« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
Old Testament. It is, however, well known that the cock | This discrepancy may easily be accounted for from the difhad been introduced into Greece as early as the time offerent habits of the birds. Mr Wilson argued, from the Themistocles. Now, the Old Testament history does not apalogy of the anatomy of birds, that our domestic poultry, conclude till about twenty years after the death of that if abandoned in the woods to their own resources, would statesman; from which we may infer, that the silence of the acquire, along with greater strength of wing, a depression later sacred historians regarding poultry must have had of tail calculated to promote a swift progress through the some other cause than ignorance of their existence; for, if atmosphere. In corroboration of this opinion, he mentioned the Greeks had received them prior to that period from a case which had come under his own notice, of an indiviPersia, or from the more south-eastern countries of Asia, dual cock, which, having dwelt for the greater part of the they could scarcely have remained unknown to the interme- summer in the wonds upon his own resources, became so shy diate regions inhabited by the Jews. With the exception of and wary, that he could neither be caught nor reclaimed, North and South America, and the great Australasian Con-but generally rose with a harsh cry at the distance of 30 or tinent of New Holland, there is scarcely any considerable 40 yards, with his tail extended horizontally, and was at portion of the earth's surface, colonized by the human last shot, like any other wild game, as a legitimate object race, where poultry bave not been known and cherished for the exercise of sportsman-like skill. Mr Wilson confrom a very remote period. In most nations, too, we find cluded by stating, that he conceived the remarks he had subthem valued for their pugnacious propensities, in which mitted to the Society sufficient to establish two points :mankind have found a most anomalous source of amuse- First, that the Jungle cock is not the parent of our domesment. The different races of our poultry are so remarkable tic poultry, from all the known varieties of which it differ's for their disagreement with respect to size, colour, and pro materially, both in the form and structure of its plumage ; portions, that the reflecting naturalist with difficulty con and second, that, as far as it is possible to judge, in the previnces himself of their descent from one common stock. It sent state of our knowledge, this honour belongs to two is true that all the varieties produce with each other a fertile species iubabiting the Asiatic islands, which possess, in a progeny, but while we remember the fertile hybrid between greater or less degree, all the characters of our domestic the terret and pole-cat, and that between the dog and the wolf, kinds, and are not contradistinguished by any marked pewe may be allowed to doubt the sufficiency of this generally culiarity of structure. The objection to our domestic poulreceived criterion of identity of species. The first plausible try being derived from a multiplied source, which naturally attempt to attribute the origin of our domestic poultry to a arises from the disinclination, evinced by most animals, to wild species, was made by Sonnerat, who discovered the breed except with their own kind, is greatly weakened by Gallus Sonneratii, or Jungle Cock, a native of the Ghauts, the acknowledged facility with which the different species in India. Later discoveries, however, have considerably in of gallinaceous birds continue to form hybrid or crossed validated the claims of this bird to be viewed as the original breeds. stock whence we have derived our breed of domestic poultry. Dr Scot read a paper « On the question, whether the Mr Wilson observed that the natural form and structure of Hyena of naturalists be mentioned or alluded to in the Saany portion of the animal organization, were much less cred Writings." No remarks were made upon this paper, easily altered or effaced than the more superficial and tran- and the Society adjourned. sitory character of colour. The natural inference is, that if the Jungle cock be the parent of our domestic breeds, such breeds would at least occasionally exhibit those marked and
SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES. peculiar characters of form and structure by which the fea
Monday, 220 March. ibers of the supposed original are distinguished. On the
Sir HENRY JARDINE in the Chair. contrary, however, among the numerous varieties of our
Present, Professor Brunton ; Drs Hibbert and Carson; domestic poultry, not one has been found, the plumage of which is characterised by the horny lamince or expansions
James Skene, Donald Gregory, James Maidment, David of the quill, which form so marked a feature in the plu
Laing, Gabriel Surenne, &c. &c., Esquires. mage of the Jungle cock. It is chiefly upon this difference There was read “ A brief account of an ancient piece of of structure of the cervical feathers, and of some other parts furniture in the choir of the Parish Church, Terregles, in of the plumage, that the necessity of seeking elsewhere the the Stewartry of Kirkcudbright;" accompanied with a relaparent stock of our common poultry has been rested. Mrtive drawing, communicated by R. L. Milligan, Esq., M.D. Wilson mentioned, however, another fact, which we do not The assistant Secretary (Donald Gregory, Esq.) next remember to have seen previously insisted upon, and which read his “ Enquiry into the causes which led to the proleads irresistibly to the same conclusion. The natives of scription (in 1603) of the Clan Gregor, "* the district where the Jungle cock abounds, rear a breed of The Clan Gregor is one of the very few families in the poultry differing as much from the supposed original as our Highlands supposed to be of pure Celtic origin. An early, own, and which never intermingles with the forest brood. if not the original, seat of the head of the family, was the Similar objections apply with still greater force to the fork- valley of Glenurchy, in the district of Lorn). There is pretailed cock (g. fureatus) of Java; and to the Macartney served, in Rymer's Fædera, a mandate issued in 1993 by cock (g. Macarinei) of Sumatra. Mr Wilson next directed John Baliol, ordaining the Lord of Lorn to summon two the attention of the Society to the better-founded claims of individuals of the name of MacGregor to appear on a certain some of the species of wild poultry inhabiting the great day in the royal presence, for the purpose of rendering hoAsiatic islands. According to M. Temminck, the species mage; from which the natural inference is, that these perto which our domestic races are most nearly allied, are, sons were free barons. Among the prisoners taken by Edthe Jago cock of Sumatra (g. giganteus), a wild species of ward I. at the battle of Dunbar in 12996, mention is made great size, and the Bankira cock of Java, another primitive of John of Glenarchy. It appears that his lands and posspecies which occurs in the forest of the last named island. sessions were afterwards restored to him on condition of his There are several circumstances which render the claims of going to serve Edward in his wars in France. He is dethese two birds much stronger than those of the Jungle signated one of the Magnates Scotiæ, a proof that his poscock. Istly, Their females bear a strong resemblance to sessions holden of the crown must have been very consiour domestic hens. 2dly, The common village cock, in its derable. It is also extremely probable, from the great nummost ordinary condition, is intermediate in respect to size bers of the clan found in later times in the western districts between these two species. 3dly, The nature of the plu- of Perthshire, and particularly in Glendocbart, Glen Lyon, mage, which in its form, consistence, and distribution, is and Rannoch, that previous to the reign of Robert, some absolutely the same as in the common cock, strengthens the of them held lands there under the crown as free barons. supposition. Athly, It is in these species alone, that we find the females as well as the males provided with a fleshy crest. * We regret that it is only in our power to present the reader with a and small wattles, characters which likewise distinguish
brief summary of this interesting and ably executed paper; we hope,
however, to be able to return to the enquiry respecting the true origin both sexes of our common poultry, although they are for
and character of that foray which brought about the proscription of the most part but slightly developed in the female. The
the Clan Gregor, when the next number of Mr Pitcairn's Criminal Jago cock sometimes grows to so great a size, that while Trials appears. We have been favoured with a view of the proof standing on the floor of a room, according to Marsden, its sheets of Mr Gregory's account of the trials of the M'Gregors; and we
are of opinion that the documents there collected fully bear out Mr bill attained the level of a dining table of ordinary height. 6
Gregory in the opinions he has expressed. We take the opporThe Bankira cock is of dimensions much more nearly ap tunity of this note, to express our opinion, that Mr Gregory's notice proaching to several of our domestic varieties, with wbich of the Clan Gregor is the best, and indeed the only authentic history it also agrees in some other characteristics. It is in the l of a Highland Clan that we have seen. He has not hazarded a single
assertion, in which he is not borne out by documentary and general form and direction of the tail, which, in this wild species,
contemporary evidence. Even our meagre abstract will serve to show is almost horizontal, that it differs most from our poultry, the important conclusion to which his investigations have led him.
Malcolm de Glendochart and Patrick de Glendochart ap- to his father ; and, after the execution of Gregor in 1581, pear in the Ragman Roll in 1298; and both names are com- | by withholding the investiture from his son Allaster, who mon in the Clan Gregor.
was legally ejected from Glenstray in 1590, under the preThe MacGregors were, from their local situation, it may text that he was merely a tenant of the lands against the be also from consanguinity, the followers of the Lord of will of his superior, Sir Duncan Campbell. In 1587, a Lorn, and shared in the fate of his family upon the acces- very voluminous act of Parliament was passed, v
Parliament was passed, vulgarly sion of Bruce, to whoin he was bitterly opposed. Glen- called the General Bond, which denounced severe penalties, dochart and Fortingal were bestowed upon connexions and not only against the broken clans, but also against all their followers of the new monarch. The Lord of Glenurchy favourers and resetters. Early in 1593, Archibald Earl of had died in France, and the estate, being the property of an Argyll received a commission of similar import, against heiress and a ininor, could not be forfeited. Her wardsbip " all and sundry persons of the wicked Clan Gregor." and marriage, however, were bestowed upon Campbell of About this time, the landlords of the Clan Gregor, forced Lochawe, ihe king's brother-in-law, who bestowed her by the severe enactments of the General Bond, which upon his son John, afterwards Earl of Athole. Upon his made them answerable for the misdemeanours of their decease, without children, in 1333, the estate seems to have tenants, began to take measures for a universal ejection reverted to the MacGregors; for there is undoubted evi. of the clan from their possessions; and, as far as the forms dence of the death of “ John MacGregor of Glenurchy" | of law could go, numerous ejectments took place. It may in 1390. In 1442, we find the estate in possession of a safely be affirmed, in consequence of these rigorous meayounger son of the first Lord Campbell, from whom the 1 sures. that, in July, 1596. i
sthat, in July, 1596, not a single farm was occuhouse of Breadalbane are descended. According to the re- pied by a MacGregor, unless by force, and in defiance of cords of that house, he received it from his father. This the landlord. At that time, the Laird of MacGregor made was the last freehold possession of any consequence held by his appearance before the King in council, became bound the name of MacGregor.
for the good behaviour of his clan, and promised to remain About the middle of the fifteenth century, therefore, the in attendance on his Majesty, as a hostage for their obeClan Gregor was in a situation totally different from that dience. He appears, however, soon to bave tired of his of any other clan in the Highlands-it had not one acre of thraldom, and to have made his escape to the Highlands. land held free of the crown. But it had not yet become After this event, various attempts were made by the distinguished over the neighbouring families for a predatory Council to reduce the Clan Gregor without undue severity; disposition. The crown still possessed extensive lands in but all its good intentions were frustrated by the interested Perthshire, on which the chieftains of the tribe were seated, policy of Argyll. He stirred them up to acts of violence nominally, as crown tepants, but, in reality, from the un- against those proprietors who bad the misfortune to be at settled state of the country, as absolute proprietors. During feud with him; and afterwards took advantage of these the reigns of James II., III., and IV., however, numerous very acts of insubordination to get himself appointed his grants of these crown lands were made to powerful barons Majesty's Lieutenant and Justice, with most ample powers, iu that part of the country. Many of these, having been in the whole bounds inhabited by the Clan Gregor. The granted during minorities, were afterwards revoked ; and last important outrage committed by this sept, previous to the uncertainty hence arising in the new titles, encouraged its proscription, and the immediate cause of that act of sethe MacGregors, the actual occupants of the lands, to deverity, was the invasion of the Lennox in 1603, during spise and resist the authority of charters, by which over- which the celebrated conflict of Glenfrune took place belords were imposed upon them, in many instances from tween them and the Colquhouns. The declaration of the families with which they had long been at mortal feud. Laird of MacGregor, produced as evidence against him at his The struggle was unequal; and in proportion as the Clan trial, charges Argyll with having been the instigator of this Gregor became, from kindly tenants of the crown, subjects irruption, and the simplicity and unconscious pathos of the of oppression and suspicion to their wealthier and more document are strong warrants of its veracity. Its assertions powerful neighbours, they grew remarkable for their op-are, moreover, corroborated by many adminicles of evidence position to all law and order Mr Gregory completely I adduced on the trials of the MacGregors. The magnitude established this position, by entering into a detailed narra- of this foray was sufficient to strike a panic into the governtive of the management of the crown lands in Perthshire, inent, which vented itself in the celebrated act of Council (and particularly in Rannoch, the head seat of the Clan prohibiting any person, under pain of death, from bearing the Gregor,) from the year 1473 till the end of the 16th cen name of Gregor or MacGregor. The chief bimself was tury.
shortly afterwards apprehended through the machinations s'hose who have once burst the bonds of law, are ex- of Argyll, and executed at Edinburgh. At this period, the posed to greater temptations than those who live within Clan Gregor was to all human appearance extinguished. them; and thus it happened with the Clan Gregor. There Mr Gregory concluded by remarking, that he had “ endeais strong ground for believing, that in many cases, and par- voured to show that the causes of the proscription of the ticularly after the death of the Regent Murray, they acted Clan Gregor were closely connected with the system on in their predatory excursions merely as the tools of some of which the ancient Crown Lands were managed; and that their more powerful neighbours. The peculiar circum the system took more effect upon this clan from their ha. stances in which they had so long been placed, in regard to ving lost most of their freehold possessions so early as the their ancient possessions, must have disposed them to enter reign of Robert Bruce. with alacrity into any plans of violence and rapine, by wbich they might have a chance of bettering their condition. Their forays, too, were the more felt and complained
ANDERSON'S UNIVERSITY, GLASGOW. of, that the wealthy district around Perth, as the nearest On the evening of Monday, the 22d March, the first of to their haunts, was that which generally suffered from the meetings purposed to be held on the plan of those that their inroads. The bad reputation acquired by this unfor | have proved so delightful at the Royal Institution, Albetunate clan, is testified by the numerous government com- marle-street, took place in the University Rooms, Georgemissions issued at different times against them, breathing street. It was numerously and brilliantly attended,,Lord the most vindictive and relentless spirit, and consequently John Campbell, who rightly thinks that a love of science only fitted to make bad worse.
can add lustre to even the name of Argyll, Mr Smith of Amid all this adversity, there was one branch of the fa-1 Jordan-hill, Professor Dr Hooker, Professor Mylne, Mr mily of MacGregor wbich continued for some time to en-1 May, besides Mr Anderson, President of the Institution, joy a state of comparative prosperity. Soon after the ap- Mr Douglas, the Secretary, and all the learned body of parent extinction of the house of Glenurchy, a branch of Professors, being present. After tea and coffee in the apthe Clan Gregor may be traced, holding the small property paratus room, the Museum was thrown open. It is a handof Glenstray, which lies contiguous to Glenurchy, as vas- some apartment, but the collection will speedily outgrow it. sals of the Earl of Argyll. It was connected by marriage It is particularly rich in mineral and geological specimens. with most of the principal families of the name of Camp- | Among the latter, a splendid suite of primitive and other bell, and as long as it continued to hold of the Earl, it ap- rocks, arranged by the hand of Werner, and presented by pears to have flourished. During the reign of Queen Mary, Mr Edington, was much admired. At eight o'clock, in however, Argyll conveyed the superiority of Glenstray rity of Glenstray to the Great Hall of the
ivered an adCampbell of Glenurchy, and from that time its possessors mirable, though, from its nature, desultory lecture, on a shared the fate of the rest of the clan. The great object of review of the most recent and striking discoveries in chethe Glenurchy family was to get rid of the MacGregors as mical science, of which he is himself so distinguished an vassals altogether. This object they atteinpted to accom- ornament. Among these, we were chiefly struck with that plish, by refusing Gregor MacGregor of Glenstray as heir of a German chemist, WAELLER, who, by passing clay in
a state of combustion, united with animal charcoal, through My creed's not the Catholic's-Purer chlorine, has obtained a substance, which he terms chloride
Or not, he should still have his dae; of alumina, and thus distinctly proved that even clay is
I have found him a friend-ne'er a surer! not an exception to the truth of Sir H. Davy's beautiful
Desire it, he'll prove so to you! and ingenious theory of the metallic basis of all the earths, i - that of clay being as hard as covundum,—which is the
My life on his loyalty! Try him! adamant of poetry, and the substance used in the East for
When his faith was the faith of your foes, i polishing the diamond itself.
In the charge did he let you rush by him? Another new substance was also shown, which has been Or shrink from your side in the close ? recently added to our catalogue. It is termed GLUCINUM,
Then, boys, &c. and is found in the emerald. This and the preceding exa. mination, the learned Doctor remarked, threw some light Come—a bumper! Fill up!-to the brim! on the nature of meteoric stones, which he conceived to be
Though already we've drunk him to-dayfloating bodies, containing the earths in a metallic state,
Here's the King-Four-times-four, boys, for him ! which fused on coming into contact with our atmosphere. The most interesting portion of the discourse was, how
Come ! a hearty—a Royal—Huzza! ever, that which detailed Dr Ure's present investigations
To the Duke_and the Commoxer next, on tests for detecting the presence of opium. In prosecu.
Long together and strong may they draw, ting these, he has clearly established, that in our saliva there While they stick to the national textis a large portion of sulpho-cyanic acid, akin to prussic
One King! with One PEOPLE-One Law! acid, and the most deadly poison! Thus we every moment
Then, boys, &c. * swallow a portion of it! In a state of Ptyalism, however, the mercurial action seems to banish it. The tincture of iron colours the saliva, where it is present, a bright red, and from this circumstance some light may be thrown upon
SONG. the curious question as to the colouring matter of the blood.
On! could we away where the cliff and the cave In the course of the Doctor's experiments, he has demonstrated, that in some of the London porter of the most fa
| Might yield us a shelter, and grant us a grave ! mous brewers, a serious quantity of opium is discoverable. The gayest, the proudest, would find on my brow
A well-executed head of Berzelius, in selenium, was No shade of the envy which darkens it now. handed round as a specimen of that rare metal. Mr Smith Thy bosom my pillow, thy heart all my own, of Jordan-hill, Mr Douglas, Professor Mylne, Dr Hannah, The desert my kingdom, the mountain my throne; and the President, each delivered their remarks. The ve
Oh ! there,—where no sail ever darken'd the sea,– nerable father of the College of Glasgow was received with
How blest,-without one hope, save heaven and thee! enthusiasm, as was also the mention by Mr Anderson, that to the unwearied zeal and influence of Mr Smith we were indebted for the organization of a series of meetings so de
There morn would not wake me to gaze upon woe, lightful as these promise to be.
When round me came wreathing thy soft arm of snow;
But to kiss the fond tear which rewarded them all.
Oh! pleasure's fleet light, and the shadow of care,
Would mingle no twilight for happiness there;
Together our calm years of bliss would increase,
E. O. B.
LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.
MR MACFARLANE, who is already favourably known to the Well may creeds be the scoffer's derision !
public by his work on Turkey, is about to publish a tale, entitled They strengthen his infidel cause,
The Armenians, the scene of which is laid on the Bosphorus. When they teach men but strife and division,
The first volume of a Treatise on Optics, containing the theory of Who are one in their Countries and Laws.
unpolarised light, by the Rev. Humphry Lloyd, is announced.
A Transcript from a curious Manuscript, discovered under the CHORUS.
foundations of the ancient Manor-house at Abbot's Leigh, Somerset, Then, boys, doff the Lily for ever!
to be called the Royal Book, or Oracle of Dreams, is in the press.
Mr Thomas Aird, the author of “ Religious Characteristics," is The Shamrock, Leek, Thistle, and Rose,
preparing for publication a poem, to be entitled The Captive of Fez. Are our national emblems, then never
From what we know of Mr Aird's abilities, we are inclined to augur 0! never wear any but those.
highly of the success of this work. Mr Blackwood is to be the
publisher. Why rail against WELLINGTON-PEEL
We understand that Mr John Parker Lawson has made consider. And the rest who have alter'd their plan?
able progress with his Life of Bishop Horsley, which will be read
for press in the course of a few months. When men feel their errors—men feel
The Stories from the History of Ireland, which we noticed some That to change is the act of a man.
time ago, are said to have been compiled by Lady Frances Leveson What's a party at most to a nation ?
Gower, for the use of her own sons.
There is at present in the course of publication at Paris, a beautiWas it fit, for your yearly procession,
ful edition of Buffon's works, in 18mo, with plates, the price of That the blood of a people should flow?
which is about sixpence halfpenny per volume.
Among other interesting works which have very recently issued Then, boys, &c.
from the press, we may enumerate : 1st, The second volume of
Caillie's Travels to the long-sought Timbuctoo.-20, Temple's Tra. What to me is the creed of my neighbour ?
vels in that attractive portion of South America, Peru.-30, Lloyd's To the Virgin and Saints let him pray;
Northern Sports, descriptive of the field diversions in the north of For the same Constitution we labour,
Europe.m4th, Captain Moorsom's Letters from Nova Scotia, conLet the laws be the same we obey.
taining a curious and vivid picture of the actual state of that colony.
-And, 5th, Mr Dobell's Account of the present State of Siberia and 0! spurn not his altar! forbear!
China, of which latter country new details were much wanted. In 'Tis an act Nature-God—will condemn;
a few days we are to have a translation of M. Bourrienne's Memoirs Your forefathers worshipp'd him there, Then respect it, and spare it for them!
• This song has been arranged with symphonies and accompani. Then, boys, &c.
ments, and will be published immediately.
which hava arritada grant a sensation in the French I learned these facts while at Paris above three years 200. when I be canital and a poetical work from the pen of the Hon, Mrs Nor- came the instrument of an affiliation, which now exists between the ton, under the singular title of “ The Undying One."
French and this highly respectable Society, I am, &c. The Early Christians, or the Aspect and Spirit of Primitive Chris 8, Nelson Street.
G. SUREXNE. tianity, 18mo, is preparing for publication.
P.S. Information connected with other French Literary Societies We understand that many of the Songs in the Musical Album have
at Paris, will at times be transmitted to you, provided the present been published separately. Among the rest, Queen Mary's Song. ExcYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA.-The first part of the new edition
may not be thought uninteresting. (the seventh) of this valuable work is now ready. It is very elegantly
Theatrical Gossip.-Kean has appeared again at Drury Lane, in printed; and, both from its cheapness and the established value of
his old favourite part of Richard III., and the audience made up by its contents, is well entitled to the most extensive circulation.
the warmth of their reception for their former ill treatment of him. RUDIMENTS OF CORRECT READING.This is a new school-bnok,
If the Londoners were to deprive themselves of Kean, we should like upon a simple and ingenious plan, by Mr Alexander Adam, teacher
to know whom they could find to supply his place -On Thursday in Edinburgh.
last, Miss Kemble played Portia, for her own benefit, to her father's JAMES SHERIDAN KNOWLES.-Our readers will perceive by the
Shylock. The house was, of course, a bumper.-Drury Lane Theatre advertisement, that Mr Knowles is to deliver this day his first
is no longer in the hands of Mr Price : but is to remain under the Lecture on Dramatic Literature. We confess ourselves anxious that
general direction of a committee till the end of the season, when it a man of genius, and a stranger among us, should meet with that en.
will be let to the highest bidder. Laporte and Charles Wright are couragement which Edinburgh knows so well how to bestow upon
named as candidates; but we doubt whether either is fitted for the genius when properly employed.
situation. Wallack is still stage-manager.-It is stated that Mrs SidNEW MUSIC.-Mrs Orme, of whose musical talents we have already
dons went lately to see Miss Kemble play Mrs Beverley, and that this asion to speak very favourably, has just published another 1"
was the first time she had ever seen “ The Gamester" performed.song, entitled, “ Mary Jamieson," the words from the Edinburgh
Braham has returned to town, and is to appear at Drury Lane shortly. Literary Journal. The melody is exceedingly simple and expres
-Mathews has been performing at Manchester with great success. sive, and the accompaniment rich and full.-We have also received
Byron's “ Werner" has been brought out by Macready at Dublin, this week three songs by Mrs Alexander Kerr, all of which we like
and has been favourably received.- Vandenhoff has been playing at much, and particularly the canzonet entitled, " This is the Hour."
Glasgow. Mrs Henry Siddons has appeared since our last in " The We are glad to know that both these ladies are now resident in
Rivals," “Wives as they were,and Maids as they are," and "The Way Edinburgh, and are likely to lend their best efforts to the support of
to Keep Him." The house, upon each occasion, has been filled to musical taste among us. Mrs Kerr is preparing for publication,
overflowing. To-night she performs “ All in the Wrong," and takes a volume of melodies, of which both the music and words will be her
her final leave of us on Monday, on which evening she will deliver a own.
Farewell Address, written expressly for her by Sir Walter Scott. Lis. MR YANIEWICZ's CONCERT.--Mr Yaniewicz is to give his annual
ton is to be here in a few days, and is to be succeeded by T. P. Cooke. Concert on Tuesday next, and is to have the assistance of his own
Then will come the benefits; and in June we are to have Miss Fanny talented daughters, the Misses Paton, and Mr Boyle, who will, upon
Kemble. Miss Jarman's engagement terminates on the third of this occasion, make his first appearance in Edinburgh. We have
April. We think the Manager ought to have engaged her for the heard Mr Boyle sing in private, and can answer for the sweetness
whole season, because, without her, we have no prima donna, We and flexibility of his voice, and also for the chasteness of his style,
shall not, however, complain, as we have no doubt he will not allow -what we fear is, that it may want power for a large assembly. We
her to go away without securing her return at no very distant periol. have no doubt that the Concert will be well attended.
Miss Jarman is to take a benefit on the 3d, we believe, and certainly CHIT-CHAT PROM LONDON.- Mrs Charles Kemble gave a musical
the exertions she has made, and the talent she has displayed, entitle soiree last Sunday. The concluding morceau was an air sung by Miss
her to expect that it will be crowdedly attended. We understand Fanny Kemble, in a manner which elicited the most unbounded ap
that the authoress of “ Aloyse,” in consequence of Mrs Siddons's plause of all present. Her style for depth and purity of expression
re-appearance, and Miss Jarman's speedy departure, has thought it was pronounced unrivalled, and the quality of her voice was com
best that the production of her new piece should be delayed till the pared to that of Malibran. We hope Miss Fanny Keible did not
commencement of next season. Our readers will be glad to learn that svallow all this. Mr Washington Irving was of the party.- A grand
Mr Murray has obtained, upon liberal terms, the patent of the National Cemetery has been projected in London, on the plan of
Theatre-Royal, and that Mrs Siddons having retired from all share Pere la Chaise, in the neighbourhood of Paris. It is to be establish
in the concern, he is now the sole patentee. We are informed that ed by a joint-stock company, and numerous drawings and plans have
it is Mr Murray's intention to proceed to London immediately on been already given in. The whole arrangements are under the di.
the close of the present season, to make as extensive and spirited arrection of the projector, Mr Goodwin, the architect of several well
rangements as possible for his next winter campaign; and among known public buildings. The new Library at the British Museum,
other things, to engage the first London scene-painters to assist in which is one of the most magnificent rooms in Europe, is 300 feet
supplying him with an entire new stock of scenery. long, 42 wide, and 32 high. It contains about 80,000 volur mahogany cases, and is open gratis to the public three days in the
WEEKLY List of PERFORMANCES. week. Some persons having begun to object to the indecorum of the dancing at the Opera-house, Laporte, the manager, has written
March 20-26. a letter to the Times, in which he maintains that nothing could be « more orderly, moral, and decent than the dances,"-On the whole,
SAT. The Rivals, of Rosina, there is little that is very new going on in London at present.
Mon. Wives as they were and Maids as they Are, and The
TUES. Guy Mannering, $ The Sergeant's Wife.
THURS. Rob Roy, & the Banditti of Rosenwald. Sır,-The handsome manner in which you have allowed the pro
FRI. The Point of Honour, the Scape-Goat, & The Noyades, ceedings of the Antiquarian Society of this city to be entered in your valuable columns, calls for the thanks of every individual compo sing it: and thinking that any thing connected with the Society of French Antiquarians at Paris may not be unacceptable, I beg to
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. state the following circumstance attending the reading of a paper in that Society. Every paper, either from abroad, or any part of SEVERAL interesting articles still stand over in types. France, is referred to a committee, on the report of whom, it is The communication from Gainsborough in defence of Tate and either allowed to be read or not. In this manner, none but interesting Brady's version of the Psalms, is ingenious and sensible : but as it papers are read before the Society. This custom, a wholesome one, is does not refer to the main point in discussion, which is the propriety necessary, from the multiplicity of matters laid on their table; and I of making any alterations on the Scottish version, we are afraid we freely confess, that it is with some degree of pride I mention to you that shall not be able to make room for it. the paper read by me in our Society here last Monday se'nnight, was 1 " Spring hours in Père la Chaise," which we have read with pleasent a year ago, in French, to the Société des Antiquaires de France, sure, shall have a place at our earliest convenience." Stephen Kemapproved of by their committee, and read before them. I may also ble and the son of Neptune," shall also be inserted. We believe mention, in reference to the French Antiquarian Society, that no there is no truth whatever in the report alluded to by “Harmoniperson is admitted upon the simple recommendation of members. cus:'--the lady he mentions has been in bad health, but has no im. The candidate must first give proofs of his abilities and aptitude mediate prospect of returning. in the labours with which the attention of the Society is occupied, "An Autumnal Midnight Vision” in our next.-We shall endeaand if thought a fit literary character, he is admitted. Some mem- vour to find room for the verses on “ The Torwood Oak."--The bers have written many essays before they had this honour. I effusion of ".W.P. L." will not suit us.
[No. 78, March 27, 1830.]
ADVERTISEMENTS, Connected with Literature, Science, and the Arts.
MR JONES respectfully acquaints the Public,
that the success he has met with in the Removal of STAMMERING, and in the Cure or Amelioration of other cases of Defective Ulterance, has given him confidence to offer his services to those who are afflicted with such Impediments of Speech.
"I shall not fail, when opportunities occur, to mention this cure, and to state, at the same time, the gentle and rational method you adopted to effect it."--Extract from a Letter to Mr J.
19, Queen Street.
MRS ALEX. KERR'S SONGS AND
CANZONETS. “ THIS IS THE HOUR,” as sung with distin
guished applause at the Theatre-Royal, Edinburgh, by Miss Fanny Ayton, composed and dedicated to Lady M. Shaw Stewart, by MRS ALEX. KERR.
« We have here an elegant little piece, decidedly superior to the ordinary run of songs." - Morning Post.
« We have great pleasure in laying before our readers the followi ng beautiful stanzas."-Edinburgh Evening Post.
isThis is the Hour' enables us to present to the notice of our readers another Amateur Composer, and a valuable addition to the number Mrs Kerr will make, should she persevere; for she possesses both talent and judgment, The Canzonet now before us is simply elegant and expressive."-Harmonicon for January, 1830.
"A very agreeable melody, well accompanied ; it flows smoothly, and the words are, both as relates to sense and accent, correctly set." -Ibid. for February.
Also, by the same Lady, published this day, « THEY COME AND THEY SING' dedicated to the Countess of Darnle
“WHY SITS THAT ANGUISH on thy BROW?" a Canzonet, dedicated to the Lady Elizabeth Bligh.
FOR THE GUITAR:" A Boat Glee," written and composed by Mrs Alex. Kerr, arranged by G. H. Derwort." Farewell to dear England's Sweet Shore," dedicated to Lady Davy." Oh ! how can I forget him?" -“ Blithe with pleasure,"--Oh! then come to Me."-" I'll love
cioneus of the same Author in dramatic con
Sold by ALEXANDER ROBERTSON, Musicseller to his Majesty, 47, Prince's Street, Edinburgh; and by GOULDING and D'ALMAINE ; CHAPPELL; and Messrs LEE and LEE, London.
DRAMATIC LITERATURE. MR SHERIDAN KNOWLES begs to intimate
o to the Public of Edinburgh, that he is this day to commence in the Waterloo Rooms, at the Waterloo Hotel, a Course of Lectures on Dramatic Literature, of which the following is a syllabus :
LECTURE I. THE DRANA-Has its origin in the imaginative and imitative faculties of man-Its earliest traces found in a rude and simple state of Society - Origin of the ancient Chorus--Origin of the Action or Plot -First Stage of the Drama-Thespis-Transition to the second Stage -Extracts from the Chorus of the Bacche-Character of the Chorus in the second Stage-Eschylus the founder of this Stage-of the Theatre-Inventor of the Masque-of the Cothurnus, or BuskinThe Infancy of the Dramatic Art distinguished by an extraordinary display of genius in the instances of Eschylus, Sophocles, Euripides -Poetry not the test of excellence in Dramatic Composition-Homer -Rules of Aristotle and his followers founded upon the imperfection of the Art-Unities of time and place violated by the ancient dramatists-Striking violation of the unity of time in the Agamemnon of Æschylus-That Tragedy is a vindication of the Shakspearian Drama -Extent to which the latter would have suffered by adhering to the Unities illustrated by the Tragedy of “ Macbeth," &c. &c.--Slavish deference to authority not confined to the Drama--Cant with reference to the Ancient Models-Its pernicious influence upon Education -Gross neglect of the living tongue-Egregious error of attempting to reculate the Drama without reference to its end-Illusion of the Novel of the pictorial Narrative-of the Drama-The Coriolanus of the late John Philip Kemble-The Chorus of the Ancients an absurdity-Extracts from. Æschylus-Shakspeare-Milton-Lord Byron -Clytemnestra's description of the signal Fires that announce the Fall of Troy.
LECTURE II. Recapitulation of the principal positions advanced in the first Lecture-The Edipus Tyrannus of Sophocles superior in dramatic conception to the Edipus Coloneus of the same Author-Poetry and the Drama two distinct questions-" Manfred” and “Bertram"-Lord Byron possessed of some of the highest requisites of a dramatist
Causes of his failure-His Sardanapalus-Maturin's genius essen tially dramatic-His Bertram-True grounds upon which that tragedy is objectionable-Its moral defended-The dramatist should excite the suspense of his audience-Admirable management of Shakspeare in this respect, with reference to the 4th and 5th acts of .Macbeth"--Similarity between the plan of Shakspeare in this instance, and that of Sophocles in the Edipus Tyrannus-Plot of the latter Tragedy-Its noble opening-Defective management of the second scene-Want of individuality in the character of TyresiasMismanagement of the scene between Edipus and Jocasta-Gross improbability in conducting the action with respect to EdipusWith respect to Jocasta-Subsequent scenes chargeable with similar defect-Catastrophe-What ought to have been the policy of Sophocles-Decided superiority of Shakspeare as an Artist, illustrated by an analysis of the main Plot in the three last acts of “ Macbeth' Incident and Situation-Ignorance or disingenuousness of the modern hypercritic.
LECTURE III. Euripides, as an Artist, infinitely superior to Sophocles-His resemblance to Shakspeare-Masterly delineation of character, illustrated in the Phænician Virgins--Pathetic address of Jocasta-His superior manner of treating the characters of Electra and Orestes-His Iphigenia in Aulis-Its subject not by any means so rich as that of the Edipus Tyrannus, but far more powerfully handled–The Plot -Masterly opening-Fine trait of nature in the character of Menelaus-Skill in introducing Iphigenia-In managing the meeting between her and her father-in discovering to Clytemnestra the designs of Agamemnon-In conducting the scene between Agamem. non, Clytemnestra, and Iphigenia-Eloquent expostulation of Cly. temnestra-Pathetic appeal of Iphigenia-Conduct of Iphigenia vin. dicated-The Catastrophe.
LECTURE IV. The Stage capable of being made a vehicle for highly instructive and rational amusement-The great School of Elocution strikingly exemplified in the instance of Demosthenes-Too great importance attached to the action of the Drama-Analysis of the quarrel of Brutus and Cassius-Defective action of Hamlet-Mr Kean's reading of the scene with Ophelia-Dramatic excellence consists in the subserviency of Poetry to the delineation of character and passion, and in the subserviency of these to the incidents and situations of a Play -Character of Hamlet-Danger of the dramatist's allowing the consideration of his characters to be superseded by the ambition of showing off himself-Anecdote of a dramatist-Cant of a certain class of modern critics-Poetical Language-Monosyllabic Poetry-Figure -Burial of Sir John Moore-Battle of Hohenlinden-Bruce's Address to his army-The Field of Waterloo.
(Contents of Lectures V. and VI. in future Advertisements.)
Second Edition, price 2s.
By Mr LINLEY. " Attention is more particularly due to the farewell Song of Queen Mary, a composition highly interesting, not only in a historical and national point of view, but even in a mere musical sense. Its beautiful and affecting simplicity cannot fail to be appreciated."-New Monthly Magazine, Dec. 1829.
Perhaps no Song has been published for many years past which has equally fixed the attention of the musical reviews as this. It is now for the first time published separately, as are also the following,
BY THE SAME AUTHOR: "Oh! would I were a boy again," is, 6d.-" Huzza for the Highland lads," 25.-" Mary's Dream," 13. 60.-" Cowdenknows," (with a second strain by Mr Linley.) Is. 6.-"My love will come again," 2s.-“My boy, Tammy," 18. 6." Merry England,"--and seven others.
Some of these arrangements were made expressly for Miss E. Pa-
Edited by Mr LINLEY. 158. " We must say, that Mr Linley has improved most rapidly and apparently since he last appeared as an author."--Edinburgh Literary Journal
"We are happy to be able to speak of this elegant work in terms of commendation."-Spectator.
"The selection is commendable, the harmonie arrangement appears to us satisfactory, and the greater part of the original pieces are creditable to their authors."-New Monthly Magazine.
“ We feel a kind of pride that this splendid work has been brought out in this city."--Observer, &c. &c.
The PORTRAIT separately, 5s. Proofs, 7s. 6d.
J. LOTHIAN, and R, PURDIE, Edinburgh; GOULDING and D'ALMAINE, London,
Demosthenenalysis of the n's reading
of corne selection is com and the greate Monthly Mamas been broug!
Ticket, transferable for the Course, admitting a Lady and Gentleman, £1, 10s.-Single Ticket, £1.-Double Ticket, for a single Lecture, 59. 60.--Single Ticket, 3s. cd. To be had at Messrs Con. STABLE & Co. 19, Waterloo Place; Mr MILLER, Prince's Street; and at the Waterloo Hotel. And at Mr KKOWLESB, Sword's Lodgings, 31, North Hanover Street.
Doors open at One o'clock, the Lecture to commence precisely at Two.
The SECOND LECTURE will be delivered on Monday the 29th Subsequent Lectures, Wednesday, 31st,-Saturday, April 30,-Monday, 5th,-and Wednesday, 7th-till the Course is completed,
DAY AND MARTIN'S BLACKING. THIS inestimable Composition, with half the
usual labour, produces a most brilliant Jet Black, fully equal to the highest Japan Varnish, affords peculiar nourishment to the leather-will not soil the finest linen-is perfectly free from any unpleasant smelland will retain its virtues in any climate.
Sold Wholesale at the Manufactory, 97, High Holborn, and Retail throughout the Kingdom, in Bottles, Pots, and Tin Boxes, at Cd. ls, and is, 6d. each.