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acre agricultural amount animals annual apples applied attention average awarded barley become breed bushels butter called cattle cause cent character cheese committee common condition contains corn cows crops cultivation culture dairy deep diploma early exhibition expense experience fact fair farm farmers field five four fruit give grain ground grow half hand held horses important improvement inches increase interest John keep kind knowledge labor land less manufacture manure matter means meeting milk natural officers past pears plant plowing portion potatoes practical premium present President produce profit quantity raised received remarks rich roots schools season Secretary seed sheep Society soil sowing spring substances success tion town Transactions trees valuable varieties various wheat whole winter yield
Էջ 153 - It will not be doubted, that with reference either to individual or national welfare, agriculture is of primary importance. In proportion as nations advance in population, and other circumstances of maturity, this truth becomes more apparent ; and renders the cultivation of the soil more and more an object of public patronage. Institutions for promoting it, grow up supported by the public purse : And to what object can it be dedicated with greater propriety...
Էջ 153 - ... charged with collecting and diffusing information, and enabled by premiums, and small pecuniary aids, to encourage and assist a spirit of discovery and improvement. This species of establishment contributes doubly to the increase of improvement, by stimulating to enterprise and experiment, and by drawing to a common centre the results everywhere of individual skill and observation, and spreading them thence over the whole nation. Experience accordingly has shown, that they are very cheap instruments...
Էջ 304 - Firmness and docility of temper greatly enhance the value of a milch cow : one that is quiet and contented feeds at her ease, does not break over fences, or injure other cattle, so much as those that are of a turbulent cast. To render them docile, they ought to be gently treated, frequently handled when young, and never hunted with dogs, beat, or frightened. A moderate degree of hardiness, life, and spirits, with a sound constitution, are desirable qualities in a dairy stock, and all these are 'found...
Էջ xviii - Its object shall be to improve the condition of agriculture, the rural household and mechanic arts. Section 1. The society shall consist of such citizens of the state as shall signify in writing their wish to become members and shall pay, on subscribing, not less than one dollar and annually thereafter one dollar; and also of honorary and corresponding members. The presidents of...
Էջ 308 - England, which has been a dairy region from the earliest period of English history, and bones and bone-dust have been long used there as indispensably necessary to restore the waste made by the animals fed upon the pastures. The following extract from an article in the Edinburgh Review, in relation to Cheshire, shows more particularly the result : " Dairy husbandry has long prevailed in Cheshire. Now it has been ascertained that every milch cow robs the land annually of as much phosphate of lime...
Էջ 290 - No other grain, in fact, except rice, is so extensively cultivated. Its flexibility of organization makes it very easy of adaptation to climate and soil. Though it prefers moist and rich soils with strong heats, there are varieties of it which can be raised in tropical climates at a height of more than nine thousand feet above the level of the sea.
Էջ 286 - It is no longer doubted among botanists, that maize, or Turkey corn, is a true American grain, and that the old continent received ic from the new.
Էջ 303 - Holland, and others have ascribed to them an English origin. I have no doubt but a tinge of foreign blood may have come into their veins ; but I am confident that the breed is chiefly indigenous, and that the principal improvement upon that breed has been by better feeding and treatment. The Earl of Marchmont, about the year 1750, purchased from the Bishop of Durham several cows and a bull of the Teeswater, or some other English breed of the same brown color, into which the dairy stock of Ayrshire...
Էջ 304 - ... deep, and pelvis capacious, and wide over the hips, with round fleshy buttocks.* Tail long and small ; legs small and short, with firm joints; udder capacious, broad and square, stretching forward, and neither fleshy, low hung nor loose ; the...