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The general mode of instruction is by study of, and close questioning on, the best text books, with comment, explanation, and supplementary oral instruction; with lectures for the more advanced students. In the Scientific schools opportunity is given to closely watch, and as much as possible, aid in the processes for illustration. A rigid system of marks in all studies, promptly rendered to parents each month, proves a great stimulus to exertion.


Most of the Professors eat at the same table and lodge in the same house with the students, thus not only preventing the neglect of their health and comfort which so often occurs, but being brought into close and friendly contact with them, checking indiscretions which might otherwise grow into disorder, and exercising a wholesome influence upon their moral and intellectual growth.

Board is provided by the College. The sum of $225 pays the board, lodging, washing, fuel and lights. The supplies for the table, drawn from the farm, garden, orchard and dairy, and the well-warmed and well-lighted rooms, with other liberal appointments, give the students a degree of healthful comfort very rarely seen in schools.

The charge for tuition is $75 per annum, half at the beginning and half at the middle of the school session.

Sixty free scholarships, open only to citizens of Maryland, are provided for by the State's annual appropriation.


The following is the return, with remarks, made to the Legislature of Maryland by the Superintendent of Public Instruction, (Rev. L. Van Bokkelen, LL. D.,) in his Report for 1867:

"The Agricultural College, of which I am, ex-officio, a Trustee, is thoroughly. reorganized and has an able Faculty. To enable this important institution to accomplish its special work, an appropriation for farm buildings and apparatus is needed. With such addition to its facilities and the income from the United States land-grant, making the annual revenue over $12,000, there will be ample means for accomplishing the purposes of the institution which have not been thus far obtained.

STATISTICS FOR 1867.-State donation, $6,000. Salaries of Professors, $10,000. Students, 11. Tuition per annum, $75. Board per month, $22.50. Value of Property, $90,000. Volumes in Library, $1,600. Value of Apparatus, $500. Acres of land, 283. The College and agricultural equipments, the value of which is not estimated. During the year 1868, the College will have an additional annual revenue of $6,000 from sale of United States land-scrip."


1854. Address to the citizens of Maryland on an Experimental Farm and College of Agriculture. Memorial of the State Agricultural Society to the Congress of the United States for a National Agricultural Institution.

1858. Report of Register, with Act of Incorporation, List of Officers, and Names of Subscribers. 24 pages.

1859. First Circular of Maryland Agricultural College.

1864. Report of Trustees to Legislature of Maryland. 16 pages.

1865. Catalogue of Maryland Agricultural College for 1865-66. 16 pages.





IN New Hampshire the proceeds arising from the sale of 150,000 acres of scrip, assigned to the State, were appropriated by an act approved July 7, 1866, to the "New Hampshire College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts," to be established in connection with Dartmouth College at Hanover.

The scrip was sold prior to December 1867, for the sum of eighty thousand dollars, that is at the price of fifty-three and one fifth cents per acre, and the proceeds invested in six per cent. state bonds. The trustees of the institution are nine in number, five of them appointed by the Governor and Council and four by the Trustees of Dartmouth College. In consideration of this arrangement and the establishment of the college at Hanover, Dartmouth College furnishes the use of an experimental farm, the requisite buildings, and the libraries and apparatus, &c. This connection with the college may be terminated, on notice of one year, given by either party in the month of July 1874, or at any time after the termination of fourteen years from the beginning of the connection. A contract, embodying these provisions, has been signed by the two bodies of Trustees, but there are still some details to be settled, which delay the opening of the school.

The first meeting of the Board, for organization and the transaction of business, was held in the city of Concord, on the 28th of September, 1866. The Governor and Council had appointed the five following trustees: Hon. John D. Lyman, of Farmington, Joseph B. Walker, Esq., of Concord, William P. Wheeler, Esq., of Keene, John B. Clark, Esq., of Manchester, and Chester C. Hutchins, Esq., of Bath. The Trustees of Dartmouth College had appointed, on their part, Rev. Asa D. Smith, D. D., His Excellency, Frederick Smyth, Hon. Ira A. Eastman, and Hon. Anthony Colby. The Hon. Ira A. Eastman, however, declined to serve. The Board organized by electing the Rev. Asa D. Smith, D. D., as President, Joseph B. Walker, Esq., as Secretary, and His Excellency, Frederick Smith, as Treasurer. They have since appointed an Executive Committee, consisting of the President, Hon. John D. Lyman, and William P. Wheeler, Esq.

The trustees have announced that the instruction will be comprehensive of the various branches of applied science, and will extend through a course of four years duration. The requisites of admission will be "a mastery of the branches usually taught in our Common Schools." Twelve students, one from each senatorial district will receive gratuitous instruction. A report of these preliminary arrangements, including a copy of the contract between the two colleges was published in June 1867. (Concord, 12 pp., 8vo.)

In addition to the ordinary resources of a New England College, Dartmouth was able to offer for the basis of the national school of science, the advantages of the "Chandler Scientific Department," and of the "Thayer School of Architecture and Civil Engineering," and of a prospective agricultural bequest.

THE CHANDLER SCIENTIFIC DEPARTMENT was established by a resolution of the Trustees, in acceptance of the sum of fifty thousand dollars, bequeathed to them in trust by ABIEL CHANDLER, Esq., late of Walpole, and formerly of Boston, Mass. Mr. Chandler gives and devises the above sum to the Trustees of the College, "to carefully and prudently invest or fund the principal sum, and faithfully apply and appropriate the income and interest thereof for the establishment and support of a permanent department, or school of instruction, in the College, in the practical and useful arts of life, comprised chiefly in the branches of Mechanics and Civil Engineering, the Invention and Manufacture of Machinery, Carpentry, Masonry, Architecture and Drawing, the Investigation of the Properties and Uses of the Materials employed in the Arts, the Modern Languages and English Literature, together with Book-keeping, and such other branches of knowledge as may best qualify young persons for the duties and employments of active life."

Under this provision of this bequest, the Chandler Scientific Department was established in 1856, and a course of scientific instruction has since been maintained, with opportunities of laboratory practice.

The THAYER SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE AND CIVIL ENGINEERING is established on a donation of $40,000, tendered to the Trustees, and accepted by them at their last meeting, by GEN. SYLVANUS THAYER, of Braintree, Mass., and the real organizer of the United States Military Academy at West Point. This munificence had its origin not merely in a regard, on the part of the venerable donor, for his Alma Mater, but in a foresight of the large demand for high attainments in this particular line, which the unfolding material resources of our Country are sure to make; and in a conviction that an increasing nubmer of our young men are disposed to select it as their profession. The Department is to be essentially, though not formally, post-graduate. The requisites for admission will, in some leading branches-particularly in Mathematics-embrace not less, and probably more, than the usual College curriculum. The course of study is to be of the highest order, passing beyond what is possible in Institutions for general culture, and is designed to prepare the capable and faithful student for the most responsible positions and the most difficult service. It will extend through at least two years, each divided into a Winter and Summer Term, and a portion of the latter being given to out-door practice. Temporary employment in Civil Engineering will occasionally be permitted, such as will conduce to the student's improvement, while it will be more or less remunerative. In the arrangement of details, reference will be had to the best methods, both in this country and in Europe. A suitable diploma will be given, on satisfactory examination, to those who complete the course.



VERMONT was entitled to five portions, or 150,000 acres in scrip. By an act of the Legislature, in 1864, the Vermont Agricultural College was established but by subsequent legislation this new institution was incorporated with the University of Vermont at Burlington, founded in 1791, and a plan was matured by which the Colleges at Middlebury and at Norwich might also become members of the State University. At present only the two first named institutions have been united. The first meeting of the Trustees was held Nov. 20, 1865, and on the 18th of July following, James B. Angell of Providence, was elected President.


The Faculty of the entire University is as follows:

JAMES BURRILL ANGELL, A. M., President; Rev. JOSEPH TORREY, D. D., Professor of Moral and Intellectual Philosophy; Samuel White ThAYER, M. D., Professor of General and Special Anatomy; WALTER CARPENTER, M. D., Professor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine and Materia Medica; Rev. McKENDREE PETTY, A. M., Williams Professor of Mathematics; LEONARD MARSH, A. M., M. D., Professor of Vegetable and Animal Physiology; JOSEPH PERKINS, M. D., Professor of Obstétrics and Diseases of Women and Children; MATTHEW HENRY BUCKHAM, A. M., Professor of the Greek Language and Literature, and Professor pro tempore of English Literature; HENRY M. SHELLEY, M. D., Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology; CHARLES WHEELER THOMPSON, A. M., Professor pro tempore of Latin; JOHN ORDRONAUX, M. D., LL. B., Professor of Physiology, Pathology and Medical Jurisprudence; ALPHEUS BENNING CROSBY, M. D., Professor of Principles and Practice of Surgery; ELI WHITNEY BLAKE, Jr., A. B., Professor pro tempore of Chemistry and Physics; JAMES HARVEY HILLS, Instructor in Drawing.


The Scientific Department of the College is organized on the following basis. Instruction will be provided

I. For students who wish to pursue a course of three years in Analytical and Agricultural Chemistry, or in Civil Engineering, or in Mining and Metallurgy, and to become candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Science. By a four years' study, hereafter described, Bachelors of Science may attain to the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy.

II. For students who do not desire to take a full course of three years, or of four years, but wish to pursue certain portions of the course.

III. For young men who desire to obtain such instruction as can be furnished them by a course of lectures specially adapted to the wants of agriculturists, and to be given in February and March.


Applicants for admission to the Agricultural College must be at least fifteen years of age, and must bring satisfactory testimonials of good character, and be able to sustain an examination in all the parts of a common school education, and particularly in English Grammar, Geography, Arithmetic, and Algebra as far as Quadratic Equations.


The courses marked out for the candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Science occupy three years, and those for the candidates for the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy occupy four years. During the first year all the students pursue the same course. At the beginning of the second year they will select one of three prescribed courses for the following year, and will not be allowed to change from one course to another except by special permission of the Faculty. Examinations will be held in the same manner as in the Academic course.


For all Sections.

First Term.-Algebra; Chemistry; Free Drawing; Book-keeping.
Second Term.-Geometry; Chemistry; French.

Third Term.-Geometry; Chemistry; French.

English, Compositions and Declamations through the year.

Section of Analytical and Agricultural Chemistry.


Chemistry-Laboratory Practice, Applications to Agriculture, Analyses of Soils, Relations of Soils to Vegetable Productions, etc., etc. MathematicsTrigonometry, Analytical Geometry. Mineralogy. Vegetable Anatomy and Physiology, including Botany, Forestry, etc.; Animal Anatomy and Physiology, Habits of Domestic Animals, Insects injurious to Vegetation, etc. Geology. English, Composition and Drawing. Advanced French (elective.)


Chemistry-Laboratory Practice, Mineral Analyses, etc. German, through the year. Mechanics, Optics, Astronomy. Physical Geography, Metallurgy. English, Compositions. Drawing.

Engineering Section.

(First Year-see above.)


Mathematics-Trigonometry, Descriptive Geometry, Calculus.


through the year. Field Engineering; Drawing, Topographical, Mechanical and Architectural. Mineralogy, Geology. English, Compositions. Advanced French (elective) two or three times a week.


Mechanics, Optics, Astronomy. Mechanics applied to Engineering. Physical Geography, Metallurgy. Drawing. English, Compositions.

Section of Mining and Metallurgy.

(First Year-see above.)


Mathematics-Trigonometry, Descriptive Geometry. Mineralogy. German, through the year. Drawing-Mechanical and Architectural. Vegetable and Animal Physiology, (see section of Analyt. and Agr. Chemistry.) English, Compositions.

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