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KANSAS STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE.

MANHATTAN, RILEY COUnty.

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HISTORY.

THE KANSAS STATE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE was established February 16, 1863, on the basis of the National land-grant, and went into operation in September following.

The amount of land appropriated to Kansas, was 90,000 acres, which was located in the State by a commission who visited and inspected each quarter section. The land thus located is offered for sale at prices ranging from $3.00 to $8.00 per acre, the agent in charge being Hon. I. T. Goodnow, late Superintendent of Public Instruction. It is expected that these lands will yield an endowment of 500,000 dollars. Until the fund arising from the sale of these lands reaches the amount of $150,000, the Legislature agrees to advance an amount sufficient to pay the current expenses of the institution.

TRUSTEES.

The Trustees consist of the Governor, the Secretary of State, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the President of the College, and nine other persons appointed by the Governor and Senate, as follows, (1867-8,):

Gov. S. J. CRAWFORD, President of the Board; Hon. R. A. BARKER, Vice President; Hon. T. H. BAKER, Secretary; Judge JOHN PIPHER, Treasurer; Rev. P. McVICAR, Sup. Pub. Instruction; Rev. J. L. REASER, Rev. E. GALE, Rev. R. CORDLEY, Rev. D. EARHEART, Judge L. D. BAILEY, Hon. S. D. HousTON, Hon. I. T. GOODNOW; Rev. J. DENISON, President of the College.

LOCATION.

The College is located in the Kansas valley, near Manhattan, Riley County. It is about 115 miles west of Leavenworth, and about the same distance from Wyandotte at the mouth of the Kansas river. Its distance west from Lawrence is 80 miles, and from Topeka about 50, and it is 15 miles northeast from Ft. Riley. It stands on a beautiful eminence back of the town, running northwest and southwest. From the base of the building, but especially from its top, is a panoramic view seldom surpassed for beauty and loveliness. The beholder, facing the west, will see the valley of the Wild Cat Creek, running up to the northwest some 15 miles and skirted with undulating bluffs. Facing the east, the scene that opens to view, is made up of the thriving town of Manhattan, spread out at the Junction of the Big Blue and the Kansas rivers, and the valley of the Kansas extending far on below with its majestic bluffs and intervenjng creeks. The field of view at the left takes in a part of the valley of the Big Blue, but the conspicuous figure in front is Blue Mont, the parent of the bluffs that line the valleys of the Big Blue, and the last one the river passes ere it unites with the Kansas. A straight edge, sixty miles long, with one end laid on the top of this cone-shaped bluff and the other end on the top of the bluff nearly opposite Marysville in Marshall County, would be touched by a series

of similar bluffs running the whole distance, the most of which are truncated, though on a few the tops still remain.

Manhattan is very easy of access by railroad and otherwise. The Depot of the Union Pacific Railroad Way E. D. is about two miles from the Institution.

TUITION.

Tuition is free in all the Departments except Instrumental Music. Ladies share the privileges of the Institution equally with gentlemen. A contingent fee of three dollars a term, or nine dollars a year, is charged to meet expense of fuel, lights, sweeping, &c. In Music, for instruction on the Melodeon, $8 per term; on Piano, $10 per term. For use of Melodeon, $1; for use of Piano, $2. For use of Library, 50 cents per term.

LODGING AND BOARD.

Board at the Boarding House, (a new, ample, and well furnished stone building, in charge of Col. F. Campbell,) is furnished at $4 per week, with an additional charge of $5 per term for fuel and lights. Washing done at reasonable rates. A portion of the students board themselves at less expense.

TERMS OF ADMISSION.

1. Candidates for admission to the Freshmen Class are required to pass a satisfactory examination in English Grammar, Ancient and Modern Geography, including outlines of History and English Composition.

2. Harkness' Introductory Latin, his Latin Grammar, his Latin Reader and Latin Prose Composition, Cæsar, Sallust, Cicero's Orations, and six Books of Virgil's Æneid.

3. In Greek, Harkness' 1st Book in Greek, with Fables, Anecdotes and Mythology, Hadley's Greek Grammar, and Zenophon's Anabasis.

4. Arithmetic, Mental and Written, Robinson's Elementary Algebra entire, and four Books of Robinson's Geometry.

Candidates for admission to the Scientific course will not be examined in Greek, nor the Latin Authors after Sallust, but in all the other studies. Candidates for advanced standing will be examined in all the preceding studies pursued by the classes they enter, or their equivalent.

Those wishing to enter the Academic, or Preparatory Department, should be prepared to pass a satisfactory examination in the four fundamental rules of Arithmetic, and the Elements of English Grammar, Geography, Spelling, and Reading.

COURSES OF STUDY.

Seven courses of study are announced on the programme, of which it appears that the "Classical," and the "Preparatory," are the more thoroughly carried out. The series announced is as follows:

CLASSICAL COURSE.

AGRICULTURAL AND SCIENTIFIC COURSE.

MILITARY SCIENCE AND TACTICS.

MECHANIC ARTS AND CIVIL ENGINEERING

ACADEMIC AND PREPARATORY COURSE.

COMMERCIAL AND MERCANTILE COURSE.
NORMAL COURSE

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AGRICULTURAL AND SCIENTIFIC COURSE.

FIRST YEAR.

First Term.-Soils in their relation to Vegetation, Water, Atmosphere, and also in their relation to vegetable products. Recitations, Lectures, and Field Practice on the Farm. University Algebra, and Modern History.

Second Term.-Subsoil Plowing, Tillage, Draining, and Fertilizers. University Algebra, Natural Philosophy, (Wells, with Lectures.)

Third Term.-Botany, (Gray's.) Zoölogy, (Agassiz.) Meteorology, (Brockelsby, with Lectures.) Botanical Lectures, Excursions, and Field Instruction. Geometry, (Robinson's.)

SECOND YEAR.

First Term.-Structure and Physiology of Plants; Buildings; Fall Crops and use of Farm; Machinery, and best Farm Implements; Preservation of Seeds; Recitations, Lectures, and Field Instruction. Geometry, (Robinson's.) Logic, (Coppee's.)

Second Term.-Philosophy and care of Domestic Animals; Diseases of Cattle and Horses; Propagation and Culture of Forest Trees adapted to Hedges, and their Cultivation; Recitations, and Lectures. Trigonometry, (Robinson's.) Logic, (Coppee's.)

Third Term.-Horticulture, and Kitchen Gardening; Propagation and Training of Fruit Trees, Vines, (especially the Grape,) Small Fruits, Vegetables, Grafting; Recitations, and Lectures; Surveying, and Engineering.

THIRD YEAR.

First Term.-The Staple Grains, Forage, Root and Fibre Crops of the Northern and Middle States, with their varieties, and soils adapted to them; Insects injurious to vegetation; Origin and Natural History of Domestic Animals. Conic Sections, (Robinson's.) Mental Philosophy, (Haven's.)

Second Term.-Raising and care of Domestic Animals; Characteristics and Adaptation of Breeds; Cattle for Beef, Draft, and Dairy; Horses; Sheep; Swine; Pasturing, Soiling, and Stall Feeding; Agricultural Botany; Description of Weeds and noxious Plants; Farm Book-keeping. Chemistry, (Wells', with Lectures.) Physiology, (Hitchcock's.)

Third Term.-History of Agriculture and Sketches of Husbandry in foreign lands. Adaptation of Farming to Soil, Climate, Market, and other natural and economical conditions. Systems of Farming; Stock; Sheep; Grain, and mixed farming. Geology, (Dana's.) Moral Philosophy, (Haven's.) Political Economy, (A. Walker's.)

Agricultural, Zoological, Botanical and Geological Excursions, during the Fall and Spring terms of the second and third year, will be conducted under the guidance of the Agriculturist, or the Professor of Natural Science, and are intended to be thoroughly practical in their character.

Daily and weekly exercises in Music, Calisthenics, Composition and general Reading, the same each year as in the Classical Course.

CLASSICAL COURSE.
FRESHMEN YEAR.

First Term.-Livy, (Keightly's History of Rome.) Latin Prose Composition. University Algebra, (Robinson's.) Herodotus, (Johnson's.) Modern History, (Lord.)

Second Term.-Ovid. University Algebra, (Robinson's.) Homer's Iliad, and Greek Prose Composition, (Anthon's.) Natural Philosophy, (Wells'.)

Third Term.-Horace, (Anthon's.) Homer's Iliad. Keightly's History of Greece. Geometry, (Robinson's.) Botany, (Gray's.)

Daily exercises each term in Vocal Elements, Music and Calisthenics, and weekly exercises in Elocution and Composition.

Read Bancroft's History of the United States.

SOPHOMORE YEAR.

First Term.-Cicero de Officis de Senectute, (Anthon.) Eschines de Corona, (Felton's Lectures.) Geometry, (Robinson's.) Rhetoric, with Lectures and criticisms of English Authors in Prose and Poetry.

Second Term.-Tacitus Germania. Thucydides, and Greek Composition. Trigonometry, (Robinson's.) Logic, (Coppee's.)

Third Term.-Tacitus Agricola. Greek Tragedies, (Woolsey.) Surveying, (Robinson's.) Engineering, (Robinson's.) Zoology, (Agassiz.)

Daily exercises each Term, in Music and Calisthenics, and weekly exercises in original Declamation, and Composition.

Read Greeley's American Conflict, McCauley's History of England D'Aubigne's History of the Reformation, and Motley's Dutch Republic.

JUNIOR YEAR.

First Term.-Tacitus' Histories. Greek Tragedies, (Woolsey.) Conic Sections, (Robinson's.) Mental Philosophy, (Haven's.) Meteorology, (Brocklesby's, with Lectures.)

Second Term.-Plato; Analytical Geometry; Chemistry. Physiology, (Hitchcock's, with Lectures.)

Third Term.-Moral Philosophy, (Haven's.) Calculus, (Robinson's.) Chemistry, (Wells', with Lectures.) Acoustics, and Optics.

Provision will be made as soon as possible for instruction in the German, French and Spanish Languages.

Daily and weekly exercises in Elocution, Declamation and Composition, the same as the previous year.

Read Guizot's History of Civilization, Thier's French Revolution, and Hallam's Constitutional History of England.

SENIOR YEAR.

First Term.-Political Economy, (A. Walker's.) Astronomy, (Robinson's.) Geology and Mineralogy, (Dana's, with Lectures.) Philology, (Fowler's English Language, Dwight and Marsh's Lectures.)

Second Term.-Constitutional Law. Mechanics. English Literature, (Hallam.) Butler's Analogy.

Third Term.-International Law, (Woolsey.)

and Hopkins.)

Evidences Christianity, (Paley

The Faculty consists of

INSTRUCTORS.

REV. JOSEPH DENISON, D. D., President, and Professor of Mental and Moral

Science and the Greek Language.

B. F. MUDGE, A. M., Professor of Natural Science and Higher Mathematics.

REV. J. H. LEE, A. M., Professor of the Latin Language and Literature.

J. EVERTS PLATT, Professor of Mathematics and Vocal Music.

MRS. LAURA C. LEE, Teacher of Instrumental Music.

J. EVERTS PLATT, Principal of Preparatory Department.

ILLINOIS STATE INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY.

PRELIMINARY MOVEMENTS.

ILLINOIS claims to have been the earliest State to make a combined and persistent effort for the appropriation of National lands to encourage industrial education. These efforts are succinctly described by Hon. John Brooks, Superintendent of Public Instruction, in his report dated January 1, 1865:

"To Illinois belongs the high honor of inaugurating this beneficent social enterprise, and of making the first organized movement toward the melioration of the producing classes, by proposing means for the specific and higher education of the toiling masses of the nation. The earliest published records of organized effort for purposes of industrial elevation in the United States, so far as is now known, are those of the convention of 1851, which was held in the town of Granville, in Putnam county in this State, the declared object of which convention was, to take into consideration such means as might be deemed most expedient to further the interests of the agricultural community, and particularly to take steps towards the establishment of an Agricultural University. During the session of this convention, the following resolutions, among others, were passed:

Resolved, That as the representation of the industrial classes, including all cultivators of the soil, artisans, mechanics, and merchants, we desire the same advantages and privileges for ourselves, our fellows, and our posterity, in each of our several pursuits and callings, as our professional brethren enjoy in theirs; and we admit that it is our own fault that we do not also enjoy them.

Resolved, That we take immediate measures for the establishment of a University in the State of Illinois, expressly to meet the felt wants of each and all the industrial classes of our State.

A second convention, to advance the cherished object of industrial education, was assembled in the city of Springfield, in the month of June, 1852. During this session, the convention ordered that a memorial be presented from that body to the Legislature of the State, at its next session, declaring the object of the organization, and praying for the use of the College and Seminary fund to aid in establishing and maintaining a University 'for the benefit of the great industrial classes and interests of the State.' In that memorial, the convention expresses its desire that immediate steps be taken for the consummation of the object recommended, and proposes to appeal to Congress, in conjunction with eminent citizens and statesmen in other States, who have expressed their readiness to co-operate with us, for an appropriation of public lands for each State in the Union, for the appropriate endowment of a University for the liberal education of the industrial classes, in their several pursuits in the several States in the Union.' The desire expressed in the proceedings quoted, to appropriate and use, for purposes of industrial education, the College and Seminary fund of the State, was entertained and urged prior to the establishment of the State Normal University. By section eight of the act incorporating that institution, it will be seen that this fund is now permanently devoted

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