which, from what we know to be one of the very best upon this comprehensive sub of these gentlemen, we are sure they themselves must ject which has yet been given to the public. It is clearly | regret, now that they have had time to cool. But even and philosophically arranged, and written in a style of yet, separated though these bodies are, they may be mugreat perspicuity and vigour. Its contents are compiled tually of advantage to each other-and, at all events, there from a careful collation of the works of all the most emi. is a wide enough field for each to exert itself, without nent geographers, from the days of Busching down to coming into collision with the other. While the artists those of Gaspari, Balbi, Malte Brun, Rennell, Vincent, | are busied exhibiting their works, and employing the Pinkerton, and Playfair. The immense work published proceeds for the advantage of their profession, the Instiat Weimar in 1819, from the united penis of five of the tution may be engaged most beneficially for art in exmost celebrated of the German geographers, and also the | bibiting occasionally the works of the ancient masters, in splendid volumes on Asiatic and African geography by forming a gallery of paintings, in perfecting the arrangeRitter, have been likewise used as valuable text-books by ments of the Trustees' Academy, (with which most of the Editor. The present undertaking is to extend to six the Directors are connected,) and in supporting the Life volumes, two of which only are as yet published, embra Academy, which, though it has been interrupted, will cing the geography of Europe. The maps and embellish not, we trust, be allowed to fall to the ground. We look ments are executed in the first style of art; and, alto with interest and hope to the proceedings of both bodies. gether, we consider it due to the spirited conductors of The Institution may find more slavish panegyrists o all the work to express our conviction, that it will be found their actions,—the Academy (or at least a portion of it) a truly scientific and excellent system of geographical writers more ready to become the echoes of their angry knowledge.
passions ; but neither the one nor the other will easily find warmer or truer well-wishers, or persons more ready
and willing to eulogise their good deeds. MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE.
To leave this preliminary matter, and come to our more
immediate object,—the merits of the present Exhibition, FINE ARTS.
--we think it one calculated to afford a high treat to the
lover of art, and one for which our painters ought to be YOURTH EXHIBITION OF ANCIENT PAINTINGS IN THE GAL
most especially grateful, as affording them an opportunity LERY OF THE ROYAL INSTITUTION.
of studying, on a pretty extended scale, the various cha(First Notice.)
racteristics and excellencies of the masters of their art. We embrace with pleasure this opportunity of dis The full value of the Exhibition, considered in this point charging our part of the debt of gratitude, which every of view, will be more justly appreciated, if we pause for lover of the Fine Arts in Scotland owes to the Directors a moment, and cast a glance over the history of painting. of the Royal Institution. For some half century back, Accordingly, we propose no more, in this introductory noa taste for paintings has been spreading in Edinburgh. tice, than to present our readers with a sketch of the prinAttempts have been made both by artists and amateurs cipal schools, and point out how far the paintings now in to get up regular exhibitions, which, after going on with the rooms of the Royal Institution will go in enabling considerable success, have from time to time been inter- | the student to make himself acquainted with their leadmitted. The Board of Trustees for the encouragement | ing peculiarities. of Arts and Manufactures, opened their Drawing Aca- The two principal, and, indeed, the only two independemy, originally intended for educating ornamental ma- dent and original schools of painting in modern Europe, nufacturers alone, to young men of talent who had devo are those of the Netherlands and of Italy. Under the ted themselves to art; and that this might be of the greater former, we include the kindred and short-lived school of service to such artists, they extended their beautiful col the Nether Rhine. The most distinguished painters of lection of casts from the antique. In the year 1819, some France, England, and modern Germany, derived their of the most distinguished ainateurs in Edinburgh, most impulse from, and many of them formed their style upon, of them connected with the Board, projected the Insti the works of one or other of these two schools. The contution for the encouragement of the Fine Arts; and, un sequence is, that we can often trace in the character of der its auspices, annual exhibitions of the works of modern their productions the features of their models, and, at all artists have ever since been regularly opened in this city. | events, we can uniformly trace the school of any of these To these the Institution has added on different occasions last-mentioned nations historically backwards, till we find exhibitions of paintings by the Ancient Masters. The the point where it branched off from the parent stem in greater publicity thus given to the works of our artists, Italy or Holland. It is different, however, with the and the emulation thereby excited,—the taste created in schools of art in these two countries. Not only are they the public for paintings by more frequent opportunities essentially unlike in their characters, they are of coeval of seeing them,-and the more elevated and refined feel and independent origin, and their developement has been ing of art begot by the conjoined influence of the Trus- different, and under different auspices. tees' Academy, and the exhibitions of ancient paintings, According to Vasari, in his Lives of the Painters, this are advantages whose results are now visible in the im- art was imported into Italy from Byzantium. His story mense strides which art has made among us during the is, that some artists from that city had been called to Flolast ten years : and for this we do not hesitate to say, that rence to assist in the decoration of some church, and that we have mainly to thank the Directors of the Royal In- Cimabue picked up from them a smattering of the art, stitution.
which he continued to practise after their departure. It In paying this merited tribute to these gentlemen, it is not very probable that all the painters of Italy owed is far from being our intention to pass an oblique censure their education to the school of Cimabue ; but this story on the fouuders and supporters of the Scottish Academy. shows, at least, how the art was introduced into that part