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MERCHANTS' MAGAZINE

COMMEBCIAL REYIEW.

CONDUCTED BY FREEMAN HUNT, A.M.,

IK Or Til MW YORK CHAMBER or COMMEECE; COKREIPON[UNO MEMBER Ot THR AMIR1CAE
AID LONDON STATISTICAL SOCIETIES; MEMBER OF TBI NEW TORE HISTORICAL SOCIETY;
HONORARY MEMBER or THE MERCANTILE LIBEAEY ASBOCIATIOES OF >IW
YORK, PHILADELPHIA, BOSTON,BALTIMORE, LOUISVILLE,
CHARLESTON, AND CINCINNATI, ETC.

VOLUME THIRTY-ONE.

FROM JULY TO DECEMBER INCLUSIVE, 1854.

IS cm fljork:

PUBLISHED AT 142 FULTON-STREET.
1854.

CONTRIBUTORS

TO THE THIRTY-FIRST VOLUME OF THB

MERCHANTS'MAGAZINE AND COMMERCIAL REVIEW.

G. M. Bell, Esq., Secretary of the London Bank of Australia, etc.

Hon. George S. Boutwell, late Governor of Massachusetts.

John P. Brown, Esq., of the United States Legation at Constantinople.

Henry C. Carey, Esq., author of several works on Political Economy, Banking,

etc., etc., of New Jersey. J. H. Gibbon, M. D., of the United States Branch Mint, North Carolina. Enoch Hale, Jr., Esq., of Massachusetts. Rev. D. F. Huntingdon, of Massachusetts. D. R. Jaqces, Esq., of the New York bar. D. T. Leech, Esq., of the Post-Office Department, Washington. William J. Mcalhne, Esq., late Chief Engineer, etc., of the State of New York. C. F. Mccay, Professor in the College of South Carolina. Dexter F. Parker, Esq., of Massachusetts. John L. Peyton, Esq., of Illinois.

Gerard Ralston, Esq., late Viee-Presidont of the American Colonization

Society.
J. W. Scott, Esq., of Ohio.
Matthew Hale Smith, Esq., of the Boston bar.
Benjamin G. Smith, Esq., Printer, of New York.
Richard Smith, Esq., Editor-of the Cincinnati Price Current, etc.
John Miltoji Stearns, Esq., of New York. r '■ >

Richard Sulley, Esq., of Indiana.
M. De Tegoborski, of New York.

Hon. George Tucker, late Professor of Moral Philosophy and Political Econ-
omy in the University of Virginia, author of the Life of Jefferson, etc.
Amasa Walker, late Secretary of State in Massachusetts.
J. B. Wickersham, Esq., of New York.

Freeman Hunt, Editor and Proprietor. ■ i ■,' ,. i,''

INDEX TO VOLUME XXXI,

FROM JULY TO DECEMBER INCLUSIVE, 1854.

A. HOI

Acorn and chicory coffee 774

Act, inspection, of Maryland 110

"now British stamp 730

•• relating to circulation of bank notes in

Ohio 617

u relating to auctioneers in Minnesota 739

Africa, compound interest in 331

Agriculture, statistics of.

128, 253, 371, 504, 640, 750

"in Germany 128

* in Massachusetts, products of... 255

u the profits and wastes of. 692

Agricultural productions in California.. 129, 373

M exports of United States 105

>■ ana commercial value of railrMs 508

Alabama, finances of 427

Albany, prices of wheat at, for 61 years 109

Alcohol Irom pea-pods 514

u per cenuigo of, and wines 292

Alcoholic liquors, Ohio law, on adulterat'n of 233

Algiers, product of French colonies in 701

Amazon, the Held of the 39-56

American lake cities, our 404

u stocks held by foreigners. 102

** Commerce, adventurous spirit of. 771
Animal products exported from U. States... 109

Anthracite burning locomotive 635

Antwerp, in Belgium, account of 558

Atlantic and Pacific ports, transportation or

merchandise between 373

Atmospheric telegraphs for carrying p'kages 20(1
Auctioneers in Minnesota, act relating to.... 739

Australia, what to export to 393

* product or gold in 231

u ships from London to 107

** American commerce enterprise in 747

Australian gold, Essay of 347

Autobiography, a mercantile 414

B.

Baltimore, guano Inspection law for. 232

u inspection of flour and meal at... 746

Bank-note counterfeits, how to prevent 495

i stocks of the States held by foreigners. 104

taxation In Ohio 231

and railroad stocka 732

of England, bullion in 728

ti of Wisconsin, condition of. July, 1854. 349
of Conn, the condition for 18 years... 621
in Massachusetts, large dividends of.. 614
of New Orleans, condition of 351, 492, 729

of Ohio, condition of 91

In U. S., condition of, 1850-4 95, 99

of Illinois, condition of 94

Boston returns and law 97

New York city, monthly,

83, 210, 335, 461, 592, 717

in Massachusetts, condition of 229

capital and dividends or N. York city. 225
in Connecticut, act regulating

Belgian railroads, earnings and expendlt. or. 748

Bills of exchange, lost. 455

Blindness, ten years mercantile 650

Bonds of merchants in China trade canceled 741
Book trade, notices of new books, etc.,

139, 267, 395, 523, 651, 777

Borneo, treaty between U. Stales and 610

Boston, finances of, in 1854 622

"bank capital and dividends 612

« & Worcester Railr'd, full statistics or. 500

"banks, condition of 494

"bank returns and law 97

"banks, weekly statements,

83, 210, 336, 461, 592. 718
"duties collected at, rrom 1838 to 1853. 107

u business facilities of 391

"and New York, tonnage compared... 36U
» Ii I,owell Railr'd, historical notice of. 754

"expenditures of, 1853-54 733

Breadstuff's, Imports into Great Britain of 106

British steam and sail marine, Increase of... 503

"new, stamp act 730

« mail packets, letters by tho 742

Brooklyn city railroads, 249

Broom corn, the production of 759

Buffalo Board of Trade on measurement or

grain 353

Business success, the elements or 56-62

"the charm or life 61

u endurance 59

w how to commence 770

liabilities..

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u nr S. Carolina, condition of 488, 620

Banking law, free, of New York 584

B * Kjournalcr.... 91,316,344, 488,612, 726

« and currency, essay on 188

u house at San Francisco. 237

Bargaining by pantomine. 137

Barley, the production of '*»

California gold product.

>• gold mines, futuro or

market, preserved meats for

finances of

agricultural productions

history of the discovery of gold in

banking-house, a.

mining districts of.

commercial importance of.

"gold product

Camel market

Camphor or Commerce

Canada, minerals of.

r" reciprocity treaty in

Canadian wheat crop in 1854

Canal Statistics 117, 247, 374, 496, 629,

"boats, unloading

1' and river improvements, western ....
"length of navigation in New York ....
Cnnnls and other public works of New York,
123, 227, 374, 490, 629.
« rates of transportation on railrMs and
« or New York, business or, in 1853...
M "trade upon, in 1853....

Candles, manufacture of mineral

Canvas and cordage of cotton

Capital does not always help a placo

Carriers, common, action against

« bysea

Cedar Keys, Florida, light-house at

Census, cost of taking tho several U. States.

>' of U. 8. for 1850, full statistics of

u legislation of U. States, 1790 to 1850.

** of Sandwich Islands

Certificates of stock, suggestions relating to.

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PAOI

Charleston, condition of banks of, 1853-54.. 345

"maritime progress of. 359

"trade of, in flour 264

« export of cotton, rice, Ace, from. 605

Charter party 328

Chicago, real and personal property of 726

Chili, exports and Imports of 167

China trade, bonds or merchants in, canceled 741

j mercantile operations. 301

trade & commerce of, In 1854.... 544
statistics of trade Ac commerce of. 601
** condition of free b'k currency at. 615
u money fc exchange market in '54. 615

CiUea, our American lake 403

Clearing-house, New York, business at 228

Clerk's Bible, the 13/

Clolh, manufacture of fell 645

Coal mines, Turkish 388

« fields of the world 386

"analysis of sevornl kinds. 259

M trade of Pennsylvania. 258

u region of Maryland 516

"and the coal trade 515

u how to dig anthracite 646

u fields, mines, and trade 765

Coast lines, length of navigation on 248

Coffee, discovery of 374

"and tea trade 135

"asparagUB Beed a substitute for 509

"acorn and chicory.. 774

Coin counting process, a curious. 622

Coinage and deposits at U. States Mint,

84,211, 338, 462, 593, 718
u a uniform, for commercial nations.. 63

Collins steamers, quick passages of 251

"mall steamers, expenses of. 504

Collision of ships at sea, rules to prevent.... 366

u —maritime law 712

Comer's steel pens, an excellent article 389

Commerce of New Orleans, 1854, with full

statistics 440

of the United States, history of,

159, 275,531, 659
"of Gloucester, Massachussetts... 110

"Is King 136

« sail and steam 19-38

» of Russia with the IT. States 575

** American, adventurous spirit of. 771

« of the Crimea 701

** of each State and Territory 741

** of our cities, comparative 743

"of 8sn Francieco in 1853 745

Commercial importance of Liberia 200

Regulations,

110,232, 352, 469,607, 737
*• view of Russo-Turkish question 147
"Statistics. 105. 236, 355, 475, 600, 743
N Chronicle snd Review,

81, 207, 333, 454, 589, 716
"and industrial cities of Europe. 558

** enterprise of Salem 772

"enterprise, Iceland a field for... 776

« Importance of California 769

Commissions on business at San Francisco.. Ill

Compensation, law of 520

Composition for sheathing ships 132

Connecticut, act regulating banks in 235

** statistics of railroads of. 249

« condition of b'ks of, for 18 )*rs. 621

** value of taxable property in... 619

Contract, performance of 74

Contracts—sale and delivery 714

Corn, Import Into U. Kingdom of 301

w exchange association at Philadelphia,

regulations of. 352

M measure of European and other ports. 760

Cotton culture In India. 507

** received at Vicksburg, by railroad... 636

"buyers and sellers, an item lor 265

w market. New York,

89,217,343,467,599, 725
H manufactures intuited States 133

PAftft

Cotton and linen, tanning 963

"growth of, In India 371

"falsely packed 456

"canvsB and cotton cordage.... 389

"exportBof, from New Orleans 477

« manufactories In the South and West 384

"trade 707

Counterfeits, how to prevent bank-note 495

Counterfeiting trade marks 79

Credit in Paris 775

Creditors' bills not superseded 204

Crimea, commerce of 701

Cuba, population of. 511

Cumberland cool trade from 1842 to 1853 515

Currency, Journal of... 91, 216, 344, 488, 612, 726

u Macuquino, at Porto Rico 119

"and banking, essay on 188

"new Canadian 496

** of Switzerland 220

"Norway and Sweden 683

Customs fees at St. Helena. 613

».

Danish sound dues, their history, 4tc 435

Debt, national, of France 230

** public of United States 91

Debts and debtors 732

Denmark, sound tolls of. 235

Detroit, progress of population In 512

Devaar light-house 245

Dloecorea Japonica a substitute for potatoes. 509

Dividends of banks in Massachusetts 348

"of railroads In Massachusetts 378

Dry goods, a short chapter on 389

Drug store, sample clerk In a 775

Duties remitted by Groat Britain. 234

E.

Earnings and Expenses of Belgian Railroads 748

Eggs, product of in Ireland 373

Elements of business success 56-62

Emigrant!;', arrival of Irish, at Liverpool .... 368

Emigration and the marine hospital 738

Employers and Employed, hint to both 265

Engineers' railroad clocks 636

England, debts and debtors in 733

"farms and farmers In 761

14 progress of import & exp't trade of 600
"prices of grain in, from 1802 to 1853 108
"national debt of, from 1801 to 1853. 492

"taxation in 494

"trado and gold supplies of. 728

u trade with Russia 521

Everett, Edward, letter to Freeman limit... 263

Exchange, domestic, rates of 9G, 346

"rates of, at Cincinnati in 1853-4.. 616

Exchanges, foreign, essay on 320

Export of produce & raanuf, from N. Orleans 745>
y.TporiSy <$c, see "Com. Chron. aud Review,
each month; also name of place, 4c c.

F.

Falkland islands-Port William 763

Farming, is it profitable t 509

Feather and hair trade of Now York 393

Field of tbo Amazon, the 39-56

Finance, journal of... 91, 216, 344, 488, 612,726
Fiuances of the States of the Union, 18,">3-54. 420

Financiers, a sermon for 565

Fire Insurance for firemen 363

Fisheries, the, uud reciprocity treaty 607

Flax, Venezuelan tarifJ on 354

Flour aud meal, inspection of, at Baltimore. 746

Flour, trade of Charleston, S. C, in 264

Flour trade, Virginia, in 1853-54 601*

Foreign population of United Slates 512

"exchanges, Bell's essay on 320

France, national debt of 230

"postage in 742

Free bauka in Indiana, &c 490

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