« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
the Church of Scotland
Clarison's (Edward] Roberi Montgomery and his Review
Hill's (Dr) Practice in the Judicatories of the Church of Scotland 279
Howison's (John) Tales of the Colonies
Hughes' (Rev. Ť. s.) Divines of the Church of England" : 311
Imlah's (J.) May Flowers
India, Picture of
Irvine (P.) on the Law of Entail
Irving's (W.) Life of Columbus
296 Jefferson's (T.) Memoirs
. . . . 187, 369
King's Own . . . . . . .
Letters to Dr R. Hamilton
Levi and Sarah .. .
20 Library, the Family, No. IX.
Lost Heir . *. . . . . . . .
M.Diarmid's (J.) Sketches .
M'Farlane's (Charles) Armenians
M.Kenzie's (Dr) Ocean, and other Poems
M·Intosh's (Charles) Flora and Pomona
. . . . . . 176
. . . . 274
Magazine, the London University
the Family university
Magazine, the Family
Main's (James) Villa and Cotta
Millar's (James) History of Dunbar .
Mirror of the Graces
Monopoly Question, the East India
Monro, Life of Sir J. . . . .
Moore's (D.) Scenes from the Flood
352 Neele's (H.) English Poetry
Panorama of the Thames
Parnell (Sir H.) on Financial Reform : :
Picture of Stirling
Platt's (Rev. J.) Class Book
Pocket Lawyer, the
Porter's (Miss A, M.) Barony
Portfolio of a Martyr Student
Portrait Gallery, the National
Ramsay's (Rev. E. B.) Sermon on the Death of Bishop Sandford 117
Remarks on Moore's Life of Byron
No. CI. .
No. XI. . . .
Sangos (Edwara) Strictures on sir Henry ste
Theatrical Gossip in every Number.
Sherwood's (Mrs) Obedience
BALPOUR, (ALEX.) Sonnet
BELL, (HENRY G.) Sonnet to -
Stokes's (Henry Sewell) Lay of the Desert
- A Letter to my Cousin
-To One I Love
- The Wind's in the West
Brown, (JAME'S P.) Stanzas
Thomson (J.) on the Salvation of Infants
Solitude A Sonnet
Thoughts on the Death of a Friend
GERTRUDE, December 31st, 1829
The Last Song..
Ada's Evening Hour
The Gentle Stream
Wellesley's (Hon. W. Long) View of ihe Court of Chancery
HRTYRRINGTON, (W. M.) the Torwood Oak
HIBLOP, (JAS.) 'A Love Song. .. ..
Hocg, (JAS.) My Love she's but a Lassie yet
The Meeting of Anglers
A Grand New Blacking Sang • . . .
- Sorig . .. ... . . . . . .
1, 330 JEWSBURY, (Miss) Last Night
KNOWLES, (JAMES SHERIDAN) The Song of Conciliation
MALCOLM, (John) The Deathbed
- Lines on Life
Byron, Lord, and Mr M
MACLAGGAN, (ALEXANDER) Song."
- Summer Thoughts and Scenes
Gardens and Gardeners, a Ch
Letter from Dublin
STODDART, (THOMAS TODD) Stanzas
Letter from Pisa
WILSON, (W.) The Faithless
To my sister Ellen . ..,
Portfolio of a Traveller, Sketches from the
Wallace, (Sir W.) and the Torwood Oak . .
. . 163
236, 219, 263, 278, 302, 320, 334, 317, 376.-App. 3i, 45,
TO OUR READERS.
in 1768. The captain and mate of the vessel in which Is commencing the Third Volume of the EDINBURGH LITERARY he took his passage, however, both died during the vovJorkkal, we feel ourselves called upon to acknowledge the extra- age of a fever, upon which he assumed the command, and edinary success which has all along rewarded our labours. The brought the vessel safely into port. The owners aphones which we entertained at the outset, arising partly from per- | pointed him, for this piece of service, master and supereiving the evident desideratum in this country of a purely literary
cargo, in which situation he continued till the ship was weekly periodical, and partly from the very extensive literary con
sold in the year 1771. His course of life for the next Desions which we enjoyed, have been much more than fulfilled. So
four years cannot be so accurately traced. steeds and extensive is the patronage we have received, that we now
At one time Peel entitled to consider ourselves the weekly literary periodical of he was in command of a West India ship sailing from the Scotland, the more especially as any opposition which may have been port of London. He seems also to have carried on comattempted has proved so entirely abortive.
mercial speculations on his own account in Grenada and for the future, we have to promise that we shall not only go on as Tobago. In 1773 we find him in Virginia, arranging re hare begun, but that, vires acquirens cundo, we shall intro- the affairs of his brother, who had died intestate. In 1775 duce into our Third Volume many improvements and novelties,
he was living inactively in America. His habits of buwhich will at once evince the increased nature of our resources, and
siness must have been good, for though he began the world aford a perpetually fresh fund of amusement, and, we hope, information, to the reading public. We had at one time intended to spe- | with nothing, we find him possessed, at the time he em. aily a few of these improvements; but, on second thoughts, we think barked in the American service, of nearly £1200 in Eng. it batter to show, than to say, what we can do. We therefore refer land, besides considerable property in the island of Tobago. our readers to the contents of the LITERARY JOURNAL for the next
The fair profits of the West India trade at that period are six months, and if they do not find our Third Volume still more en.
sufficient to account for this wealth, without the suspititled to their favour than either of its predecessors, we shall most magnanimously absolve them from all obligations to continue to
cion of any more lax undertakings than intercourse with subscribe for the Fourth.
the Spanish main. His nautical skill inust, in like manner, have been increased by his experience in commanding
a ship of considerable burden. Paul's, too, was a well LITERARY CRITICISM.
cultivated mind; besides his merely professional studies, which subsequent events showed him to have pursued to
good purpose, his letters evince a mastery of expression Memoirs of Rear-Admiral Paul Jones, Chevalier of the Military Order of Merit, and of the Russian Order of
which could only be acquired by considerable practice,
On the whole, his ardent and persevering disposition, taSt Anne, fc. &c. Now first compiled from his original
ken in conjunction with the school of active life through journals and correspondence ; including an account of his serrices under Prince Potemkin, prepared for publica
which he had passed, justify the confidence reposed in him
by the leaders of the American Revolution. tion by himself. Two vols. post 8vo. Pp. 331, 341.
The second period of his history commences in his Edinburgh. Oliver and Boyd. 1830.
| 29th year. He had his choice to be made tirst-lieuteThe history of Paul Jones is now, for the first time, nant of a frigate, or captain of a sloop of war, and preferpresented to the public in an authentic and satisfactory red the former. In this post he had for a while no other farm. The book is written in a candid and generous spi- opportunity of showing his zeal and energy, than what rit, and we are inclined to look upon it as a valuable ad- was afforded by the necessity of keeping a strict look-but dition to biography.
to prevent desertion while the fleet was frozen in during John Paul Jones was born in July 1747, near Arbig- the winter. The American arms were first tried at sen land, in the stewartry of Kirkcudbright. His father was in the affair of the Glasgow, off Block Island. For their the son of a mail-gardener in Leith; and was himself em behaviour on this oecasion, two of the American captains ployed by Mr Craik of Arbigland, one of the earliest and were immediately after brought to a court-martial; but most judicious improvers of agriculture in the south of the inferior officers were declared to have done their duty. Brotland. Arbigland is situated at the embouchure of In 1777, Jones was appointed by Congress to the comthe Nith into the Solway, and a great proportion of the mand of a squadron of five vessels, destined for the attack surrounding inhabitants are engaged either in the fishery of Pensacola. This projected expedition came to nought,
the coasting trade. Young Paul showed early a de- through the jealousy of the commander-in-chief; and cided predilection for the sea, and was bound appreutice, shortly after, Jones was dispatched to France on board in his twelfth year, to a respectable Whitehaven mer- the Ranger, with instructions to the American Commischant trading to Virginia, where he had a brother insioners at Paris to procure him a good vessel, and em. thriving circumstances, in whose house he resided as long ploy him in Europe, should any thing offer there likely
the vessel remained in port. His master's affairs be- to prove conducive to the interests of the republic. After coming embarrassed, his indentures were given up to him, magnificent promises, with tardy and petty performance, and at a very early age he was appointed third mate of Jones was sent with the Ranger to cruise off the coasts the King George, a Whitehaven vessel employed in the of Britain. In this expedition he took several merchant slave trade. In his nineteenth year, he went as chief vessels, effected a landing at Whitehaven and St Mary's hate into the Two Friends, a Jamaica vessel engaged Isle, encountered and took the Drake ship of war, and
the same traffic. He quitted it, according to the returned to Brest, in May, 1778, after exciting the appreKaternent of his relations, from disgust at its enormities, hensions of the whole British coast, and obtaining a num
ber of m
ber of prisones, which obliged England to agree to an ex- ring, but nothing more. The jealousies and heart-bur .chajge. : A long interval of inaction followed, during | ings of the commander prevented any thing of importan .aghtch Jones was busy attempting to spur on the tardy from being effected. He was recalled to St Petersbus
French ministry to make some exertion. At last, on the where the cabals of his enemies raised dark accusatio 14th of August, 1779, he again set sail with a squadron | against him, from which, however, he successfully vino of five vessels. He first endeavoured to effect a landing cated himself. The Empress, who was by this time tir at Leith, in which he was frustrated by the weather. of him, granted him leave of absence-a polite method On the 23d of September, he encountered and captured removing him from court. He visited Paris, where ! the Serapis and Countess of Scarborough, his own vessel whole energies were directed to regaining his situatie sinking immediately after the action. He afterwards under a government which had checked and thwarted hi carried his squadron into the Texel, where he arrived on when in its service, and then coolly and ungrateful the 3d of October. The English fleet were lying off the thrown him aside. In the midst of his projects, dear mouth of the Zuyder-Zee, and the Dutch, inclined to tem- overtook him on the 18th of July, 1792, shortly after } porize a little longer, would not recognise Jones; so he found had completed his forty-fifth year. considerable difficulty in making his way to a French port. The last nine years of his life contrast painfully wit Being high in popular favour, he was received with em- the vigour and energy which characterise his earlier ca pressement at court, and had conferred on him by Louis reer. We know, from the report of one who knew Jone the military order of merit, and a splendid sword. After and admired him, that his habits were finical in the ex much unsatisfactory negotiation, he sailed for America, treme. His apartments were splendidly furnished ; ang where he arrived in February, 1781. He received the although he was accessible to all, yet his servants had pc thanks of Congress; but his active career in the American sitive orders not to admit any pedestrian visitor, whos navy was now closed. He was promised the command boots or shoes were not free from all taint of mud or dust of a large ship then building; but as the vessel was after His correspondence at that period, too, shows that hi wards presented to the King of France, his expectations | female acquaintances were chiefly secondary imitators o were disappointed. He next solicited and obtained per-| high life, and his letters to them are deeply marked witl mission from Congress to go on board the French tleet a mawkish sentimentality and fade gallantry. His tast cruising on the American seas, for improvement in his was not sufficient to guide him aright, and, instead of a profession. The peace, which almost immediately follow gallant gentleman, he became a maudlin fop. ed, put an end to his studies in this school.
The fate of John Paul Jones reads a lesson to all fu. The portion of Paul Jones's history of which we have ture time. Naturally endowed with an aspiring mind now given a short abstract, was the most brilliant of his generous sentiments, great talents, without any over life. His cool, though reckless courage, his skill in ma whelming passions, he sacrificed the ties of kindred, and nouvring a vessel, the number and ingenuity of his pro- the prospect of humble usefulness, to love of distinction, jects, the perseverance with which he continued to urge Introduced into the splendid circle of a court, he sawon the cold and the fickle, but, more than all, the true and there yet richer food for his vanity, and to it he sacrificed comprehensive view he took of the state of the Ameri- his political principles. The two best guides of human can marine, his incessant warnings of the dangers im- | nature thus rudely eradicated, his heart withered and his pending from its want of discipline, and its disorganized arm grew weak. His close of life was a fruitless struggle state, and the modesty with which he always acknow. to attain what, if possessed, could have afforded him no ledged his deficiency in the tactics of combined fleets, enjoyment. His epitaph may well be—“ One of God's and anxiety to remedy it, prove that he had within him creatures lies here, wrecked by his inordinate self-will." all the materials of a great commander. In regard to his embracing the cause of America, he had lived as much in that country as in Britain, and the combatants on Life of Hernan Cortes. By Don Telesforo de Trueba y either side being thoroughbred Englishmen, it would be Cosio, Author of “ Gomez Arias," “ The Castilian, ** childish at this time of day to maintain that there was &c. Being Constable's Miscellany, Vol. XLIX. any thing unnatural in his adhering to the Transatlantic
Edinburgh. Pp. 344. party. His conduct to his family was throughout most praiseworthy; and towards such English as the chance The author of this interesting and romantic biography of war threw in his power, it was totally free from any justly demands that his hero's character be judged by the taint of the mean and malignant renegade. At the same standard of the age in which he lived. The enlightened to time, it cannot be denied that his motives may well have lerance which characterises every truly great man of the been of a mixed and doubtful kind.
nineteenth century, was unattainable by a native of Spain On the 1st of November, 1783, Jones was appointed by at the period when that nation, in the Aush of its newly Congress, at his own earnest solicitation, “agent for all concentrated energies, fondly deemed the discovery of Ameprizes taken in Europe under his own command." Inrica, happening, as it did, at the very moment of the final discharging the duties of this office, he spent three years expulsion of the Moors from Spain, a proof of its Divine in Paris, during which time he figured in the gay world mission to root out infidelity from the earth. It is suffithere, greatly to the satisfaction of his personal feelings. cient if, taking his whole life into review, we find that In the year 1787, he paid a short visit to America. On Cortes's employment of the high talents with which he his return to Europe, he proceeded to Copenhagen, osten. | was endowed by nature, did not materially swerve from sibly on a mission regarding some of his prizes which had those principles of justice which had been discovered and been carried into Danish ports, but in reality to be near established in his time. A recapitulation of the most St Petersburg, where negotiations had already been set striking events in his conquest of Mexico will afford the on foot for his entrance into the service of the Empress best solution of this problem. Catherine. At the first beck of that jolly despot, hel Mexico, or New Spain, rises abruptly from the coasts hastened to her court, where he was flatteringly received, both of the Pacificand Atlantic oceans; and the lofty plateau and invested with the rank of Rear-Admiral. His trans- subsides into a capacious basin, nearly in the centre of formation into the courtier, which had been partially ef- which is the lake of Mexico, the climate of which apfected at Paris, was now completed. Ile was inflamed proximates to that of the more favoured countries of with a chivalrous devotion to his liege lady, and spoke in the temperate zones. The inhabitants, and in particulares a most patronising tone of the infant state of America. those who occupied the islands and margin of the central He was soon summoned by Potemkin to take a sbare in fresh-water sea, had advanced in civilisation, when Mexicon the campaign of the Liman. The operations of this war was first discovered, far before the surrounding tribes. afforded Jones an opportunity of showing his native da. | The mechanical, and even the ornamental arts, had made
considerable progress among them. The organization of there was, through the advance of arts in the northern their government was much more complete than among and more elevated regions, and through the natural fethe wandering tribes, Social intercourse and luxury cundity in that part which enjoyed a tropical climate, a ad in some degree refined their manners. In short, | dense population. Some resistance was offered by differthey stood in the same relation to the nomadic tribes of lent bodies of the inhabitants at his first landing, which the north, that Babylon and Nineveh may be conceived afforded the Spaniards opportunities of earning victories, ta have stood to the wanderers of the deserts in their vi more valuable as impressing the enemy with the power rinity. Intellectual culture was, however, yet in its in- and discipline of the strangers, than on account of any fancy; and their religion—which differed not in its spirit, immediate important result. Two of the disaffected cabus solely in the stronger affiliation of its priesthood, and ciques sought the alliance of the Spaniards; and the proin the more gorgeous and imposing character of its out- | tection which Cortes afforded them against the envoys
and solemnities, from that of the forest warriors-ham- sent by Montezuma to receive the wonted tribute, as well pral, by its gross and cruel superstitions, the education as the strict impartiality he evinced in settling some disof their moral sense. Their theology stood amid their putes between them and the neighbouring tribes, spread infant refinements like an iceberg wafted from the frozen at once the reputation of his power and his justice. Haregions, and spreading an unwonted chill through thesum ving thus conciliated the inhabitants of the coast, and mer of some sunny isle on which it has stranded.
having at the same time quelled a mutiny among his Not long previous to the landing of the Spaniards, the soldiers, and induced them to dismantle their ships, thus King of Jiexieo had succeeded in reducing the other tribes cutting off from the timorous all prospect of retreat, he residing on the lake to the state of feudatories. This prepared to advance at once upon the capital, which was farnad the nucleus of an empire which soon spread its | 180 miles distant. maquering arms as far south as the Gulf of Mexico. To He left behind him a slender garrison, in a fort he had wat extent its domination had extended in other direc- erected shortly after his landing, and took with him a small tions, is uncertain. The more distant tribes, which were reinforcement of friendly Indians, more in the character thas brought under the sway of the king, were less ac- of hostages than auxiliaries. Ascending the high tableCusiamed to the restraints of regular government, and land of interior Mexico, the army had to undergo a sudden wete with dificulty kept from reverting to their rude in change from the fervour of the torrid zone, to the ice and l-pendence. They were held in check by governors from snow of a northern winter, to which succeeded a mild Hexica, backed by a considerable force; and, for greater and genial climate. The Hascalans, a confederacy of issurance, a system of posts was established, by means of warlike and independent republics, placed in a disquietstich, ronstant and speedy information was received in | ing proximity to the Mexican capital, opposed the prothe capital of all that happened in the outskirts of the gress of Cortes, instead of receiving him, as had been aneunpire.
ticipated, in a friendly manner. They were forced, howMontazama, whom the Spaniards found in possession of ever, to succumb by a series of hard-won victories, in the throne, was naturally brave and sagacious, but a which almost every Spanish soldier was wounded. Cortes spoiled child of fortune. Accustomed to despotic power, began his march from the coast on the 16th of August he could neither anticipate opposition to his wishes, nor and entered Hascala on the 23d of September. neet it calmly and sagaciously when it came. The quiet His next march was upon Cholula, a populous and decision with which Cortes persisted to advance towards wealthy town, subject to Montezuma. He was accomthe capital, joined to the strange appearance and inexpli panied by a large auxiliary force of Hascalans. At the rable powers of the Spaniards, seemed to bear out the request of the Cholulans, the forces of Hascala encamped drk forebodings of prophecy, and gave to Montezuma's before the town, while Cortes and his followers were reaupertitious fears a form and magnitude that totally un- | ceived within its walls. The pretext for this arrangebattled his mind. From the moment the landing of the ment was anxiety on the part of the rulers, lest the old strangers was announced to him, till that on which he enmities between the two Indian tribes should be fatally received his death-wound, he did not make one reflected rekindled by their being brought into contact. It soon an) jadicious effort to employ the immense force that appeared, however, that more inimical purposes were hid
as at his disposal. Had Guatimazin possessed the su den beneath this plausible exterior. Cortes received inpreine porver from the first, and displayed the same ener formation of a plot to overwhelm his followers, by a sud
y and talent which he brought to bear upon the termi- den rising of the townsmen, to whose support a body of nation of the struggle, the result might have been very men were advancing from Mexico. The rising was prediferent.
vented by the earlier motions of Cortes, who, as his proThis was the condition of the empire invaded by Cortes, ceedings had been hitherto characterised by lenity, resolved with a viery to subject it to the Spanish sway---not upon now to strike terror into the Indians, by showing that he muy previous knowledge and estimate of its strength and could also at times be severe. When the Cholulan rulers weakness, or with any adequate preparation ; but at the appeared in his presence, he let them know that he was bead of a handful of inen, whom he led forward to ha- | informed of their projects, reproached them with their zarls and exploits, of the peculiar nature of which he bad | treachery, and directed a simultaneous attack upon the at the most distant anticipation. Even after he had town to be cominenced by the Hascalans from without,
anged himself among the Mexicans, he was long un and his countrymen from within. The Cholulans deprovided with any adequate means of communication fended themselves with the fury of despair. Every priwith them. His conversations with the natives were vate building, and even the temples, were resorted to as arried on through the medium of a female slave, and a so many fortresses. At last, calling to mind an old suSpaniard, who, having been shipwrecked on one of the perstition, that the razing of their principal temple would vands, had picked up a smattering of the language there cause the springs upon which the town was built to overspoken.
flow, they flew to dismantle its walls, hoping thereby to Cortes landed on the mainland in March, 1519. He involve themselves and their invaders in one common dewas at the head of a body of five hundred and eight sol- struction. The expected miracle failed to follow, and the ters, and one hundred and nine mariners and mechanics. superstitious awe for the Spaniards, which this circumAmong the soldiers were sixteen horsemen, thirty musket-stance inspired, struck down more enemies than their ters, and thirty-two crossbow-men; the rest being armed arms. The victory being now complete, the wretched with swords and spears. The artillery consisted of ten brass remains of the Cholulans were spared. feld-pieces and four falconets. This was the whole force Onthe 29th of September Cortes advanced upon Mexico,
with which he undertook the subjection of an empire and, meeting with no opposition, he entered it on the 18th I already well disciplined and organized, and in which of October. He was received by Montezuma in person,