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upon a friendly and familiar footing that astonished the terprising man. The fear was natural, and we blame Mexicans. His situation was now critical in the extreme with more hesitation than Don Trueba ; though we agı His small body of troops were in a manner swallowed up with him, that the measures which it instigated were fi in an extensive and populous city, from which the egress quently tarnished by a narrow and low-minded polio was difficult, and might easily be rendered impossible. We do not include in this class, however, the establis He had no chain of posts (the paucity of his forces not ment of an Audiencia for managing the civil affairs of t admitting of such a drain) by which his retreat to the vice-royalty, against which our author so bitterly i const might be secured. The Mexicans, though friendly veighs; for we consider this to have been the instituti and submissive at first, were beginning to be familiarized | which, more than any other, has kept alive a glimmeri with their invaders. After some months, Montezuma of the old Spanish spirit in Mexico. threw out broad hints that their stay had been sufficiently The remnant of Cortes's life, with the exception of I prolonged. About the same time, the Spanish general discovery of California, and his gallant but useless exp received intelligence, that, by orders from the court, hos- dition to the Honduras, was wasted in empty and frui tilities had been commenced between the Mexican go- less court intrigues. Of his youth we know little, e vernors upon the coast, and the garrison he had left be cept some stray anecdotes, which indicate a voluptuo hind. His desperate situation called for as desperate and daring temperament-a vehement, but rather fick) measures. He seized the emperor, and conducted him to disposition. The conquest of Mexico is his history. I the Spanish quarters, as a hostage for the peaceable con plunged into that gigantic undertaking, impelled by tł duct of his subjects. The captive monarch disavowed the adventurous spirit of his age, without any previous inve conduct of his general, and the latter being ordered to re-tigation of the nature of his task, or the adequacy of b pair to court, was publicly executed by the Spaniards, as powers. Once engaged in it, he went on without fa having infringed the peace against the wishes of his mas- tering. He had nothing to rely upon but his own inna ter.
powers. By them he conciliated the affections of the so The immediate danger was thus averted; but at this diery, to whom he was more a companion than a leader. critical moment Cortes was called to defend himself he defeated the intrigues of his hostile countrymen ;), against his countrymen as well as the Indians. The go- | conciliated and rendered subservient the Indian tribes wb vernor of Cuba, who had placed in his hands the means were disaffected to Montezuma; and he overcame, b of conquering Mexico, became jealous of the independent superior skill and bravery, all who opposed him in war command to which Cortes openly aspired, and dispatched | He had a limited acquaintance with the nature of th: Narvaez, with a strong body of troops, to reduce him to country, and could with difficulty hold intercourse wit obedience. Cortes, as soon as he heard of their landing, its natives; yet these obstacles he overcame. He was na assembled his forces, and, leaving a slender garrison under turally lenient; yet he could nerve himself to action Alvarado in Mexico, he marched against Narvaez. By which struck terror into the hearts of his adversaries a judicious mixture of intrigue and open force, he obtain- by showing he could become, on occasion, as savage a. ed an almost bloodless victory over this commander, and themselves. As to the right of conquest which he exer added his soldiers to those already under his own com cised, it was, whatever we may think of it, the only righ mand. Scarcely was this victory achieved, when he was then recognised on that vast continent; and he was obliged to hasten back to Mexico, where his garrison was milder and more civilized conqueror than any who ha hard pressed. The state in which he found matters in preceded him. Whether his mode of introducing Chris that capital was such as to render a retreat necessary ; tianity were the best, experience entitles us to doubt ; bu and this movement was executed on the 1st of July, 1520, this is an experience which mankind have acquired sine with considerable loss. A painful and dangerous march, his day; and, at all events, even though he did not suc. cheered, however, by a brilliant victory over an immense ceed in inculcating its principles, he overthrew the blood Mexican army, brought them in eight days to Hascala, superstition which previously existed, and this was of it where he halted, in order to mature his schemes for the self a benefit to humanity. One only spot rests on his final subjugation of Mexico.
memory--the treatment of the unfortunate Guatimazin He again advanced against that city on the 28th of and that was forced upon him by his exasperated soldiery, December. He had now under his command eighty-six It was a weakness to yield, particularly in one who, il horsemen and eight hundred infantry. His artillery con general, stood so firm; but it is easy for those who reviews sisted of three large iron cannons, and fifteen small field- such transactions at a distance, to say what would have pieces. He was well supplied with powder and other been a leader's most dignified demeanour. On the whole, ammunition, as well for his fire-arms as for his cross- it cannot be denied that Cortes was a great man; and, bows. The wood work of twelve brigantines had been taking into consideration the circumstances in which he constructed at Hascala, their sails and cordage brought was placed, we hesitate not to add, a good man, and a from the coast, in order to the vessels being put together benefactor to his kind. and launched on the Lake of Mexico. He commenced Don Trueba has composed his biography in a just and his operations by investing and taking the various cities manly spirit. His facts have been carefully investigated; of inferior force situated upon the lake and in the sur- / and though we may sometimes dissent from his inferences, rounding country which might have co-operated with the they are never such as can lessen our respect for his tas : capital. Having finished these preliminary proceedings, lents. His style is spirited, and, for a foreigner, won. he invested Mexico, with the aid of his brigantines, both by derfully correct. land and water. The city was taken, after a protracted siege of seventy-five days, in the course of which the most stubborn bravery was exhibited on both sides, the utmost
Faith's Telescope ; or, Vieus of Time and Eternity ; with efforts of their different arts of war exerted, and the greater
other Poems. Edinburgh. Oliver & Boyd. 1830, part of the city levelled with the ground.
8vo. Pp. 184. Cortes having thus finally subverted the Mexican GENERALLY speaking, we are no admirers of religious 6 power, showed that he was able to organize a new empire, poems. They swarm at the present day to an enormous as well as to overturn an old one. He rebuilt and and most illicit extent. They must be put down; and beautified the capital; he took in and annexed to his go we shall take an early opportunity of giving a few of vernment, one by one, the surrounding provinces; and he them so decided and overwhelming a castigation, that established courts of justice and an efficient police. He not a consumptive young man or woman in the three experienced many checks, however, from the Spanish | kingdoms will again dare to perpetrate their feeble and court, which saw with anxiety so valuable and so dis- familiar blasphemies in the outraged ear of correct feeling tant an acquisition in the bands of one ambitious and en- and sound judgment. We bave a rhymer or two in our
by ere for whom we are at this moment siugeing the ends of
Lectures on English Poetry, and other Literary Remains of our tarse, the nippiness whereof they shall yet know
the late Henry Neele, Author of the Romance of History, upon the most sensitive parts of their evangelical bodies. At present, however, we waive this discussion, for the
gr. London. Smith, Elder, & Co. 1830. 8vo. volume before us is from the pen of a lady, and has been The present volume has certain indisputable claims on published principally with the view of promoting a cha- our critical leniency. Being a posthumous work, it naritable object of interest.
turally contains many imperfections, both in design and Our fair friend, who seems to be of a decidedly reli execution, which the careful revision of the author him. gious caste, presents us with a poem in blank verse, and self could have alone diminished or removed. In every in tivo parts, concerning Time and Eternity; and to this production submitted to the public ordeal under such dislonger effort is added another poem, entitled “ Redemp- advantages, we have principally to ascertain whether it tion," and a considerable number of miscellaneous pieces. really contains indications of the germ of genius, though The volume, taken as a whole, is decidedly above par, imperfectly matured. The posthumous publication of and indicates a reflective and well-cultivated mind, as works distinguished by such merit is not more an act of well as a considerable fervency of poetical feeling. Froin friendship than of justice; and the individual, undertaking the first poeni, we shall take, as a favourable specimen of the task, has alike the gratification of endeavouring to the style of the authoress, the following extract, which, confer an honourable distinction on those to whom it is although upon a subject that has occupied the pens of a worthily due, and of adding another item to the varied thousand pony whipsters, is nevertheless vigorous, and treasures of literature and science. We therefore willrather striking :
ingly acknowledge an obligation to the editor of the vo
lume now before us. He has collected all the unpublished AS ADDRESS TO LORD EYROX.
MSS. and miscellaneous periodical contributions of one
whose genius was as conspicuous as his fate was melan6 Poet of Passion ! -Poet, whose occan mind,
choly. Deep, vast, inagnificent, but, tempest-rock'd,
In the introduction to the volume, we are presented Awfully heaving, struggling, l'estless, dark,
with an able and feelingly-written sketch of the author's Seerns as by some internal earthquake moved,
life and writings. From it we learn that Henry Neele And half unfolds chasms, terrific, dangerous.Pilgrim! whose song mysteriously charms,
was born in London, on the 29th January, 1798,--that, Whether through Eastern groves it murinuring flow,
upon leaving school, he was articled to an attorney, and Or, rushing like thine own Velino's cataract,
subsequently commenced business as a solicitor,—that, in With wild, resistless Lound, from line to line,
January, 1817, he made his first appearance as an author, Cartieth impetuously the spirit on;
by publishing a volume of Lyrical Poems, composed after Or the tired eye, sated with majesty
the model of the ill-fated Collins, and that he continued Br some mild Iris of domestic thought,
to pursue his literary labours until the 7th February, 1828, Refresheth.-0! master of that lyre,
when he committed suicide. Whose varied harmonies, thrilling each string
The principal part of the present volume is occupied Ofanswering sympathy in nature's scale, Binds us with spells of breathless interest,
with Lectures on English Poetry, from the reign of EdTo gaze on that new spectacle, a mighty mind,
ward I. to the time of Cowper, delivered in the Russel Grappling for ever with its potent self,
Institution, in 1827. In the Introductory Lecture, a For ever foil'd, yet noble in defeat.
graphic description is given of the various revolutions in Poet of Spain, of Greece, of Italy !
the history of English Poetry. The author devotes the Smile as thou wilt, and scorn the ungifted lay, The nameless verse that ventures on the word,
second and remaining Lectures to the consideration, first, I pity thre. - Yes! though applauding Fame,
of Epic and Narrative Poetry ; secondly, of Dramatic Though conscious genius, intellectual force,
Poetry; thirdly, of Descriptive and Didactic Poetry, inPerception rich of nature's glowing charms,
cluding Pastoral and Satire ; and, fourthly, of Lyrical Attic research and kindling classic taste,
and Miscellaneous Poetry. In taking a detailed review Adorn thine history; though talents thine,
of the merits of different writers, his remarks seem to Which, like the towering cedar, will resist
be altogether untinged by prejudice. He has, on no ocOpinion's tempest through the lapse of years,
casion, allowed enthusiasm for the beauties of an author Tie bumble plant (unnoticed and unknown, Sare by the partial few that foster it)
to render him indifferent to positive defects. He reguPitying looks up to thee!-hast thou not still to learn lates his decision of each particular performance by its That precept, blended with its sweet reward,
own intrinsic excellence, without reference to the general • Acquaint thyself with God, and be at peace?'
celebrity of the writer. Every page of his Lectures teems Thou hast drunk deep of Helicon-thy foot
with clear and discriininative analysis—with high poeti. Hath climb'd Parnassus, and the nether air.
cal feeling-with laborious research, and bold, impassionWhere clouds of envy tloat, proudly o'erlook'dRevelling in fragrance, thou hast stood aloft
ed diction. In his investigation, indeed, of the abstract (pon the seldom-mounted steep of Fame,
principles of the Ars Poetica, we meet with none of those Fearless of future --wreathing thy young brow
ingenious speculations which so peculiarly characterise With deathless blossoms, which the breath of Time the writings of Kames. But in the digest of its practical Expands, not blasts; not fades, but renovates :
rules, and in prescribing the standard of taste by which Would that a stream, Bæotia cannot yield,
these are to be influenced, we are presented with abunWould that a mount, Greece never parallel'd,
dant evidence of the author's intimate acquaintance with Could win thee now! Would that thy feet
his subject. It is true, that the standard of taste in Might climb the hill of Mercy, Zion's Hill, And thy lips taste the springs of Calvary!
poetry, like the standard of taste on other subjects, is Oh, that my voice could reach thee; that one word,
faint and ill-defined. A composition which one man Blest from above with soul-constraining force,
admires for its unadorned simplicity, may, to another, Might fall persuasive on thy spirit !--Pray!”
appear altogether devoid of merit-while a poem, in P. 41-4.
which a third critic discovers traces of vigorous thought,
may, to a fourth, seem to overstep the narrow Rubicon ve can afford room for no other quotation, but are
whic h separates the sublime from the absurd. But still happy to be able to say in conclusion, that “ Vaith's Te
there are certain inherent and determinate qualities which lescope" is calculated to reflect credit on any lady who
distinguish all genuine poetry; and it is in dissecting and thus, for the first time, comes before the public.
explaining these qualities, that our author's critical acumen more peculiarly appears. In the course of this sern. tiny, he invariably preserves a marked listinction between
what may be deemed the metaphysical school of poetry, galee at Home." All this portion of the work is w of which Donne was the founder, and that more truly in- ten with a great deal of graphic power and strong feeli" tellectual school, the adherents of which have uniformly | The effect, however, produced by the whole, conld derived their brightest imaginings from the works of na-be preserved in any detached extract. We therei ture, and from all that there invites the eye, gratifies the prefer selecting a quotation from a previous part of a sense, and gladdens and elevates the soul. To compare volume, on a subject of very general interest : poetry fashioned after the latter model, with that which, however pleasing in conception, and beautiful in deve
THE ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF GOING TO IND lopement, has nothing of the truth of human nature in
“ * Life in India' is, however, fairly to be estimated :
found in the different avocations that it presents the its composition, is to compare a lay figure with a statue. The one may adequately represent the mere drapery of
and military services of the Honourable Company, and no
mere adventurer. So far as rank and consequence are cethe poet's fancy, and the phantastical forms and folds in
cerned, the first of these holds out the great prizes of : accordance with which he is pleased to arrange it; while
Honourable Company, and is the great object of ambitions the other seems imbued with the spirit of life, and bears These prizes are necessarily limited to a few lucky sons at the faithful impress of nature on every feature, and on fortune; and they are therefore the higher esteemed. W every limb.
a writership in his pocket, the child of the first man in EL S With the tales and poems which constitute the remain
land, even at this day, fancies his fortune made; looks t.
short and merry · Life in India,'-a long and wealtb y O ing portion of the volume, we have had equal reason to
st in England. Out he comes, always what I should cal be pleased. In some of the former, indeed, the plots are
genteel-looking boy; somewhat slightly built in gener neither very probable, nor very interesting. But even in for encountering any of the rude blasts of the world, a these, there are several detached scenes sketched with con- having a goodly smattering of his mother's drawing-rog siderable power. The dialogue, in general, is animated, hanging about him. His manners- I speak of the geries
lesina and the different personages are vividly and characteristi-, race of young writers always please me; there is son.. cally grouped. We also discover a few specimens of a
thing very English about him, by which I do not me lively, though somewhat quaint humour, tending to re
very rough, but a happy mixture of that independence
mind and amenity of manners, which constitute the true En** lieve the morbid sensibility which almost universally per- lish character. When these embryo rulers are collected to
Hulers are collected vades our author's productions. Grace and tenderness getber, before merging from the Buildings, there is, no dout are the most prominent attractions of his poetry, which to be seen also not a few of an Englishman's peculiar faul is also distinguished for purity of style and melody of and weaknesses; but these are such rare ares over the Sei rhythm. He has generally been successful alike in the
vices'in general, that there is nothing I enjoy more than a " & selection and management of his imagery-while his de
evening in the Buildings. scriptions of scenery, though seldom introduced, are al
“ Once out of them, once banished to a country station
where Englishmen are scattered some hundred miles dieu ways distinct and striking. Indeed, the more we reflect
ich other, or where, if they congregate, it is a on the varied talents which this posthumous volume ex- the artificial graduated scale of judge, magistrate, collector 3 hibits, the more do we regret the sudden overthrow of registrar, assistant ditto, doctor, and all that is English at those hopes which were so justly entertained of Neele's found to be on the wane. By the time the writer comes bae future eminence. The genius unfolded, even at the early | to the Presideucy a judge, or something as great, or greater 1 age of nineteen, in the publication of his Lyrical Poetry,
he has been couverted into the most anomalous of all huma n
beings. There is still something English about him, it is may well rank him with Chatterton and Kirke White.
true ;-le is generally proud enough ; but it is an Asiatic To the latter, indeed, (whose talents, in our opinion, have not a European, bearing of consequence. He seems to ex. ---been much overrated, in consequence of the merit of bis pect that all that are in his way should hurry out of it, tha writings being constantly associated with the amiability the path may be left for him alone. He has been so lo of his disposition,) we think Neele decideilly superior in accustomed to measure his own humanity by the standardise every respect ; and though he could not cope with the
of a conquiered and degraded race around him, that be tan” “ marvellous boy" in the splendour of his endowments,
cies he has risen proportionably above every other class o
mankind with whom he may afterwards chance to come in yet there was a remarkable resemblance in the gloomy
contact, as above his Omlahs and his Chobedars; and hi: temperament of their minds, and in their sad and prema
own countrymen are but Hindoos in his estimation, howture demise. Each fell the victim of his own over ever much they may transcend him in every thing like inwrought imagination :
telligence, honour, and common sense.
"If those at home, who are so ambitious of sending out a « Like a tree,
I a son in the service of the Honourable Company, would That with the rich weight of its golden fruitage look at the few who live to return to their native country, Is bent down to the dust."
and remark the change that has come over them, I cannot help thinking, that they would feel less anxious about procuring a writership or a cadetship for Master Edward and
Master Tom. I was long ago a sojourner in Old England, The Bengalee; or, Sketches of Society and Manners in and bad an opportunity of comparing some old folks who had
the East. London. Smith, Elder, & Co. 1829. started from school together, the one to rough it through 8vo. Pp. 466.
• Life at Home,' the other to plod his wcary way through
. Life in India.' Comparison there was pone between the This work will be read with interest and advantage manliness, contentedness, and good-humour of the homeby all those who bave either been in India, or who take bred Englishman, and the hauteur, restlessness, and discon an interest in its affairs. It is from the pen of Captain tented demeanour of the old Koee-Hy. Unhappy and dis- 2 II. B. Henderson, who is on the staff of the Bengal
pleased at every turn he took, the old Indian found every
corner sharp enough to ruflle his temper and destroying army. The contents, which are of a miscellaneous
| his happiness ;-while the honest English squire swore kind, are not all of equal merit ; but there is a suffi
a big oath at the hinderance, brushed past it, and thought cient preponderance of talent and information in the vo- no more of it. I make all manner of allowance for Jume to entitle it to an extensive circulation. We con- the bile and bad liver, which reward the toils of a Life sider the prose as a good deal superior to the poetry, al- in India ;' but these natural evils would be surmounter), though“ The Cadet," which extends to two long cantos, were it only possible to avoid the moral contamination aria contains many spirited and excellent stanzas. In the
sing from cohabiting with a race, between whom and an en
Englishman there is no sympathy; and I am borne out in prose departinent, we are, on the whole, most pleased
my theory, if it please the reader to call it so, by the fact, with those chapters which describe an Indian's return
that this moral contamination is found to exist most unhome after spending thirty of the best years of his life so
equivocally, and to the greatest extent, among those who far from his native country. They are entitled, “ Lea- have been most withdrawn from European society, and who ving India"-_“ An Indiaman"_" Death on Shipboard" have spent the greater part of their life in India, amidst the --" St Helena"-" Approaching Ilome"-" The Ben- | native population,
“Let me, however, take a view of military Life in breach of the commandment which forbids us “to take Iadia.' A fair-haired young lad has escaped from school
the name of the Lord in vain!” He finds great fault and its confinement, at the early age of sixteen, and, after the annoyances of a four months' voyage, has reported him
with making children commit to memory the Assembly's self at the Town-Major's office in Fort William. He puts
Catechism, and triumphantly answers the plea that it is a ea his scarlet uniform, and looks round, on passing every good compendium of divinity, which children may advan. sentry, for homage and salutation to his new military cha tageously carry with them into the world, by the indigracter. The first few weeks are but a series of disappointed nant exclamation—“Condense the infinite and living truth bopes, and comfortless, pleasureless attempts at Indian en of God, indeed, and shut up the spirit of the Eternal in joyment. He makes himself sick in essaying to smoke a
a nut-shell !” He also finds great fault with parents who bad bookah; and then barely survives a pucka fever, in baving tried his new double-barrelled gun, which he bought
make their little boys and girls say their prayers, on the og credit at an exorbitant sum, and with which he toiled ground that, if it be not a spontaneous act of the child for hours under a burning sun, in the vain hope of hitting a | itself, such prayers are an insult to the Deity. Why does few snippets or sandlarks. He has a relation perhaps in he not extend his censure to the parent who corrects his the Buildings, and madly attempts to rival him in extrava- son for open profligacy, since, unless the young man's ance; and though the soldier's means do not go beyond a change of life be his own voluntary act, his abstaining seond-hand buggy for his driving, and an undersized stud
from theft, swearing, and debauchery, is, according to our zalloway for the saddle, yet his humble endeavours have pianged him into debts, which hang upon his Indian career
German moralist, an insult upon his Maker ? for years, and make him miserable for ever.
Let not our readers suppose, however, that Dr Biber Ile joins his corps,-he has become a man now,-wan- is either a weak reasoner, or a blind enthusiast. His ders about in the morning without his cravat or jacket, knowledge of the subject of which he treats is far from smokes cheroots by whole bundles,--drinks brandy-paunee, superficial. Many of his remarks on the prevailing syscurses his own folly for more faults than one, and lingers | tems of education in France, in Germany, and in our own through the early and best years of his manhood in tasteless
country, are extremely pertinent; and his strictures upon dislike of the little regimental duty that falls to his share, aad in gloomy despondency amidst the blighted prospects of
the refinements of Lancaster, Bell, and the patrons of the his youth. From his brothers and young relations in Eu.
Infant Schools, are often judicious. * He is indeed—no rope he seldom hears, and their letters would be but worm unusual case with theorists—much more successful in dewood to him. They have toils there, it is true; one is at tecting and exposing faults in the existing systems, than college, another at a desk in a merchant's office, a few are happy in his attempt to recommend a new one. fagzing for professions, or existing on subaltern's fare in
Dr Biber confesses that he is not very sanguine in bis country quarters: but are they not at home?-ay, and in
expectations with regard to his scheme of Christian edu. that word, Hone, lies all the earthly happiness which an exiled soldier sighs for, and hourly pines in vain.
cation, until some great change shall have taken place in * But he has outlived his brethren in the subaltern ranks
the sentiments and order of society; and in this, we think, around him; has followed hosts upon bosts to the scattered
he is quite right: but we are less willing to agree with him tombs of our up-country cantonments; he is a field-officer when he expresses his conviction, that we are at present now, and with the attainment of higher rank before him. on the eve of such a change. It is our most sincere and What boots the rank or increasing pay? He is a martyr serious opinion, in spite of the distempered dreams of poto a broken constitution, and his yellow and wasted cheek, litical econom
| litical economists, millennarians, radical reformers, and all the sunken and gleamless eye, give token not only of withered health, but accumulating care! He is alone in the
the host of quacks who follow, accompany, or precede the world; his native country has long ceased to hold out
"march of intellect,” that England is very like what it charms for him; he is unknown there, and the circle of his
was two hundred years ago,-of course, somewhat more friends have either ceased to exist or care for the expatriated enlightened, more civilized, more religious, and conseoldier in the East! Is this a gloomy picture? The Ben- quently more flourishing and happy, but following out galee could point out many who might sit for it, and who,
the same sort of systems it has always pursued, under ere they give their bones to moulder beneath the sun of
which society, we believe, will continue for a few ages Hindoostan, would feelingly bear testimony to the truth of
longer to advance in the paths of scientific discovery and its description ;-yet this is Life in India !!”-P. 215-22. This is a melancholy picture, but we fear it is too true
moral improvement. With regard to education, we are a one. To the diversified lucubrations of the Bengalee
not ashamed to own, unpopular as our sentiments may be, himself, we refer such of our readers as wish farther in
that we are attached to the old system ; we mean the geformation upon this and a variety of other matters con
neral principles which have been acknowledged, and the nected with India.
general mode in which, with trifling differences, education has been conducted in all civilized countries, since the dawn of science down to our own times. The fashion of
the present day, however, is, we fear, against us; it seems Christian Education, in a Course of Lectures delivered in to be the general opinion now, that the ferula of the peda. London, in Spring 1829. By E. Biber, Ph. Dr. Lon
gogue should be laid aside,--that the pastry-cook and toy. don. Effinghain Wilson. 8vo. Pp. 287.
man should be put in requisition, to make the young This treatise on education is written with considerable urchin love literature for its own sake,ếand, under the elegance; and were the merits of a system to be decided | no-punishment system of old maiden aunts, and of such solely on the ground of abstract propriety, without refer-mothers as are too foolish to distinguish between loving eace to its practicability, that which Dr Biber recom
their children and spoiling them by over-indulgence, the mends would be altogether unexceptionable. His grand | wisdom of Solomon and the experience of three thousand position is, that education ought to be conducted exclu- / years are equally despised. sively on Christian principles,--that divine truth should
We are far from saying, and we are far from thinking, castitute, not the object, but the subject and ground-work,
that a system is necessarily good because it is old ; but of education,mand, in short, if we understand him right,
neither is it bad only because it is old ; and it is necessary be appears to think that it ought to be the care of parents to keep in mind this latter truth, more especially at preand teachers, not so much to instruct children in their duty, sent, when novelty is so eagerly sought after, and so and to prepare them for effectually discharging it, as to
| readily admitted as an evidence of liberality and an enwatch over the influence of religion in their hearts. He larged understanding. The old system of education, as it Laments the time which, in most schools, is occupied with is pursued at our country schools, is no doubt imperfect welling and arithmetiche objects to rewards, as encou- and liable to some objections--what human institution is raging children to act from improper motives, --he objects not ?--but it is founded on experience and good sense. It ta the Bible being used as a text-book for children, and
Dr Biber once visited a charity school in England, and, upon mists, somewhat unreasonably, in our humble opinion,
putting the question-"What things are necessary for subsistence?" bat spelling the name of the Almighty is an evident I was answered by the little girls, “ Beer, cheese, cakes, and patties."
is unquestionably capable of being greatly improved ; and to estates of a certain value, are unjustifiable restriction those individuals who would employ talents and industry upon one or other of the two classes into which the com for this purpose, would entitle themselves to the gratitude munity is thus arbitrarily distinguished. Less hardshi of their country and of their species. Such efforts shall will result from a sudden change, after which affairs wil ever command our praise. But those schemes which proceed in their usual course, than by a lingering trans would rashly overturn our existing valuable institutions, mutation. To prefer the latter, is to seek with desir without offering us in exchange any thing better than ill-the prolongation of a fever paroxysm. Our old prover digested, impracticable, and therefore useless systems, we holds good eren here--" Better a finger off, than ay. must always discountenance; and among such, notwith-wagging." standing the eloquence and wit of the ingenious author, we fear we must class the scheme recommended by Dr Biber in these Lectures on Christian Education.
The Excitement ; or, a Book to induce Boys to Read
Edinburgh. Waugh and Innes. 1830. 12mo. Pp.
413. Considerations on Remedial Measures for remoring or mitigating the Evils arising from the Law of Entail in As Dandie Dinmont enticed bis terriers with the fou. Scotland; in a Letter to Thomas F. Kennedy, Esq. marts, so the editor of this work proposes to entice boys M. P. By Patrick Irvine, Esq. W.S. 8vo. Pp. 90. with accounts of lion and tiger hunts, boa-constrictors, Edinburgh : Thomas Clark.
whales, elephants, shipwrecks, and sharks. “ The object
of this volume,” says Mr Innes, in his preface, " is to furThis pamphlet contains many valuable suggestions re
nish the youthful reader with an account of those striking *pecting the difficult question of which it treats. Any appearances of nature, and signal preservations, the descripdoubt as to the necessity of an alteration in the system of tion of which is renerally listened to, by boys particularly, Scotch entails, was silenced by the result of the examina
with the greatest attention; and also with narratives of tions before the Committee of the House of Cominons.
such striking incidents as are fitted to rouse the most It had been previously acknowledged that entails were slothful mind." The idea is a happy one ; and, as was introduced into Scotland at an alarming period, in order
to be expected from the amiable editor's sound judgment, to secure the independence of the Scottish aristocracy, and excellent feeling of the proper mode of communica. threatened as it was by the measures of an arbitrary and ting instruction to youth, it is no less happily executed. profligate government. It was likewise acknowledged,
The articles introduced are all such as boys will devour: that the time had long passed when any such fence was
greedily, and we have no doubt that they will amply jusnecessary. In addition to this, the investigations of the
tify the name given to the volume, by the preference they committee to which we have alluded established, that the
will be inclined to bestow upon it above many others existence of entails was most detrimental to the commer
usually put into their hands. The contents are, for the cial stability, and to the economical interests, of the coun
most part, selected from different voyages and travels; try. It was further established, that in England a much
but a few original communications bave been also added, milder system of entails had been found adequate to the
and from these, by way of specimen, we select the followpreservation of the high spirit of the aristocracy; to
ing anecdotes, illustrative of which beneficial operation the defenders of entails have latterly limited their assertions of their efficacy. It was
TIE VORACITY OF THE SHARK. even. broadly declared by many gentlemen who had en- “ During the late war in 1800 or 1801, I was on the Ja. joyed ample opportunities of observation, that our entail- maica station. A Danish vessel was detained, and sent in ing laws threatened rather to exert a demoralizing influ
for adjudication to Kingston, by one of his Majesty's cruience on our Scottish gentry, from the difficulties in which
sers, under suspicion of her cargo being eneiny's property,
as she was laden with coffee from St Domingo, bound to they involved them. Finally, these laws were admitted to
the island of St Thomas, the latter island belonging to Denbe a fertile and vexatious source of litigation. There could mark, with whom Great Britain was not at war, the form be only one way of dealing with an institution, denounced mer at that time belonging to the French. On examining by the concurrent voice of the country as anomalous and her papers, Danish bills of lading were produced, to show dangerous—its abrogation. The only question that re the cargo was neutral property, and there was no demur re- a mained, was the best method of setting about it. Various
specting the vessel being a Dane; however, the doubts being my plans have been suggested, the merits of which are discussed
| strong as to the cargo, she was detained. I beg leave here
to remark, I have understood that no other vessel was in se by Mr Irvine, in a manner displaying at once much natural
company, or in sight, but the two individual vessels at the me sagacity, and an extensive acquaintance with the subject. l time the capture occurred. If we had any voice in the matter, it should be given for « Some short time after this, a tender, belonging to his that mode of procedure which is most brief and speedy in Majesty's ship Abergavenny, which ship was stationary in its operation. All innovations ought to be carefully | Port Royal, was cruising off St Domingo, and caught at weighed, deliberated upon, resolved and re-resolved before-sk
lved andre resolved before shark. The general practice, from the known voracity of hand; but once they have been decreed, then the shortest
the animal, is to examine the maw, or contents of the sto it
mach. Mr Haycock, afterwards Lieut. Haycock, R. N., way of giving them effect is always the best. They are
was master's mate in the tender, and opened the stomach, attended with pain and inconvenience, in whatever way
wben, to his astonishment, a pocket-book, with other subwe set about them; and every thing that tends to pro stances, appeared. From the short period it had rersained, long the transition from one state to another, but adds to but little injury was done to the papers contained in the the annoyance. This bolds true more especially in legal book; with care and drying them, they became perfectly disg enactments; all kinds of compromise between principle | intelligible, and proved to be a set of French Lills of lading, and expediency, all half measures and temporary arrange
appertaining to a cargo shipped to St Thomas's, on account
and risk of French subjects in St Domingo. The tender ments, serve but to increase the uncertainty which is in
returned to port, and delivered the pocket-book and its consome degree inseparable from every extensive system of
tents to the admiral, when it was found the bills of lading Jaw. In one word, if entails are to be abrogated, away were the identical papers relative to the cargo of the Danish with them at once. The arrangements between existing vessel detained some days previous; and on the trial for heirs of entail may be made with comparative ease : to the condemnation of her cargo in the Admiralty Court at speak of the claims of those who are yet unborn-of the
Kingston, these bills taken out of the shark were produced the vested rights of possible contingencies, is a solemn farce.
to prove that the cargo was enemy's property; and the ves All arrangements for gradually disentailing estates are
sel was condemned accordingly, and made prize to the cap
tors. only of use to produce lawsuits ;-all arrangements for
“I have only to observe, in relating this singular event, maintaining existing entails, while no new ones are allow-which led to the condemnation of a valuable cargo, that the ed to be made, or for restricting the power of entailing officer above-mentioned, who cut the pocket-book out of the