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All other students shall constitute the second class. They shall be required to labor, without compensation, not less than two hours a day, for five days in the week, in the Ornamental and Experimental Grounds and Gardens, for the purpose of physical exercise and practical instruction. During the hours of labor this class of students shall be under the exclusive control of the Superintendent of the Grounds and Gardens, and shall be arranged into as many sections, and shall labor at such hours, as the Faculty may deem proper.

During the winter months, active labor may be suspended, in whole or in part, by the Faculty, upon the recommendation of the Superintendents.


All rooms upon the Estate, which are set apart as dormitories, are reserved for State students. Those upon "Ashland" will be assigned to students of the first class under the labor system. Those at "Woodlands" will be assigned to students of the second class, under that system.


The special Faculty consists of Prof. JOHN A. WILLIAMS, Presiding officer, and Professor of Mental and Moral Philosophy, and the following Professors:

HENRY H. WHITE, in Mathematics and Astronomy.

ROBERT PETER, in Chemistry and Experimental Philosophy.
JAMES K. PATTERSON, in Latin, Political Economy and History.
ALEXANDER WINCHELL, in Geology and Natural History.
JOSEPH D. PICKETT, in English Language and Literature.

WILLIAM E. ARNOLD, in Military Tactics.

Six Instructors, a Farm Superintendent, and two Stewards, are also employed.


The number of students enrolled during the session of 1866-7, was 190.


Libraries.-There are Law, Medical and Miscellaneous Libraries belonging to the University, which comprise about 15,000 volumes, open to all students. Museums.-The University Museums contain many valuable collections illustrative of the various departments of Natural History and the Sciences. The Anatomical Museum, is very large, and was secured originally at great cost. Apparatus.-There is a large collection of valuable Chemical, Philosophical, and Astronomical Apparatus, besides a good Laboratory belonging to the University, ample for the present purposes of illustration and instruction.


Three hundred State students may be received gratuitously; all others pay $30 per session of nine months.


The report of the Regent, (John B. Bowman,) dated June 26, 1867, is printed with the Catalogue of the University for 1867. Lexington, 8vo., 104 pp




By an act of the Legislature passed in 186, the California share in the National grant was directed to the establishment of a new institution, (the site of which is still undetermined,) to be known as the Agricultural, Mining and Mechanical Arts College.

From unofficial sources, we learn that the Trustees of the "College of California," established at Oakland, (across the bay from San Francisco,) have offered to the Trustees of the "Agricultural, Mining and Mechanical Arts College," a site of land, well adapted to the proposed institution, provided that it shall be located there; and in addition they have offered to give up their own charter, and pass over to the State, their buildings, collections, and all other property, provided that on this foundation and at this place the State shall found the "University of California," bestowing upon it the National scientific school grant, the College of California property, and the State University land-grant. If this plan can be successfully carried out, the prospects of higher education in California will be most encouraging.

The National grant for industrial education amounts to one hundred and fifty thousand acres of land. Previously, (by an act approved March 3, 1853,) Congress had granted to California, seventy-two sections, or forty-six thousand and eighty acres of land for the use of a "Seminary of Learning," the proceeds of which are known as the "Seminary fund." The valuation of the Oakland property is unknown to us.

In 1864, Prof. J. D. Whitney, the State Geologist, John Swett, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and J. F. Houghton, Surveyor General, a Board of Commissioners especially designated for this purpose by the Legislature, presented a report to His Excellency F. F. Low, Governor of the State, on the establishment of a State University. In this document, which is attributed to the pen of Prof. J. D. Whitney, the concentration of the Industrial School landgrant and the Seminary fund, in one institution, was forcibly advocated, and the importance of organizing at first a school of Practical Science, was clearly set forth. The following propositions were laid down:

"First-That there is no provision in the Congressional Acts granting lands to the State, and nothing in the Constitution of the State itself, which particularly defines the character of the proposed institution, and that therefore the Legislature is free to act in the matter within very wide limits.

Second-That the interests of the State require the consolidation of the proceeds of the grants of land for a University and for an Agricultural and Mechanical School, so that both these shall be parts of one institution.

Third That it is not advisable, at least for the present, to organize a Collegiate Department in connection with the proposed institution.

Fourth-That the institution required by the State, and which will be best adapted to the wants of the people of the Pacific coast, in a School of Practical Science, or a Polytechnic School, meaning thereby an institution where the elements of the Exact and Natural Sciences will be taught, and their practical application to the wants of everyday life, as to mechanics, mining, manufacturing, and agriculture.

Fifth-That the collections of the State Geological Survey should be eventually made over to the State University or Polytechnic School, or this institution, organized for the purposes of higher education, in accordance with the Constitution of the State, whatever its name may be; that the interests of the State demand that these collections should be placed in a fire-proof building, which may be called the "State Museum," where they will be accessible for the purposes of instruction, not only to the student, but to the general public; and that for that purpose a Board of Commissioners should be appointed to take the matter in hand, select a suitable location, and erect a building, from funds to be drawn from the State Treasury and other sources, as will be explained further on, and that this Board should also report to the next Legislature a plan for organizing and setting in motion a State Polytechnic School.

"The following reasons have led to the recommendation of San Francisco as the point where the proposed University should be established.

First-It is the most populous city of the Pacific coast. The number of its inhabitants is probably now over one hundred thousand-a number at least five times as great as that of any other city this side of the Rocky Mountains. This concentration of population at San Francisco is still going on, and will undoubtedly continue for an indefinite period, as this city has natural advantages which no other point on the Pacific coast can show. It is and must remain the commercial and manufacturing emporium of the North Pacific coast of America, and however great the fluctuations in the prosperity of the State of California may be, the march of this city will be onward, since the whole region from Mexico to British Columbia contributes to its support.

Second-It is the most central point of the State. One-third, at least, and probably as many as two-fifths of the population of the State lives in the immediate vicinity of the Bay of San Francisco. By its system of river and bay steamers, it connects together Northern, Southern, and Central California; it is the point where all persons coming from abroad by sea must land, and from which radiate lines of communication in all directions towards the interior. A much larger proportion of the population of the State visit San Francisco than any other point. But:

Third-It is by far, and out of all proportion, the wealthiest city in the State. One-third of the taxes which support the State Government is collected at San Francisco, and if the present rate of increase continues, as there is every reason to believe it will, this city will soon be paying one-half the expenses of the State.

Fourth-The climate of San Francisco is equable, bracing, and healthy, and is better fitted for sustained study and vigorous intellectual effort than that of any other part of the State."





MAINE was entitled to 210,000 acres in scrip. Having accepted the grant, the Legislature established (Feb. 25, 1865) the State College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, leaving the site to be determined by the Trustees. In 1866, 193,600 acres of scrip had been sold at a little more than fifty-three cents per acre. Thus the sum of $102,759 was realized, which was invested in bonds of the State of Maine, amounting to $104,500. This sum will be increased by the sale of the remaining 16,320 acres.

Sixteen Trustees were originally appointed by the Legislature, one from each county, and Hon. Hannibal Hamlin was made the first President of the Board. He was succeeded by Hon. W. A. P. Dillingham. In January, 1867, the Trustees voted to request the Legislature to reduce this number to five or seven.

In January, 1866, the Trustees determined to establish the College in the town of Orono, upon land which was offered to them by the towns of Orono and Oldtown. The place selected is on the White and Goddard farms, a large and valuable estate of about three hundred and seventy acres, possessing high natural productiveness, sufficient diversity of soil for the various experimental purposes of an agricultural school, and having a fine frontage on the Penobscot river, while the rear of the farm is rich in an extensive tract of forest.

The site of the College is one of the most attractive in the State to a mind that appreciates natural beauty. It is one mile from the village of Orono with its churches, schools, stores, bank and vast water-power which furnishes a basis for manufacturing industry of various forms, and will be made tributary, no doubt, to the growth and success of the mechanical department of the College. Seven miles from Orono is the city of Bangor, already noted for its shipbuilding interest and commerce, as well as for its interior trade and extensive lumbering operations.

When the department of marine architecture in the College shall have been established, the Bangor ship-yards will furnish the students with practical illustrations in every branch of the business.

In addition to the gift of a site, the Trustees have received from the citizens of Bangor, the sum of $14,000 in cash. Phineas Barnes of Portland, has been chosen President of the College, but for want of a building but little progress has been made in organizing the institution.

A Report on the steps thus far taken to organize the College, was presented to the Legislature in 1867, and printed. (Augusta, 24 pp., 8vo.) As a part of this document, the written suggestions of F. L. Olmsted, Landscape Architect of New York, are given in respect to the arrangement of the grounds and the construction of the building.





THE AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE in Rhode Island, provided for by the National land-grant of 1862, constitutes the Scientific Department of Brown University, which corporation has stipulated to provide a College or Department of the character contemplated by the act of Congress in order to promote the liberal and practical education of the industrial classes.

Rhode Island received scrip for 120,000 acres of land, which was very promptly accepted by the Legislature at its January session in 1863. The scrip was sold in 1866 for $50,000, (payable in five unequal installments between August, 1866, and August, 1870,) which is at the rate of forty-one and two-thirds cents per acre. At the date of the fourth annual report in reference to this fund, dated Feb. 12, 1867, $1,000 had been realized and invested in an U. S. five-twenty bond, bearing interest in gold at five per cent. per annum. The fund was appropriated to a scientific department in Brown University, at Providence. Until a much larger sum is received, no report can be made of the mode in which the income is employed. Four brief annual reports, thirteen pages in all, have been printed, addressed to the Governor of the State by the Corporation of the University. The second of these rehearses the difficulties which were encountered in an effort to locate for the College the National grant within the limit of the State of Kansas.

Since the above brief statement was in type we have received the “Fifth Annual Report of the Corporation of Brown University to Governor Burnside, for the year 1867," from which the following extracts are made:

The income from the fund will be sufficient to begin to educate students under the arrangements between the State and the University, by or before the next collegiate year, Sept. 2d, 1868.

By the resolution of the General Assembly, the Senators and Representatives are constituted a Board of Commissioners to present to the Governor and Secretary of State during the January session in each year, the names of worthy young men from the several towns as candidates to be educated as State beneficiaries in Brown University, under the Agricultural College Act, and from that class of persons who otherwise would not have the means of providing themselves with the like benefits.

From the candidates so nominated, the Governor and Secretary of State, with the President of the University, are to select, on or before Commencement Day, (the first Wednesday in September,) of each year, the scholars to be educated. The department in the University to teach the branches of learning required by the Agricultural College act, has been organized, and the course of studies has been so liberally arranged as to supply the demands of a scientific and practical education for the present day; besides which all the courses of instruction given in the University are thrown open free to the students in the Agricultural department.

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