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eternity; and among his prayers and aspirations was often heard to repeat, Lord! now let thy fervant de. part in peace.

On Sunday the eighth of January of the next year, he role, weak as he was, to mass, and went to take his repast with the rest, but on Monday was seized with a weaknefs that threatened immediate death; and on Thursday prepared for his change by receiving the Viaticum with such marks of devotion, as equally melted and edified the beholders.

Through the whole course of his illness to the last hour of his life, he was consulted by the senate in publick affairs, and returned answers, in his greatest weakness, with such presence of mind as could only arise from the consciousness of innocence.

On Sunday, the day of his death, he had the passion of our blessed Saviour read to him out of St. John's gospel, as on every other day of that week, and spoke of the mercy of his Redeemer, and his confidence in his merits.

As his end evidently approached, the brethren of the convent came to pronounce the last prayers, with which he could only join in his thoughts, being able to pronounce no more than these words, Esto perpetua, Mays thou last for ever; which was understood to be a prayer for the prosperity of his country.

Thus died Father Paul, in the 71st year of his age: hated by the Romans as their most formidable enemy, and honoured by all the learned for his abilities, ani by the good for his integrity. His detestation of the corruption of the Roman church appears in all his writings, but particularly in this memorable passage of one of his letters : “ There is nothing more essential

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“ than to ruin the reputation of the Jesuits :- by the s ruin of the Jesuits, Rome will be ruined; and if “ Rome is ruined, religion will reform of itself.”

He appears by many passages of his life to have had a high esteem of the church of England; and his friend, Father Fulgentio, who had adopted all his notions, made no scruple of administering to Dr. Dun. comb, an English gentleman that fell fick at Venice, the communion in both kinds, according to the Common Prayer which he had with him in Italian.

He was buried with great pomp at the publick charge, and a magnificent monument was erected to his memory.




THE following account of the late Dr. BOER

HAAVE, so loudly celebrated, and so universally lamented through the whole learned world, will, we hope, be not unacceptable to our readers : We could have made it much larger, by adopting flying reports, and inserting unattested facts; a close adherence to certainty has contracted our narrative, and hindered it from swelling to that bulk, at which modern histories generally arrive.

Dr. Herman Boerhaave was born on the last day of December, 1668, about one in the morning, at Voorhout, a village two miles distant from Leyden: his father, James Boerhaave, was minister of Voorhout, of whom his fon *, in a small account of his own life,

* “ Erat Hermanni Genitor Latine, Græce, Hebraice sciens : pe. ritus valde historiarum & gentium. Vir apertus, candidus, fimplex: paterfamilias optimus amore, cura, diligentia, frugalitate, prudentia. Qui non magna in re, fed plenus virtutis, novem liberis educandis exemplum præbuit fingulare, quid exacta par. fimonia polleat, & frugalitas," Orig. Edit,


has given a very amiable character, for the simplicity and openness of his behaviour, for his exact frugality in the management of a narrow fortune, and the prudence, tenderness, and diligence, with which he educated a numerous family of nine children. He was eminently skilled in history and genealogy, and versed in the Latin, Greek, and Hebrew languages.

His mother was Hagar Daelder, a tradesman's daughter of Amsterdam, from whom he might, perhaps, derive an hereditary inclination to the study of phyfick, in which she was very inquisitive, and had obtained a knowledge of it not common in female students.

This knowledge, however, she did not live to communicate to her son ; for the died in 1673, ten years after her marriage.

His father, finding himself encumbered with the çare of feven children, thought it necessary to take a second wife, and in July 1674, was married to Eve du Bois, daughter of a minister of Leyden, who, by her prudent and impartial conduct, so endeared herself to her husband's children, that they all regarded her as their own mother.

Herman Boerhaave was always designed by his father for the ministry, and with that view instructed by him in gramınatical learning, and the first elements of languages; in which he made such a proficiency, that he was,' at the age of eleven years, not only mafter of the rules of grammar, but capable of translating with tolerable accuracy, and not wholly ignorant of critical niceties. - At intervals, to recreate his mind, and strengthen his constitution, it was his father's custom to fend him into the fields, and employ him in agriculture, and such kind of rural occupations, which he continued through all his life to love and practise : and by this vicissitude of study and exercise preserved himself, in a great measure, from those distempers and depresfions which are frequently the consequences of indiscreet diligence, and uninterrupted application; and from which students, not well acquainted with the constitue tion of the human body, sometimes fly for relief to wine instead of exercise, and purchase temporary eafe by the hazard of the most dreadful consequences.

The studies of young Boerhaave were, about this time, interrupted by an accident, which deferves a particular mention, as it first inclined him to that science, to which he was by nature so well adapted, and which he afterwards carried to so great perfection,

In the twelfth year of his age, a stubborn, painful, and malignant ulcer, broke out upon his left thigh; which, for near five years, defeated all the art of the furgeons and physicians, and not only afflicted him with most excruciating pains, but exposed him to such sharp and tormenting applications, that the disease and remedies were equally insufferable. Then it was that his own pain taught him to compassionate others, and his experience of the inefficacy of the methods then in use incited him to attempt the discovery of others more certain.

He began to practise at least honestly, for he began upon himself; and his first eflay was a prelude to his future success, for, having laid aside all the prescripjions of his physicians, and all the applications of his surgeons, he, at last, by tormenting the part with falt and urine, effeated a cure,


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