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the province of affigning the prize *. At all this Mr. Cave wondered for a while; but his natural judgement, and a wider acquaintance with the world, foon cured him of his astonishment, as of many other prejudices and errors. Nor have many men been seen raised by accident or industry to sudden riches, that retained less of the meanness of their former ftate.

He continued to improve his Magazine, and had the fatisfaction of seeing its success proportionate to his diligence, till in 1751 his wife died of an asthma. He seemed not at first much affected by her death, but in a few days lost his sleep and his appetite, which he never recovered; but after having lingered about two years, with many vicissitudes of amendment and relapse, fell by drinking acid liquors into a diarrhea, and afterwards into a kind of lethargic insensibility, in which one of the last acts of reason which he exerted was fondly to press the hand that is now writing this little narrative. He died on the 10th of January, 1754, having just concluded the twenty-third annual collection :

He * The determination was left to Dr. Cromwell Mortimer and Dr. Birch; and by the latter the award was made, which may be seen in Gent. Mag. vol. VI. p. 59.

Mr. Cave was buried in the church of St. James, Clerkenwell, without any epitaph; but the following inscription at Rugby, from the pen of Dr. Hawkesworth, is here transcribed from the " Anecdotes of Mr. Bowyer," p. 88.

Near this place lice

The body of

Late of this parish;
Who departed this life Nov. 18,447,
Aged 79 years.


He was a man of a large stature, not only tall but bulky, and was, when young, of remarkable strength and activity. He was generally healthful, and capable of much labour and long application; but in the latter years of his life was afflicted with the gout, which he endeavoured to cure or alleviate by a total abstinence both from strong liquors and animal food. From animal food he abstained about four years, and from strong liquors much longer; but the gout continued unconquered, perhaps unabated.

His resolution and perseverance were very uncom. mon; in whatever he undertook, neither expence nor fatigue were able to repress him: but his constancy was calm, and to those who did not know him appeared faint and languid ; but he always went forward, though he moved Nowly.


He was placed by Providence in a humble station;

Industry abundantly supplied the wants of Nature,

Temperance bleft him with

Content and Wealth.
As he was an affectionate Father,
He was made happy in the decline of life
By the deserved eminence of his eldest Son

Who without interest, fortune, or connection,

By the native force of his own genius,

Affifted only by a claffical education,
Which he received at the Grammar-school

Of this Town,
Planned, executed, and established
A literary work, called


Whereby The same chilness of mind was observable in his conversation: he was watching the minutest accent of those whom he disgusted by seeming inattention; and his visitant was surprized when he came a second time, by preparations to execute the scheme which he supposed never to have been heard.

He was, consistently with this general tranquillity of mind, a tenacious maintainer, though not a clamorous demander of his right. In his youth having fuma moned his fellow journeyinen to concert measures against the oppression of their masters, he mounted a kind of rostrum, and harangued them so efficaciously, that they determined to resist all future invasions; and when the stamp officers demanded to stamp the last half sheet of the Magazines, Mr. Cave alone defeated their claim, to which the proprietors of the rival Magazines would meanly have submitted.

Whereby he acquir'd an ample fortune,
The whole of which devolved to his family.

Here also lies
The body of WILLIAM CAVE,
Second Son of the said Joseph CAVE,
Who died May 2, 1757, aged 62 years ;
And who, having survived his elder brother

Inherited from him a competent estate;

And, in gratitude to his benefactor,
Ordered this monument to perpetuate his memory
He liv'd a Patriarch in his numerous race,
And shew'd in charity a Chriftian's grace:
Whate'er a friend or parent feels, he knews
His hand was open, and his heart was true;
In what he gain’d and gave, he taught mankind,
A grateful always is a generous mind.
Here reft his clay! his soul must ever rest,

Who bless'd when living, dying must be blest.
Vol. IV.




He was a friend rather easy and constant, than zea. lous and active; yet many instances might be given, where both his money and his diligence were employed liberally for others. His enmity was in like manner cool and deliberate; but though cool, it was not insidious, and though deliberate, not pertinacious.

His mental faculties were flow. He saw little at a time, but that little he saw with great exactness. He was long in finding the right, but seldom failed to find it at last. His affections were not easily gained, and his opinions not quickly discovered. His reserve, as it might hide his faults, concealed his virtues: but such he was, as they who best knew him have most lamented.



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HARLES FREDERICK the present king of Prussia, whose actions and

designs now keep Europe in attention, is the eldest son of Frederick William by Sophia Dorothea, daughter of George the first, king of England. He was born January 24, 1711-12. Of his early years nothing remarkable has been transmitted to us. As he advanced towards man. hood, he became remarkable by his disagreement with his father.

The late king of Prussia was of a disposition violent and arbitrary, of narrow views, and vehement passions, earnestly engaged in little pursuits, or in schemes terminating in some speedy consequence, without any plan of lasting advantage to himself or his subjects, or any prospect of distant events, He was therefore always busy though no effects of his activity ever appeared, and always eager though he had nothing to gain. His behaviour was to the last degree rough and savage. The least provocation, whether designed or • First printed in the Literary Magazine for 1756. Mm 2


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