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AS YOU LIKE IT.

BY

WILL. SHAKSPERE:

Printed Complete from the TEXT of

SAM. JOHNSON and GEO. STEEVENS,

And revised from the last Editions.

When Learning's triumph o'er her barb'rous foes
First rear'd the Stage, immortal SHAKSPERE rose;
Each change of many-colour'd life he drew,
Exhausted worlds, and then imagin'd new:
Existence saw him spurn her bounded reign,
And panting Time toil'd after him in vain:
His pow'rful strokes presiding Truth confess'd,
And unresisted Passion storm'd the breast.

DR. SAMUEL JOHNSON.

LONDON:

Printed for, and under the direction of,
JOHN BELL, British-Library, STRAND.

MDCCLXXXV.

ON THE Fable AND Composition of
AS YOU LIKE IT.

As You Like It was certainly borrowed, if we believe Dr. Gray, and Mr. Upton, from the Coke's Tale of Gamelyn; which by the way was not printed 'till a century afterward: when in truth the old bard, who was no hunter of MSS. contented himself solely with Lodge's Rosalynd, or, Euphues' Golden Legacye. 4to. 1590. FARMER.

Shakspere has followed Lodge's novel more exactly than is his general custom when he is indebted to such worthless originals; and has sketched some of his principal characters, and borrowed a few expressions from it. His imitations, &c. however, are in general too insignificant to merit transcription.

It should be observed that the characters of Jaques, the Clown, and Audrey, are entirely of the poet's own formation. Although I have never met with any edition of this comedy before the year 1623, it is evident, that such a publication was at least designed. At the beginning of the second volume of the entries at Stationers' Hall, are placed two leaves of irregular prohibitions, notes, &c. Among these are the

following:

Aug. 4.

"As You Like It, a book..

"Henry the Fift, a book

to be staied."

"Comedy of Much Ado, a book. The dates scattered over these pages are from 1596 to 1615. STEEVENS.

Of this play the fable is wild and pleasing. I know not how the ladies will approve the facility with which both Rosalind

3

and

and Celia give away their hearts. To Celia much may be forgiven for the heroism of her friendship. The character of Jaques is natural and well preserved. The comick dialogue is very sprightly, with less mixture of low buffoonery than in some other plays; and the graver part is elegant and harmonious. By hastening to the end of his work, Shakspere suppressed the dialogue between the usurper and the hermit, and lost an opportunity of exhibiting a moral lesson in which he might have found matter worthy of his highest powers. JOHNSON.

Duke.

Dramatis Personae.

MEN.

FREDERICK, Brother to the Duke, and Usurper.

AMIENS, Į Lords attending upon the Duke in his BanishJAQUES, ment.

LE BEAU, a Courtier attending upon Frederick.

OLIVER, eldest Son to Sir Rowland de Boys.
JAQUES,

ORLANDO, younger Brothers to Oliver.

ADAM, an old Servant of Sir Rowland de Boys.
TOUCHSTONE, a Clown.

CORIN,

SYLVIUS, Shepherds.

WILLIAM, in Love with Audrey.

Sir OLIVER MAR-TEXT, a Vicar.

CHARLES, Wrestler to the usurping Duke Frederick.
DENNIS, Servant to Oliver.

WOMEN.

ROSALIND, Daughter to the Duke.

CELIA, Daughter to Frederick.

PHOBE, a Shepherdess.

AUDREY, a Country Wench.

A Person representing Hymen.

Ļords belonging to the two Dukes; with Pages, Forestørs, and

other Attendants.

The SCENE lies, first, near Oliver's House; and, afterwards, parily in the Duke's court; and partly in the forest of Arden.

AS YOU LIKE IT.

ACT 1. SCENE I.

OLIVER's Orchard. Enter ORLANDO, and ADAM.

Orlando.

As I remember, Adam, it was upon this fashion bequeathed me: By will, but a poor thousand crowns; and, as thou say'st, charged my brother, on his blessing, to breed me well: and there begins my sadness. My brother Jaques he keeps at school, and report speaks goldenly of his profit: for my part, he keeps me rustically at home, or, to speak more properly, stays me here at home, unkept; For call you that keeping for a gentleman of my birth, that differs not from the stalling of an ox? His horses are bred better; for, besides that they are fair with their feeding, they are taught their manage, and to that end riders dearly hired: but I, his brother, gain

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