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I have endeavoured to prove, in this long division of my subject, that gossips, though not the worst of detractors, must be the most incorrigible, because by letting down their minds, by idle habits, they are become incapable of improvement.

That TALKERS-OVER are the most numerous of detractors, because in them are included one's own and every body's acquaintance.

That LAUGHERS-AT are nearly related to those that “ sit in the seat of the scornful.”

That the eye of the laugher-at seems always full of satirical laughter, which is not always kept in till its object is out of hearing.

That where there are many brothers and sisters in a family, a habit of laughing at others is often only too easily acquired.

That habitual satirical laughter in woman is likely to interfere with her prospects in life.

That QUIZZERS may be of the family of banterers, but that quizzing itself is so vulgar and disagreeable, that I shall not give a definition of it.

That BANTERERS begin with good-humoured jokes, but end commonly with making a but of some one in company; and then their raillery becomes offensive.

That the banterer is somctimes met by another banterer, and conquered, and then woe to the banterer; as the bantered, who had been the victim of the first banterer, have no mercy on him.

That NICKNAMERS are prominent detractors, but more amusing and less offensive than some others. But that nicknaming is a vulgar habit and proceeds from a satirical spirit.

That by STINGERS I mean, those who inflict as sudden stings on the mind and feelings, as a little fly called a midge, inflicts on the body, especially if the objects of their attack have mortified their self-love, by having been in successful competition with themselves, or any of their connections.

That scORNERS are necessarily and always detractors. That they have no respect for any abilities but their own. That in secret, however, they probably are envious of the successful talents which they seem to despise. That scorners are, from their appearance of ineffable conceit, the most ungraceful and offensive of detractors.

That the SNEERER does not disgust like the scorner, by a sense of his own worth, but by an expressed conviction of the defects of others. That he has an habitual pleasure in detracting. That irony is a favourite weapon

of the sneerer, and that ironical praise is one of the most difficult things to bear as one ought.

That for any one to say, “ I can only bear what is FIRST-RATE,

» looks like excessive conceit and arrogant pretensions; and that for one's own sake and comfort, as well as of others, we ought to cultivate a capability of being pleased with what is not first-rate.

And I conclude with an anecdote relative to myself, to illustrate the latter position.



I AM now come to the class of PRACTICAL DETRACTORS, and I shall give them a chapter to themselves.

I shall begin with the EYE-INFLICTERS.

I originally stated, that detraction is of two kinds, and that there are detracting looks and actions, as well as words.

To these detractors by looks, I give the name of EYE-INFLICTERS.

This noun I have derived from a verb invented, I believe, by Dr. Parr.

I have often heard Dr. Parr say, “ I inflicted my eye on such a one!” meaning, that having happened to meet a public character who had, in his opinion, forfeited his political integrity, he had fixed his powerful eye upon him, as if he would look him through, in order to make his conscience tremble at the piercing glance of an honourable and consistent man; and, in humble imitation of this learned example, I have ventured to make the word eyeinflicter. But different from the dignation expressed by Dr. Parr's powerful eye, is the mean warfare waged against the

feelings by the EYE-INFLICTER.

The glance of the eye-inflicters, in my sense of the term, wanders with a keen, minutely-searching glance over the whole person and dress, as if in order to discover faults and negligences; and it sometimes settles on us with a cold, cruel expression, which is deeply felt, but can not be described.

The eye-inflicter, then, usually seeks the kindred glance of another of the species, in a near relative or intimate companion; and they convey the look of ridicule backwards and forwards, from one eye to the other, till, against the unfortunate object of their tongueless but evident satire, an external warfare is carried on by a sort of battledore and shuttlecock process from glance to glance, while the helpless victim feels certain of being laughed at, though nought but kind words may proceed from the eye-inflicter's lips.

Can any one deny, who reads this description, that they have not, at some period of their lives, undergone the torture of this eyeinfliction? There is another species of practical detraction, connected with eye-infliction, which I have before alluded to; namely, that of shrugs, winks, and other actions of the kind.

It is in the power of any person, by winks of the eye, by shrugs of the shoulders, by shakes, and nods of the head, and the occasional judicious elevation of the hands, to stamp any narrator of a story, in any company, with the brand of falsehood. . Incredulity staring from

the lifted eye, sneering from the shortened upper lip, and speaking, as it were, from the nodding head and the shrugging shoulders! And what is this but detraction? which, though acted and not uttered, is sufficient for the purpose intended, that of depreciating and injuring its, perhaps, unconscious and innocent object. With the following appropriate lines from Childe Harold I shall conclude my subject.

From mighty wrongs, to petty perfidy, Have I not seen what human things could do? From the loud roar of foaming calumny, To the small whisper of the as paltry few, And subtler venom of the reptile crew, The Janus glance of whose significant eye, Learning to lie with silence, would seem true, And without utterance, save the shrug or sigh, Deal round to happy fools its speechless obloquy. MIMICKS, on whom I must now comment, combine both species of detraction—the uttered as well as the acted, and

can, therefore, boast a double power to lower their fellowcreatures, and make them subservient to their will and pleasure, whether they will or no.

Accomplished 'mimicks possess a privilege like that of the magicians of old, and can not only raise up before our eyes the face, actions, and the manner, of the absent and the dead, but can bring the sound of their voices to our ears. Sometimes, the delusion of mimicking is perfect; I mean, it is so free from exaggeration and caricature, that even the mimicked would scarcely have been offended, had they

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