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"New Constitution, Yes;" those against the constitution, “New Constitution, No." The polls at said election shall be opened between the hours of eight and ten o'clock A. M., and closed at six o'clock P. M.; and the said election shall be conducted, and the returns thereof made and certified, to the Secretary of State, as provided by law for annual elections of State and County officers. Within twenty days after such election, the Secretary of State shall open the returns thereof, in the presence of the Governor; and, if it shall appear that a majority of all the votes, cast at such election, are in favor of the constitution, the Governor shall issue his proclamation, stating that fact, and said constitution shall be the constitution of the State of Ohio, and not otherwise.
18. At the time when the votes of the electors shall be taken for the adoption or rejection of this constitution, the additional section, in the words following, to wit: “ No license to traffic in intoxicating liquors shall hereafter be granted in this State ; but the General Assembly may, by law, provide against evils resulting thereform,” shall be separately submitted to the electors for adoption or rejection, in form following, to wit: A separate ballot may be given by every elector and deposited in a separate box. Upon the ballots given for said separate amendment shall be written or printed, or partly written and partly printed, the words : “ License to sell intoxicating liquors, Yes;" and upon the ballots given against said amendment, in like manner, the words : " License to sell intoxicating liquors, No." If, at the said election, a majority of all the votes given for and against said amendment, shall contain the words : “ License to sell intoxicating liquors, No," then the said amendment shall be a separate section of article fifteen of the constitution.
19. The apportionment for the House of Representatives, during the first decennial period under this constitution, shall be as follows:
The counties of Adams, Allen, Athens, Auglaize, Carroll, Champaign, Clark, Clinton, Crawford, Darke, Delaware, Erie, Fayette, Gallia, Geauga, Greene, Hancock, Harrison, Hocking, Holmes, Lake, Lawrence, Logan Madison, Marion, Meigs, Morrow, Perry, Pickaway, Pike, Preble, Sandusky, Scioto, Shelby and Union, shall
, severally, be entitled to one Representative, in each session of the decennial period.
The counties of Franklin, Licking, Montgomery and Stark, shall each be entitled to two Representatives, in each session of the decennial period.
The counties of Ashland, Coshockton, Highland, Huron, Lorain, Mahoning, Medina, Miami, Portage, Seneca, Summit and Warren, shall, severally, be entitled to one Representative, in each session; and one additional Representative, in the fifth session of the decennial period.
The counties of Ashtabula, Brown, Butler, Clermont, Fairfield, Guernsey, Jefferson, Knox, Monroe, Morgan, Richland, Trumbull, Tuscarawas and Washington, shall, severally, be entitled to one Representative, in each session; and two additional Representatives, one in the third, and one in the fourth session, of the decen. nial period.
The counties of Belmont, Columbiana, Ross and Wayne, shall, severally, be entitled to one Representative, in each session ; and three additional Representatives, one in the first, one in the second, and one in the third session, of the decennial period.
The county of Muskingum shall be entitled to two Representatives, in each session; and one additional Representative, in the fifth session of the decennial period.
The county of Cuyaboga shall be entitled to two Representatives, in each session; and two additional Representatives, one in the third, and one in the fourth session, of the decennial period.
The county of Hamilton shall be entitled to seven Representatives, in each session; and four additional Representatives, one in the first, one in the second, one in the third, and one in the fourth session, of the decennial period.
The following counties, until they shall have acquired a sufficient population to entitle them to elect, separately, under the fourth section of the eleventh article, shall form districts in manner following, to wit: The counties of Jackson and Vinton, one district; the counties of Lucas and Fulton, one district; the counties of Wyandot and Hardin, one district: the counties of Mercer and Van Wert, one district; the counties of Paulding, Defiance and Williams, one district; the counties of Putnam and Henry, one district; and the counties of Wood and Ottawa, one district : each of which districts shall be entitled to one Representative, in every session of the decennial period.
Done in Convention, at Cincinnati, the tenth day of March, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and fifty-one, and of the Independence of the United States, the seventy-fifth.
WILLIAM MEDILL, President. Attest: Wu. H. GILL, Secretary.
This State was first settled by the French, as early as 1730; but at the peace between France and England, in 1763, it came into the hands of England. In 1787, the United States took possession of Vincennes, and erected a fort on the opposite bank of the river, as a defense against the savages. This country suffered much from the Indians during the last war with Great Britain; but they were defeated by the Americans, under Gen. William H. Harrison, in a bloody battle at Tippacanoe. This State was a part of the North-West Territory until 1800, when it formed a territorial government. It became a State in 1816, and adopted its constitution. The present constitution was adopted in 1851
Area, 36,000 sq. m. Pop. in 1850, 988,734.
PREAMBLE. To the end that justice be established, public order maintained, and
liberty perpetuated, We, the People of the State of Indiana, grateful to Almighty God for the free exercise of the right to choose our own form of government, do ordain this constitution.
ARTICLE I.—Bill of Rights. Sec. 1. We declare that all men are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that all power is inherent in the people; and that all free governments are, and of right ought to be, founded on their authority, and instituted for their peace, safety, and well being. For the advancement of these ends, the people have, at all times, an indefeasible right to alter and reform their government.
2. All men shall be secured in the natural right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences.
3. No law shall, in any case whatever, control the free exercise and enjoyment of religious opinions, or interfere with the rights of conscience.
4. No preference shall be given by law to any creed, religious society, or mode of worship; and no man shall be compelled to attend, erect, or support any place of worship, or to maintain any ministry against his consent.
5. No religious test shall be required as a qualification for any office of trust or profit.
6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury for the benefit of any religious or theological institution.
7. No person shall be rendered incompetent as a witness in consequence of his opinions on matters of religion.
8. The mode of administering an oath or affirmation shall be such as may be most consistent with, and binding upon, the conscience of the person to whom such oath or affirmation may be administered.
9. No law shall be passed restraining the free interchange of thought and opinion, or restricting the right to speak, write, or print freely on any subject whatever ; but for the abuse of that right every person shall be responsible.
10. In all prosecutions for libel, the truth of the matters alleged to be libellous may be given in justification.
11. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable search or seizure, shall not be violated; and no warrant shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the person or thing to be seized.
12. All courts shall be open; and every man, for injury done to him in his person, property, or reputation, shall have remedy by due course of law. Justice shall be administered freely and without purchase ; completely, and without denial; speedily, and without delay.
13. In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall have the right to a public trial by an impartial jury, in the county in which the offence shall have been committed ; to be heard by himself and counsel ; to demand the nature and cause of the accusation against