Page images

The true and the brave-yet shed no tear

to point and adorn a history, we know no period more To moisten the earth of their honour'd bier ?

rife in fearful lessons than the period we allude to. But

the truth of the matter is, Sir Walter's history was to be “ Do ye gaze with looks so lovely and bright

comprised in two volumes; and finding that he had alThey smile and laugh in their own sweet light

ready rather overfilled his space by the time he arrived Nor dream ye that sorrow, or pain, or woe, Can live or be in this world below?

at the death of Elizabeth, he availed himself of this opi

nion as an apology for abruptly breaking off there. “ Ye shine, ye shine, and ye drop no tear,

That part of our history contained in the volume now And ye cannot look upon sorrow here;

before us, is not one so well calculated for the display of For the calm and beautiful light that ye sbed

Sir Walter's peculiar talent, as the earlier scenes of our Ever gilds the grave of the buried dead.

Scottish story. He seizes and represents most graphically " And oh! bright stars, if ever ye weep,

the picturesque outside of life, but he is at a loss when Ye shroud in a veil of clouds so deep,

called upon to pourtray the conflict of intellects under That your sorrow is hid from mortal view,

the influence of passion and principle. Yet it is from And but known by the tear-drops falling through." this conflict that the stormy period of the Reformation in We can make room for only one other extract, which

Scotland derives what interest it may possess. There we should call a sonnet, were it not that it contains fif

are battles enough, but they do not depend, as formerly, teen instead of fourteen lines :

upon individual prowess; tactics (although yet in their

infancy) have made some progress, and Sir Walter is FANCY'S DREAM.

not sufficiently master of the art of war, to give variety “I sometimes fancy, as I gaze upon

and character to the different encounters ; nor perhaps do The soft still beauty of a summer's sky

their rude maneuvres admit of it. Another defect in At evening's placid hour, that I can see

his history is this, the body of the people have now beA sweet blue eye gaze calmly down on me,

come more powerful, and obtained in some sort a voice Gaze calmly down from its bright home, amidst

potential, yet we have not one hint from which we can Those glorious amber clouds that rest upon

infer their economical or moral condition not one senThe sky's pure breast, and silently implore

tence of statistical detail, or one reference to the progress The weary traveller in this world below, To quit it's time-worn path-to leave its toil,

of learning in the country. The style of the work is And make his home with it. Oh ! had I wings,

equable and pleasing, but garrulous and diffuse. There How gladly would I then, with that kind wish

is also visible throughout the whole book, an extreme That speaking look, comply-how gladly soar

anxiety on the part of the author to avoid committing him. From this dark world, to dwell for ever more

self by the expression of a decided opinion. He balances and Amidst those amber clouds of peace and rest,

see-saws, goes half-way, and retreats again. Witness, in So all resplendent in that glorious west !"

particular, his account of Queen Mary. In short, the These specimens will be sufficient to convince our

more narrowly we look into the work, the more convinreaders that Mr Sandford Earle is blest with a poetical

ced we become of two things. The first is, that Sir Walter, temperament. His chief faults' seem to be, that he at great though his genius be, is not qualified for a histotimes writes too carelessly and hastily, and that in bis

rian in the high sense of the word he wants penetra. blank verse he has a tendency to imitate Miss Letitia tion and the power of condensing. The second is, that Elizabeth Landon.

his history, such as it is, has been got up rather slovenly, and is left unfinished.

Although we have thus given vent to our disappointThe History of Scotland. By Sir Walter Scott, Bart. I ment in plain language, we are quite ready to admit, Vol. II. (the fourth volume of Lardner's Cabinet

what all will be ready to believe, that there is much good Cyclopædia.) Pp. 438. London. Printed for Long

writing scattered through the work. man, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. 1830.

This volume contains the reigns of James V., Mary, and James VI., bringing down the history of Scotland | The Foreign Quarterly Review, No. X. February. 1830. from the field of Flodden, till the union of the crowns of

London: Treuttel and Co. Edinburgh: Cadell and Co. Scotland and England in the person of James, which On the whole, this number is calculated to support event, in the estimation of the author, closes the history | the character of the Review. The first article, which of Scotland, as an independent nation. We think we contains a pretty full statistical account of the kingdom could easily, were we inclined, combat this opinion. of the Netherlands, is valuable, although it scarcely bears Down to the period of the incorporating Union, Scot- the same strong internal marks of authenticity, and tholand, though closely connected with England, was to all rough acquaintance with the subject, that we found in intents an independent kingdom. Her laws, her consti- the article on Spanish Statistics in the preceding number. tution, her church, differed from that of England, and so The second article, on the mystical meaning of the Dimuch of the old leaven remained, that the belief of any vina Commedia of Dante, is learned and sensible, although measure being likely to be acceptable to the English na-l on a subject not much to our taste. The value of Dante's tion, was almost sufficient to secure the adoption of an works consists in their lofty and severe tone, in their bold opposite line of policy by the Scots. If Sir Walter imagery, and, in short, in what they contain of imaginative means to say, that the portion of our history intervening or poetical. To leave the obvious and valuable beauties between the union of the crowns, and the incorporating of his poetry, and search after the ignis fatuus of a reunion of the kingdoms, throws little light on our present condite and mystical theory, is, like the dog in the fable, political circumstances, and therefore refrains from wri to leave the substance and snap at the reflection. The ting it, he might on the same grounds have refrained third article contains some interesting notices respecting from writing the history of Scotland at all. But if he the kingdom of Brazil. The fourth is an attempt to means to say, that with the accession of James to the prove that the Medici family were a parcel of weak ras

English throne, that period of the uninfluenced develop cals. The authority upon which the argument is based, ment of Scotland's civil institutions closed, which stamp an historical romance, is insufficient; and the opinions ed our character as a people, he appears to us to be wrong, supported are erroneous and invidious. Article fifth for it was subsequent to that event that the Presbyte- is an interesting account of the labours of the Catholic rian spirit (the most influential of all) developed itself | Missionaries in China. Article sixth is a review of the in that distinct and modified character which triumphed popular French novelist, Paul de Koch, written in a spirit at the Revolution ; and if a political moral be sought for eminently Cockney. The seventh article, on the cha

racter and writings of the Spanish patriot, Jovellanos, is gian in its original, consisted of 16 or 17, to which were af judicious, but has been anticipated. Articles eight, on terwards added 7 or 8 more, to make up 24. The ancient the history of the Gnostic heresy-nine, on the English

Arabic alphabet consisted of 24, to which 4 more letters Court of Chancery—ten, on the Crusades and eleven,

have since been added ; the Coptic alphabet consists of 32;

the Turkish of 33; the Georgian of 36; the Russian of on Jacotot's system of tuition, are all respectable. The

39; the Spanish of 27; the Italian of 20 ; the Latin of 22; twelfth article, on the final settlement of Greece, is full the French of 23; and the English of 26. See more on of information, and written in a good spirit; only it is a this subject under the head of Writing. The Chinese have little disfigured by an unseemly boasting of the effects of no proper alphabet, unless we reckon as such their keys to its precursor in No. IX. The critical sketches, literary

classes of words, distinguished by the number of strokes notices, and list of new Continental publications, at the

combined in each, of which they have 214 in number. As end of the number, are complete and interesting. The

to the written character of these alphabets, see Writing."

AMENDE HONORABLE.-" An infamous kind of punishForeign Quarterly must, however, struggle vigorously

ment formerly inflicted in France on traitors, parricides, against a tendency to become too exclusively political.

or sacrilegious persons, who were to go naked to the shirt,

with a torch in their hand, and a rope about their neck, into The Lost Heir, and the Prediction. In 3 vols. London.

a church or a court, to beg pardon of God, the court, and

the injured party.” Edward Bull. 1830.

ARCHERY." The art of shooting with a bow; formerly The first of these tales is the best. It is told with consi. a favourite diversion among the English, who were also derable art. There is a mystery around its opening, which much skilled in it as a military exercise. The practice of gradually disperses, but it is only at intervals, and par

archery was much encouraged by our kings. It was fole tially, that the light is let in upon us ; so that while we see

lowed both as a recreation and a service; and Edward III. the truth is coming out, enough of uncertainty remains

prohibited all useless games that interfered with the prac

tice of it on holidays and other intervals of leisure. By an to excite our curiosity and carry us on. The author's

act of Edward IV. every man was to have a bow of his own chief object seems to have been to make his novel a com- height, to be made of yew, hazel, or ash, &c. ; and mounds pendium of all the different kinds of style at present in of earth were to be made in every township for the use of the vogue. He rolls into one-the fashionable novel, whose inhabitants. There were two kinds of bows in use among scene is London or Paris,--the Irish novel, whose scene

the English; namely, the long-bow, and the cross-bow; is Ireland or Paris,--and the American novel, whose

those who used the long-bow were called archers, in disa scene is a Yankee town or forest. The hero and heroine,

tinction from the cross-bowmen. The English archers with all their friends, are of the Hiberno-Gallic race; the

were the most skilful in Europe, and were employed in the

army long after fire-arms were introduced. The Artillery villain who does all the mischief, and is killed in the end, Company of London is an ancient fraternity of archers and is a Bond-Street lounger. The tale opens with a scalping | bowmen, besides which, there are several companies of scene in America, and is afterwards transferred to France, archers in England, as the Woodmen of Arden." where we are treated to a full-sized panoramic view of AUTOMATON.-" A self-moving engine, more particularly the Bastile. The second tale is a bloody bad one. If we

the figure of any animal, having the principle of motion recollect right-for, having supped full of its horrors, we

within itself by means of wheels, springs, and weights;

those in the figure of a man are called Androides, as the me are loath to open up the book again--only two of the dra

chanical chess-player, &c.; those of animals are properly

chanical che matis personce are left alive. The work is from the pen called Automata. It is said that Archytas of Tarentum, 400 of Mr Power, the Irish comedian, and, we believe, has years before Christ, made a wooden pigeon, that could fly; sold well.

and that Archimedes made similar Automata. Regiomontanus made a wooden eagle, that flew forth from the city,

met the emperor, saluted him, and returned ; also an iron A Dictionary of General Knowledge ; or an Explanation

fly, which flew out of his hand at a feast, and returned of Words and Things connected with all the Arts and

again, after flying about the room. Dr Hooke made the Sciences. Illustrated with numerous Wood-cuts. By model of a flying chariot, capable of supporting itself in the George Crabb, A.M., Author of“ English Synonymes," air. M. Vauçanson made a figure that played on the flute; &c. &c. London. Thomas Tegg. 1830. Post 8vo. | also a duck, capable of eating, drinking, and imitating exPp. 364.

actly the voice of a natural one; and, what is still more

surprising, the food it swallowed was evacuated in a digested This work combines elegance and utility in no ordi state ; also the wings, viscera, and bones, were formed so as nary degree. It is beautifully printed in double columns, strongly to resemble those of a living duck. M. le Droz, and many of its definitions and explanations are illus of La Chaux de Fonds, presented a clock to the King of trated by means of neatly executed engravings-mechani

Spain, which had, among other curiosities, a sheep that cal, architectural, zoological, botanical, and miscellaneous. | made a bleating noise, and a dog watching a basket, that

snarled and barked when any one offered to take it away." For the juvenile and less informed reader, the book teems

Banns OF MATRIMONY.-" The publishing of marriagewith information ; while even the scholar and man of

contracts in the church before the performance of the marliberal acquirements cannot fail to derive benefit from it

riage ceremony. By the ordinances of the church, when as a work of occasional reference. It has been drawn up persons are to be married, the banns of matrimony shall be with a due regard to brevity; but, at the same time, such published in the church where they dwell three several Sunexplanations have been added to almost every definition, days or holidays, in the time of divine service; and if, at as serve to convey something more than the bare mean

the day appointed for their marriage, any man do allege any

impediment or pre-contract, consanguinity or affinity, want ing of the word. Another recommendation is, that it

of parents' consent, infancy, &c., why they should not be contains a vast number of words and phrases which are

married, (and become bound with sureties to prove this alle not to be met with in any other Dictionary, but with

gation,) then the solemnization must be deferred until the which it is scarcely less necessary to be acquainted than truth is tried." with those used in ordinary discourse. We bave been so Benefit of CLERGY._" A privilege in law, at first per much pleased with this work, that, both with the view of culiar to the clergy, but in after times made common to the

laity. When any one was convicted of certain crimes, he had enabling our readers more completely to understand its

a book given him to read, and if the ordinary or his deputy nature, and of transferring to our pages some of the in

pronounced these words, Legit ut clericus,' he reads like formation it contains, we have selected a few definitions,

a clergyman or scholar, he was only burnt in the hand, and which will give a general idea how the rest are handled : I set free for the first offence, otherwise he was to suffer

ALPHABET." A series of the several letters in the lan death." guage, which vary in number in different languages. The BILBOES. A term at sea, for the long bars of iron with Hebrew contains 22 letters, as also the Chaldee, Samari which the feet of offenders are confined, the irons being tan, Syriac, Persian, Æthiopic, Saracen, &c. ; but the Irish, more or less heavy, according to the nature of the offence." which is the same as the Pilasgian, or Scythian, still re BLAZONRY, OR BLAZONING,_" That branch of the art tains only 17; the Greek alphabet, which was brought by of Heraldry which consists in expressing, in proper terms, Cadinus into Greece from Phoenicia, and was also Pelas- all that belongs to coats of arms. The word comes from

the German blasen, to blow; because a trumpet used to be ecuted it with great ability. We may mention in conblown at justs, &c., previously to the heralds recording the clusion, that not only are definitions given of the differachievements of the knights."

ent sciences, but short historical essays, very distinctly Cards." Pieces of pasteboard, of an oblong figure and

written, are added, which serve to show the progress of different sizes, made into packs of 52 in number, and used, by way of amusement, in different games. They are paint

arts and science from the earliest periods to the present ed with various figures, namely, hearts, spades, diamonds,

time. clubs, and kings and queens. They are said to have been introduced in the fourteenth century, to divert Charles VI.,

1: National Portrait Gallery of Illustrious and Eminent PerKing of France, who had fallen into a state of melancholy.

sonages of the Nineteenth century. With Memoirs, By the hearts, cours, were meant the gens de cheur, choirmen, or ecclesiastics, instead of which the Spaniards use cha

by William Jerdan, Esq. London. Fisher, Son, and lices. The spades, in Spanish, espadas, swords, were intend Co., &c. 11 Numbers. 1830. ed to represent the nobility, who wore swords or pikes.

Since we last noticed this excellent popular work, which The diamonds, or carreaux, designated the order of citizens or merchants. The trefle, trefoil leaf, or clover grass, was

appears regularly in monthly numbers, the editorship has an emblem of the husbandman; this is called clubs with us,

been transferred from Mr Stebbing, whose other arocabecause the Spaniards have bastos, clubs, on their cards. tions obliged him to resign it, to Mr Jerdan of the LonThe knaves represent the servants of the knights. The four don Literary Gazette. The engravings continue to be kings were intended for David, Alexander, Cæsar, and

beautifully executed, (with the exception, by the by, of Charlemagne, who established the four great monarchies of | Dugald Stewart in No. 11.) and the memoirs are written the Jews, Greeks, Romans, and Franks. The four queens in a distinct and agreeable style. In reference to this were supposed to represent Argine, i. e. regina, the queen by descent, Esther, Judith, and Pallas. The moulds or

work, we avail ourselves of the following remarks from blocks used for making cards, were exactly like those which

our ingenious contemporary, the Dublin Literary Gawere shortly afterwards used in the making of books.” zette :-“ We cannot conceive a more pleasing occasional

CHILTERN HUNDREDS." A billy district of Bucking- hour's occupation, than in turning over the leaves of a hamshire, which has belonged to the crown from time im- volume of this kind, and making ourselves intimate with memorial, having the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hun

the most characteristic of all autographs of eminent men dreds attached to it. By the acceptance of this office, any

--the unerring index which mind has given of itself in Member of Parliament is enabled to vacate his seat, and is obliged to do it in this manner ; that is, in the usual phrase,

the countenance. An examination of this sort, if we • accept the Chiltern Hundreds.'”.

have ourselves a physiognomical perception, will satisfy us CINQUE Ports.-" The tive ancient ports on the east coast that there is truth in Lavater ; for, however weak and unof England, opposite to France; namely, Dover, Hastings, decided the physiognomical expression of character may be Hithe, Romney, and Sandwich; to which are added, as in the case of minds of little eminence, those of great viappendages, Rye and Winchelsea. They have particular gour and power are invariably strongly marked and hisprivileges, and are within the jurisdiction of the Constable

torical. If the reader doubts the fact, let him turn to of Dover Castle, who, by his office, is called Warden of the Cinque Ports."

the portraits of Benjamin West, the painter, Sir Humphry Copyright (in Law).-" The exclusive right of printing Davy, Doctor Woolaston, Bishop Heber, and some others and publishing copies of any literary performance, which is in this volume, and then look at those of the Duke of now confirmed by statute, to authors or their publishers, B. and others of the nobility. He will at once perfor a certain number of years, that is to say, for twenty ceive the difference to which we allude. The latter look exeight years in all cases, whether the author survive that pe

tremely well for Lords, but their heads would not do at riod or not; and to the end of the author's life, if he live

all for great philosophers, painters, or poets. These form beyond that period; besides, as an action lies to recover damages for pirating the new corrections and additions to

a class of nobility, holding their titles by a patent higher an old work, publishers may acquire almost a perpetual in- yet than even majesty itself. Of seven peasants,' said terest in a work, by republishing it with additions and an Henry of-the-six-wives, “I could make seven lords, but notations."

of seven lords I could not make one Holbein'-nor of Echo." A sound reflected or reverberated from some seven kings either, he might have added—and yet Holbein body, and thence returned or repeated to the ear. Echoing

hoing was hardly a first-rate painter.” bodies may be so contrived as to repeat the echo several times. At Milan, there is said to be an echo, which reiterates the report of a pistol 56 times; and if the report be ex

Adventures in the Rifle Brigade in the Peninsula, France, ceedingly loud, the reiteration will exceed that number. The celebrated echo at Woodstock, in Oxfordshire, repeats

and the Netherlands, from 1809 to 1815. By Captain the same sound fifty times. But the most singular echo J. Kincaid. 8vo. Pp. 351. London. T. and W. hitherto spoken of is that near Roseneath, a few miles from Boone. 1830. Glasgow. If a person, placed at a proper distance from this echo, plays eight or ten notes of a tune with a trumpet, This is an excellent and amusing book ; and although they are correctly repeated by the echo, but a third lower ; | it neither gives, nor pretends to give, lessons in strategy, after a short pause, another repetition is heard in a lower or a true history of the great operations of our armies, tone; and then, after another interval, a third repetition we hold it to be a very instructive work. Napier, it is follows, in a still lower tone." HABEAS CORPUR.-“ A writ which may be made use of

true, continues to be our text-book in the art of war ; by the Courts at Westminster for removing prisoners to

but even in his work there is something awanting, someanswer any cause, as a Habeas Corpus ad respondendum. thing which a

thing which a due attention to historical etiquette pread satisfaciendum, &c. ; but the most celebrated writ of vents his conveying to us. He shows most satisfactorily this kind is that of Habeas Corpus ad subjiciendum, which the talents of our generals, and the morale of our army; a man who is, or supposes himself to be, aggrieved by an but there is an insight into its composition which he can. unlawful imprisonment, may have out of the King's Bench, | not give us, and which, indeed, nothing can give but a directed to the person detaining him, and commanding him

wide personal acquaintance with military men, and lots to produce the body of the prisoner, to submit to, or receive, whatever the court shall consider in that behalf. This writ

of volumes like the present. was founded on the common law, and secured by many sta

The rifle brigade was among the bravest regiments in tutes, particularly that of the 31st Charles II, which is, by in an army where all were brave. And well it might distinction, called the Habeas Corpus Act."

be so, if custom bave any effect in confirming dispositions We do not say that all the definitions and explanations naturally valiant ; for from 1809 to 1815 it was scarcely are equally interesting with those quoted above, and we ever out of hearing of musket-shot; and during the whole could point out several particulars where we think there of the Peninsular war it was constantly in advance of the is room for improvement in a second edition ; but, on the army, “ feeling for the enemy,"_by no means the most whole, we are satisfied that Mr Crabb, the ingenious edi- pleasing kind of groping in the dark. A competent judge tor of this work, has hit upon a very happy idea, and ex- has said of this regiment“I never saw such skirmishers as the ninety-fifth, now the rifle brigade. They could do as, had our late worthy disciplinarian, Sir David Dundas, the work much better, and with infinitely less loss, than himself been looking on, I think that even he would have any other of our best light troops. They possessed an

admitted that he never saw any one stand so fiercely upright

as I did behind mine, while the balls were rapping into it individual boldness, a mutual understanding, and a quick.

as fast as if a fellow bad been hammering a nail on the op ness of eye, in taking advantage of the ground, which,

posite side, not to mention the numbers that were whistling taken altogether, I never saw equalled. They were, in past, within the eighth of an inch of every part of my body, fact, as much superior to the French voltigeurs, as the both before and behind, particularly in the vicinity of my latter were to our skirmishers in general. As our regi- nose, for which the upper part of the tree could barely afment was often employed in support of them, I think I | ford protection.” am fairly qualified to speak of their merits."

The Captain must be a sensible man, for his opinion Yet this very regiment, when it landed in Portugal, of the Duke of Wellington exactly coincides with our consisted almost entirely of boyish recruits. “Lord Wel own: lington's retreat upon the lines of Torres Vedras," says

“ From the moment I joined the army, so intense was our author, “ was a measure that ultimately saved the

my desire to get a look at this illustrious chief, that I never

could have forgiven the Frenchman that had killed me becountry, though ruinous and distressing to those concern

fore I had effected it. My curiosity did not remain long ed, and on no class of individuals did it bear harder than

| ungratified; for, as our post was next the enemy, I found, on our own little detachment, a company of rosy-cheeked, when any thing was to be done, it was his also. He was chubby youths, who, after three months' feeding on ship's just such a man as I had figured in my mind's eye; and I dumplings, were thus thrust, at a moment of extreme ac- thought that the stranger would betray a grievous want of tivity, in the face of an advancing foe, supported by a penet sancing foe. supported by a penetration who could not select the Duke of Wellington

from amid five hundred in the same uniform." Again he pound of raw beef, drawn every day fresh from the bul

says, “ We anxiously longed for the return of Lord Wellock, and a mouldy biscuit.” It is really wonderful what

at lington, as we would rather see his long nose in the fight a couple of campaigns and such traiping made out of these than a reinforcement of ten men any day." fellows. Speaking of a review in May, 1813, as the The following is a specimen, which occurred at Victoarmy was about to break up from winter quarters, “ It ria, of the Duke's omnipresence in the fight, and the efdid one's very heart good," says our author again, “ to fect of his slightest word: look at our battalion that day, seeing each company stand “ One of their shells burst immediately under my nose, ing a hundred strong, and the intelligence of several cam- part of it struck my boot and stirrup-iron, and the rest of paigns stamped on each daring, bronzed countenance, it kicked up such a dust about me, that my charger refused which looked you boldly in the face, in the fulness of to obey orders; and while I was spurring, and he was cavigour and confidence, as if it cared neither for man nor

pering, I heard a voice behind me, which I knew to be Lord

Wellington's, calling out, in a tone of reproof, Look to devil."

keeping your men together, sir ;' and though, God knows, Captain Kincaid starts upon the following principle : I had not the remotest idea he was within a mile of me at

* Every man may write a book for himself, if he likes, the time, yet so sensible was I that circumstances warrantbut this is mine; and as I borrow no man's story, neithered bis ti

ed his thinking that I was a young officer cutting a caper, will I give any man a particle of credit for his deeds, as I by way of bravado, before him, that worlds would not have have got so little for my own that I have none to spare. | tempted me to look round at the moment." Neither will I mention any regiment but my own, if I can | After crossing the Garonne, a party of Spaniards were possibly avoid it. With regard to regiments, however, I beaten back in attempting to storm the heights, and rebeg to be understood as identifying our old and gallant as treated farther than military etiquette admits of. “ The sociates, the forty-third and fifty-second, as a part of our-only remark Lord Wellington is said to have made on selves; for they bore their share in every thing, and I love

their conduct, after waiting to see whether they would them as I hope to do my better half, (when I come to be

stand after they got out of reach of the enemy's shot, was, divided.) Wherever we were, they were ; and although the nature of our arms generally gave us more employment in

• Well, d-n me if ever I saw ten thousand men run a the way of skirmishing, yet, whenever it came to a pinch, race before.' ” One story more, and we have done : “I independent of a suitable mixture of them among us, we had was told that while Lord Wellington was riding along only to look behind to see a line in which we might place a | the line under a fire of artillery, and accompanied by a degree of confidence, almost equal to our hopes in heaven; numerous staff, a brace of greyhounds, in pursuit of a nor were we ever disappointed.”

hare, passed close by him. He was at the moment in earnest The consequence of this doughty resolution not to go conversation with General Carstairs; but the instant he beyond his own last is, that, before we finish the book, observed them he gave the view hallo, and went after we get as well acquainted with Captain Kincaid, and all them at full speed, to the utter astonishment of his foreign round about him, as if we had made the campaign along accompaniments." All this is in excellent keeping with with them. We think the Captain worthy of his regi- the Duke standing with his back to the stove in the House ment, and are at a loss whether we should admire him of Lords, his coat-tails tucked up ander his arms, telling most dancing the Highland Aling in a cool morning, to some noble lord to speak up. He would be as great a warm bimself after a bivouac, or kissing nuns, or criti. man without “this way of his own,” but not half so much cising generals, or hunting pigs, or fighting, or making | to our taste. We heartily recommend Captain Kincaid's philosophical remarks, or lying down in a field covered | book. with eight inches water, when the word is given “ to make themselves comfortable for the night.” If, however, bis picture is to be prefixed to the second edition of Sermons on the Seven Churches in Asia, &c. By the Rev. his work, we recommend the following passage to the Dr Muir, Minister of St Stephen's Church. Edinartist's attention, as affording a good hint for a striking burgh. Waugh and Innes. Pp. 288. situation : “ Be it known, then, that I was one of a crowd of

“ One design,” says Dr Muir, in his advertisement, skirmishers who were enabling the French to carry tbe" in publishing this volume, will be answered, if the pernews of their own defeat through a thick wood, at an in- usal of it shall strengthen this conviction in the minds of fantry canter, when I found myself all at once within a few any, that the Book of Revelation, instead of being emyards of one of their regiments in line, which opened such ployed for the purpose of exercising curiosity and fanciful a fire, that had I not, ritleman like, taken instant advantage conjecture, may be read exclusively for a religious and of the cover of a good fir-tree, my name would have, un

moral use.” Agreeing as we do with Dr Muir, that this questionably, been transferred to posterity by that night's gazette. And, however opposed it may be to the usual sys

latter is the most important use which we can make of tem of drill, I will maintain, from that day's experience,

experience the Apocalypse, we take the present opportunity of saythat the cleverest method of teaching a recruit to stand at ing a word or two about a class of expositors, wbose wriattention, is to place him behind a tree and fire balls at him: tings on this difficult portion of Scripture we are inclined

to consider as singularly injudicious and unprofitable. experience and from analogy, the causes which contribute We allude to those prophets, of whom the Rev. Edward to the formation of such particular character, and the proIrving is the modern representative, who, seeking to be per means for establishing a good, confirming an uncerwise above what is permitted, have devoted much time, tain, and shaking off a drowsy and ungodly, habit of and no inconsiderable talents, to a vain attempt at unveil | mind. We forbear making any extracts from a volume, ing futurity by fanciful glosses on the mysterious visions which is less remarkable for containing brilliant passages of the inspired apostle. We say a vain attempt, because than for its general good sense; but we heartily commend we consider the legitimate use of prophecy to be this, the volume itself to the perusal of all whose taste has not to prepare us in a general way for the future manifesta- been so much vitiated as to make them reject the plain, tions of God's providence,-to sustain the constancy of wholesome doctrines of religion, as applicable to the com- ; saints by shadowing out to them the general features, the mon business of life, and the formation of the Christian trials, the prosperity, and the final triumph of the church, character. -and to furnish, as soon as the prefigured events shall have | Nevertheless, we have somewhat against Dr Muir. actually come to pass, incontrovertible proof of His autho- It is this,-that, although his style is, in general, correct, rity by whom they were revealed, and of the truth of that and his composition elegant, his book is sometimes disrevelation with which they are inseparably connected. If figured with affected prettinesses of expression, and an we look to the Old Testament prophecies concerning our ambition of language, which displeases because it is unSaviour, we shall find that they were calculated to serve necessary, and is obviously a straining at effect. We are this very purpose; to us, these prophecies are clear as the less disposed to tolerate these violations of good taste noon-day, and even a child can trace their pointed appli- in the present instance, because we understand that, to cation to our Saviour's cbaracter, and their striking ac the virtues of an amiable and pious mind, Dr Muir unites, complishment in the circumstances of his life, and death, in an eminent degree, the accomplishments of the distinand resurrection : and yet to the Jewish doctors these guished scholar. very prophecies were so difficult, as to give rise to theories as unsound, and as absurd, as the speculations of the Millennium doctors of our own day. But we not only hold On Financial Reform. By Sir Henry Parnell. Bart.. that the prophecies of the Apocalypse were not meant to M.P. London. John Murray. 1830. be fully understood before they were accomplished, and therefore, that it is idle to speculate about particular time, | It is really ludicrous to observe the desponding appreand place, and circumstance, and special character, in re- hensions avowed by certain individuals regarding the pregard to them; but we maintain farther, that even if we sent state of the country. Ignorant of historical facts, were able to ascertain all these points satisfactorily, still and of the true maxims of economic science, they mistake it would be wasting our time unprofitably, and using the temporary interruptions for confirmed symptoms of de Revelation of God unworthily, to occupy ourselves in the cline; and, of course, whenever the country emerges idlest of all human employments, prying into a future from its difficulties,—which must eventually happen, which does not concern us, while we necessarily sacrifice | they will ascribe those consequences to supernatural agency, to this silly curiosity some of our valuable opportunities which can be accounted for on the most ordinary principles of progressing in actual holiness. What is it to us whe- of supply and demand. To such persons we recommend ther or not Mr Edward Irving is to lead the saints at the the perusal of Sir Henry Parnell's work, in which they will battle of Armageddon? We speak seriously when we say, find not only a satisfactory solution of their doubts, but that we think it quite as legitimate a subject of curiosity an able exposition of some of the most intricate questions to speculate on the probability of his wearing, upon that connected with Financial Reform. Yet, gratified as we occasion, the outrageous costume in which he made his have been with the general character of the present work, appearance last year at the General Assembly. Scrip- there is one part of it to which we cannot altogether asture has been given for a much nobler purpose than gra- sent. tifying the impertinent curiosity of idle dreamers; and we Our author frequently overlooks the distinction bedo not think that a Christian minister employs his own tween the primary or apparent, and the real or ultimate, time, or the time of his congregation, profitably or pro- incidence of taxes. Judging from Sir Henry's statements, perly, in broaching theories, however ingenious, upon a we might be apt to conclude, that the tax on a commosubject which has been designedly wrapped up in mys- dity fell, not on the consumer, but the producer. This tery, and with regard to which he must be as ignorant as is, however, erroneous. No doubt the producer ostenthe least learned of his hearers.

sibly pays the tax, and by him it is conveyed into the From the speculations of such prophets, we willingly treasury. But so truly does it emanate from the consuturn our attention to the modest and practical volume be-mer, that whenever his wealth no longer permits, or his fore us. Dr Muir was already known to us by his pub- inclination no longer prompts him to purchase the comlic reputation as a judicious and very popular preacher; modity, the trade ceases, and the tax remains unpaid, and these Sermons on the Seven Churches prove, that his Suppose, therefore, that the producer be possessed of a popularity rests upon a better foundation than the unin- certain capital, a fourth part of which he has to advance telligible flights and dangerous mysticism by wbich some for the tax, of course a fourth less of the commodity will of our modern pulpit orators have acquired a high repu- be produced. Still, however, the replacing power, which tation. We do not mean to say, however, that these Ser-originally met the whole, now meeting the remaining mons are distinguished either by much novelty or depth | three-fourths, the price is increased just in proportion to of thought;—this is not their character ; but we conceive the whole amount of the deficiency, or, in other words, that we bestow on them much higher, as well as juster, by the whole amount of the tax. So long, therefore, as praise, when we say that, in pure evangelical doctrine the producer determines to maintain the same standard of we think them unexceptionable, and that they point out enjoyments after, as previous to, the imposition of the tax, our duty so clearly, and enforce it with so much justice we contend that, while the supply of the commodity may of reasoning and felicity of illustration, that we can safely diminish, the price must increase, and the tax be levied recommend them to the public as practical and useful. from the consumer. Dr Muir dwells at no great length on the history and With these very hasty remarks, we recommend Sir circumstances of the Asiatic Churches, which were the Henry Parnell's work to the attentive perusal of our immediate objects of the Apostle's address; his principal | readers. One great merit of the book is, that, in general, design is, to consider the characters given of the Seven its conclusions proceed, not on mere vague speculation, but Churches, as belonging to individuals or classes of pro- on that sound practical analysis which ought ever to regufessing Christians in our own day; and to illustrate, by late our investigations of financial reform.

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