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in my temper, nor will I eat a single meal the worse. But to increase it. But, as the celebrated John Wilkes is said if I succeed,
to have explained to his late Majesty, that he himself, amid
his full tide of popularity, was never a Wilkite, so I can, · Up with the bonnie blue bonnet,
with honest truth, exculpate myself from having been at The dirk, and the feather, and a'!"
| any time a partisan of my own poetry, even when it was in
the highest fashion with the million. It must not be sup“ Afterwards I showed my affectionate and anxious critic
posed that I was either so ungrateful, or so superabundantthe first canto of the Poem, which reconciled her to my im
ly candid, as to despise or scorn the value of those whosa prudence. Nevertheless, although I ansivered thus conti
voice had elevated me so much higher than my own opinion dently, with the obstinacy ofteu said to be proper to those
told me I deserved. I felt, on the contrary, the more gratewho bear my surname, I acknowledge that my confidence
ful to the public, as receiving that from partiality to me, was considerably shaken by the warning of her excellent
which I could not have claimed from merit; and I endeataste and unbiassed friendship. Nor was I much comfort
voured to deserve the partiality, by continuing such exertions ed by her retractation of the unfavourable judgment, when
as I was capable of for their amusement. I recollected how likely a natural partiality was to effect
“ It may be that I did not, in this continued course of that change of opinion. In such cases, affection rises like
scribbling, consult either the interest of the public, or my a light on the canvass, improves any favourable tints which
own. But the former had effectual means of defending it forinerly exhibited, and throws its defects into the shade.
themselves, and could, by their coldness, sufficiently check “ I remember that about the same time a friend started
any approach to intrusion; and for myself, I had now for in to heeze up my hope,' like the minstrel in the old song.
eral years dedicated my hours so much to literary laHe was bred a farmer, but a man of powerful understand
bour, that I should have felt difficulty in employing myself ing, natural good taste, and warm poetical feeling, perfectly
otherwise ; and so, like Dogberry, I generously bestowed competent to supply the wants of an imperfect or irregular
all my tediousness on the public, comforting myself with education. He was a passionate admirer of field sports,
the reflection, that if posterity should think me undeserving which we often pursued together.
of the favour with which I was regarded by my contem.“ As this friend happened to dine with me at Ashiesteel
poraries, they could not say but what I had the crown,' one day, I took the opportunity of reading to him the first
and had enjoyed for a time that popularity which is so much canto of. The Lady of the Lake' in order to ascertain the
coveted. effect the poem was likely to produce upon a person who was “I conceived, however, that I held the distinguished situsbut too favourable a representative of readers at large. It tion I had obtained, however unworthily, rather like the is, of course, to be supposed, that I determined rath
cha mpion of pugilism, on the condition of being always guide my opinion by what my friend might appear to feel,
ready to show proofs of my skill, than in the manner of the than by what hy might think fit to say. His reception of
champion of chivalry, who performs his duties only on rare mny recitation, or prelection, was rather singular. He placed
and solemn occasions. I was in any case conscious that I his hand across his brow, and listened with great attention
could not long hold a situation which the caprice, rather through the whole account of the stag-hunt, till the dogs
stay-hunt, tin the dogs than the judgment, of the public had bestowed upon me, and threw themselves into the lake to follow their master, who
preferred being deprived of my precedence by some more embarks with Eulen Djuglas. He then started up with a
then started up with a worthy rival, to sinking into contempt for my indolence, sudden exclamation, struck his hand on the table, and de
and losing my reputation by what Scottish lawyers call the clared, in a voice of censure calculated for the occasion, that
negative prescriplion. Accordingly, those who choose to the dogs must have been totally ruined by being permitted look at the Introduction to Rokeby in the present edition. to take the water after such a severe chase. I own I was
will be able to trace the steps by which I declined as a poet much encouraged by the species of reverie which had pos
to figure as a novelist; as the ballad says, Queen Eleanor sessed so zealous a follower of the sports of the ancient Nim
sunk at Charing Cross to rise again at Queenhithe. rod, who had been completely surprised out of all doubts of
“ It only remains for me to say, that, during my short the reality of the tale. Another of his remarks gave me
pre-eminence of popularity, I faithfully observed the rules less pleasure. He detected the identity of the King with
of moderation which I had resolved to follow before I bethe wandering knight, Fitz-James, when he winds his bu.
gan my course as a man of letters. If a man is determined gle to suinmon his attendants. He was probably thinking
to make a noise in the world, he is as sure to encounter abuse of the lively, but somewhat licentious, old ballad, in which
and ridicule, as he who gallops furiously through a village the denouement of a royal intrigue takes place as follows:
must reckon on being followed by the curs in full cry. Ex
perienced persons know, that in stretching to flog the latter, • He took a bugle frae his side,
the rider is very apt to catch a bad fall ; nor is an attempt He blew both loud and shrill,
to chastise a malignant critic attended with less danger to And four-and-twenty belted knights
the 'thor. On this principle. I let parody, burlesque, and Came skipping ower the hill;
squibs, tind their own level; and while the latter hissed most Then he took out a litile knife,
tiercely, I was cautious never to catch them up, as schoolboys Let all his duddies fa',
to throw them back against the naughty boy who fired And he was the brawest gentleman
them off, wisely remembering, that they are, in such cases, That was amang them a'.
apt to explode in the handling. Let me add, that my reign And we'll go no more a-roving,' &c.
(since Byron has so called it) was marked by some instances
of good-nature as well as patience. I never refused a literary “ This discovery, as Mr Pepys says of the rent in his
person of merit such services in smoothing his way to the camlet cloak, was but a trifle, yet it troubled me; and I was
I public as were in my power; and I had the advantage, raat a good deal of pains to efface any marks by which I thought
ther an uncommon one with our irritable race, to enjoy gemy secret could be traced before the conclusion, when I re
ncral favour, without incurring permanent ill-will, so far lied on it with the same hope of producing effect, with which
| as is known to me, among any of my contemporaries. , the Irish post-boy is said to reserve a 'trot for the avenue.' | “ I took uncommon pains to verify the accuracy of the
“ Abbotsford, April 1830.” local circunstances of this story. I recollect, in particular, “ Rokeby" appeared in 1813, three years after “ The that to ascertain whether I was telling a probable tale, I
Lady of the Lake;" and in the Introduction the author went into Perthshire, to see whether King James could actually have ridden from the banks of Loch Vennachar to
explaius, very satisfactorily, why its success was much Stirling Castle within the time supposed in the poem, and
interior. “ The Lord of the Isles" may be considered had the pleasure to satisfy myself that it was quite practi
the last of Sir Walter's poetical Romances; for though cable.
the “ Bridal of Triermain” and “ Harold the Daunt“After a considerable delay, · The Lady of the Lake' ap- ' less" succeeded it, they were published anonymously, and peared in June 1810; and its success was certainly so ex the author's attention now began to be directed princitraordinary as to induce me for the moment to conclude that
pally to “ Waverley," and the illustrious train of prose I had at last tixed a nail in the proverbially inconstant wheel of Fortune, whose stability in behalf of an individual who
compositions that followed in its wake. had so boldly courted her favours for three successive times | We may mention in conclusion, that this valuable edlhad not as yet been shaken. I had attained, perhaps, that tion of Sir Walter's Poetical Works is to be dedicated degree of public reputation at which prudence, or certainly to the Dake of Buccleuch. timidity, would have made a halt, and discontinued efforts ·by which I was far more likely to diminish my fame than.
The Three Histories :--The History of an Enthusiast : ness; were there not materials here for torture, and dreams,
I and tears! But it was her soirée ; and, after three hours, The History of a Nonchalant; The History of a Realist. Julia rose from her couch, decked her person with jewels By Maria Jane Jewsbury. London. Westley and, and festal attire, again locked up her heart, again commandDavis. 1830. 8vo. Pp. 322.
ed her thoughts to their own vasty deep,' again became
like hiin whose soul juhabited a statue, auid, amidst music We have read this book with much pleasure. Miss
and flowers, friends and festivity (so called,) went gliding Jewsbury is a woman of a very superior mind, and there from
a very superior mind, and there from group to group, the presiding and brilliant genius of is in her compositions an excellent mixture of soundness the whole, - smiling and exciting smiles, gay and the cause of judgment, warmth of feeling, and liveliness of fancy. , of gaiety, never for a moment off her guard or mind-beWhat we like least about this volume is its title-paye. trayed. But a few more hours, and she was once again Had the authoress given to her tales the names simply of alone in her chamber, enjoying that ease of the wretcher
Pythoness 'their respective beroes or bervines, she would not have liberty to unmask. Haggard and disrobeda
after the moment of inspiration - cold, collapserl, and still raised expectations in the reader which are scarcely ful- !
the play of feature exchanged for rigidity-the full, varying, filled. Julia Osborne, though a genus, is not more of an modulated voice dying into sighs and broken murmurs .“ Enthusiast," nay scarcely so much, as inost geniuses are ; even the heart, that seemed to swell and burn sensibly, be“ Nonchalant" is a French word, the meaning of which came heavy in its beating, and the breath, that came and is sufficiently vague; and “ Realist" is not an English went like Name, subdued to suffocation-anguish exchanged word, nor has it any detinite meaning at all. It would for hopelessness, desperate effort for despair ;-tbus sat have been better, therefore, to have avoided attaching
Julia ; not musing, not remembering, for her physical
strength was too entirely exhausted; but perfectly passive epithets to persons, by which, when we come to read
and motionless, her whole being steeped in tbe waking sleep their histories, they are not, in fact, distinguished. This,
of sorrow !" however, is a minor error, and is amply compensated
The two other “ Histories” also evince talents of po by the intrinsic merits of the work. We are particu
mean kind, especially that in which the fortunes of Richlarly pleased with the first tale, which contains many
ard Winton are traced, with a fine perception of what is beautiful passages, and may be read with satisfaction even
truly estimable in character and conduct. We wish we after the “ Corinne" of Madame de Stael, and the “ Pour
had more female writers with the heart and soul of Miss et Contre” of Maturin, both of which highly-wrought
Jewsbury; and, lacking them, we wish Miss Jewsbury compositions it recalls to our recollection. In the person
herself would come more frequently before the public. . of Julia Osborne, it traces the career of a lovely and gifted woman, from childhood to maturity; and the lesson
it seems to inculcate is, that the higher the genius, the Bos' Greek Ellipses, abridged and translated into English - less likely is it that happiness will be within the reach from Professor Schaefer's edition ; with Notes. By of the possessor. The following paragraph describes the 'the Rev. John Seager, B. A., &c. London. Printed heroine just einerging from her childhood, with all the by Valpy. Sold by Longman and Co. Octavo. Pp. powers of her mind and all the susceptibilities of her 219. heart gathering round her :
We confess that, rapacious and never-to-be-satiated de“ She had by this time outgrown her more childish ec-vourers of Greek as we are, we have no great liking for centricities, took care of her clothes, bade adieu to tree- !
huge two-volumed quartos on Greek Ellipses and Idioms; climbing, riding without a saddle, or tilling her bonnet with
or thin, wire-drawn, ethereal, never-ending dissertations · blackberries,-had even learnt to be civil to “ the little of · Prices,' - was become externally, to use Martin's phrase,
on that precious vocable of questionable meaning that .more like other young ladies;' but the spirit that actuatel! pretty, petty bone of critical contention the particle Av, her as a child was now in stronger and more concentrated, which, though consisting but of two letters, has reared if also in more silent opération. Her mind was atbirst for upon itselt such mountains of debate and discussion. We
knowledge, and every thing that was offered in lieu, so far are indeed happy in our own comfortable congratulation • from satisfying, disgusted. What the restless, questioning, of ourselves, that we are of that guileless primitive sort of
dreaming power within her was, that made her draw interences from everything she beheld, that bade sounds and specta.
people who think there is not any mystery in Ellipses, · cles, however trivial, haunt her like a passion,'--that made nor indeed in language at all; that the Greeks, Latins,
nature a vague glory that she loved without coinprehending, and Hebrews were all plain, frankly-speaking, honest, --that excited high but unutternble longiugs after lovely, unsophistical people like our very selves; that neither in
but unimaginable, things; -what the power within her was, their tenses, nor in their prepositions, nor in their conwhich, when she read of heroes and high deeds, clothed them structions, nor in their relative pronouns, is there any with absolute vitality, so that the dead became the living, the past a presence, and the simple knowledge that such things
deep and recondite inscrutability, unknown even to the had really existed, a glory and a joy,- Julia knew not; but
people that uttered them, and requiring all the metaphymaking every circumstance as it arose, every person that
sical acumen of our modern grammatical mystagogues for • crossed her path, assist the developement of that power, their interpretation. In short, we would rather laud - she became, as by instinct, old in heart while young in the simplicity of interpretation of such ancient grarma- years. Her mind grasped at every thing, her imagination rians as Aulus Gellius, &c.; and would most diffidently
was in a constant state of attrition ; and vague, fanciful, presume to say with Mr Schaefer, enlarging however the and.crude, as her conceptions unavoidably were, - chaotic as !
compass of his words, that Bos and bis other metaphysiwas the state of her intellectual being, there only wanted the magician Time, or that more powerful magician, a
cal or fanciful followers, by imagining we know not what inaster passion, to awake from the chaos a world of order
Ellipses----by conjuring up we know not what and how and beauty. Her mind was enveloped in twilight, but it many obscurities and difficulties, only to be conjured down was twilight before tbe dawn of a summer's day."
by their own big books and subtile argumentations—have The following is a passage of a different and more me rather obstructed than cleared the way to the right unlancholy kind, taken from near the conclusion of the tale, derstanding of language. The young student, seeing his when conquest and success, and all that the young and first initiatory step in a path which ought to be pleasure ardent spirit longs for, had lost their charms :
and plainness itself, preceded and pestered by a host of “Julia retired to her chamber, and there, in the deep gloom over-laboured and panting pioneers that can with difficulof personal consciousness, wept long and bitterly for the ty grub out a weary way for themselves--seeing before past. The fiery dream of enthusiastic yet faithful passion, - him and around him such enormous mounds of literary The fancy-drawn portraiture of all she might have been, ruish benned up instead of being levelled dow—such the quick and subtile, it wordless analysis, of all she was, the degrading sense of thraldoin to artificial tastes and has immense sky-kissing scaffolding for the purpose of remobits,-the mourutul impression of energies absorbed in ving straws and prickly bushes, and other scarce visible trities,- vague feelings of duty, with utter dislike of its stumbling-blocks--the poor student, we say, is terrified claims, coupled with a cold abandonnert to desolate loneli. at the very outset with the appearance of difficulties too
formidable for his patience to encounter. The “mystery" | well arranged book. It contains much useful informaseems to him to be impenetrable; the ancient languages, tion, compressed into a comparatively small space, and so dissimilar, as he deems, to the language he himself we can safely recommend it as an excellent introduction speaks, appear invested with an obscurity impervious to to the more extended study of Indian geography and bis. all minds saving those that carry within themselves the tory. “ The real importance of India,” says the Prerequisite metaphysical lantern; he conceives that, when face, “ the exalted opinion wbich those who have not Homer and Xenophon, two of the plainest-speeched men looked into the particulars entertain of its wealth— the in the world, wrote and spoke, “ there must have been | mistakes as to what that wealth consists in the great giants in those days," and that only some big-boned, gi-extent of country under the dominion of the British-the gantic modern soul, one of twenty thousand, can overtake number of our countrymen that are holding or expecting them all this the poor student conceives, or is very apt situations there—the vast responsibility under which the to conceive—and begins to lose heart, and falters and Company bave brought themselves, in the governing of despairs. We are sorry indeed that this is so much the so many persons, of whose characters they are ignorant; case ; and we suspect that it is not a little owing to bulky and the consequent ignorance in which the Governors books upon Idioms, Ellipses, and Particles.
must be of the necessities and wants of the government We are glad even to express our suspicion that Mr the anomalous fact, that Britons are not allowed permaSeager, though he has chosen Bos's voluminous book for rently to settle in a country, of which the government is the exercise of bis excellent understanding, is but of the British-the enquiries that are already instituted, with same opinion with ourselves, and simpers in his sleeve at regard to the renewal of the Company's charter, and the the “ great mystery.” He indeed declares, in one of his increasing interest which every thing connected with sensible notes, that, “ by sufficient reading, vigilant obser India will acquire, as the time of the actual debate on the vation, and careful induction, the signification of phrases renewal approaches,--all so far justify the publication of may certainly be discovered, independently of any means." a book, which will present the chief outlines of India in Assuredly; the same good sense, or skill in language, that a small compass." The first volume is devoted chiefly to unriddled the enigmas of the Grecian Sphynx to Lam- geographical and topographical details; the second to an bert Bos or Peter Schoettgen, will undoubtedly perform bistorical and statistical account of the country. We se-a similar good office to any student of ordinary sagacity, lect, at random, one or two extracts, which may amuse provided he read on; and, till he read on, it is superfluous our readers, and give them an additional interest in the or absurd to perplex his mind with the cramp phrases work : which can only be understood in connexion with their
THE SURF AT MADRAS. context, and which it is neither pleasant nor necessary to “ Upon the coast of Coromandel, farther to the south, read at all, unless in connexion with their context. It is the surf breaks with great violence, and there is no place somewhat like inculcating upon a man, who is bent upon where a ship can find shelter. At Madras, the British caa long journey through a diversified country, to exercise
pital of this part of ludia, ships cannot touch the sbore, and himself for many days previously in hopping over huge
very frequently they can hold no communication with it.
During the months of October, November, and December, ditches, clambering up sides of hills and precipices, over
they cannot even remain in the roads with safety; nor leaping great rocks and shaggy bushes, in order, by such
can they, generally speaking, land iu boats of European experimental exercitations, to confirm his knees and knit build at any season, the surf being so violent, that any craft up his sinews for the great expedition he is about to en that does not yield to it is broken to pieces. The communicounter. It is much better to clap a plain good staff at cation is usually made by country boats, and, where the surf once into the man's hand, tuck up his garments for him,
is very violent, by catamarans; and no ships attempt to land furnish his pockets with the necessary viaticum, and bid
passengers, unless the signal from the beach-house warns
them that it is safe. In favourable weather, the ships' boats him, Go, speed. Set him once a-going, and Res expedit
anchor just outside the surf, where the communication is se; all sense of impediments or trilling difficulties is
continued to the land by the country boats. These are conquenched or overborne by his increasing zeal in the march, structed of three planks, sewed together, with straw in the and the pleasure which he gradually gathers as he prose seams, so that they bend easily. Even with these light and cutes his journey.
buoyant vessels, a great deal of experience and determinaBut enough, or rather, too much, of this. Mr Seager tion are required, or they would be broken by the foaming having undertaken a translation of the aureolus libellus of
surges which follow each other with great velocity and vio
lence. The commander of the boat stands up to beat time, Lambert Bos, has shown his good taste and good sense
which he does both by stamping and by roaring, to encouin abridging it considerably, by the exclusion of all repe
rage the rowers. When the boat is in the trough of the surge, titions, and all erroneous or irrelevant matter. He has
they pull backwards against the approaching ridge, in order reduced the examples under each word into nearly an to mount upon it before it breaks, and while they are upon alphabetical arrangement, facilitating thereby the student's its crest, it carries them to the shore with great velocity. enquiries, by sparing him, in the longer articles, the When it breaks, they pull violently forward, in order to keep trouble of a laborious search. He has also subjoined a
the way that they have made during the reflux, and the mo.
ment that the next approaching surge turns the water, they number of excellent notes, which we should gladly have
pull backwards again. Thus they keep advancing upon the seen increased. In short, the nuinerous improvements
crest of every successive wave, and pulling back a little in made, together with the language in which it is written,
each interval, till they get so near the shore, that the final must, to the English reader, render the abridgement of surge flings them and their bark upon the dry land, along Mr Seager a more desirable and serviceable book of re- || with the spray. It is by a passage of this kind, that Euroference than the cumbrous and too perplexed original. peans, of whatever sex, make a landing at Madras."— Vol. *As an additional recommendation of no little account, it i. pp. 66, 7. is correctly and beautifully printed at the Valpy press; The following passage presents a glowing picture of so that, with all these advantages, we have no hesitation
THE BIRDS OF INDIA. in recommending this book to the teachers of Greek in
I “ The birds of India are equally remarkable for their Scotland, as the best Dictionary of Elliptical Expressions number and for the beauty of their plumage. The radiant to which, in their desponding difficulties, they can re- hues of the peacock still gild the thickets in all parts of the sort.
country, and they did so in the time of the Macedonian conqueror, who was so much charmed with their beauty,
that, under severe penalties, he forbade their destruction by The Picture of India; Geographical, Historical, and his army. Among the groves and thickets on the Malabar · Descriptive. In two Volumes. London. Whittaker,
coast, they are still very numerous, and are captured during
the night by a toreb and a painted canvass, containing an Treacher, and Co. 1830.
imitation of one of themselves. The parrot tribe are found • This is a prettily printed, prettily embellished, and in all their varieties of form and colour, and the ear is lite
rally deafened by their noise. The birds of India are beset “The professional wrestlers of India are among the most by many enemies, both in their own persons and in the con- wonderful, as well as unexceptionable, of all the public fi. rents of their nesis; and this leads to some of the most cu- hibitions; and the grace, as well as the agility and strength, rious arts of nidification that are any where to be fuund which they display, could not easily be cxceeded by Euroamong the feathered tribes. One of their greatest enemies is peans. This is one of the instances in which one gets a the tree enake, which can climb its way to any height, and glimpse of what thry might be, were it possible to break the suspend itself by a very slender support. Tognard against that mental fetters in which they are hild; but the more that enemy, a little fratliered inhabitant of the neighbourhood of that unfortunate part of their condition is studied, the less Bombay- thing not much bigger than a coch-chaffirixes hope there seems in it. its tiny next to the pointed leaves of the palmyra-palm, which “ The jugglers have been often exhibited in this country ; the snuke cannot reach, and there rears its brood in safety. and, both in sleight of hand, and dexterity of manipulation, But of all the winged architects of India, or perhaps of any they are much superior to the same class in the west. The other country, the Indian gro<s-beak (loria philippina) is great litbeness of the Hindoo, the delicacy of his hands, and one of the most ingenious. The bird is rather biguer than the exquisite sensibility of his feeling of touch, give him a very the one last mentioned. In bulk, it exceeds the coinnon decided superiority in every thing that depends upon them. sparrow of our gardens, and, therefore, its nest would The serpent jugglers, too, are a very singular class, for they weigh down the tip of a leaf till it came in contact with certainly do handle the most poisonous snakes with imple others, and, therefore, bring the treasure which it could nity, although not deprived of their fangs. Tumbling, and tained within reach of the enemy. To prevent this, it bas every other display of personal agility, might be expected recourse to a very ingenious contrivance. It builds in a among such a people; but, to a stranger, none of their exhi. variety of trees; but it prefers the Indian fig; and, making bitious appear more daring than the mode in which they choice of a very slender twig, it plaits a rope of grass and swing; and yet, hazardous as it seems to be, it is perfectly vegetable fibres, at least a foot and a half long, and to the sale, and not injurious to health. The swing consists of two end of that it fastens its snug and very ingeniously-con- pieces of strony bamboo, one fastened securely in the ground, structed nest. Externally that nest is formed of the same and steadied either by stents or gy-ropes, the other lies across materials as the cord by which it is suspended, and plaited the top, and is placed upon the first as a pivot. A rope is In the manner of a bashet. Internally it differs from most fastened to each end of the cross-piece; the shorter having nests, in containing a suite of three apartments, which are a stronik hook at the end, and the larger reaching down to partially separated from each other, and yet have one com- the ground. The person to be swung has a strong bandage inon entrance and a comunication with each other. The passed round his body, below which, on the back, the hook first apartment is for the male, who keeps watch there while is passed, with the point outwards. By this arrangement the female is performing her incubation, and, as his brak is the hook is in no danger of slipping, neither does it hurt the powerful in proportion to his size, he offers a bold detence swinger. When the swinger is attached by this rope and against ordinary-sized foes, while the rose by which the hook to the one end of the cross-piece, the people below take nest is suspended is a sufficient protection against the snake. hold of the rope at the other end, and run rapidly round,
The second apartment is for the female; and the third and till the centrifugal force of the swinger stretches the rope, most secure, for the young. This nest is, in itselt, abun- and projects him right out in the air, in which he seems dantly ingenious; but those who are fond of beightening tloating. While the machine continues in motion, drums nature with their own fancies, render it a good deal more so. and other instruments of noise are beat by the applauding The male has generally a light in his apartinent; and thus crowd, while the attitude of the tioating figure and the trapit is easy for fancy to euduw him with the lantern as well pings with which it is ornamented, as the vigilance of the watchman. In one corner of his effect. The samne centrifugal force which stretches the rope, apartment there is generally a little bit of moist clay, upon not only keeps the body of the swinger in a horizontal powhich there are fastened one or more glowworms, which sition, but prevents hin from receiving any injury, if the partially illuminate the little apartment. They use these apparatus be strong enough to retain him. His head being insects in preference to any others, simply because their bearest the centre of motion, the tendency of the blood is all light betrar's them, and they can be caught in the twilight, the other way, and thus, though the motion be very rapid, and they are a supply of food for the young gross-beaks in he does not feel the least inconvenience. the nursery behind. There are, in all departinents of na! “ With all their pretended love of animal life, the Hintural history, more violent and improbable strainings of the doos have no objection to a little cruelty to animals; for, fact than the supposition that they are placed there for the while they have hospitals for the comfortable maintenance purpose of giving light, though certainly there is some of bugs and spiders in one part of the country, they do not thing very wonderful in a bird lighting up its apartment, hesitate to bet their jewels, and even their clothes, upon the as it would be an instance without a paralel in animal his issue of a contest between cocks, quails, and other birds, tory.”– Vol. i. p. 170-2.
which they have trained for the purpose. They are also We conclude with an entertaining account of
fond of gaines, particularly the game of chess, which has
been known among thein from the remotest antiquity." INDIAN AMUSEMESTS. “ The numerous religious rites which the Hindoos must
Vol. II. p. 330-4. perform, and the length of time that they must take before
ist take before I “ The Picture of India," whether to those who are in they can support themselves, and satisfy the demands of the country, or to those who, though at a distance, wish their rulers, do not leave thein a great deal of time for their for information concerning it, inust prove a very acceptamusements. They are fund of' amusements, however, and able publication. they have many classes of persons who are trained to exhibit. The number of these is, indeed, so great, that we can only mention the names of a few of the leadiny ones.
The Pilgrim's Progress; with a Life of John Buyan. i Probably the most general of these is the poet. His By Robert Southey, Esq., LL.D., Poet Laureate, business is to recite tales and histories, which he does,
&c. &c. &c. Illustrated with Engravings. London. sometimes with, and sometimes without, a theatrical sort of air. The langunge of some of those pieces is very Anivery;
John Murray, and Johu Mayor. 1830. Royal 8vo. but the story is often very absurd, and at times not over
Pp. 411. modest.
This is a very splendid volume, and yet not more “ Lightly formed and servile as the Hindoos are, their religion forbids thein the amusement of dancing.
splendid than the singularly wild and beautiful allegory
That is performed by the dwadassi, or dancing girls, who are pre
which it contains deserves. “ It is a book,” says Mr Bent upon all festive occasions. They are a religious order, Southey, " which makes its way through the fancy to devoted specially to the gods and the ofhciating Brabinins. the understanding and the heart : the child peruses it They are generally handsome girls, dressed in the greatest with wonder and delight; in youth we discover the geelegance that even the costume of the female Hindoo admitsnius which it displays; its worth is apprehended as we of, and they are very richly adorned with jewels. Their
advance in years; and we perceive its merits feelingly in inovennents, too, are imposing, but they are in gesture much in the same way that the poets are in words. Indeed, it is
declining age." Besides being printed in the most beanthe genius of the Hindoo religion -for every thing is con
tiful style, the present edition contains three fine coppernected with that to darken with obscenity that which plate, and thirty-three spirited wood engravings. The would be beautiful or graceful, in the same manner as it subjects of the former are a Portrait of John Bunyan, darkens with absurdity that which would be sublime. and views of the Valley of the Shadow of Death and of
the Celestial City, both from designs by Martin. The full report of a paper read before the Antiquarian Solatter illustrate a variety of passages in the work. But ciety upon this suhject. The documents produced by the chief attraction of the volume is the Life of Bunyan | Mr Pitcairn put the fact beyond a doubt, that it was to by Southey, which is, of course, written with great sim- | the machinations of Archibald (seventh) Earl of Aruyl). plicity and elegance, and contains copious extracts from who, as King's Lieutenant in the Bounds of the Clanhis own diaries.
Gregor," obtained, in 1603, complete control over them, The events of Bunyan's life were few. He was born that the utter ruin of this unfortunate Clan is to be atwithin a mile of Belford, in the year 1628 ; his parents tributed. No paper in the present work is more affectwere braziers, and be was brought up to the same trade. | ing than the “ Declaration of the Laird of MacGregor." He seems, by his own account, to have been rather dissi- uttered previous to his execution, in which, with all the pated in his youth, but he married early, and soon after-simplicity of truth, he sets forth Argyll's cruelty and wards acqaired decidedly religious habits. Being of a cunning. As, however, the character of the Earl is nevery enthusiastic temperament and vivid imagination, hecessarily exposed to great obloquy on account of the transwas continually haunted by what appeared to him visions actions alluded to, it becomes an object of some importand heavenly revelations. Having taken means to dis- ance to show distinctly on what grounds they rest. This seminate his own peculiar notions, he was arrested as a has been done in a great measure by the potes which Mr dangerous person, and thrown into prison, where he re- | Pitcairn has appended to the Declaration ; but there are mained for twelve years. It was here he wrote most of some points which admit of further illustration, and bis works, which are very voluminous. He survived his which, having paid some attention to the subject, we confinement sixteen years, during which time be paid re- shall here briefly state. gularly an annual visit to London, employing himself in 1. It is stated in the declaration, that Argyll caused preaching, and superintending the publication of his dif- M‘Lean and Clancameron to commit hership and slaughferent compositions. He died in the year 1688, aged ter in MacGregor's roume of Rannoch, &c. ; and in corsixty. He left behind hin a widow, who had been his roboration of this assertion, we find, that on 8th June. second wife, and three children. The year in which the 1598, the Laird of MacGregor and his tenants in Kan. first edition of the “ Pilgrim's Progress" was published is noch obtained a decree before the High Court of Juynot known. The second edition is preserved in the Bri. | ticiary, against Lauchlan Maclean of Dowart, as land. tish Museum, and bears date 1678. Mr Southey has lord, master, and chieftain of clan to Hector Maclean. collated all the published versions of this work, that he his son, Lauchlan Macvic Allan, in Ardgour, and others. might make his own as perfect and accurate as possible, tenants and servants to Dowart, for the sum of L.5227. 80 that in no former edition has so much justice been being the alleged value of the hership. It is a sindone to the “Spenser of the people," as D'Israeli calls gular feature in the history of the times, that people him, whether we regard the typography, the embellish- of such predatory habits as the MacGregors should have ments, or the literary contents.
in this instance preferred applying to a court of law fur redress, instead of trusting to their swords to right
them, as was the universal practice among the tribes · Criminal Trials, and other Procecdings before the High
high of the Gael. This application had, in all probability, Court of Justiciary in Scotland. By Robert Pitcairn.
arisen from the desire of the Chief to testify his obePart V. Edinburgh. William Tait. 1830.
dience to the laws; but, whatever the reason of it, it This is another highly interesting fasciculus of Mr was a very uncommon step; for the procurator or counPitcairn's excellent work. It is likely to prove more ge- sel for the MacGregors, appearing publicly in court, took nerally attractive than its predecessors, because its con- instruments “ that the Laird of MacGregor and his kin tents are of a more varied description, and because, after were the first that came and sougHT JUSTICE since King the accession of James VI. to the English throne, the James the First's time;" that is, for upwards of 160 years. judicial proceedings in Scotland were conducted with From this, we may form some idea of the general state greater minuteness, and recorded with stricter accuracy, of the Highlands under the successors of James I. ; while, than formerly. In the Part now before us, we find, at the same time, we can better appreciate the services amidst a mass of other matter, several of the most re rendered to his country by that active and vigorous markable trials for witchcraft to be met with in Scottish prince. annals ; a full report of the extraordinary case of Francis II. The next part of the declaration which seems to Mowbray, who was suspected of high treason, was killed require corroboration, is that in which the Earl is charged by falling over the rocks in an attempt to escape from with having caused MacGregor to violate the engagements the castle of Edinburgh, and whose lifeless remains were which he had come under with the Privy Council. afterwards brought into court, that sentence might be “ Then I made my moyan both of service and obedience, pronounced upon them, which sentence (afterwards car &c. ; and when Argyll was made foreseen thereof, he ried into execution) was, that he should be hanged enticed me to stay and start from these conditions,” &c. and quartered; two or three trials and condeinnations &c. It appenis tha“, in August 1599, MacGregor had for “ wilfully hearing the celebration of mass ;" the very come under certain obligations to the Council for the extraordinary case of the murder of the Laird of Warris- good rule and obedience of his clan; and among other ton by his wife, Jean Livingstoun, for which she was things, Sir John Murray of Tullibardin, and James Combeheaded, and her accuinplice, Robert Weir, broken on mendator of Incheaffray, became sureties for himn, under the wheel; trials of the Armstrongs, Elliots, and other a very high penalty, that he should appear before the borderers, illustrative of the state of society in the southern Council whenever he should receive a summons to that districts of the country; the trial and condemnation of effect. He was summoned repeatedly, but failed to apWilliam Rose, for the barbarous murder of his wife; the pear, and at length the bail-bond of his sureties was fortrial and pleadings in the interesting case of Margaret feited, and MacGregor accused of having dishonourably Hertsyde, who was accused of “ abstracting pearls and forfeited his word, which he had solemnly pledged to his jewels belonging to the queen,” and, apparently, unjustly friends. These gentlemen, in the meantime, having becondernned; full and accurate copies of all the criminal stirred themselves in the matter, succeeded in procuring records relating to Sir James Elphinston's correspondence the personal appearance, before the Council, of the rewith the Pope, known to Scotch annalists as “ Lord fractory Chief; and then presented an application, prayBalinerinoch's Treason;" and, though last, not least, re- ing to be relieved from the payment of the penalty inporis of several trials which throw additional light on curred, which was, after a time, acceded to. In this the proscription and cruel and systematic persecution of application, they state that the non-appearance of the . the Clan-Gregor. We gave, a few weeks ago, a pretty laird of MacGregor, at the appointed time, was not owing